In 1887, John Bartholomew's Gazetteer of the British Isles described Pontypool like this:
Pontypool, market town with ry. sta., Trevethin with Pontypool par., Monmouthshire, at the base of Mynydd Maen, on the right bank of the Afon Llwydd, 8½ miles N. of Newport, pop. 5244; P.O., T.O.; 2 Banks, 1 newspaper. Market-day, Saturday. Pontypool (Pont-ap-Hywel - Howells Bridge) owes its prosperity to its situation on the edge of the South Wales coal and iron basin. The greater portion of the population is employed in the ironworks and tinplate works. The iron trade is of very old date, but was developed chiefly in the beginning of the 18th century by the Hanburys of Pontypool Park. The mfr. of Pontypool Japan ware, introduced in the reign of Charles II., and once extensively carried on, has long been transferred to other places. Pontypool is an important railway centre.
A Vision of Britain through Time includes a large library of local statistics for administrative units. For the best overall sense of how the area containing Pontypool has changed, please see our redistricted information for the modern district of Torfaen. More detailed statistical data are available under Units and statistics, which includes both administrative units covering Pontypool and units named after it.
GB Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth, History of Pontypool, in Torfaen and Monmouthshire | Map and description, A Vision of Britain through Time.
Date accessed: 19th May 2013
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