Parish-level statistics for England and Wales from the 1911 census

Table ID:
PAR_1911_EW     (6566787)
Contents:
Parish-level statistics for England and Wales from the 1911 census
Approx. number of rows:
14,930
Table type:
Raw Data
Documentation Author:
Humphrey Southall
Geography:
Reporting units are identified by:
   Parish Identifier
   Registration County
   Registration District Number
   Registration District
   Registration sub-District Number
   Registration sub-District
   Original name of parish-level unit
   Civil Parish
   Local Government District
   Local Government District Type
   Administrative County
   Parish- or sub-Parish-level Unit
Chronology:
The data cover the period 1881 to 1911.

Sources:

  1. These data were transcribed from 'Table 5: Registration Counties, Districts and sub-Districts with their Constituent Civil Parishes -- Urban or Rural District in which Parish is situated; Area; Families or Separate Occupiers, and Population 1901 and 1911; and population enumerated in institutions, large establishments, and on vessels, etc. 1911.' in: Census of England and Wales. 1911. Area, Familes or Separate Occupiers, and Population. Vol. II: Registration Areas [Cd. 6259] (London: HMSO, 1912). The table occupies pp. 8-373.
  2. The original table is organised by Registration county, District and sub-District, but lists for each parish the local government district it was in. The name of the corresponding Administrative County has been added for the database.
  3. These data were manually input by Eileen Longland at Queen Mary and Westfield College in 1997. NB while other parish-level tables in the database contain parish names originally copied from another parish table input earlier and then tailored to fit, this transcription was done from scratch. This transcription is also unusual in including all the footnotes from the published table. NB 56 footnotes are currently incomplete due to parts being missed off our photocopies. This work was funded by the Leverhulme Trust, as part of the construction of the 1881 GIS.
  4. This table is a direct copy of the 'par_1911_clean' table held within GBHDB on the Vision server in Edinburgh, taken on 16/4/09, which appears to include additional cleaning work which has gone missing from the versions on the Tiger server in Portsmouth.


Notes:

  1. Original Note: "Registration Districts are co-extensive with Poor Law Unions or Parishes of the same names with the exception of the Registration Districts of Fulham (3), Winchester (103), Royston (135), Hatfield (138), Dorchester (264), Hereford (337), Wolverhampton (369), Chester (450), and Helmsley (531), each of which comprises two Poor Law Unions or Parishes."
  2. Original Note: "Where the name of the Administrative County in which a parish is situated differs from that of the Registration County, the name of the former is added in italics in Column 1; the difference between Registration Counties and Administrative Counties are shown in Table 7."
  3. Original Note: "In all Counties, Districts and sub-Districts marked + changes were made in boundaries between the Census of 1901 and that of 1911." In our transcription, this is shown by a 'Y' in the 'change' column."
  4. Original Note: "The places named in footnotes as being included in Civil Parishes are localities having no defined boundaries such as hamlets, villages, etc. In many cases names applied to localities serve also as the names of Ecclesiastical Parishes, Wards, etc. In all cases of alteration of boundary between the Censuses of 1901 and 1911, the figures both for 1901 and 1911 relate to the new areas. Particulars of alterations in Registration Districts are given in Table 6, and of alterations in Civil Parishes in Table 13, Vol.1. For particulars of alterations in Registration sub-Districts reference should be made to the Registrar-General's Annual Reports."
  5. Original Note: "The figures in Column 11 [Population of Institutions, Large Establishments, Vessels, etc] represent the population enumerated in:- (a) In Military and Naval Barracks, Hospitals, Lunatic Asylums, Prisons and Certified Reformatory and Industrial Schools (see Tables 17 and 20, Vol. I); (b) In other Establishments, including private households, of which the number of inmates exceeded 15; (c) On board Vessels (see Table 21, Vol. I); (d) In Barns, Sheds, Caravans, etc., or in the Open Air (see Table 22, Vol. I)."
  6. Original Note: "The figures in Columns 4 [No. of 1901 families or separate occupiers], 5 [No. of 1911 families or separate occupiers] and 10 [No. of Institutions, etc.] correspond to the total number of schedules collected. If the entries in Columns 10 and 11 be deducted from those in Columns 5 and 7 respectively, the resulting figures, relating as they do, exclusively to "families" each containing no more than 15 persons may be taken as a rough indication of the number of private families and of persons comprising such families. A closer approximation to the number of private families in the larger areas will be found in the Tables referring to Tenements, to be published in a later volume."
  7. Original Note: "In the Report on the Census of 1901, the corresponding Table is numbered 12 in the several County Volumes."
  8. The published table listed combined acreages for the following parishes, but we have included (currently crude) estimates for the individual parishes:
    • Saxlingham Nethergate and Saxlingham Thorpe in Henstead Reg.D., Norfolk (pro rata to population);
    • Bainbridge, Hawes, and "Mossdale Moor and Wether Fell", land common to the two parishes, in Aysgarth Reg.D., North Yorkshire (total acreage divided into three equal parts, which changed the acreages of Askrigg and Hawes sub-Districts);
    • High Abbotside, Low Abbotside and "Abbotside Common", land common to the two parishes, in Aysgarth Reg.D., North Yorkshire (total acreage divided into three equal parts).
  9. The published numbers of families in 1901 for Bradfield and Bucklebury Civil Parishes, in Bradfield Reg.D., Berkshire, have both been raised by 200 as this makes them consistent with the sub-District totals and seems more likely given the 1911 family totals and the 1901-11 population trends.
  10. "The Moot Hall and precincts" in Newcastle is stated to be part of neither the City of Newcastle nor any rural district, but has been assigned to Tynemouth RD here because it was so included in other 1911 tables. Cardigan Island in Cardigan sub-District, Cardiganshire, and Puffin Island in Beaumaris sub-District, Anglesey/Carnarvonshire, are both extra-parochial units that are clearly shown as not being part of any local government district. However, they had no population so this does not affect check-sums.
  11. Fairfield Civil Parish in Chapel-en-le-Frith Reg.D., Derbyshire, appears as a single row in the original report which was in both Buxton UD and Fairfield UD. Additional data was taken from table 10 in volume 1 of the report to create two separate rows covering the parts of the parish in each local government district.
  12. There is a problem with matching both Anglesey administrative county and Cardiganshire administrative county in the par_1911_ew table to the age_lgd table, although the problem has yet to be determined.


Checking:

  1. The only single-row check possible is that the numbers of males and females in 1911 sum to the total population.
  2. Additional rows giving sub-totals for Registration Counties, Registration Districts and Registration sub-Districts were included in the transcription, although they have been removed from the final table. For the following columns, sub-District totals were computed from the parish/ward-level data and compared with the published totals: area, 1901 families, 1911 families, 1901 population, 1911 population, 1911 males and 1911 females. The institutional figures have yet to be checked because some values are missing.
  3. Total 1911 populations were computed for each Registration District and compared with the populations given in 'age_reg'.
  4. Male and female 1911 populations were computed for each local government district and compared with the totals given in 'age_lgd'.
  5. Following these checks, the numerical data that have been checked are error-free. The names of both registration and administrative units match those in other 1911 tables. The names of parishes and wards have not been checked. There may be problems in the institutional figures (see above).
  6. The geographical units have been cross-checked against the GBHGIS administrative unit gazetteer to ensure that all units are correctly identified. The unit names and types have been standardised. Each unit has a unique unit ID assigned to it and this can be used to cross-reference against other data-sets.


Indices:

IndexTypeColumn(s) indexed
par_1911_ew_pkey1 Primary key rec_num
par_1911_ew_gunit_idx Unique g_unit, rec_num
par_1911_ew_id Unique par_name, sub_dist, reg_dist, reg_cnty, rec_num
par_1911_ew_idx_lgd Unique lg_dist_unit, lg_dist, rec_num
par_1911_ew_idx_par Unique sub_dist_unit, civ_par, rec_num
par_1911_ew_idx_regd Unique reg_cnty_unit, reg_dist, rec_num
par_1911_ew_idx_subd Unique reg_dist_unit, sub_dist, rec_num


Constraints:

The table has the following associated constraints:

ConstraintTypeDetails
par_1911_ew_pkey1 Primary Key See details above for primary key index



Columns within table:

ColumnTypeContents
change Text string (max.len.=5). Indicates parishes where 'changes were made in boundaries between the Census of 1901 and that of 1911'. These are marked by '+' in the left-hand margin of the original report.
par_id Integer number. These are six-digit numbers in which the first three digits are the number of the Registration District and the second three indicate the order of the parish within the District.
reg_cnty_name Text string (max.len.=44). Name of Registration County unit as it appeared in the original report.
reg_cnty Text string (max.len.=44). Standardised name of registration county.
reg_num Text string (max.len.=8). Number of Registration District.
reg_dist_name Text string (max.len.=32). Name of Registration District unit as it appeared in the original report.
reg_dist Text string (max.len.=32). Standardised name of registration district.
sub_num Integer number. Number of Registration sub-District; these run from 1 upwards within each RD.
sub_dist_name Text string (max.len.=44). Name of Registration sub-District as it appeared in the original report.
sub_dist Text string (max.len.=44). Standardised name of sub registration district.
par_name Text string (max.len.=164). Name of the 'place' as listed in the original report.
civ_par Text string (max.len.=164). Standardised name of parish level unit.
part_of Text string (max.len.=5). Set to 'P' if the unit is described as being 'part of' a parish in the original report.
ward_name Text string (max.len.=44). Name of Ward as given in original table. This field is generally empty, but is used where the table provides data for the component wards of towns. NB in these cases the final table contains data for the most detailed units and may exclude published totals for both whole parishes and whole wards; these can be computed by grouping the data in the table.
lg_ward Text string (max.len.=44). Standardised name of local government ward.
lgd_name Text string (max.len.=64). Name of the urban or rural district exactly as originally published.
lg_dist Text string (max.len.=64). Local Government District: 'Name of urban or rural district in which parish situated'. These names have been converted into upper case and significantly cleaned: all hyphens replaced by spaces; all apostrophes removed; all ampersands replaced by 'AND'; all ', CITY OF', etc, suffixes removed.
lg_type Text string (max.len.=8). Type of Local Government District expressed as a code.
adm_cnty_name Text string (max.len.=44). [No description available]
adm_cnty Text string (max.len.=44). Where a county names was given in brackets following the parish name, that county is given here (and NB the various abbreviations used in the original have been expanded). In all other cases this is a derived field. In most cases, it has been set by finding the Administrative County for the local government district as given in the 'age_lgd' table for 1911, but where there were districts of the same name in different counties the county has been set manually.
area Floating point number. Area of parish in statute acres ('Land and inland water').
fam_1901 Integer number. Number of 'families or separate occupiers' in 1901.
fam_1911 Integer number. Number of 'families or separate occupiers' in 1911.
pop_1901 Integer number. Total population in 1901.
pop_1911 Integer number. Total population in 1911.
male_1911 Integer number. Male population in 1911.
fem_1911 Integer number. Female population in 1911.
inst_no Integer number. Number of 'Instns, large establishments, vessels, etc' in 1911. In 1 case this is set to -1 due to photocopying problems.
inst_pop Integer number. Population of 'Instns, large establishments, vessels, etc' in 1911. In 608 cases this is set to -1 due to photocopying problems.
notes Text string (max.len.=1004). This field contains the footnotes to the original table, systematically transcribed. The preamble to the report states: 'The places named in footnotes as being included in Civil Parishes are localities having no defined boundaries such as hamlets, villages, etc. In many cases names applied to localities serve also as the names of Ecclesiastical Parishes, Wards, etc'. The notes also contain explanations of parishes showing rapid growth. An example of these notes is, for the parish of Toton, Nottinghamshire: 'including part of Attenborough, Draycott and Church Wilne. The large increase in the pop. of this CP is attributed mainly to the development of the lace-making industry.'.
nation_unit Integer number. Unique ID number for nation unit. Derived from the Registration County.
reg_cnty_unit Integer number. Unique ID number for registration county unit.
reg_dist_unit Integer number. Unique ID number for registration district unit.
sub_dist_unit Integer number. Unique ID number for sub registration district unit.
par_unit Integer number. Unique ID number for parish level unit.
adm_cnty_unit Integer number. Unique ID number for adminsitrative county unit.
lg_dist_unit Integer number. Unique ID number for local government district unit.
ward_unit Integer number. Unique ID number for local government ward unit.
g_unit Integer number. Unique ID number for smallest administrative spatial unit.
rec_num Integer number. Sequence number to keep rows in original order. Due to the loading method, these do not form a continuous sequence.