Descriptive Gazetteer Entry for AUCKLAND (St. Andrew)

AUCKLAND (St. Andrew), a township and a parish in Auckland district, Durham. The township lies on the Bishop-Auckland and Weardale railway, and at the confluence of the Gannless and the Wear rivers, 1 mile SE of Bishop-Auckland. Acres, 1,186. Real property, £12,242,-of which £9,373 are in mines. Pop., 1,401. Houses, 283. The parish includes also the town of Bishop-Auckland, and the townships of Bishop-Auckland, St. Helen-Auckland, Middlestone, Westerton, Old-Park, Binchester, Newfield, Byers-Green, Hunwick and Helmington, Newton-Cap, Pollards-Lands, Coundon, Coundon-Grange, Windlestone, Eldon, Middridge-Grange, East Thickley, Shildon, Middridge, West Auckland, Barony, Lynesack and Softley, Hamsterley, North Bedburn, and South Bedburn; and its Post Town is Bishop-Auckland under Darlington. Acres, 45,868. Real property, £134,725. Pop. in 1841, 19,100; in 1861, 32,111. Houses, 6,301. The property, in most parts, is subdivided; in many parts, much subdivided. Coal and limestone are extensively worked. The living, with St. Ann, is a vicarage in the diocese of Durham. Value, £587.* Patron, the Bishop of Durham. The church is a cruciform structure, with a tower at the west end; was made collegiate by Bishop Beck, in 1292, for a dean and nine prebendaries; contains brasses and the effigies of a crusader; and needs repair. The chapelries of St. Helen-Auckland, Byers-Green, Etherley, Hamsterley, Shildon, Witton-le-Wear, Coundon, Escomb, Fir. Tree, Hunwick, Lynesack, Evenwood, and New Shildon, are separate charges. Three endowed schools have an income of £485; and other charities have £304.

(John Marius Wilson, Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales (1870-72))

Linked entities:
Feature Description: "a township and a parish"   (ADL Feature Type: "countries, 4th order divisions")
Administrative units: Auckland St Andrew AP/CP       Auckland PLU/RegD       County Durham AncC
Place: Auckland St Andrew

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