1881 Census of England and Wales, Tables: Ages, Condition as to Marriage, Occupations and Birthplaces of people, Table 10 : " Occupations of Males and Females in the Division and its Registration Counties".

List Holborn PLU/RegD Holborn SubD
OCCUPATIONS. Males.
[1]
Females.
[2]
1. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE GENERAL OR LOCAL GOVERNMENT OF THE COUNTRY. 89 Show data context 18 Show data context
  Civil Service (officers and clerks) 35 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Civil Service (messengers, &c.) 25 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Prison Service, &c. 1 Show data context -
  Police 18 Show data context -
  Municipal, Parish, Union, District, Officer 6 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Other Local or County Official 4 Show data context -
2. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE DEFENCE OF THE COUNTRY. 17 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Army Officer (effective/retired) 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Soldier and Non-commissioned officer 3 Show data context -
  Militia, Yeomanry, Volunteers 2 Show data context -
  Army Pensioner 7 Show data context -
  Navy Officer (effective/retired) 1 Show data context -
  Seaman, R.N. 1 Show data context -
  Royal Marines (officers/men) - 1 Show data context
  Navy Pensioner 1 Show data context -
3. PERSONS ENGAGED IN PROFESSIONAL OCCUPATIONS (WITH THEIR IMMEDIATE SUBORDINATES). 547 Show data context 266 Show data context
  Clergymen (Established Church) 12 Show data context -
  Roman Catholic Priest 1 Show data context -
  Minister, Priest of other religious bodies 4 Show data context -
  Missionary, Scripture Reader, Itinerant preacher 3 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Nun, Sister of Charity - 5 Show data context
  Theological Student 1 Show data context -
  Church, chapel, cemetery - officer, servant 6 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Barrister, Solicitor 90 Show data context -
  Law Student 14 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Law Clerk, and others connected with the law 139 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Physician, Surgeon, General Practitioner 21 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Dentist 3 Show data context -
  Medical Student, Assistant 27 Show data context -
  Midwife - 1 Show data context
  Subordinate Medical Service - 73 Show data context
  Schoolmaster 10 Show data context 52 Show data context
  Teacher, Professor, Lecturer 11 Show data context 28 Show data context
  School Service, and others connected with teaching 3 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Author, Editor, Journalist 17 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Reporter, Short-hand Writer 6 Show data context -
  Persons engaged in Scientific Pursuits 4 Show data context -
  Literary, Scientific, Institution, Service, &c. 3 Show data context -
  Civil Engineer 5 Show data context -
  Mining Engineer 1 Show data context -
  Land, House, Ship, Surveyor 10 Show data context -
  Painter (artist) 36 Show data context 12 Show data context
  Engraver (artist) 8 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Sculptor 2 Show data context -
  Architect 53 Show data context -
  Musician, Music Master 15 Show data context 24 Show data context
  Art Student 3 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Photographer 8 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Actor 11 Show data context 24 Show data context
  Art, Music, Theatre Service 11 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Performer, Showman, Exhibition, Service 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Billiard, Cricket & other Games, Service 7 Show data context -
4. PERSONS ENGAGED IN DOMESTIC OFFICES OR SERVICES. 355 Show data context 1,477 Show data context
  Domestic Coachman, Groom 41 Show data context -
  Domestic Gardener 9 Show data context -
  Domestic Indoor Servant 97 Show data context 1,021 Show data context
  Lodge, Gate, Park Keeper (not Government) 2 Show data context -
  Inn, Hotel Servant 148 Show data context 62 Show data context
  Office Keeper (not Government) 26 Show data context 58 Show data context
  Cook (not domestic) 14 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Charwoman - 106 Show data context
  Washing and Bathing Service 1 Show data context 165 Show data context
  Hospital and Institution Service 7 Show data context 61 Show data context
  Others engaged in Service 10 Show data context -
5. PERSONS ENGAGED IN COMMERCIAL OCCUPATIONS. 499 Show data context 35 Show data context
  Merchant 23 Show data context -
  Broker, Agent, Factor 46 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Auctioneer, Appraiser, Valuer, House Agent 15 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Accountant 29 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Salesman, Buyer (not otherwise specified) 7 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Commercial Traveller 41 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Commercial Clerk 299 Show data context 25 Show data context
  Officer of Commercial Company, Guild, Society &c. 2 Show data context -
  Bank Service 21 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Bill Discounter, Bill Broker, Finance Agent 1 Show data context -
  Life, House, Ship &c., Insurance Service 15 Show data context 1 Show data context
6. PERSONS ENGAGED IN CONVEYANCE OF MEN, GOODS, AND MESSAGES. 648 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Railway Engine Driver, Stoker 1 Show data context -
  Railway Guard 2 Show data context -
  Other Railway Officials and Servants 26 Show data context -
  Omnibus, Coach, Cab, Owner - Livery Stable Keeper 19 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Cabman, Flyman, Coachman (not domestic) 139 Show data context -
  Carman, Carrier, Carter, Haulier 104 Show data context -
  Bargeman, Lighterman, Waterman 4 Show data context -
  Navigation Service (on shore) 3 Show data context -
  Seaman (Merchant Service) 5 Show data context -
  Ship Steward, Cook 1 Show data context -
  Harbour, Dock, Wharf, Lighthouse Service 4 Show data context -
  Warehouseman (not Manchester) 55 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Meter, Weigher 2 Show data context -
  Messenger, Porter, Watchman (not Railway or Government) 281 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Telegraph, Telephone Service 2 Show data context -
7. PERSONS ENGAGED IN AGRICULTURE. 13 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Farmer, Grazier 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Farm Bailiff 1 Show data context -
  Agricultural Labourer, Farm Servant, Cottager 5 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Nurseryman, Seedsman, Florist 6 Show data context 2 Show data context
8. PERSONS ENGAGED ABOUT ANIMALS. 115 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Horse Proprietor, Breeder, Dealer 4 Show data context -
  Groom, Horse-keeper, Horse-breaker 92 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Veterinary Surgeon, Farrier 17 Show data context -
  Dog, Bird, Animal - Keeper, Dealer - 1 Show data context
  Knacker, Catsmeat Dealer &c &c. 2 Show data context -
9. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN BOOKS, PRINTS, AND MAPS. 552 Show data context 162 Show data context
  Publisher, Bookseller, Librarian 33 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Music-Publisher, Seller, Printer 7 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Bookbinder 64 Show data context 137 Show data context
  Printer 365 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Newspaper Agent, News Room Keeper 19 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Lithographer, Lithographic Printer 53 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Copper Plate and Steel Plate Printer 2 Show data context -
  Map and Print - Colourer, Seller 9 Show data context 4 Show data context
10. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN MACHINES AND IMPLEMENTS. 160 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Engine, Machine Maker 23 Show data context -
  Millwright 2 Show data context -
  Fitter, Turner (Engine and Machine) 13 Show data context -
  Spinning and Weaving Machine Maker 1 Show data context -
  Agricultural Machine and Implement Maker 5 Show data context -
  Domestic Machinery - Maker, Dealer 4 Show data context -
  Tool Maker, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Cutler, Scissors Maker 3 Show data context -
  Pin Maker - 1 Show data context
  Watch Maker, Clock Maker 31 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Philosophical Instrument Maker 15 Show data context -
  Electrical Apparatus Maker 3 Show data context -
  Weighing and Measuring Apparatus Maker 3 Show data context -
  Surgical Instrument Maker 4 Show data context -
  Gunsmith, Gun Manufacturer 9 Show data context -
  Sword, Bayonet - Maker, Cutler 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Musical Instrument Maker, Dealer 23 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Type Cutter, Founder 6 Show data context -
  Die, Seal, Coin, Medal Maker 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Fishing Rod, Tackle, Maker, Dealer 5 Show data context -
  Apparatus for other games, Maker, Dealer 2 Show data context -
11. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN HOUSES, FURNITURE, AND DECORATIONS. 725 Show data context 76 Show data context
  Builder 29 Show data context -
  Carpenter, Joiner 158 Show data context -
  Bricklayer 70 Show data context -
  Mason 28 Show data context -
  Slater, Tiler 1 Show data context -
  Plasterer, Whitewasher 20 Show data context -
  Paperhanger 1 Show data context -
  Plumber 45 Show data context -
  Painter, Glazier 120 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Cabinet Maker 62 Show data context 31 Show data context
  French Polisher 40 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Furniture Broker, Dealer 6 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Locksmith, Bellhanger 5 Show data context -
  Gas Fitter 38 Show data context -
  House and Shop Fittings - Maker, Dealer 9 Show data context -
  Funeral Furniture Maker, Undertaker 5 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Others 1 Show data context -
  Wood Carver 8 Show data context -
  Carver, Gilder 58 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Dealer in Works of Art 10 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Figure, Image - Maker, Dealer 4 Show data context -
  Animal, Bird &c. Preserver, Naturalist 1 Show data context -
  Artificial Flower Maker 6 Show data context 30 Show data context
12. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CARRIAGES AND HARNESS. 68 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Coachmaker 39 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Wheelwright 7 Show data context -
  Bicycle, Tricycle - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Saddler, Harness, Whip Maker 21 Show data context 1 Show data context
13. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN SHIPS AND BOATS. 2 Show data context -
  Ship Rigger, Chandler, Fitter 1 Show data context -
  Sail Maker 1 Show data context -
14. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CHEMICALS AND COMPOUNDS. 52 Show data context 27 Show data context
  Dye, Paint Manufacture 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Ink, Blacking, Colour Substance Manufacture 9 Show data context -
  Fusee, Fireworks, Explosive Article Manufacture 1 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Chemist, Druggist 30 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Manufacturing Chemist 8 Show data context 15 Show data context
  Alkali Manufacture - 2 Show data context
15. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TOBACCO AND PIPES. 43 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Tobacco Manufacture, Tobacconist 41 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Tobacco Pipe, Snuff Box &c. Maker 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
16. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN FOOD AND LODGING. 417 Show data context 89 Show data context
  Innkeeper, Hotel Keeper, Publican 49 Show data context 19 Show data context
  Lodging, Boarding House Keeper 10 Show data context 19 Show data context
  Coffee, Eating House, Keeper 28 Show data context 13 Show data context
  Brewer 16 Show data context -
  Beerseller, Ale, Porter, Cider Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Cellarman 19 Show data context -
  Wine, Spirit - Merchant, Agent 13 Show data context -
  Milkseller, Dairyman 20 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Cheesemonger, Butterman 15 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Butcher, Meat Salesman 44 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Provision Curer, Dealer 12 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Poulterer, Game Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Fishmonger 19 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Corn, Flour, Seed Merchant, Dealer 8 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Corn Miller 1 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Baker 70 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Confectioner, Pastrycook 9 Show data context 16 Show data context
  Greengrocer, Fruiterer 27 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Mustard, Vinegar, Spice, Pickle Maker, Dealer 3 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Grocer. Tea, Coffee, Chocolate Maker, Dealer 47 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Ginger Beer, Mineral Water Manufacturer, Dealer 2 Show data context -
17. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TEXTILE FABRICS. 54 Show data context 66 Show data context
  Woolstapler 1 Show data context -
  Woollen Cloth Manufacture 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Worsted, Stuff, Manufacture - 2 Show data context
  Cloth, Worsted, Stuff, Flannel, Blanket Dealer 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Silk, Silk Goods, Manufacture 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Silk Dyer, Printer 1 Show data context -
  Silk Merchant, Dealer 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Cotton, Cotton Goods Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Flax, Linen - Manufacturer, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Lace Manufacturer, Dealer - 3 Show data context
  Mat Maker, Seller - 1 Show data context
  Dyer, Printer, Scourer, Bleacher, Calenderer (undefined) 1 Show data context -
  Factory Hand (textile, undefined) 6 Show data context -
  Carpet, Rug Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Manchester Warehouseman 1 Show data context -
  Draper, Linen Draper, Mercer 26 Show data context 15 Show data context
  Fancy Goods (Textile) Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 3 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Trimming Maker, Dealer 4 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Embroiderer - 29 Show data context
18. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN DRESS. 343 Show data context 608 Show data context
  Hatter, Hat Manufacture 9 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Straw - Hat, Bonnet, Plait Manufacture - 1 Show data context
  Tailor 184 Show data context 128 Show data context
  Milliner, Dressmaker, Staymaker 5 Show data context 328 Show data context
  Shirt Maker, Seamstress 5 Show data context 110 Show data context
  Hosiery Manufacture - 2 Show data context
  Hosier, Haberdasher 9 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Button Maker, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Shoe, Boot - Maker, Dealer 102 Show data context 17 Show data context
  Wig Maker, Hair Dresser 22 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Umbrella, Parasol, Stick - Maker, Dealer 4 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Accoutrement Maker 1 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Old Clothes Dealer, and others - 5 Show data context
19. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS ANIMAL SUBSTANCES. 65 Show data context 44 Show data context
  Tallow Chandler, Candle, Grease Manufacture 2 Show data context -
  Soap Boiler, Maker 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Glue, Size, Gelatine, Isinglass - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Bone, Horn, Ivory, Tortoise-shell - Worker, Dealer 6 Show data context -
  Furrier, Skinner 4 Show data context 20 Show data context
  Currier 19 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Leather Goods, Portmanteau, Bag, Strap &c., Maker, Dealer 22 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Parchment, Vellum - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Hair, Bristle - Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Brush, Broom, Maker 2 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Quill, Feather - Dresser, Dealer 3 Show data context 5 Show data context
20. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS VEGETABLE SUBSTANCES. 176 Show data context 104 Show data context
  Oil Miller, Oil Cake - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Oil and Colourman 10 Show data context -
  Japanner 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  India Rubber, Gutta Percha - Worker, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Others 1 Show data context -
  Willow, Cane, Rush Worker, Dealer, Basketmaker 7 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Hay, Straw (not plait), Chaff, Cutter, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Timber, Wood - Merchant, Dealer 10 Show data context -
  Sawyer 2 Show data context -
  Wood Turner, Box Maker 7 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Cooper, Hoop Maker, Bender 15 Show data context -
  Cork, Bark - Cutter, Worker, Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Others 20 Show data context -
  Paper Manufacture 11 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Envelope Maker - 14 Show data context
  Stationer, Law Stationer 61 Show data context 28 Show data context
  Card, Pattern Card Maker 10 Show data context 13 Show data context
  Paper Stainer 1 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Paper Box, Paper Bag Maker 5 Show data context 32 Show data context
  Ticket, Label Writer 4 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Others 3 Show data context 2 Show data context
21. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS MINERAL SUBSTANCES. 320 Show data context 28 Show data context
  Coal Miner 2 Show data context -
  Miner, in other or undefined Minerals 1 Show data context -
  Coal Merchant 5 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Coalheaver 9 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Gas Works Service 6 Show data context -
  Stone Cutter, Dresser, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Paviour 4 Show data context -
  Railway Labourer, Navvy 1 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Porcelain, Manufacture 5 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Glass Manufacture 30 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Earthenware, China, Glass Dealer 8 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Waterworks Service 2 Show data context -
  Goldsmith, Silversmith, Jeweller 67 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Gold, Silver, Beater 5 Show data context -
  Lapidary 2 Show data context -
  Others 8 Show data context -
  [Iron Manufacture] 7 Show data context -
  Blacksmith 27 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Whitesmith 14 Show data context -
  Ironmonger. Hardware Dealer, Merchant 15 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Other Iron and Steel Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  [Coppersmith] 2 Show data context -
  Tin, Tin Plate, Tin Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 17 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Lead, Leaden Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Metal Refiner, Worker, Turner, Dealer 8 Show data context -
  Brass, Bronze Manufacture. Brazier 49 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Metal Burnisher, Lacquerer 2 Show data context 3 Show data context
  White Metal, Plated Ware, Manufacture. Pewterer 4 Show data context -
  Wire Maker, Worker, Weaver, Drawer 7 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Lamp, Lantern, Candlestick Maker 6 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Others 3 Show data context -
22. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN GENERAL OR UNSPECIFIED COMMODITIES. 424 Show data context 117 Show data context
  General Shopkeeper, Dealer 39 Show data context 36 Show data context
  Pawnbroker 15 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Costermonger, Huckster, Street Seller 41 Show data context 12 Show data context
  Manufacturer, Manager, Superintendant (undefined) 8 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Contractor (undefined) 1 Show data context -
  General Labourer 218 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Engine Driver, Stoker, Fireman (not railway, marine or agricultural) 15 Show data context -
  Artizan, Mechanic (undefined) 51 Show data context 14 Show data context
  Apprentice (undefined) 7 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Factory Labourer (undefined) 28 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Machinist, Machine Worker (undefined) 1 Show data context 41 Show data context
23. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN REFUSE MATTERS. 6 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Chimney Sweep, Soot Merchant 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Scavenger, Crossing Sweeper 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
24. PERSONS WITHOUT SPECIFIED OCCUPATIONS. 128 Show data context 600 Show data context
  Persons returned by Property, Rank &c. and not special occupation 128 Show data context 600 Show data context
[UNKNOWN OCCUPATION] 158 Show data context 2,283 Show data context
  [Occupation recorded but of unknown meaning] 9 Show data context 4 Show data context
  [Blank field, or illegible] 149 Show data context 2,279 Show data context

Notes:

The following notes to the table appeared in the original report.

1 This table is a very special case: The original Table 10 as published by Division in the 1881 census reports was limited to data for Registration Divisions, their component Registration Counties, and just those Urban Sanitary Districts with populations of over 50,000. Data presented here for counties and higher-level units are taken from the published reports, as usual, but we also include in A Vision of Britain through Time data for Registration Districts, sub-Districts and Civil Parishes which never appeared in the original reports. These were specially created for us by the History Data Service at the University of Essex and derive from the complete transcription of the individual-level Enumerators Book data coordinated by the Genealogical Society of Utah.
2 In creating these data, each occupation listed in the enumerators books has been assigned as far as possible to the relevant category used in the published reports, but some additional categories with labels in square brackets unavoidably appear. Unlike the published statistics for higher-level units, these specially-calculated data for districts and parishes include persons under 15 or over 65. For these and other reasons, no attempt has been made to ensure that county totals for the districts or parishes match the published county totals. The remaining notes are those that appeared below the original published table.
3 NOTE.--Persons returned as engaged in more than one occupation have been referred to the one that appeared to be of most importance; or if there was no difference in this respect, to the one first given by the person in his or her return. In some cases special rules have been followed: e.g. "Clergyman and Schoolmaster" in combination has always been referred to "Schoolmaster"; a Member of Parliament or Peer engaged in any branch of commerce or industry has always been referred to this latter, not to "Peer, M.P.".
4 The numbers returned under any heading include Labourers, Apprentices, and Assistants, as well as Masters, but not Clerks, Messengers, Errand boys, Porters, or Watchmen, for which occupations there are special headings. Civil, Military, and Naval Clerks, Law, Bank, Insurance, and Railway Clerks, and Government and Railway Porters, are, however, exceptions to this rule. Many young persons, being Apprentices or Assistants, have therefore been referred to occupations usually followed by adults. Women also, chiefly widows or orphans carrying on the business of their deceased husbands or fathers, will sometimes be found under occupations commonly followed by men only.
5 Persons returned as retired from any business have not been referred to that business. Inmates of workhouses have been referred to their trades, unless their age or infirmities showed that they were past work. But persons who might be supposed to be only temporarily separated from their usual employment, such as Prisoners, and Patients in General Hospitals, have been classed under their usual occupations.
6 In some cases, for convenience of space, the male designation, e.g. "Schoolmaster", alone is given, instead of "Schoolmaster, Schoolmistress".

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This website does not try to provide an exact replica of the original printed census tables, which often had thousands of rows and far more columns than will fit on our web pages. Instead, we let you drill down from national totals to the most detailed data available. The column headings are those that appeared in the original printed report. The numbers presented here, which are the same ones we use to create statistical maps and graphs, come from the census table and have usually been carefully checked.

The system can only hold statistics for units listed in our administrative gazetteer, so some rows from the original table may be missing. Sometimes big low-level units, like urban parishes, were divided between more than one higher-level units, like Registration sub-Districts. This is why some pages will give a higher figure for a lower-level unit: it covers the whole of the lower-level unit, not just the part within the current higher-level unit.


Acknowledgments:

We are grateful to the following contributors. If you make use of the data in your own work, please follow any instructions given here on acknowledgment and re-use.

(1) Kevin Schurer (Department of Geography, University of Cambridge). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)

(2) Matthew Woollard (UK Data Service, University of Essex). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)