1881 Census of England and Wales, Tables: Ages, Condition as to Marriage, Occupations and Birthplaces of people, Table 10 : " Occupations of Males and Females in the Division and its Registration Counties".

List Northamptonshire RegC Peterborough PLU/RegD
OCCUPATIONS. Males.
[1]
Females.
[2]
1. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE GENERAL OR LOCAL GOVERNMENT OF THE COUNTRY. 112 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Civil Service (officers and clerks) 33 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Civil Service (messengers, &c.) 24 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Prison Service, &c. 1 Show data context -
  Police 38 Show data context -
  Municipal, Parish, Union, District, Officer 13 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Other Local or County Official 3 Show data context -
2. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE DEFENCE OF THE COUNTRY. 12 Show data context -
  Army Officer (effective/retired) 1 Show data context -
  Soldier and Non-commissioned officer 6 Show data context -
  Militia, Yeomanry, Volunteers 2 Show data context -
  Army Pensioner 2 Show data context -
  Navy Pensioner 1 Show data context -
3. PERSONS ENGAGED IN PROFESSIONAL OCCUPATIONS (WITH THEIR IMMEDIATE SUBORDINATES). 257 Show data context 323 Show data context
  Clergymen (Established Church) 35 Show data context -
  Roman Catholic Priest 1 Show data context -
  Minister, Priest of other religious bodies 13 Show data context -
  Missionary, Scripture Reader, Itinerant preacher 1 Show data context -
  Theological Student 2 Show data context -
  Church, chapel, cemetery - officer, servant 11 Show data context -
  Barrister, Solicitor 19 Show data context -
  Law Student 1 Show data context -
  Law Clerk, and others connected with the law 35 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Physician, Surgeon, General Practitioner 16 Show data context -
  Dentist 5 Show data context -
  Medical Student, Assistant 8 Show data context -
  Midwife - 3 Show data context
  Subordinate Medical Service 4 Show data context 51 Show data context
  Schoolmaster 47 Show data context 214 Show data context
  Teacher, Professor, Lecturer 2 Show data context 36 Show data context
  Author, Editor, Journalist 5 Show data context -
  Reporter, Short-hand Writer 1 Show data context -
  Civil Engineer 10 Show data context -
  Land, House, Ship, Surveyor 7 Show data context -
  Painter (artist) 2 Show data context -
  Architect 6 Show data context -
  Musician, Music Master 12 Show data context 17 Show data context
  Art Student 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Photographer 6 Show data context -
  Billiard, Cricket & other Games, Service 5 Show data context -
4. PERSONS ENGAGED IN DOMESTIC OFFICES OR SERVICES. 200 Show data context 2,124 Show data context
  Domestic Coachman, Groom 65 Show data context -
  Domestic Gardener 25 Show data context -
  Domestic Indoor Servant 75 Show data context 1,792 Show data context
  Lodge, Gate, Park Keeper (not Government) 3 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Inn, Hotel Servant 27 Show data context 43 Show data context
  College, Club Service 2 Show data context -
  Office Keeper (not Government) 1 Show data context -
  Cook (not domestic) 1 Show data context -
  Charwoman 1 Show data context 108 Show data context
  Washing and Bathing Service - 173 Show data context
  Hospital and Institution Service - 6 Show data context
5. PERSONS ENGAGED IN COMMERCIAL OCCUPATIONS. 278 Show data context 13 Show data context
  Merchant 5 Show data context -
  Broker, Agent, Factor 15 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Auctioneer, Appraiser, Valuer, House Agent 17 Show data context -
  Accountant 5 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Commercial Traveller 65 Show data context -
  Commercial Clerk 127 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Bank Service 25 Show data context -
  Bill Discounter, Bill Broker, Finance Agent 1 Show data context -
  Life, House, Ship &c., Insurance Service 18 Show data context -
6. PERSONS ENGAGED IN CONVEYANCE OF MEN, GOODS, AND MESSAGES. 1,560 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Railway Engine Driver, Stoker 447 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Railway Guard 154 Show data context -
  Pointsman, Level Crossing Man 69 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Other Railway Officials and Servants 700 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Toll Collector, Turnpike Gate Keeper - 1 Show data context
  Omnibus, Coach, Cab, Owner - Livery Stable Keeper 3 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Cabman, Flyman, Coachman (not domestic) 16 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Carman, Carrier, Carter, Haulier 58 Show data context -
  Tramway Companies' Service 1 Show data context -
  Inland Navigation Service 8 Show data context -
  Bargeman, Lighterman, Waterman 7 Show data context -
  Navigation Service (on shore) 1 Show data context -
  Seaman (Merchant Service) 4 Show data context -
  Harbour, Dock, Wharf, Lighthouse Service 2 Show data context -
  Warehouseman (not Manchester) 4 Show data context -
  Messenger, Porter, Watchman (not Railway or Government) 66 Show data context -
  Telegraph, Telephone Service 20 Show data context 1 Show data context
7. PERSONS ENGAGED IN AGRICULTURE. 3,266 Show data context 95 Show data context
  Farmer, Grazier 310 Show data context 22 Show data context
  Farmer's, Grazier's - Son, Grandson, Brother, Nephew 107 Show data context -
  Farm Bailiff 48 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Agricultural Labourer, Farm Servant, Cottager 2,539 Show data context 68 Show data context
  Shepherd 103 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Agricultural Machine - Proprietor, Attendant 11 Show data context -
  Agricultural Student 3 Show data context -
  Woodman 7 Show data context -
  Nurseryman, Seedsman, Florist 10 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Gardener (not domestic) 128 Show data context 2 Show data context
8. PERSONS ENGAGED ABOUT ANIMALS. 220 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Horse Proprietor, Breeder, Dealer 9 Show data context -
  Groom, Horse-keeper, Horse-breaker 155 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Veterinary Surgeon, Farrier 8 Show data context -
  Cattle, Sheep, Pig - Dealer, Salesman 23 Show data context -
  Drover 10 Show data context -
  Gamekeeper 7 Show data context -
  Vermin Destroyer 4 Show data context -
  Fisherman 4 Show data context -
9. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN BOOKS, PRINTS, AND MAPS. 58 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Publisher, Bookseller, Librarian 7 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Bookbinder 3 Show data context -
  Printer 45 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Newspaper Agent, News Room Keeper 3 Show data context -
10. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN MACHINES AND IMPLEMENTS. 277 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Engine, Machine Maker 38 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Millwright 5 Show data context -
  Fitter, Turner (Engine and Machine) 154 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Boiler Maker 34 Show data context -
  Agricultural Machine and Implement Maker 9 Show data context -
  Tool Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Cutler, Scissors Maker 1 Show data context -
  Saw Maker 1 Show data context -
  Watch Maker, Clock Maker 22 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Electrical Apparatus Maker 3 Show data context -
  Weighing and Measuring Apparatus Maker 1 Show data context -
  Gunsmith, Gun Manufacturer 2 Show data context -
  Musical Instrument Maker, Dealer 5 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Toy Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
11. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN HOUSES, FURNITURE, AND DECORATIONS. 877 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Builder 55 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Carpenter, Joiner 339 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Bricklayer 217 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Mason 50 Show data context -
  Slater, Tiler 4 Show data context -
  Plasterer, Whitewasher 6 Show data context -
  Paperhanger 5 Show data context -
  Plumber 52 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Painter, Glazier 84 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Cabinet Maker 45 Show data context 4 Show data context
  French Polisher 2 Show data context -
  Furniture Broker, Dealer 5 Show data context -
  Locksmith, Bellhanger 2 Show data context -
  Gas Fitter 6 Show data context -
  Funeral Furniture Maker, Undertaker 1 Show data context -
  Wood Carver 2 Show data context -
  Carver, Gilder 1 Show data context -
  Figure, Image - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
12. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CARRIAGES AND HARNESS. 219 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Coachmaker 47 Show data context -
  Railway Carriage, Railway Wagon, Maker 52 Show data context -
  Wheelwright 73 Show data context -
  Others 8 Show data context -
  Saddler, Harness, Whip Maker 39 Show data context 1 Show data context
13. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN SHIPS AND BOATS. 4 Show data context -
  Ship, Boat, Barge Builder 4 Show data context -
14. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CHEMICALS AND COMPOUNDS. 35 Show data context -
  Chemist, Druggist 34 Show data context -
  Manufacturing Chemist 1 Show data context -
15. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TOBACCO AND PIPES. 3 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Tobacco Manufacture, Tobacconist 3 Show data context 2 Show data context
16. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN FOOD AND LODGING. 783 Show data context 125 Show data context
  Innkeeper, Hotel Keeper, Publican 115 Show data context 22 Show data context
  Lodging, Boarding House Keeper - 31 Show data context
  Coffee, Eating House, Keeper 1 Show data context -
  Maltster 12 Show data context -
  Brewer 29 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Beerseller, Ale, Porter, Cider Dealer 9 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Cellarman 5 Show data context -
  Wine, Spirit - Merchant, Agent 10 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Milkseller, Dairyman 27 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Butcher, Meat Salesman 147 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Provision Curer, Dealer 8 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Poulterer, Game Dealer 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Fishmonger 16 Show data context -
  Corn, Flour, Seed Merchant, Dealer 30 Show data context -
  Corn Miller 48 Show data context -
  Baker 145 Show data context 13 Show data context
  Confectioner, Pastrycook 29 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Greengrocer, Fruiterer 18 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Sugar Refiner 6 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Grocer. Tea, Coffee, Chocolate Maker, Dealer 122 Show data context 23 Show data context
  Ginger Beer, Mineral Water Manufacturer, Dealer 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
17. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TEXTILE FABRICS. 101 Show data context 71 Show data context
  Woolstapler 1 Show data context -
  Woollen Cloth Manufacture 1 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Cloth, Worsted, Stuff, Flannel, Blanket Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Silk, Silk Goods, Manufacture 1 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Cotton, Cotton Goods Manufacture - 1 Show data context
  Flax, Linen - Manufacturer, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Lace Manufacturer, Dealer - 6 Show data context
  Rope, Twine, Cord - Maker, Dealer 7 Show data context -
  Mat Maker, Seller 1 Show data context -
  Others working and Dealing in Hemp 1 Show data context -
  Weaver (undefined) - 2 Show data context
  Dyer, Printer, Scourer, Bleacher, Calenderer (undefined) 2 Show data context -
  Factory Hand (textile, undefined) - 1 Show data context
  Carpet, Rug Manufacture 2 Show data context -
  Draper, Linen Draper, Mercer 83 Show data context 50 Show data context
  Fancy Goods (Textile) Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer - 7 Show data context
18. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN DRESS. 291 Show data context 663 Show data context
  Straw - Hat, Bonnet, Plait Manufacture - 6 Show data context
  Tailor 118 Show data context 46 Show data context
  Milliner, Dressmaker, Staymaker 1 Show data context 543 Show data context
  Shirt Maker, Seamstress - 58 Show data context
  Hosiery Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Hosier, Haberdasher 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Shoe, Boot - Maker, Dealer 146 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Wig Maker, Hair Dresser 23 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Umbrella, Parasol, Stick - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Old Clothes Dealer, and others - 1 Show data context
19. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS ANIMAL SUBSTANCES. 17 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Tallow Chandler, Candle, Grease Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Manure Manufacture 2 Show data context -
  Others 3 Show data context -
  Furrier, Skinner 1 Show data context -
  Tanner, Fellmonger 3 Show data context -
  Currier 7 Show data context -
  Leather Goods, Portmanteau, Bag, Strap &c., Maker, Dealer - 3 Show data context
20. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS VEGETABLE SUBSTANCES. 180 Show data context 56 Show data context
  India Rubber, Gutta Percha - Worker, Dealer 7 Show data context 22 Show data context
  Waterproof Goods - Maker, Dealer 29 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Willow, Cane, Rush Worker, Dealer, Basketmaker 23 Show data context -
  Hay, Straw (not plait), Chaff, Cutter, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Thatcher 12 Show data context -
  Timber, Wood - Merchant, Dealer 22 Show data context -
  Sawyer 32 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Lath, Wooden Fence, Hurdle Maker 2 Show data context -
  Wood Turner, Box Maker 7 Show data context -
  Cooper, Hoop Maker, Bender 10 Show data context -
  Others 1 Show data context -
  Paper Manufacture 30 Show data context 16 Show data context
  Stationer, Law Stationer 1 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Others 3 Show data context -
21. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS MINERAL SUBSTANCES. 942 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Miner, in other or undefined Minerals 1 Show data context -
  Mine Service 4 Show data context -
  Coal Merchant 39 Show data context -
  Coalheaver 20 Show data context -
  Coke, Charcoal, Peat - Cutter, Burner, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Gas Works Service 12 Show data context -
  Stone Quarrier 1 Show data context -
  Stone Cutter, Dresser, Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Limeburner 7 Show data context -
  Brick, Tile - Maker, Burner, Dealer 70 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Paviour 2 Show data context -
  Road Contractor, Surveyor, Inspector 2 Show data context -
  Road Labourer 9 Show data context -
  Railway Contractor 4 Show data context -
  Platelayer 82 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Railway Labourer, Navvy 342 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Porcelain, Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Glass Manufacture 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Earthenware, China, Glass Dealer 7 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Waterworks Service 1 Show data context -
  Goldsmith, Silversmith, Jeweller 7 Show data context -
  [Iron Manufacture] 59 Show data context -
  [Steel Manufacture] 1 Show data context -
  Blacksmith 186 Show data context -
  Whitesmith 14 Show data context -
  Nail Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Ironmonger. Hardware Dealer, Merchant 29 Show data context 2 Show data context
  [Coppersmith] 8 Show data context -
  Tin, Tin Plate, Tin Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 15 Show data context -
  Metal Refiner, Worker, Turner, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Brass, Bronze Manufacture. Brazier 8 Show data context -
  Wire Maker, Worker, Weaver, Drawer 2 Show data context -
22. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN GENERAL OR UNSPECIFIED COMMODITIES. 921 Show data context 46 Show data context
  General Shopkeeper, Dealer 37 Show data context 26 Show data context
  Pawnbroker 6 Show data context -
  Costermonger, Huckster, Street Seller 52 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Manufacturer, Manager, Superintendant (undefined) 5 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Contractor (undefined) 3 Show data context -
  General Labourer 688 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Engine Driver, Stoker, Fireman (not railway, marine or agricultural) 55 Show data context -
  Artizan, Mechanic (undefined) 34 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Apprentice (undefined) 7 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Factory Labourer (undefined) 24 Show data context -
  Machinist, Machine Worker (undefined) 10 Show data context 4 Show data context
23. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN REFUSE MATTERS. 17 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Town Drainage Service 3 Show data context -
  Chimney Sweep, Soot Merchant 12 Show data context -
  Rag Gatherer, Dealer 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
24. PERSONS WITHOUT SPECIFIED OCCUPATIONS. 197 Show data context 1,369 Show data context
  Persons returned by Property, Rank &c. and not special occupation 197 Show data context 1,369 Show data context
[UNKNOWN OCCUPATION] 197 Show data context 6,271 Show data context
  [Occupation recorded but of unknown meaning] 8 Show data context 2 Show data context
  [Blank field, or illegible] 189 Show data context 6,269 Show data context

Notes:

The following notes to the table appeared in the original report.

1 This table is a very special case: The original Table 10 as published by Division in the 1881 census reports was limited to data for Registration Divisions, their component Registration Counties, and just those Urban Sanitary Districts with populations of over 50,000. Data presented here for counties and higher-level units are taken from the published reports, as usual, but we also include in A Vision of Britain through Time data for Registration Districts, sub-Districts and Civil Parishes which never appeared in the original reports. These were specially created for us by the History Data Service at the University of Essex and derive from the complete transcription of the individual-level Enumerators Book data coordinated by the Genealogical Society of Utah.
2 In creating these data, each occupation listed in the enumerators books has been assigned as far as possible to the relevant category used in the published reports, but some additional categories with labels in square brackets unavoidably appear. Unlike the published statistics for higher-level units, these specially-calculated data for districts and parishes include persons under 15 or over 65. For these and other reasons, no attempt has been made to ensure that county totals for the districts or parishes match the published county totals. The remaining notes are those that appeared below the original published table.
3 NOTE.--Persons returned as engaged in more than one occupation have been referred to the one that appeared to be of most importance; or if there was no difference in this respect, to the one first given by the person in his or her return. In some cases special rules have been followed: e.g. "Clergyman and Schoolmaster" in combination has always been referred to "Schoolmaster"; a Member of Parliament or Peer engaged in any branch of commerce or industry has always been referred to this latter, not to "Peer, M.P.".
4 The numbers returned under any heading include Labourers, Apprentices, and Assistants, as well as Masters, but not Clerks, Messengers, Errand boys, Porters, or Watchmen, for which occupations there are special headings. Civil, Military, and Naval Clerks, Law, Bank, Insurance, and Railway Clerks, and Government and Railway Porters, are, however, exceptions to this rule. Many young persons, being Apprentices or Assistants, have therefore been referred to occupations usually followed by adults. Women also, chiefly widows or orphans carrying on the business of their deceased husbands or fathers, will sometimes be found under occupations commonly followed by men only.
5 Persons returned as retired from any business have not been referred to that business. Inmates of workhouses have been referred to their trades, unless their age or infirmities showed that they were past work. But persons who might be supposed to be only temporarily separated from their usual employment, such as Prisoners, and Patients in General Hospitals, have been classed under their usual occupations.
6 In some cases, for convenience of space, the male designation, e.g. "Schoolmaster", alone is given, instead of "Schoolmaster, Schoolmistress".

Click on the triangles for all about a particular number.

This website does not try to provide an exact replica of the original printed census tables, which often had thousands of rows and far more columns than will fit on our web pages. Instead, we let you drill down from national totals to the most detailed data available. The column headings are those that appeared in the original printed report. The numbers presented here, which are the same ones we use to create statistical maps and graphs, come from the census table and have usually been carefully checked.

The system can only hold statistics for units listed in our administrative gazetteer, so some rows from the original table may be missing. Sometimes big low-level units, like urban parishes, were divided between more than one higher-level units, like Registration sub-Districts. This is why some pages will give a higher figure for a lower-level unit: it covers the whole of the lower-level unit, not just the part within the current higher-level unit.


Acknowledgments:

We are grateful to the following contributors. If you make use of the data in your own work, please follow any instructions given here on acknowledgment and re-use.

(1) Kevin Schurer (Department of Geography, University of Cambridge). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)

(2) Matthew Woollard (UK Data Service, University of Essex). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)