Employement Status dictionary for ICEM data

Table ID:
Employement Status dictionary for ICEM data
Approx. number of rows:
Table type:
Documentation Author:
Paula Aucott
The data cover the period 1881 to 1911.


  1. This meta-data file "employment status dictionary" was downloaded in spreadsheet format on the 26th November 2015 from the website of the Integrated Census Microdata (I-CeM) project based at the University of Essex. http://www.essex.ac.uk/history/research/ICeM/documentation.html


  1. This table covers England and Wales 1891-1911 and Scotland 1891-1901.
  2. In the 1891 Census three columns on employment status were introduced:
    • "Employer" - "a master, employing under him workers in his trade or industry"
    • "Employed" - worked for a master
    • "Neither employer nor employed, but working on own account"
    Married women assisting their husbands were recorded as "Employed". In 1901 and 1911 the three columns became a single column were the householder wrote "Employer", "Worker" or "Own Account".
  3. Employcode are integers used as a code to identify employment status building type characteristics used within the Icem project are as follows:
    • 1 = Worker/Employee
    • 2 = Employer
    • 3 = Own Account
    • 8 = Illegible or unclassifiable
    • 9 = Blank


  1. The data have not been checked.


IndexTypeColumn(s) indexed
icem_empl_codebook_pkey Primary key rec_num


The table has the following associated constraints:

icem_empl_codebook_pkey Primary Key See details above for primary key index

Columns within table:

employ Text string (max.len.=64). Information about employment status as given in the transcriptions from the Censuses between 1891 and 1911.
employcode Integer number. Standardised numeric code for employment status used within the Icem project data.
rec_num Integer number. Unique number identifying the row within table.