Descriptive Gazetteer Entry for PAINWICK

PAINWICK, a small town, a parish, and a sub-district, in Stroud district, Gloucester. The town stands on the declivity of Spoonbed hill, adjacent to a smallaffluent of the river Stroud, 3½ miles N N E of Stroud r.station, and 6 S S E of Gloucester; is regularly built of apeculiar white local stone; and has a post-office‡ under Stroud. A weekly market is held on Thursday; a market, chiefly for sheep, on the Tuesday after All Saintsday; and fairs, on Whit-Tuesday and 19 Sept. The parish comprises the tythings of Edge, Sheepscombe, Spoonbed, and Stroud-End. Acres, 5, 815. Real property, £20, 997; of which £72 are in quarries, and £3, 575in the Thames and Severn canal. Pop. in 1851, 3, 464; in 1861, 3, 229. Houses, 763. The manor bore the name of Wiche at Domesday; belonged then to Rogerde Lacy; and passed to Pain Fitz-John, the Kingstons, and the Jerninghams. Court House was the scene of a court by Charles I., and is now unoccupied. Painswick House is the residence of W. H. Hyett, Esq.; Brown's Hill, of S. S. Dickinson, Esq.; Tocknells, ofCodrington, Esq.; Steinbridge House, of R. L. Townsend, Esq.; and the Grove, of W. Capel, Esq. Spoonbed hill commandsa very extensive view of the valley of the Severn; wasoccupied by the troops of Charles I., after the siege of Gloucester; and is crowned by a well-preserved double-entrenched Roman camp, where Roman coins and weaponshave been found. The living is a vicarage in the diocese of Gloucester and Bristol. Value, £449.* Patron, the Rev. A. J. Biddell. The church is ancient; shows features of both pointed and columnar architecture; has a tower and spire 174 feet high; and contains monuments of the Jerninghams. The church yard is remarkably neat, and has 116 yew-trees. A cemetery was formed, in 1863, on Spoonbed hill; comprises about 4 acres; and has twomortuary chapels, in the decorated English style, with a tower and spire between them. The p. curacies of Sheepscombe and Slad are separate benefices. There are chapels for Independents, Baptists, Quakers, Primitive Methodists, and Roman Catholics, a nunnery, an endowed school with £64 a year, three national schools, and charities £66. The Independent chapel was rebuilt in 1865, and is in the pointed style of the 13th century. The Roman Catholic chapel stands at Beeches-Green, near Stroud; and is large and handsome.—The sub-district contains also three other parishes. Acres, 10, 325. Pop., 4, 334. Houses, 992.

(John Marius Wilson, Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales (1870-72))

Linked entities:
Feature Description: "a small town, a parish, and a sub-district"   (ADL Feature Type: "cities")
Administrative units: Painswick AP/CP       Painswick SubD       Stroud PLU/RegD       Gloucestershire AncC
Place: Painswick

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