Descriptive Gazetteer Entry for RICHBOROUGH

RICHBOROUGH, a hamlet in Ash-next-Sandwich parish, Kent; on a hill adjacent to the Ramsgate and Deal railway and to the river Stour, 1½ mile N by W of Sandwich. It was once an island, surrounded by the Stour; it seems to have been a post of the ancient Britons; it became the site of the Roman strong fort Rutu-piæ, for defending the adjacent coast, called from it Littus Rutupinum; it was the favourite landing-place of the Romans in crossing from the coast of Bononia, the modern Boulogne; it was known to the Saxons as Reptacester; it has yielded great variety of British, Roman, and Saxon relics; and it now presents one of the most striking assemblages of extant Roman remains in Great Britain. These remains include towers, gates, acastrensian amphitheatre, the base of a building 144 feet by 104, and part of walls 560 feet long, from 26 to 30 feet high, and from 6 to 12 feet thick; and are all described in Smith's " Antiquities of Richborough, Re-culver, and Lymne, " published in 1850.

(John Marius Wilson, Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales (1870-72))

Linked entities:
Feature Description: "a hamlet"   (ADL Feature Type: "populated places")
Administrative units: Ash Ch/AP/CP       Kent AncC
Place names: REPTACESTER     |     RICHBOROUGH
Place: Richborough

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