Descriptive Gazetteer Entry for BINGHAM

BINGHAM, a small town, a parish, a subdistrict, a district, and a wapentake in Notts. The town stands near the Fossé way, on the Nottingham and Grantham railway, in the vale of Belvoir, 9 miles E of Nottingham. It consists chiefly of two streets, parallel to each other; and is well built It has a post office‡ under Nottingham, a railway station, two chief inns, a church, two dissenting chapels, a free school, and a workhouse; and is a seat of petty sessions and a polling-place. The church is early and decorated English, large, and cruciform; has a square tower, highly sculptured, and a lofty spire; contains a monument to White, the first editor of the "Ephemeris;" and was anciently connected with a small college or guild. A weekly market is held on Thursday; and fairs on the Tuesday and Wednesday before 13 Feb., on Whit-Thursday, and on 8 and 9 Nov.—The parish is stated in the Census to include likewise part of the hamlet of Newton. Acres, 3,054. Real property, £9,609. Pop., 1,918. Houses, 416. The property is not much divided. The living is a rectory in the diocese of Lincoln. Value, £1,503.* Patron, the Earl of Chesterfield. Archbishop Abbot and Bishops Hanmer and Wren were for some time rectors; and Archbishop Cranmer, the astronomer White, Colonel Hutchinson, and Lord Howe were natives of the parish or of its Vicinity.

The subdistrict contains the parishes of Bingham, Whatton, Elton, Granby, Langar, Shelton, Sibthorpe, Flintham, Kneeton, East Bridgford, Car-Colston, Screveton, Hawksworth, Thoroton, Orston, Scarrington, Barkestone, and Plungar,-the two last electorally in Leicester; and contains also the chapelry of Flawborough. Acres, 31,695. Pop., 7,879. Houses, 1,703. The district comprehends likewise the subdistrict of Ratcliffe. on-Trent, containing the parishes of Ratcliffe-on-Trent, Shelford, Tythby, Cropwell-Bishop, Colston-Basset, Owthorpe, Kinoulton, Hickling, Widmerpool, Stanton-on-the-Wolds, Plumtree, Edwalton, Tollerton, Cotgrave, and Holme-Pierrepont, and the extra-parochial tract of Lodge-on-the-Wolds. Acres of the district, 68,139. Poor rates in 1866, £8,968. Pop. in 1861, 15,670. Houses, 3,391. Marriages in 1866, 84; births, 444,-of which 46 were illegitimate; deaths, 255,-of which 93 were at ages under 5 years, and 8 at ages above 85 years. Marriages in the ten years 1851-60, 1,000; births, 5,161; deaths, 3,006. The places of worship in 1851 were 36 of the Church of England, with 7,814 sittings; 1 of Independents, with 274 s.; 2 of Baptists, with 100 s.; 22 of Wesleyan Methodists, with 3,694 s.; 14 of Primitive Methodists, with 1,405 s.; 4 of Independent Methodists, with 330 s.; 1 of Roman Catholics, with 60 s.; and 1 undefined, with 246 s. The schools were 29-public day schools, with 1,578 scholars; 32 private day schools, with 704 s.; 56 Sunday schools, with 3,207 s.; and 1 evening school for adults, with 38 s.-The wapentake is mainly identical with the district, but less extensive; and it is cut into two divisions, north and south. Acres, 24,930 and 28,831. Pop., 13,553. Houses, 2,955.

(John Marius Wilson, Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales (1870-72))

Linked entities:
Feature Description: "a small town, a parish, a subdistrict, a district, and a wapentake"   (ADL Feature Type: "cities")
Administrative units: Bingham CP/AP       Bingham SubD       Bingham PLU/RegD       Nottinghamshire AncC
Place: Bingham

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