Descriptive Gazetteer Entry for KINGSCLERE

KINGSCLERE, a small town, a parish, a sub-district, a district, a hundred, and a division, in Hants. The town stands on a small tributary of the Embourn river, and on the edge of a range of hills flanking the NE side of a " weald '' valley about 5 miles long and 2 wide, 3¾ miles S of the boundary with Berks, 6 N of Overton r. station, and 9 NW of Basingstoke; was a seat of the West Saxon kings; has declined from ancient importance to a condition little above that of a large rural village; is a seat of petty sessions, and a polling-place; and has a postoffice‡ under Newbury, two churches, three dissenting chapels, a free school, a subscription Church school for girls, and a workhouse. The parish church is Norman and cruciform; has a well proportioned central tower; was restored in 1848; and contains a monument to Dr. Webbe, chaplain of Charles II., a handsome monument to Sir Henry Kingmill of 1625, an interesting brass of 1519, and several other brasses. The church of St. Paul-Woodlands stands at the distance of more than 3 miles from the town: was built in 1845; is in the decorated English style; and consists of nave, aisles, and chancel. The free school was endowed in 1618, and rebuilt in 1861. The workhouse is on the road to Newbury; and, at the census of 1861, had 102 inmates. A weekly market is held on Tuesday; fairs are held on Whit-Tuesday and the Tuesday after 10 Oct.; and malting is carried on.—The parish includes the tythings of Lordship-Town, Lordship-Woodland, Clerewoodcott, Edmondstrip-Beenham, Edmondstrip-Lances, Frobury, Guildable, Hannington-Lances, North Oakley, Parsonage, and Sandford. Acres, 12, 917. Real property, £12, 037. Pop. in 1851, 2, 885; in 1861, 2, 774. Houses, 574. The manor continued long with the crown; had a hunting-lodge of the Plantagenet kings at Freemantle-park, now under the plough: passed to the De la Poles and others; and belongs now to Lord Bolton. Vestiges of two Roman camps are on the hills. The parish is a meet for the Vine hounds. The head living is a vicarage, and that of St. PaulWoodlands is a p. curacy, in the diocese of Winchester. Value of the former, £300;* of the latter, £120.* Patron of the former, Lord Bolton: of the latter, the Vicar of Kingsclere.

The sub-district containS also the parishes of Sidmonton, Itchingswell, Wolverton, Hannington, Ewhurst, Baughurst, and Tadley. Acres, 27, 287. Pop., 5, 260. Houses, 1, 082.—The district includes likewise the subdistrict of Highclere, containing the parishes of Highclere, Burghclere, Litchfield, Woodcott, Crux-Easton, Ashmansworth, and East Woodhay. Acres of the district, 46, 787. Poor rates in 1863, £5, 080. Pop. in 1851, 8, 909; in 1861, 8, 517. Houses, 1, 784. Marriages in 1863, 60; births, 278, -of which 15 were illegitimate; deaths, 221, -of which 75 were at ages under 5 years, and 11 at ages above 85. Marriages in the ten years 1851-60, 581; births, 2, 770; deaths, 1, 663. The places of worship, in 1851, were 17 of the Church of England, with 3, 957 sittings; 3 of Independents, with 812 s.; 1 of Baptists, with 1 20 s.: 3 of Wesleyan Methodists, with 380 s.; and 7 of Primitive Methodists, with 550 s. The schools were 16 public day schools, with 1, 010 scholars; 3 private day schools, with 75 s.; and 12 Sunday schools, with 759 s.-The hundred contains five parishes, and part of another; and is divided into lower half and upper half. Acres, 8, 150 and 12, 917. Pop. in 1851, 462 and 2, 885. Houses, 87 and 560.- The division contains the hundreds of Kingsclere, Chuteley, Evingar, Overton, and the lower half of Pastrow. Acres, 86, 893. Pop. in 1851, 15, 928; in 1861, 13, 325. Houses, 2, 824.

(John Marius Wilson, Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales (1870-72))

Linked entities:
Feature Description: "a small town, a parish, a sub-district, a district, a hundred, and a division"   (ADL Feature Type: "cities")
Administrative units: Kingsclere AP/CP       Kingsclere Hundred       Kingsclere SubD       Kingsclere RegD/PLU       Hampshire AncC
Place: Kingsclere

Go to the linked place page for a location map, and for access to other historical writing about the place. Pages for linked administrative units may contain historical statistics and information on boundaries.