Descriptive Gazetteer Entry for LEXDEN

LEXDEN, a district and a hundred in the NE of Essex. The district comprehends the sub-district of Wivenhoe, containing the parishes of Wivenhoe and Brightlingsea; the sub-district of Peldon, containing the parishes of Peldon, Great Wigborough, Little Wigborough, Salcott, Virley, Fingringhoe, East Donyland, Abberton, Langenhoe, East Mersea, and West Mersea; the Sub-district of Stanway, containing the parishes of Stanway, Marks-Tey, Little Tey, Layer-Marney, Layer-Breton, Layer-de-la-Hay, Birch, Easthorpe, and Copford; the sub-district of Fordham, containing the parishes of Fordham, West Bergholt, Great Tey, Aldham, Pontisbright, Wakes-Colne, Mount-Bures, and Wormingford; and the sub-district of Dedham, containing the parishes of Dedham, Langham, Boxted, Little Horksley, and Great Horksley. Acres, 73,831. Poor rates in 1863, £12,594. Pop. in 1851,21,666; in 1861,22,950. Houses, 4,963. Marriages in 1863,149; births, 826,-of which 46 were illegitimate; deaths, 473,-of which 175 were at ages under 5 yearS, and 11 at ages above 85. Marriages in the ten years 1851-60,1,645; births, 7,806; deaths, 4,214. The places of worship, in 1851, were 34 of the Church of England, with 11,010 sittings; 9 of Independents, with 2,683 s.; 4 of Baptists, with 520 s.; 1 of Quakers, with 130 s.; 8 of Wesleyans, with 1,117 s.; 3 of Primitive Methodists, with 470 s.; 1 of Lady Huntingdon's Connexion, with 168 s.; and 2 of the New Church, with 310 s. The schools were 28 public day schools, with 1,665 scholars; 41 private day schools, with 972 s.; 41 Sunday schools, with 2,763 s.; and 1 evening school for adults, with 25 s. The workhouse is in Stanway; and, at the census of 1861, had 238 inmates.-The hundred comprises the divisions of Colchester and Witham; includes Lexden parish, and differs otherwise from the district, yet is mainly identical with it,-of less extent, but of greater population. Acres, 62,139. Pop. in 1851, 23,794; in 1861,24,241. Houses, 5,300.


(John Marius Wilson, Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales (1870-72))

Linked entities:
Feature Description: "a district and a hundred"   (ADL Feature Type: "countries, 3rd order divisions")
Administrative units: Lexden AP/CP       Lexden and Winstree PLU/RegD       Essex AncC
Place: Lexden

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