1881 Census of England and Wales, Tables: Ages, Condition as to Marriage, Occupations and Birthplaces of people, Table 10 : " Occupations of Males and Females in the Division and its Registration Counties".

List Portsmouth PLU/PLPar/RegD Landport SubD
OCCUPATIONS. Males.
[1]
Females.
[2]
1. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE GENERAL OR LOCAL GOVERNMENT OF THE COUNTRY. 388 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Civil Service (officers and clerks) 164 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Civil Service (messengers, &c.) 46 Show data context -
  Prison Service, &c. 10 Show data context -
  Police 129 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Municipal, Parish, Union, District, Officer 26 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Other Local or County Official 9 Show data context -
  East Indian and Colonial Service 4 Show data context 2 Show data context
2. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE DEFENCE OF THE COUNTRY. 2,963 Show data context 39 Show data context
  Army Officer (effective/retired) 199 Show data context -
  Soldier and Non-commissioned officer 1,100 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Militia, Yeomanry, Volunteers 27 Show data context -
  Army Pensioner 53 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Navy Officer (effective/retired) 333 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Seaman, R.N. 649 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Royal Marines (officers/men) 73 Show data context -
  Navy Pensioner 529 Show data context 25 Show data context
3. PERSONS ENGAGED IN PROFESSIONAL OCCUPATIONS (WITH THEIR IMMEDIATE SUBORDINATES). 486 Show data context 587 Show data context
  Clergymen (Established Church) 27 Show data context -
  Minister, Priest of other religious bodies 16 Show data context -
  Missionary, Scripture Reader, Itinerant preacher 9 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Nun, Sister of Charity - 1 Show data context
  Theological Student 3 Show data context -
  Church, chapel, cemetery - officer, servant 4 Show data context -
  Barrister, Solicitor 28 Show data context -
  Law Student 2 Show data context -
  Law Clerk, and others connected with the law 31 Show data context -
  Physician, Surgeon, General Practitioner 33 Show data context -
  Dentist 10 Show data context -
  Medical Student, Assistant 21 Show data context -
  Midwife - 8 Show data context
  Subordinate Medical Service 7 Show data context 89 Show data context
  Schoolmaster 107 Show data context 328 Show data context
  Teacher, Professor, Lecturer 17 Show data context 64 Show data context
  School Service, and others connected with teaching 7 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Author, Editor, Journalist 12 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Reporter, Short-hand Writer 2 Show data context -
  Persons engaged in Scientific Pursuits 1 Show data context -
  Literary, Scientific, Institution, Service, &c. 1 Show data context -
  Civil Engineer 13 Show data context -
  Land, House, Ship, Surveyor 5 Show data context -
  Painter (artist) 12 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Architect 20 Show data context -
  Musician, Music Master 51 Show data context 58 Show data context
  Art Student 3 Show data context -
  Photographer 16 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Actor 10 Show data context 14 Show data context
  Art, Music, Theatre Service 6 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Performer, Showman, Exhibition, Service 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Billiard, Cricket & other Games, Service 10 Show data context -
4. PERSONS ENGAGED IN DOMESTIC OFFICES OR SERVICES. 365 Show data context 4,664 Show data context
  Domestic Coachman, Groom 91 Show data context -
  Domestic Gardener 45 Show data context -
  Domestic Indoor Servant 119 Show data context 3,698 Show data context
  Lodge, Gate, Park Keeper (not Government) 1 Show data context -
  Inn, Hotel Servant 74 Show data context 67 Show data context
  College, Club Service 7 Show data context -
  Office Keeper (not Government) 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Cook (not domestic) 8 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Charwoman - 220 Show data context
  Washing and Bathing Service 10 Show data context 659 Show data context
  Hospital and Institution Service 7 Show data context 14 Show data context
  Others engaged in Service 1 Show data context -
5. PERSONS ENGAGED IN COMMERCIAL OCCUPATIONS. 417 Show data context 13 Show data context
  Merchant 6 Show data context -
  Broker, Agent, Factor 17 Show data context -
  Auctioneer, Appraiser, Valuer, House Agent 24 Show data context -
  Accountant 15 Show data context -
  Salesman, Buyer (not otherwise specified) 1 Show data context -
  Commercial Traveller 54 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Commercial Clerk 206 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Officer of Commercial Company, Guild, Society &c. 4 Show data context -
  Banker 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Bank Service 51 Show data context -
  Bill Discounter, Bill Broker, Finance Agent 1 Show data context -
  Life, House, Ship &c., Insurance Service 36 Show data context 2 Show data context
6. PERSONS ENGAGED IN CONVEYANCE OF MEN, GOODS, AND MESSAGES. 1,178 Show data context 12 Show data context
  Railway Engine Driver, Stoker 59 Show data context -
  Railway Guard 30 Show data context -
  Pointsman, Level Crossing Man 6 Show data context -
  Other Railway Officials and Servants 159 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Toll Collector, Turnpike Gate Keeper 1 Show data context -
  Omnibus, Coach, Cab, Owner - Livery Stable Keeper 34 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Cabman, Flyman, Coachman (not domestic) 74 Show data context -
  Carman, Carrier, Carter, Haulier 169 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Tramway Companies' Service 22 Show data context -
  Wheel Chair Proprietor, Attendant &c. 10 Show data context -
  Inland Navigation Service 3 Show data context -
  Bargeman, Lighterman, Waterman 10 Show data context -
  Navigation Service (on shore) 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Seaman (Merchant Service) 262 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Pilot 3 Show data context -
  Ship Steward, Cook 24 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Boatman on Seas 9 Show data context -
  Harbour, Dock, Wharf, Lighthouse Service 53 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Warehouseman (not Manchester) 19 Show data context -
  Meter, Weigher 2 Show data context -
  Messenger, Porter, Watchman (not Railway or Government) 218 Show data context -
  Telegraph, Telephone Service 10 Show data context -
7. PERSONS ENGAGED IN AGRICULTURE. 138 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Farmer, Grazier 16 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Farm Bailiff 3 Show data context -
  Agricultural Labourer, Farm Servant, Cottager 42 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Shepherd 1 Show data context -
  Agricultural Student 2 Show data context -
  Others engaged in, or connected with agriculture 1 Show data context -
  Woodman 1 Show data context -
  Nurseryman, Seedsman, Florist 11 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Gardener (not domestic) 61 Show data context -
8. PERSONS ENGAGED ABOUT ANIMALS. 78 Show data context -
  Horse Proprietor, Breeder, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Groom, Horse-keeper, Horse-breaker 36 Show data context -
  Veterinary Surgeon, Farrier 5 Show data context -
  Cattle, Sheep, Pig - Dealer, Salesman 5 Show data context -
  Drover 4 Show data context -
  Gamekeeper 1 Show data context -
  Dog, Bird, Animal - Keeper, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Fisherman 19 Show data context -
  Knacker, Catsmeat Dealer &c &c. 4 Show data context -
9. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN BOOKS, PRINTS, AND MAPS. 155 Show data context 17 Show data context
  Publisher, Bookseller, Librarian 27 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Music-Publisher, Seller, Printer 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Bookbinder 3 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Printer 104 Show data context -
  Newspaper Agent, News Room Keeper 15 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Lithographer, Lithographic Printer 1 Show data context -
  Map and Print - Colourer, Seller 1 Show data context -
10. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN MACHINES AND IMPLEMENTS. 504 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Engine, Machine Maker 67 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Millwright 32 Show data context -
  Fitter, Turner (Engine and Machine) 228 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Boiler Maker 90 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Tool Maker, Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Cutler, Scissors Maker 5 Show data context -
  Saw Maker 3 Show data context -
  Watch Maker, Clock Maker 49 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Philosophical Instrument Maker 1 Show data context -
  Electrical Apparatus Maker 4 Show data context -
  Weighing and Measuring Apparatus Maker 1 Show data context -
  Gunsmith, Gun Manufacturer 4 Show data context -
  Musical Instrument Maker, Dealer 10 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Die, Seal, Coin, Medal Maker 2 Show data context -
  Toy Maker, Dealer 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Apparatus for other games, Maker, Dealer 2 Show data context -
11. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN HOUSES, FURNITURE, AND DECORATIONS. 2,233 Show data context 23 Show data context
  Builder 87 Show data context -
  Carpenter, Joiner 731 Show data context -
  Bricklayer 484 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Mason 95 Show data context -
  Slater, Tiler 16 Show data context -
  Plasterer, Whitewasher 123 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Paperhanger 12 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Plumber 123 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Painter, Glazier 341 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Cabinet Maker 104 Show data context 11 Show data context
  French Polisher 14 Show data context -
  Furniture Broker, Dealer 31 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Locksmith, Bellhanger 2 Show data context -
  Gas Fitter 44 Show data context -
  House and Shop Fittings - Maker, Dealer 4 Show data context -
  Funeral Furniture Maker, Undertaker 3 Show data context -
  Wood Carver 1 Show data context -
  Carver, Gilder 15 Show data context -
  Dealer in Works of Art 1 Show data context -
  Animal, Bird &c. Preserver, Naturalist 2 Show data context -
  Artificial Flower Maker - 1 Show data context
12. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CARRIAGES AND HARNESS. 122 Show data context -
  Coachmaker 61 Show data context -
  Railway Carriage, Railway Wagon, Maker 1 Show data context -
  Wheelwright 40 Show data context -
  Bicycle, Tricycle - Maker, Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Saddler, Harness, Whip Maker 17 Show data context -
13. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN SHIPS AND BOATS. 1,481 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Ship, Boat, Barge Builder 568 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Shipwright, Ship Carpenter (ashore) 806 Show data context -
  Mast, Yard, Oar, Block Maker 8 Show data context -
  Ship Rigger, Chandler, Fitter 65 Show data context -
  Sail Maker 34 Show data context -
14. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CHEMICALS AND COMPOUNDS. 58 Show data context -
  Ink, Blacking, Colour Substance Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Chemist, Druggist 57 Show data context -
15. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TOBACCO AND PIPES. 28 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Tobacco Manufacture, Tobacconist 25 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Tobacco Pipe, Snuff Box &c. Maker 3 Show data context -
16. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN FOOD AND LODGING. 1,420 Show data context 449 Show data context
  Innkeeper, Hotel Keeper, Publican 103 Show data context 22 Show data context
  Lodging, Boarding House Keeper 40 Show data context 247 Show data context
  Coffee, Eating House, Keeper 12 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Brewer 79 Show data context -
  Beerseller, Ale, Porter, Cider Dealer 99 Show data context 31 Show data context
  Cellarman 17 Show data context -
  Wine, Spirit - Merchant, Agent 21 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Milkseller, Dairyman 79 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Cheesemonger, Butterman 3 Show data context -
  Butcher, Meat Salesman 168 Show data context 14 Show data context
  Provision Curer, Dealer 17 Show data context -
  Poulterer, Game Dealer 9 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Fishmonger 39 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Corn, Flour, Seed Merchant, Dealer 16 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Corn Miller 14 Show data context -
  Baker 262 Show data context 12 Show data context
  Confectioner, Pastrycook 39 Show data context 28 Show data context
  Greengrocer, Fruiterer 120 Show data context 39 Show data context
  Sugar Refiner 1 Show data context -
  Grocer. Tea, Coffee, Chocolate Maker, Dealer 267 Show data context 33 Show data context
  Ginger Beer, Mineral Water Manufacturer, Dealer 15 Show data context 2 Show data context
17. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TEXTILE FABRICS. 155 Show data context 185 Show data context
  Woollen Cloth Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Worsted, Stuff, Manufacture - 7 Show data context
  Ribbon Manufacture - 1 Show data context
  Cotton, Cotton Goods Manufacture - 1 Show data context
  Lace Manufacturer, Dealer - 3 Show data context
  Rope, Twine, Cord - Maker, Dealer 14 Show data context -
  Dyer, Printer, Scourer, Bleacher, Calenderer (undefined) 9 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Draper, Linen Draper, Mercer 127 Show data context 153 Show data context
  Fancy Goods (Textile) Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 4 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Trimming Maker, Dealer - 1 Show data context
  Embroiderer - 4 Show data context
18. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN DRESS. 652 Show data context 2,296 Show data context
  Hatter, Hat Manufacture 11 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Straw - Hat, Bonnet, Plait Manufacture 1 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Tailor 240 Show data context 225 Show data context
  Milliner, Dressmaker, Staymaker 83 Show data context 1,686 Show data context
  Shirt Maker, Seamstress 3 Show data context 316 Show data context
  Hosiery Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Hosier, Haberdasher 9 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Glover, Glove Maker - 1 Show data context
  Shoe, Boot - Maker, Dealer 264 Show data context 32 Show data context
  Wig Maker, Hair Dresser 34 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Umbrella, Parasol, Stick - Maker, Dealer 2 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Accoutrement Maker 2 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Old Clothes Dealer, and others 2 Show data context 12 Show data context
19. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS ANIMAL SUBSTANCES. 40 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Soap Boiler, Maker 2 Show data context -
  Furrier, Skinner 1 Show data context -
  Currier 14 Show data context -
  Leather Goods, Portmanteau, Bag, Strap &c., Maker, Dealer 8 Show data context -
  Brush, Broom, Maker 14 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Quill, Feather - Dresser, Dealer 1 Show data context 5 Show data context
20. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS VEGETABLE SUBSTANCES. 182 Show data context 29 Show data context
  Oil Miller, Oil Cake - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Oil and Colourman 3 Show data context -
  Willow, Cane, Rush Worker, Dealer, Basketmaker 13 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Hay, Straw (not plait), Chaff, Cutter, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Thatcher 1 Show data context -
  Timber, Wood - Merchant, Dealer 29 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Sawyer 47 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Lath, Wooden Fence, Hurdle Maker 10 Show data context -
  Wood Turner, Box Maker 14 Show data context -
  Cooper, Hoop Maker, Bender 21 Show data context -
  Cork, Bark - Cutter, Worker, Dealer 17 Show data context -
  Paper Manufacture 2 Show data context -
  Stationer, Law Stationer 15 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Paper Box, Paper Bag Maker 3 Show data context 12 Show data context
  Ticket, Label Writer 3 Show data context -
  Others 2 Show data context -
21. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS MINERAL SUBSTANCES. 818 Show data context 14 Show data context
  Coal Miner 1 Show data context -
  [Haulier] [not in Census Report but in codebook] 1 Show data context -
  Coal Merchant 37 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Coalheaver 15 Show data context -
  Coke, Charcoal, Peat - Cutter, Burner, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Gas Works Service 26 Show data context -
  Stone Quarrier 1 Show data context -
  Stone Cutter, Dresser, Dealer 5 Show data context -
  Slate Worker, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Plaster, Cement Manufacture 2 Show data context -
  Brick, Tile - Maker, Burner, Dealer 102 Show data context -
  Paviour 4 Show data context -
  Road Contractor, Surveyor, Inspector 1 Show data context -
  Road Labourer 32 Show data context -
  Railway Contractor 1 Show data context -
  Platelayer 5 Show data context -
  Railway Labourer, Navvy 19 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Porcelain, Manufacture 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Earthenware, China, Glass Dealer 20 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Waterworks Service 18 Show data context -
  Goldsmith, Silversmith, Jeweller 17 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Gold, Silver, Beater 3 Show data context -
  [Iron Manufacture] 80 Show data context -
  [Steel Manufacture] 2 Show data context -
  Blacksmith 276 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Whitesmith 29 Show data context -
  Ironmonger. Hardware Dealer, Merchant 35 Show data context 2 Show data context
  [Coppersmith] 35 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Tin, Tin Plate, Tin Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 17 Show data context -
  Lead, Leaden Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Brass, Bronze Manufacture. Brazier 25 Show data context -
  Wire Maker, Worker, Weaver, Drawer 2 Show data context -
22. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN GENERAL OR UNSPECIFIED COMMODITIES. 1,071 Show data context 69 Show data context
  General Shopkeeper, Dealer 108 Show data context 35 Show data context
  Pawnbroker 34 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Costermonger, Huckster, Street Seller 67 Show data context 15 Show data context
  Manufacturer, Manager, Superintendant (undefined) 15 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Contractor (undefined) 3 Show data context -
  General Labourer 753 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Engine Driver, Stoker, Fireman (not railway, marine or agricultural) 51 Show data context -
  Artizan, Mechanic (undefined) 33 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Factory Labourer (undefined) 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Machinist, Machine Worker (undefined) 3 Show data context 6 Show data context
23. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN REFUSE MATTERS. 18 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Town Drainage Service 4 Show data context -
  Chimney Sweep, Soot Merchant 11 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Rag Gatherer, Dealer 3 Show data context -
24. PERSONS WITHOUT SPECIFIED OCCUPATIONS. 374 Show data context 2,978 Show data context
  Persons returned by Property, Rank &c. and not special occupation 374 Show data context 2,978 Show data context
[UNKNOWN OCCUPATION] 155 Show data context 9,614 Show data context
  [Occupation recorded but of unknown meaning] 10 Show data context 2 Show data context
  [Blank field, or illegible] 145 Show data context 9,612 Show data context

Notes:

The following notes to the table appeared in the original report.

1 This table is a very special case: The original Table 10 as published by Division in the 1881 census reports was limited to data for Registration Divisions, their component Registration Counties, and just those Urban Sanitary Districts with populations of over 50,000. Data presented here for counties and higher-level units are taken from the published reports, as usual, but we also include in A Vision of Britain through Time data for Registration Districts, sub-Districts and Civil Parishes which never appeared in the original reports. These were specially created for us by the History Data Service at the University of Essex and derive from the complete transcription of the individual-level Enumerators Book data coordinated by the Genealogical Society of Utah.
2 In creating these data, each occupation listed in the enumerators books has been assigned as far as possible to the relevant category used in the published reports, but some additional categories with labels in square brackets unavoidably appear. Unlike the published statistics for higher-level units, these specially-calculated data for districts and parishes include persons under 15 or over 65. For these and other reasons, no attempt has been made to ensure that county totals for the districts or parishes match the published county totals. The remaining notes are those that appeared below the original published table.
3 NOTE.--Persons returned as engaged in more than one occupation have been referred to the one that appeared to be of most importance; or if there was no difference in this respect, to the one first given by the person in his or her return. In some cases special rules have been followed: e.g. "Clergyman and Schoolmaster" in combination has always been referred to "Schoolmaster"; a Member of Parliament or Peer engaged in any branch of commerce or industry has always been referred to this latter, not to "Peer, M.P.".
4 The numbers returned under any heading include Labourers, Apprentices, and Assistants, as well as Masters, but not Clerks, Messengers, Errand boys, Porters, or Watchmen, for which occupations there are special headings. Civil, Military, and Naval Clerks, Law, Bank, Insurance, and Railway Clerks, and Government and Railway Porters, are, however, exceptions to this rule. Many young persons, being Apprentices or Assistants, have therefore been referred to occupations usually followed by adults. Women also, chiefly widows or orphans carrying on the business of their deceased husbands or fathers, will sometimes be found under occupations commonly followed by men only.
5 Persons returned as retired from any business have not been referred to that business. Inmates of workhouses have been referred to their trades, unless their age or infirmities showed that they were past work. But persons who might be supposed to be only temporarily separated from their usual employment, such as Prisoners, and Patients in General Hospitals, have been classed under their usual occupations.
6 In some cases, for convenience of space, the male designation, e.g. "Schoolmaster", alone is given, instead of "Schoolmaster, Schoolmistress".

Click on the triangles for all about a particular number.

This website does not try to provide an exact replica of the original printed census tables, which often had thousands of rows and far more columns than will fit on our web pages. Instead, we let you drill down from national totals to the most detailed data available. The column headings are those that appeared in the original printed report. The numbers presented here, which are the same ones we use to create statistical maps and graphs, come from the census table and have usually been carefully checked.

The system can only hold statistics for units listed in our administrative gazetteer, so some rows from the original table may be missing. Sometimes big low-level units, like urban parishes, were divided between more than one higher-level units, like Registration sub-Districts. This is why some pages will give a higher figure for a lower-level unit: it covers the whole of the lower-level unit, not just the part within the current higher-level unit.


Acknowledgments:

We are grateful to the following contributors. If you make use of the data in your own work, please follow any instructions given here on acknowledgment and re-use.

(1) Kevin Schurer (Department of Geography, University of Cambridge). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)

(2) Matthew Woollard (UK Data Service, University of Essex). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)