1881 Census of England and Wales, Tables: Ages, Condition as to Marriage, Occupations and Birthplaces of people, Table 10 : " Occupations of Males and Females in the Division and its Registration Counties".

List Kings Norton PLU/RegD Smethwick SubD
OCCUPATIONS. Males.
[1]
Females.
[2]
1. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE GENERAL OR LOCAL GOVERNMENT OF THE COUNTRY. 53 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Civil Service (officers and clerks) 14 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Civil Service (messengers, &c.) 8 Show data context -
  Police 19 Show data context -
  Municipal, Parish, Union, District, Officer 9 Show data context -
  Other Local or County Official 3 Show data context -
2. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE DEFENCE OF THE COUNTRY. 7 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Army Officer (effective/retired) - 1 Show data context
  Soldier and Non-commissioned officer 4 Show data context -
  Militia, Yeomanry, Volunteers 1 Show data context -
  Army Pensioner 2 Show data context -
3. PERSONS ENGAGED IN PROFESSIONAL OCCUPATIONS (WITH THEIR IMMEDIATE SUBORDINATES). 180 Show data context 217 Show data context
  Clergymen (Established Church) 6 Show data context -
  Roman Catholic Priest 5 Show data context -
  Minister, Priest of other religious bodies 10 Show data context -
  Missionary, Scripture Reader, Itinerant preacher - 2 Show data context
  Nun, Sister of Charity - 15 Show data context
  Theological Student 3 Show data context -
  Church, chapel, cemetery - officer, servant 5 Show data context -
  Barrister, Solicitor 16 Show data context -
  Law Clerk, and others connected with the law 13 Show data context -
  Physician, Surgeon, General Practitioner 13 Show data context -
  Dentist 2 Show data context -
  Medical Student, Assistant 5 Show data context -
  Midwife - 1 Show data context
  Subordinate Medical Service 1 Show data context 19 Show data context
  Schoolmaster 43 Show data context 136 Show data context
  Teacher, Professor, Lecturer 2 Show data context 27 Show data context
  School Service, and others connected with teaching 5 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Author, Editor, Journalist 3 Show data context -
  Persons engaged in Scientific Pursuits 2 Show data context -
  Civil Engineer 7 Show data context -
  Mining Engineer 2 Show data context -
  Land, House, Ship, Surveyor 2 Show data context -
  Painter (artist) 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Engraver (artist) 3 Show data context -
  Architect 8 Show data context -
  Musician, Music Master 11 Show data context 12 Show data context
  Art Student 1 Show data context -
  Photographer 2 Show data context -
  Actor 3 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Performer, Showman, Exhibition, Service 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Billiard, Cricket & other Games, Service 1 Show data context -
4. PERSONS ENGAGED IN DOMESTIC OFFICES OR SERVICES. 97 Show data context 1,484 Show data context
  Domestic Coachman, Groom 34 Show data context -
  Domestic Gardener 28 Show data context -
  Domestic Indoor Servant 23 Show data context 1,092 Show data context
  Lodge, Gate, Park Keeper (not Government) 1 Show data context -
  Inn, Hotel Servant 7 Show data context 32 Show data context
  Office Keeper (not Government) 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Cook (not domestic) - 4 Show data context
  Charwoman - 46 Show data context
  Washing and Bathing Service - 306 Show data context
  Hospital and Institution Service 2 Show data context 3 Show data context
5. PERSONS ENGAGED IN COMMERCIAL OCCUPATIONS. 439 Show data context 12 Show data context
  Merchant 4 Show data context -
  Broker, Agent, Factor 28 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Auctioneer, Appraiser, Valuer, House Agent 13 Show data context -
  Accountant 15 Show data context -
  Salesman, Buyer (not otherwise specified) 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Commercial Traveller 50 Show data context -
  Commercial Clerk 299 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Officer of Commercial Company, Guild, Society &c. 1 Show data context -
  Banker 1 Show data context -
  Bank Service 9 Show data context -
  Life, House, Ship &c., Insurance Service 18 Show data context -
6. PERSONS ENGAGED IN CONVEYANCE OF MEN, GOODS, AND MESSAGES. 533 Show data context 28 Show data context
  Pointsman, Level Crossing Man 12 Show data context -
  Other Railway Officials and Servants 91 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Toll Collector, Turnpike Gate Keeper 1 Show data context -
  Omnibus, Coach, Cab, Owner - Livery Stable Keeper 6 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Cabman, Flyman, Coachman (not domestic) 45 Show data context -
  Carman, Carrier, Carter, Haulier 125 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Inland Navigation Service 7 Show data context -
  Bargeman, Lighterman, Waterman 131 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Seaman (Merchant Service) 4 Show data context -
  Harbour, Dock, Wharf, Lighthouse Service 19 Show data context -
  Warehouseman (not Manchester) 36 Show data context 22 Show data context
  Messenger, Porter, Watchman (not Railway or Government) 54 Show data context -
  Telegraph, Telephone Service 2 Show data context 2 Show data context
7. PERSONS ENGAGED IN AGRICULTURE. 259 Show data context 12 Show data context
  Farmer, Grazier 18 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Farmer's, Grazier's - Son, Grandson, Brother, Nephew 9 Show data context -
  Farm Bailiff 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Agricultural Labourer, Farm Servant, Cottager 97 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Nurseryman, Seedsman, Florist 1 Show data context -
  Gardener (not domestic) 130 Show data context 2 Show data context
8. PERSONS ENGAGED ABOUT ANIMALS. 46 Show data context -
  Horse Proprietor, Breeder, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Groom, Horse-keeper, Horse-breaker 33 Show data context -
  Veterinary Surgeon, Farrier 2 Show data context -
  Cattle, Sheep, Pig - Dealer, Salesman 7 Show data context -
  Drover 1 Show data context -
  Gamekeeper 1 Show data context -
9. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN BOOKS, PRINTS, AND MAPS. 31 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Publisher, Bookseller, Librarian 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Music-Publisher, Seller, Printer - 1 Show data context
  Bookbinder 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Printer 20 Show data context -
  Newspaper Agent, News Room Keeper 3 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Lithographer, Lithographic Printer 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
10. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN MACHINES AND IMPLEMENTS. 700 Show data context 25 Show data context
  Engine, Machine Maker 151 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Millwright 8 Show data context -
  Fitter, Turner (Engine and Machine) 359 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Boiler Maker 60 Show data context -
  Spinning and Weaving Machine Maker 1 Show data context -
  Agricultural Machine and Implement Maker 2 Show data context -
  Domestic Machinery - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Tool Maker, Dealer 39 Show data context -
  Cutler, Scissors Maker 2 Show data context -
  File Maker 5 Show data context -
  Pin Maker 2 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Steel Pen Maker 3 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Domestic Implement Maker 4 Show data context -
  Watch Maker, Clock Maker 10 Show data context -
  Philosophical Instrument Maker 22 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Electrical Apparatus Maker 3 Show data context -
  Weighing and Measuring Apparatus Maker 1 Show data context -
  Gunsmith, Gun Manufacturer 11 Show data context -
  Musical Instrument Maker, Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Die, Seal, Coin, Medal Maker 12 Show data context -
  Toy Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
11. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN HOUSES, FURNITURE, AND DECORATIONS. 546 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Builder 31 Show data context -
  Carpenter, Joiner 161 Show data context -
  Bricklayer 165 Show data context -
  Mason 22 Show data context -
  Slater, Tiler 3 Show data context -
  Plasterer, Whitewasher 7 Show data context -
  Paperhanger 2 Show data context -
  Plumber 13 Show data context -
  Painter, Glazier 71 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Cabinet Maker 16 Show data context -
  French Polisher 1 Show data context -
  Furniture Broker, Dealer 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Locksmith, Bellhanger 5 Show data context -
  Gas Fitter 28 Show data context 1 Show data context
  House and Shop Fittings - Maker, Dealer 5 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Wood Carver 2 Show data context -
  Carver, Gilder 9 Show data context -
  Dealer in Works of Art 2 Show data context -
12. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CARRIAGES AND HARNESS. 161 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Coachmaker 40 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Railway Carriage, Railway Wagon, Maker 67 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Wheelwright 29 Show data context -
  Others 7 Show data context -
  Saddler, Harness, Whip Maker 18 Show data context 2 Show data context
13. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN SHIPS AND BOATS. 6 Show data context -
  Ship, Boat, Barge Builder 5 Show data context -
  Shipwright, Ship Carpenter (ashore) 1 Show data context -
14. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CHEMICALS AND COMPOUNDS. 43 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Dye, Paint Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Ink, Blacking, Colour Substance Manufacture 1 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Fusee, Fireworks, Explosive Article Manufacture 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Chemist, Druggist 19 Show data context -
  Manufacturing Chemist 19 Show data context -
15. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TOBACCO AND PIPES. 3 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Tobacco Manufacture, Tobacconist 2 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Tobacco Pipe, Snuff Box &c. Maker 1 Show data context -
16. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN FOOD AND LODGING. 488 Show data context 93 Show data context
  Innkeeper, Hotel Keeper, Publican 55 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Lodging, Boarding House Keeper - 6 Show data context
  Coffee, Eating House, Keeper 4 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Hop - Merchant, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Maltster 18 Show data context -
  Brewer 57 Show data context -
  Beerseller, Ale, Porter, Cider Dealer 29 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Cellarman 3 Show data context -
  Wine, Spirit - Merchant, Agent 8 Show data context -
  Milkseller, Dairyman 30 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Butcher, Meat Salesman 66 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Provision Curer, Dealer 9 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Poulterer, Game Dealer - 1 Show data context
  Fishmonger 8 Show data context -
  Corn, Flour, Seed Merchant, Dealer 13 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Corn Miller 3 Show data context -
  Baker 56 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Confectioner, Pastrycook 3 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Greengrocer, Fruiterer 39 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Grocer. Tea, Coffee, Chocolate Maker, Dealer 83 Show data context 27 Show data context
  Ginger Beer, Mineral Water Manufacturer, Dealer 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
17. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TEXTILE FABRICS. 31 Show data context 29 Show data context
  Woollen Cloth Manufacture 3 Show data context -
  Wool, Woollen goods - Dyer, Printer 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Silk, Silk Goods, Manufacture - 1 Show data context
  Lace Manufacturer, Dealer 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Rope, Twine, Cord - Maker, Dealer 3 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Canvas, Sailcloth Manufacture - 1 Show data context
  Dyer, Printer, Scourer, Bleacher, Calenderer (undefined) 1 Show data context -
  Factory Hand (textile, undefined) 1 Show data context -
  Draper, Linen Draper, Mercer 21 Show data context 23 Show data context
18. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN DRESS. 148 Show data context 462 Show data context
  Hatter, Hat Manufacture 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Tailor 39 Show data context 51 Show data context
  Milliner, Dressmaker, Staymaker 2 Show data context 354 Show data context
  Shirt Maker, Seamstress - 35 Show data context
  Hosier, Haberdasher 2 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Glover, Glove Maker 2 Show data context -
  Button Maker, Dealer 8 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Shoe, Boot - Maker, Dealer 72 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Patten, Clog Maker 2 Show data context -
  Wig Maker, Hair Dresser 14 Show data context -
  Umbrella, Parasol, Stick - Maker, Dealer - 1 Show data context
  Accoutrement Maker 5 Show data context -
  Old Clothes Dealer, and others - 2 Show data context
19. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS ANIMAL SUBSTANCES. 31 Show data context 13 Show data context
  Tallow Chandler, Candle, Grease Manufacture 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Soap Boiler, Maker 9 Show data context -
  Glue, Size, Gelatine, Isinglass - Maker, Dealer 6 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Bone, Horn, Ivory, Tortoise-shell - Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Comb Maker 1 Show data context -
  Currier 4 Show data context -
  Leather Goods, Portmanteau, Bag, Strap &c., Maker, Dealer 8 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Brush, Broom, Maker 1 Show data context 4 Show data context
20. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS VEGETABLE SUBSTANCES. 93 Show data context 29 Show data context
  Oil Miller, Oil Cake - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Oil and Colourman 1 Show data context -
  Japanner 2 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Willow, Cane, Rush Worker, Dealer, Basketmaker 6 Show data context -
  Timber, Wood - Merchant, Dealer 20 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Sawyer 31 Show data context -
  Wood Turner, Box Maker 10 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Cooper, Hoop Maker, Bender 12 Show data context -
  Cork, Bark - Cutter, Worker, Dealer 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Others 1 Show data context -
  Stationer, Law Stationer 6 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Paper Box, Paper Bag Maker 1 Show data context 10 Show data context
21. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS MINERAL SUBSTANCES. 3,166 Show data context 391 Show data context
  Coal Miner 22 Show data context -
  Ironstone Miner 4 Show data context -
  Copper Miner 1 Show data context -
  Miner, in other or undefined Minerals 1 Show data context -
  Mine Service 3 Show data context -
  [Haulier] [not in Census Report but in codebook] 7 Show data context -
  Coal Merchant 51 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Coalheaver 7 Show data context -
  Coke, Charcoal, Peat - Cutter, Burner, Dealer 7 Show data context -
  Gas Works Service 13 Show data context -
  Stone Cutter, Dresser, Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Clay, Sand, Gravel, Chalk, Labourer, Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Well Sinker, Borer 4 Show data context -
  Brick, Tile - Maker, Burner, Dealer 25 Show data context -
  Road Contractor, Surveyor, Inspector 1 Show data context -
  Road Labourer 13 Show data context -
  Railway Contractor 1 Show data context -
  Platelayer 7 Show data context -
  Railway Labourer, Navvy 26 Show data context -
  Others 1 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Porcelain, Manufacture 17 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Glass Manufacture 445 Show data context 41 Show data context
  Earthenware, China, Glass Dealer 6 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Goldsmith, Silversmith, Jeweller 49 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Gold, Silver, Beater 13 Show data context -
  Lapidary 2 Show data context -
  Others 4 Show data context 2 Show data context
  [Iron Manufacture] 1,397 Show data context 50 Show data context
  [Steel Manufacture] 15 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Blacksmith 171 Show data context -
  Whitesmith 5 Show data context -
  Nail Manufacture 48 Show data context 46 Show data context
  Anchor, Chain Manufacture 7 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Ironmonger. Hardware Dealer, Merchant 23 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Other Iron and Steel Manufacture 21 Show data context -
  Copper, Copper Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 10 Show data context -
  [Coppersmith] 4 Show data context -
  Tin, Tin Plate, Tin Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 20 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Zinc, Zinc Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Lead, Leaden Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Metal Refiner, Worker, Turner, Dealer 80 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Brass, Bronze Manufacture. Brazier 198 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Metal Burnisher, Lacquerer 8 Show data context 26 Show data context
  White Metal, Plated Ware, Manufacture. Pewterer 37 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Wire Maker, Worker, Weaver, Drawer 26 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Bolt, Nut, Rivet, Screw, Staple Maker 249 Show data context 185 Show data context
  Lamp, Lantern, Candlestick Maker 44 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Clasp, Buckle, Hinge Maker 3 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Fancy Chain, Gilt Toy Maker 3 Show data context -
  Others 57 Show data context 4 Show data context
22. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN GENERAL OR UNSPECIFIED COMMODITIES. 1,074 Show data context 139 Show data context
  General Shopkeeper, Dealer 15 Show data context 27 Show data context
  Pawnbroker 8 Show data context 12 Show data context
  Costermonger, Huckster, Street Seller 2 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Manufacturer, Manager, Superintendant (undefined) 26 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Contractor (undefined) 1 Show data context -
  General Labourer 708 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Engine Driver, Stoker, Fireman (not railway, marine or agricultural) 107 Show data context -
  Artizan, Mechanic (undefined) 140 Show data context 43 Show data context
  Apprentice (undefined) 6 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Factory Labourer (undefined) 39 Show data context 36 Show data context
  Machinist, Machine Worker (undefined) 22 Show data context 4 Show data context
23. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN REFUSE MATTERS. 10 Show data context -
  Chimney Sweep, Soot Merchant 10 Show data context -
24. PERSONS WITHOUT SPECIFIED OCCUPATIONS. 104 Show data context 977 Show data context
  Persons returned by Property, Rank &c. and not special occupation 104 Show data context 977 Show data context
[UNKNOWN OCCUPATION] 160 Show data context 4,671 Show data context
  [Occupation recorded but of unknown meaning] 9 Show data context 2 Show data context
  [Blank field, or illegible] 151 Show data context 4,669 Show data context

Notes:

The following notes to the table appeared in the original report.

1 This table is a very special case: The original Table 10 as published by Division in the 1881 census reports was limited to data for Registration Divisions, their component Registration Counties, and just those Urban Sanitary Districts with populations of over 50,000. Data presented here for counties and higher-level units are taken from the published reports, as usual, but we also include in A Vision of Britain through Time data for Registration Districts, sub-Districts and Civil Parishes which never appeared in the original reports. These were specially created for us by the History Data Service at the University of Essex and derive from the complete transcription of the individual-level Enumerators Book data coordinated by the Genealogical Society of Utah.
2 In creating these data, each occupation listed in the enumerators books has been assigned as far as possible to the relevant category used in the published reports, but some additional categories with labels in square brackets unavoidably appear. Unlike the published statistics for higher-level units, these specially-calculated data for districts and parishes include persons under 15 or over 65. For these and other reasons, no attempt has been made to ensure that county totals for the districts or parishes match the published county totals. The remaining notes are those that appeared below the original published table.
3 NOTE.--Persons returned as engaged in more than one occupation have been referred to the one that appeared to be of most importance; or if there was no difference in this respect, to the one first given by the person in his or her return. In some cases special rules have been followed: e.g. "Clergyman and Schoolmaster" in combination has always been referred to "Schoolmaster"; a Member of Parliament or Peer engaged in any branch of commerce or industry has always been referred to this latter, not to "Peer, M.P.".
4 The numbers returned under any heading include Labourers, Apprentices, and Assistants, as well as Masters, but not Clerks, Messengers, Errand boys, Porters, or Watchmen, for which occupations there are special headings. Civil, Military, and Naval Clerks, Law, Bank, Insurance, and Railway Clerks, and Government and Railway Porters, are, however, exceptions to this rule. Many young persons, being Apprentices or Assistants, have therefore been referred to occupations usually followed by adults. Women also, chiefly widows or orphans carrying on the business of their deceased husbands or fathers, will sometimes be found under occupations commonly followed by men only.
5 Persons returned as retired from any business have not been referred to that business. Inmates of workhouses have been referred to their trades, unless their age or infirmities showed that they were past work. But persons who might be supposed to be only temporarily separated from their usual employment, such as Prisoners, and Patients in General Hospitals, have been classed under their usual occupations.
6 In some cases, for convenience of space, the male designation, e.g. "Schoolmaster", alone is given, instead of "Schoolmaster, Schoolmistress".

Click on the triangles for all about a particular number.

This website does not try to provide an exact replica of the original printed census tables, which often had thousands of rows and far more columns than will fit on our web pages. Instead, we let you drill down from national totals to the most detailed data available. The column headings are those that appeared in the original printed report. The numbers presented here, which are the same ones we use to create statistical maps and graphs, come from the census table and have usually been carefully checked.

The system can only hold statistics for units listed in our administrative gazetteer, so some rows from the original table may be missing. Sometimes big low-level units, like urban parishes, were divided between more than one higher-level units, like Registration sub-Districts. This is why some pages will give a higher figure for a lower-level unit: it covers the whole of the lower-level unit, not just the part within the current higher-level unit.


Acknowledgments:

We are grateful to the following contributors. If you make use of the data in your own work, please follow any instructions given here on acknowledgment and re-use.

(1) Kevin Schurer (Department of Geography, University of Cambridge). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)

(2) Matthew Woollard (UK Data Service, University of Essex). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)