1881 Census of England and Wales, Tables: Ages, Condition as to Marriage, Occupations and Birthplaces of people, Table 10 : " Occupations of Males and Females in the Division and its Registration Counties".

List Dudley PLU/RegD Dudley CP/AP  
OCCUPATIONS. Males.
[1]
Females.
[2]
1. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE GENERAL OR LOCAL GOVERNMENT OF THE COUNTRY. 88 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Civil Service (officers and clerks) 23 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Civil Service (messengers, &c.) 10 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Police 30 Show data context -
  Municipal, Parish, Union, District, Officer 14 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Other Local or County Official 11 Show data context -
2. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE DEFENCE OF THE COUNTRY. 6 Show data context -
  Army Officer (effective/retired) 1 Show data context -
  Soldier and Non-commissioned officer 2 Show data context -
  Militia, Yeomanry, Volunteers 1 Show data context -
  Army Pensioner 2 Show data context -
3. PERSONS ENGAGED IN PROFESSIONAL OCCUPATIONS (WITH THEIR IMMEDIATE SUBORDINATES). 256 Show data context 172 Show data context
  Clergymen (Established Church) 10 Show data context -
  Roman Catholic Priest 1 Show data context -
  Minister, Priest of other religious bodies 9 Show data context -
  Missionary, Scripture Reader, Itinerant preacher 1 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Church, chapel, cemetery - officer, servant 5 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Barrister, Solicitor 10 Show data context -
  Law Student 3 Show data context -
  Law Clerk, and others connected with the law 38 Show data context -
  Physician, Surgeon, General Practitioner 13 Show data context -
  Dentist 2 Show data context -
  Medical Student, Assistant 13 Show data context -
  Midwife - 3 Show data context
  Subordinate Medical Service 3 Show data context 14 Show data context
  Schoolmaster 72 Show data context 122 Show data context
  Teacher, Professor, Lecturer - 21 Show data context
  School Service, and others connected with teaching 2 Show data context -
  Author, Editor, Journalist 6 Show data context -
  Reporter, Short-hand Writer 2 Show data context -
  Persons engaged in Scientific Pursuits 1 Show data context -
  Civil Engineer 12 Show data context -
  Mining Engineer 21 Show data context -
  Land, House, Ship, Surveyor 1 Show data context -
  Engraver (artist) 1 Show data context -
  Architect 3 Show data context -
  Musician, Music Master 18 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Photographer 4 Show data context -
  Actor 2 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Performer, Showman, Exhibition, Service 1 Show data context -
  Billiard, Cricket & other Games, Service 2 Show data context -
4. PERSONS ENGAGED IN DOMESTIC OFFICES OR SERVICES. 84 Show data context 1,747 Show data context
  Domestic Coachman, Groom 28 Show data context -
  Domestic Gardener 2 Show data context -
  Domestic Indoor Servant 29 Show data context 1,476 Show data context
  Inn, Hotel Servant 20 Show data context 43 Show data context
  College, Club Service 1 Show data context -
  Office Keeper (not Government) 2 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Cook (not domestic) - 3 Show data context
  Charwoman - 84 Show data context
  Washing and Bathing Service 1 Show data context 132 Show data context
  Hospital and Institution Service 1 Show data context 6 Show data context
5. PERSONS ENGAGED IN COMMERCIAL OCCUPATIONS. 399 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Merchant 8 Show data context -
  Broker, Agent, Factor 30 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Auctioneer, Appraiser, Valuer, House Agent 12 Show data context -
  Accountant 10 Show data context -
  Salesman, Buyer (not otherwise specified) 1 Show data context -
  Commercial Traveller 47 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Commercial Clerk 251 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Bank Service 11 Show data context -
  Bill Discounter, Bill Broker, Finance Agent 3 Show data context -
  Life, House, Ship &c., Insurance Service 26 Show data context -
6. PERSONS ENGAGED IN CONVEYANCE OF MEN, GOODS, AND MESSAGES. 646 Show data context 15 Show data context
  Railway Engine Driver, Stoker 5 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Railway Guard 4 Show data context -
  Pointsman, Level Crossing Man 10 Show data context -
  Other Railway Officials and Servants 102 Show data context -
  Toll Collector, Turnpike Gate Keeper 2 Show data context -
  Cabman, Flyman, Coachman (not domestic) 31 Show data context -
  Carman, Carrier, Carter, Haulier 213 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Inland Navigation Service 24 Show data context -
  Bargeman, Lighterman, Waterman 104 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Harbour, Dock, Wharf, Lighthouse Service 13 Show data context -
  Warehouseman (not Manchester) 31 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Messenger, Porter, Watchman (not Railway or Government) 106 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Telegraph, Telephone Service 1 Show data context 2 Show data context
7. PERSONS ENGAGED IN AGRICULTURE. 94 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Farmer, Grazier 10 Show data context -
  Farm Bailiff 3 Show data context -
  Agricultural Labourer, Farm Servant, Cottager 52 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Woodman 1 Show data context -
  Gardener (not domestic) 28 Show data context -
8. PERSONS ENGAGED ABOUT ANIMALS. 75 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Horse Proprietor, Breeder, Dealer 10 Show data context -
  Groom, Horse-keeper, Horse-breaker 51 Show data context -
  Veterinary Surgeon, Farrier 6 Show data context -
  Cattle, Sheep, Pig - Dealer, Salesman 2 Show data context -
  Drover 3 Show data context -
  Knacker, Catsmeat Dealer &c &c. 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
9. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN BOOKS, PRINTS, AND MAPS. 63 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Publisher, Bookseller, Librarian 7 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Music-Publisher, Seller, Printer 2 Show data context -
  Bookbinder - 1 Show data context
  Printer 52 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Newspaper Agent, News Room Keeper 2 Show data context -
10. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN MACHINES AND IMPLEMENTS. 703 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Engine, Machine Maker 43 Show data context -
  Millwright 6 Show data context -
  Fitter, Turner (Engine and Machine) 120 Show data context -
  Boiler Maker 172 Show data context -
  Agricultural Machine and Implement Maker 55 Show data context -
  Domestic Machinery - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Tool Maker, Dealer 254 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Cutler, Scissors Maker 4 Show data context -
  File Maker 10 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Saw Maker 1 Show data context -
  Pin Maker 1 Show data context -
  Watch Maker, Clock Maker 19 Show data context -
  Philosophical Instrument Maker 1 Show data context -
  Electrical Apparatus Maker 5 Show data context -
  Weighing and Measuring Apparatus Maker 2 Show data context -
  Gunsmith, Gun Manufacturer 4 Show data context -
  Musical Instrument Maker, Dealer 4 Show data context -
  Die, Seal, Coin, Medal Maker 1 Show data context -
  Toy Maker, Dealer - 3 Show data context
11. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN HOUSES, FURNITURE, AND DECORATIONS. 631 Show data context 16 Show data context
  Builder 19 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Carpenter, Joiner 141 Show data context -
  Bricklayer 176 Show data context -
  Mason 13 Show data context -
  Slater, Tiler 15 Show data context -
  Plasterer, Whitewasher 31 Show data context -
  Paperhanger 1 Show data context -
  Plumber 17 Show data context -
  Painter, Glazier 138 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Cabinet Maker 29 Show data context 4 Show data context
  French Polisher 3 Show data context -
  Furniture Broker, Dealer 5 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Locksmith, Bellhanger 6 Show data context -
  Gas Fitter 35 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Artificial Flower Maker 2 Show data context 3 Show data context
12. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CARRIAGES AND HARNESS. 82 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Coachmaker 21 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Railway Carriage, Railway Wagon, Maker 6 Show data context -
  Wheelwright 30 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Saddler, Harness, Whip Maker 25 Show data context -
13. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN SHIPS AND BOATS. 19 Show data context -
  Ship, Boat, Barge Builder 19 Show data context -
14. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CHEMICALS AND COMPOUNDS. 34 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Dye, Paint Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Ink, Blacking, Colour Substance Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Chemist, Druggist 28 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Manufacturing Chemist 1 Show data context -
  Drysalter 3 Show data context 2 Show data context
15. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TOBACCO AND PIPES. 12 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Tobacco Manufacture, Tobacconist 7 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Tobacco Pipe, Snuff Box &c. Maker 5 Show data context 2 Show data context
16. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN FOOD AND LODGING. 769 Show data context 153 Show data context
  Innkeeper, Hotel Keeper, Publican 136 Show data context 27 Show data context
  Lodging, Boarding House Keeper - 6 Show data context
  Coffee, Eating House, Keeper 3 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Maltster 38 Show data context -
  Brewer 79 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Beerseller, Ale, Porter, Cider Dealer 13 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Cellarman 4 Show data context -
  Wine, Spirit - Merchant, Agent 11 Show data context -
  Milkseller, Dairyman 14 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Cheesemonger, Butterman 2 Show data context -
  Butcher, Meat Salesman 113 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Provision Curer, Dealer 6 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Poulterer, Game Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Fishmonger 21 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Corn, Flour, Seed Merchant, Dealer 8 Show data context -
  Corn Miller 9 Show data context -
  Baker 54 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Confectioner, Pastrycook 29 Show data context 12 Show data context
  Greengrocer, Fruiterer 38 Show data context 13 Show data context
  Sugar Refiner 5 Show data context -
  Grocer. Tea, Coffee, Chocolate Maker, Dealer 173 Show data context 56 Show data context
  Ginger Beer, Mineral Water Manufacturer, Dealer 10 Show data context -
17. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TEXTILE FABRICS. 101 Show data context 66 Show data context
  Cloth, Worsted, Stuff, Flannel, Blanket Dealer 7 Show data context -
  Silk, Silk Goods, Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Silk Dyer, Printer 1 Show data context -
  Silk Merchant, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Flax, Linen - Manufacturer, Dealer - 2 Show data context
  Lace Manufacturer, Dealer 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Rope, Twine, Cord - Maker, Dealer 7 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Sacking, Sack, Bag - Maker, Dealer 4 Show data context 31 Show data context
  Weaver (undefined) 1 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Dyer, Printer, Scourer, Bleacher, Calenderer (undefined) 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Factory Hand (textile, undefined) - 1 Show data context
  Carpet, Rug Manufacture 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Manchester Warehouseman 1 Show data context -
  Draper, Linen Draper, Mercer 73 Show data context 18 Show data context
  Fancy Goods (Textile) Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer - 3 Show data context
  Embroiderer - 1 Show data context
18. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN DRESS. 408 Show data context 716 Show data context
  Hatter, Hat Manufacture 9 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Straw - Hat, Bonnet, Plait Manufacture 1 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Tailor 112 Show data context 171 Show data context
  Milliner, Dressmaker, Staymaker 3 Show data context 406 Show data context
  Shirt Maker, Seamstress - 67 Show data context
  Hosiery Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Hosier, Haberdasher 16 Show data context 12 Show data context
  Glover, Glove Maker - 2 Show data context
  Button Maker, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Shoe, Boot - Maker, Dealer 237 Show data context 47 Show data context
  Patten, Clog Maker 7 Show data context -
  Wig Maker, Hair Dresser 18 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Umbrella, Parasol, Stick - Maker, Dealer 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Old Clothes Dealer, and others - 6 Show data context
19. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS ANIMAL SUBSTANCES. 43 Show data context -
  Tallow Chandler, Candle, Grease Manufacture 4 Show data context -
  Manure Manufacture 2 Show data context -
  Furrier, Skinner 3 Show data context -
  Tanner, Fellmonger 13 Show data context -
  Currier 20 Show data context -
  Brush, Broom, Maker 1 Show data context -
20. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS VEGETABLE SUBSTANCES. 92 Show data context 14 Show data context
  Oil Miller, Oil Cake - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Oil and Colourman 2 Show data context -
  Japanner 3 Show data context -
  Waterproof Goods - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Others 1 Show data context -
  Willow, Cane, Rush Worker, Dealer, Basketmaker 7 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Hay, Straw (not plait), Chaff, Cutter, Dealer 4 Show data context -
  Timber, Wood - Merchant, Dealer 4 Show data context -
  Sawyer 15 Show data context -
  Lath, Wooden Fence, Hurdle Maker 4 Show data context -
  Wood Turner, Box Maker 9 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Cooper, Hoop Maker, Bender 30 Show data context -
  Paper Manufacture - 2 Show data context
  Stationer, Law Stationer 6 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Paper Box, Paper Bag Maker 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Others 2 Show data context -
21. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS MINERAL SUBSTANCES. 5,532 Show data context 1,506 Show data context
  Coal Miner 1,809 Show data context 15 Show data context
  Ironstone Miner 92 Show data context -
  Miner, in other or undefined Minerals 16 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Mine Service 37 Show data context -
  [Haulier] [not in Census Report but in codebook] 1 Show data context -
  Coal Merchant 38 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Coalheaver 14 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Coke, Charcoal, Peat - Cutter, Burner, Dealer 46 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Gas Works Service 26 Show data context -
  Stone Quarrier 171 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Stone Cutter, Dresser, Dealer 5 Show data context -
  Slate Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Limeburner 6 Show data context -
  Clay, Sand, Gravel, Chalk, Labourer, Dealer 10 Show data context -
  Well Sinker, Borer 15 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Brick, Tile - Maker, Burner, Dealer 27 Show data context 45 Show data context
  Paviour 1 Show data context -
  Road Labourer 26 Show data context -
  Railway Contractor 2 Show data context -
  Platelayer 18 Show data context -
  Railway Labourer, Navvy 33 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Porcelain, Manufacture 29 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Glass Manufacture 158 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Earthenware, China, Glass Dealer 8 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Waterworks Service 3 Show data context -
  Goldsmith, Silversmith, Jeweller 5 Show data context 1 Show data context
  [Iron Manufacture] 1,218 Show data context 26 Show data context
  [Steel Manufacture] 6 Show data context -
  Blacksmith 263 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Whitesmith 177 Show data context -
  Nail Manufacture 401 Show data context 1,178 Show data context
  Anchor, Chain Manufacture 339 Show data context 176 Show data context
  Ironmonger. Hardware Dealer, Merchant 31 Show data context -
  Other Iron and Steel Manufacture 336 Show data context 30 Show data context
  [Coppersmith] 1 Show data context -
  [Tin Manufacture] 1 Show data context -
  Tin, Tin Plate, Tin Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 23 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Metal Refiner, Worker, Turner, Dealer 4 Show data context -
  Brass, Bronze Manufacture. Brazier 66 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Metal Burnisher, Lacquerer 7 Show data context 3 Show data context
  White Metal, Plated Ware, Manufacture. Pewterer 1 Show data context -
  Wire Maker, Worker, Weaver, Drawer 7 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Bolt, Nut, Rivet, Screw, Staple Maker 33 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Lamp, Lantern, Candlestick Maker 4 Show data context -
  Clasp, Buckle, Hinge Maker 1 Show data context -
  Others 16 Show data context -
22. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN GENERAL OR UNSPECIFIED COMMODITIES. 1,620 Show data context 191 Show data context
  General Shopkeeper, Dealer 37 Show data context 42 Show data context
  Pawnbroker 8 Show data context 21 Show data context
  Costermonger, Huckster, Street Seller 53 Show data context 81 Show data context
  Manufacturer, Manager, Superintendant (undefined) 16 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Contractor (undefined) 9 Show data context -
  General Labourer 972 Show data context 15 Show data context
  Engine Driver, Stoker, Fireman (not railway, marine or agricultural) 185 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Artizan, Mechanic (undefined) 218 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Apprentice (undefined) 7 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Factory Labourer (undefined) 107 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Machinist, Machine Worker (undefined) 8 Show data context 15 Show data context
23. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN REFUSE MATTERS. 18 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Town Drainage Service 1 Show data context -
  Chimney Sweep, Soot Merchant 8 Show data context -
  Scavenger, Crossing Sweeper 3 Show data context -
  Rag Gatherer, Dealer 6 Show data context 1 Show data context
24. PERSONS WITHOUT SPECIFIED OCCUPATIONS. 133 Show data context 1,074 Show data context
  Persons returned by Property, Rank &c. and not special occupation 133 Show data context 1,074 Show data context
[UNKNOWN OCCUPATION] 231 Show data context 6,892 Show data context
  [Occupation recorded but of unknown meaning] 12 Show data context 5 Show data context
  [Blank field, or illegible] 219 Show data context 6,887 Show data context

Notes:

The following notes to the table appeared in the original report.

1 This table is a very special case: The original Table 10 as published by Division in the 1881 census reports was limited to data for Registration Divisions, their component Registration Counties, and just those Urban Sanitary Districts with populations of over 50,000. Data presented here for counties and higher-level units are taken from the published reports, as usual, but we also include in A Vision of Britain through Time data for Registration Districts, sub-Districts and Civil Parishes which never appeared in the original reports. These were specially created for us by the History Data Service at the University of Essex and derive from the complete transcription of the individual-level Enumerators Book data coordinated by the Genealogical Society of Utah.
2 In creating these data, each occupation listed in the enumerators books has been assigned as far as possible to the relevant category used in the published reports, but some additional categories with labels in square brackets unavoidably appear. Unlike the published statistics for higher-level units, these specially-calculated data for districts and parishes include persons under 15 or over 65. For these and other reasons, no attempt has been made to ensure that county totals for the districts or parishes match the published county totals. The remaining notes are those that appeared below the original published table.
3 NOTE.--Persons returned as engaged in more than one occupation have been referred to the one that appeared to be of most importance; or if there was no difference in this respect, to the one first given by the person in his or her return. In some cases special rules have been followed: e.g. "Clergyman and Schoolmaster" in combination has always been referred to "Schoolmaster"; a Member of Parliament or Peer engaged in any branch of commerce or industry has always been referred to this latter, not to "Peer, M.P.".
4 The numbers returned under any heading include Labourers, Apprentices, and Assistants, as well as Masters, but not Clerks, Messengers, Errand boys, Porters, or Watchmen, for which occupations there are special headings. Civil, Military, and Naval Clerks, Law, Bank, Insurance, and Railway Clerks, and Government and Railway Porters, are, however, exceptions to this rule. Many young persons, being Apprentices or Assistants, have therefore been referred to occupations usually followed by adults. Women also, chiefly widows or orphans carrying on the business of their deceased husbands or fathers, will sometimes be found under occupations commonly followed by men only.
5 Persons returned as retired from any business have not been referred to that business. Inmates of workhouses have been referred to their trades, unless their age or infirmities showed that they were past work. But persons who might be supposed to be only temporarily separated from their usual employment, such as Prisoners, and Patients in General Hospitals, have been classed under their usual occupations.
6 In some cases, for convenience of space, the male designation, e.g. "Schoolmaster", alone is given, instead of "Schoolmaster, Schoolmistress".

Click on the triangles for all about a particular number.

This website does not try to provide an exact replica of the original printed census tables, which often had thousands of rows and far more columns than will fit on our web pages. Instead, we let you drill down from national totals to the most detailed data available. The column headings are those that appeared in the original printed report. The numbers presented here, which are the same ones we use to create statistical maps and graphs, come from the census table and have usually been carefully checked.

The system can only hold statistics for units listed in our administrative gazetteer, so some rows from the original table may be missing. Sometimes big low-level units, like urban parishes, were divided between more than one higher-level units, like Registration sub-Districts. This is why some pages will give a higher figure for a lower-level unit: it covers the whole of the lower-level unit, not just the part within the current higher-level unit.


Acknowledgments:

We are grateful to the following contributors. If you make use of the data in your own work, please follow any instructions given here on acknowledgment and re-use.

(1) Kevin Schurer (Department of Geography, University of Cambridge). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)

(2) Matthew Woollard (UK Data Service, University of Essex). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)