1881 Census of England and Wales, Tables: Ages, Condition as to Marriage, Occupations and Birthplaces of people, Table 10 : " Occupations of Males and Females in the Division and its Registration Counties".

List Swansea PLU/RegD Swansea CP/AP
OCCUPATIONS. Males.
[1]
Females.
[2]
1. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE GENERAL OR LOCAL GOVERNMENT OF THE COUNTRY. 212 Show data context -
  Peer, M.P., Privy Councillor (not otherwise described) 2 Show data context -
  Civil Service (officers and clerks) 86 Show data context -
  Civil Service (messengers, &c.) 27 Show data context -
  Prison Service, &c. 9 Show data context -
  Police 61 Show data context -
  Municipal, Parish, Union, District, Officer 17 Show data context -
  Other Local or County Official 10 Show data context -
2. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE DEFENCE OF THE COUNTRY. 43 Show data context -
  Army Officer (effective/retired) 2 Show data context -
  Soldier and Non-commissioned officer 4 Show data context -
  Militia, Yeomanry, Volunteers 12 Show data context -
  Army Pensioner 10 Show data context -
  Seaman, R.N. 6 Show data context -
  Royal Marines (officers/men) 1 Show data context -
  Navy Pensioner 8 Show data context -
3. PERSONS ENGAGED IN PROFESSIONAL OCCUPATIONS (WITH THEIR IMMEDIATE SUBORDINATES). 437 Show data context 326 Show data context
  Clergymen (Established Church) 11 Show data context -
  Roman Catholic Priest 5 Show data context -
  Minister, Priest of other religious bodies 31 Show data context -
  Missionary, Scripture Reader, Itinerant preacher 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Theological Student 6 Show data context -
  Church, chapel, cemetery - officer, servant 2 Show data context -
  Barrister, Solicitor 33 Show data context -
  Law Student 4 Show data context -
  Law Clerk, and others connected with the law 66 Show data context -
  Physician, Surgeon, General Practitioner 20 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Dentist 11 Show data context -
  Medical Student, Assistant 9 Show data context -
  Midwife - 2 Show data context
  Subordinate Medical Service 3 Show data context 45 Show data context
  Schoolmaster 69 Show data context 200 Show data context
  Teacher, Professor, Lecturer 6 Show data context 33 Show data context
  School Service, and others connected with teaching 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Author, Editor, Journalist 5 Show data context -
  Reporter, Short-hand Writer 2 Show data context -
  Persons engaged in Scientific Pursuits 13 Show data context -
  Literary, Scientific, Institution, Service, &c. 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Civil Engineer 25 Show data context -
  Mining Engineer 16 Show data context -
  Land, House, Ship, Surveyor 13 Show data context -
  Painter (artist) 5 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Sculptor 2 Show data context -
  Architect 4 Show data context -
  Musician, Music Master 35 Show data context 24 Show data context
  Art Student - 2 Show data context
  Photographer 14 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Actor 9 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Art, Music, Theatre Service 1 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Performer, Showman, Exhibition, Service 4 Show data context -
  Billiard, Cricket & other Games, Service 6 Show data context 1 Show data context
4. PERSONS ENGAGED IN DOMESTIC OFFICES OR SERVICES. 154 Show data context 2,969 Show data context
  Domestic Coachman, Groom 29 Show data context -
  Domestic Gardener 16 Show data context -
  Domestic Indoor Servant 58 Show data context 2,469 Show data context
  Lodge, Gate, Park Keeper (not Government) 1 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Inn, Hotel Servant 37 Show data context 112 Show data context
  College, Club Service 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Office Keeper (not Government) 1 Show data context 13 Show data context
  Cook (not domestic) 1 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Charwoman - 136 Show data context
  Washing and Bathing Service - 218 Show data context
  Hospital and Institution Service 4 Show data context 13 Show data context
  Others engaged in Service 3 Show data context 2 Show data context
5. PERSONS ENGAGED IN COMMERCIAL OCCUPATIONS. 861 Show data context 13 Show data context
  Merchant 21 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Broker, Agent, Factor 79 Show data context -
  Auctioneer, Appraiser, Valuer, House Agent 24 Show data context -
  Accountant 85 Show data context -
  Salesman, Buyer (not otherwise specified) 1 Show data context -
  Commercial Traveller 139 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Commercial Clerk 424 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Officer of Commercial Company, Guild, Society &c. 1 Show data context -
  Banker 1 Show data context -
  Bank Service 32 Show data context -
  Bill Discounter, Bill Broker, Finance Agent 7 Show data context -
  Life, House, Ship &c., Insurance Service 47 Show data context 1 Show data context
6. PERSONS ENGAGED IN CONVEYANCE OF MEN, GOODS, AND MESSAGES. 1,948 Show data context 18 Show data context
  Railway Engine Driver, Stoker 69 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Railway Guard 32 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Pointsman, Level Crossing Man 10 Show data context -
  Other Railway Officials and Servants 203 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Toll Collector, Turnpike Gate Keeper 7 Show data context -
  Omnibus, Coach, Cab, Owner - Livery Stable Keeper 15 Show data context -
  Cabman, Flyman, Coachman (not domestic) 64 Show data context -
  Carman, Carrier, Carter, Haulier 59 Show data context -
  Tramway Companies' Service 12 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Inland Navigation Service 3 Show data context -
  Bargeman, Lighterman, Waterman 20 Show data context -
  Navigation Service (on shore) 19 Show data context -
  Seaman (Merchant Service) 872 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Pilot 41 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Ship Steward, Cook 16 Show data context -
  Harbour, Dock, Wharf, Lighthouse Service 362 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Warehouseman (not Manchester) 17 Show data context -
  Meter, Weigher 7 Show data context -
  Messenger, Porter, Watchman (not Railway or Government) 105 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Telegraph, Telephone Service 15 Show data context 1 Show data context
7. PERSONS ENGAGED IN AGRICULTURE. 95 Show data context 12 Show data context
  Farmer, Grazier 14 Show data context -
  Farmer's, Grazier's - Son, Grandson, Brother, Nephew 1 Show data context -
  Farm Bailiff 13 Show data context -
  Agricultural Labourer, Farm Servant, Cottager 31 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Agricultural Machine - Proprietor, Attendant - 1 Show data context
  Nurseryman, Seedsman, Florist 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Gardener (not domestic) 33 Show data context 2 Show data context
8. PERSONS ENGAGED ABOUT ANIMALS. 60 Show data context -
  Groom, Horse-keeper, Horse-breaker 28 Show data context -
  Veterinary Surgeon, Farrier 11 Show data context -
  Cattle, Sheep, Pig - Dealer, Salesman 8 Show data context -
  Fisherman 13 Show data context -
9. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN BOOKS, PRINTS, AND MAPS. 124 Show data context 12 Show data context
  Publisher, Bookseller, Librarian 22 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Music-Publisher, Seller, Printer 3 Show data context -
  Bookbinder 11 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Printer 74 Show data context -
  Newspaper Agent, News Room Keeper 10 Show data context -
  Lithographer, Lithographic Printer 2 Show data context -
  Copper Plate and Steel Plate Printer 2 Show data context -
10. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN MACHINES AND IMPLEMENTS. 296 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Engine, Machine Maker 37 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Fitter, Turner (Engine and Machine) 107 Show data context -
  Boiler Maker 105 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Cutler, Scissors Maker 1 Show data context -
  Saw Maker 1 Show data context -
  Watch Maker, Clock Maker 29 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Philosophical Instrument Maker 4 Show data context -
  Electrical Apparatus Maker 2 Show data context -
  Weighing and Measuring Apparatus Maker 4 Show data context -
  Gunsmith, Gun Manufacturer 1 Show data context -
  Musical Instrument Maker, Dealer 5 Show data context -
  Toy Maker, Dealer - 4 Show data context
11. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN HOUSES, FURNITURE, AND DECORATIONS. 1,269 Show data context 28 Show data context
  Builder 40 Show data context -
  Carpenter, Joiner 363 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Bricklayer 14 Show data context -
  Mason 394 Show data context -
  Plasterer, Whitewasher 58 Show data context -
  Plumber 91 Show data context -
  Painter, Glazier 202 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Cabinet Maker 60 Show data context 17 Show data context
  French Polisher 10 Show data context -
  Furniture Broker, Dealer 9 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Gas Fitter 10 Show data context -
  House and Shop Fittings - Maker, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Funeral Furniture Maker, Undertaker 6 Show data context -
  Wood Carver 1 Show data context -
  Carver, Gilder 6 Show data context -
  Dealer in Works of Art 1 Show data context -
  Figure, Image - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Artificial Flower Maker 1 Show data context 2 Show data context
12. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CARRIAGES AND HARNESS. 86 Show data context -
  Coachmaker 27 Show data context -
  Railway Carriage, Railway Wagon, Maker 9 Show data context -
  Wheelwright 33 Show data context -
  Others 1 Show data context -
  Saddler, Harness, Whip Maker 16 Show data context -
13. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN SHIPS AND BOATS. 353 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Ship, Boat, Barge Builder 22 Show data context -
  Shipwright, Ship Carpenter (ashore) 190 Show data context -
  Mast, Yard, Oar, Block Maker 21 Show data context -
  Ship Rigger, Chandler, Fitter 66 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Sail Maker 54 Show data context -
14. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CHEMICALS AND COMPOUNDS. 83 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Dye, Paint Manufacture 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Gunpowder, Guncotton, Explosive Substance Manufacture 2 Show data context -
  Fusee, Fireworks, Explosive Article Manufacture 2 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Chemist, Druggist 52 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Manufacturing Chemist 20 Show data context -
  Alkali Manufacture 5 Show data context -
15. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TOBACCO AND PIPES. 10 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Tobacco Manufacture, Tobacconist 8 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Tobacco Pipe, Snuff Box &c. Maker 2 Show data context 2 Show data context
16. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN FOOD AND LODGING. 876 Show data context 332 Show data context
  Innkeeper, Hotel Keeper, Publican 167 Show data context 42 Show data context
  Lodging, Boarding House Keeper 4 Show data context 53 Show data context
  Coffee, Eating House, Keeper 5 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Maltster 8 Show data context -
  Brewer 27 Show data context -
  Beerseller, Ale, Porter, Cider Dealer 12 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Cellarman 11 Show data context -
  Wine, Spirit - Merchant, Agent 14 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Milkseller, Dairyman 17 Show data context 14 Show data context
  Cheesemonger, Butterman 2 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Butcher, Meat Salesman 125 Show data context 35 Show data context
  Provision Curer, Dealer 12 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Poulterer, Game Dealer 2 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Fishmonger 14 Show data context 15 Show data context
  Corn, Flour, Seed Merchant, Dealer 14 Show data context -
  Corn Miller 7 Show data context -
  Baker 101 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Confectioner, Pastrycook 44 Show data context 22 Show data context
  Greengrocer, Fruiterer 46 Show data context 47 Show data context
  Sugar Refiner 3 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Grocer. Tea, Coffee, Chocolate Maker, Dealer 236 Show data context 72 Show data context
  Ginger Beer, Mineral Water Manufacturer, Dealer 5 Show data context 4 Show data context
17. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TEXTILE FABRICS. 264 Show data context 131 Show data context
  Woolstapler 1 Show data context -
  Woollen Cloth Manufacture 16 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Worsted, Stuff, Manufacture 2 Show data context -
  Flannel Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Cloth, Worsted, Stuff, Flannel, Blanket Dealer - 1 Show data context
  Silk, Silk Goods, Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Cotton, Cotton Goods Manufacture - 1 Show data context
  Lace Manufacturer, Dealer - 3 Show data context
  Rope, Twine, Cord - Maker, Dealer 4 Show data context -
  Mat Maker, Seller 1 Show data context -
  Net Maker - 1 Show data context
  Canvas, Sailcloth Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Sacking, Sack, Bag - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Weaver (undefined) 8 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Dyer, Printer, Scourer, Bleacher, Calenderer (undefined) 6 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Carpet, Rug Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Draper, Linen Draper, Mercer 217 Show data context 114 Show data context
  Fancy Goods (Textile) Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 4 Show data context 6 Show data context
18. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN DRESS. 433 Show data context 965 Show data context
  Hatter, Hat Manufacture 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Straw - Hat, Bonnet, Plait Manufacture - 2 Show data context
  Tailor 204 Show data context 50 Show data context
  Milliner, Dressmaker, Staymaker 1 Show data context 839 Show data context
  Shirt Maker, Seamstress - 48 Show data context
  Hosiery Manufacture - 1 Show data context
  Hosier, Haberdasher 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Glover, Glove Maker - 1 Show data context
  Shoe, Boot - Maker, Dealer 165 Show data context 17 Show data context
  Patten, Clog Maker 6 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Wig Maker, Hair Dresser 43 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Umbrella, Parasol, Stick - Maker, Dealer 7 Show data context 2 Show data context
19. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS ANIMAL SUBSTANCES. 51 Show data context 12 Show data context
  Tallow Chandler, Candle, Grease Manufacture 8 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Manure Manufacture 2 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Others 1 Show data context -
  Furrier, Skinner 4 Show data context -
  Tanner, Fellmonger 18 Show data context -
  Currier 8 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Leather Goods, Portmanteau, Bag, Strap &c., Maker, Dealer 4 Show data context -
  Brush, Broom, Maker 6 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Quill, Feather - Dresser, Dealer - 1 Show data context
20. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS VEGETABLE SUBSTANCES. 208 Show data context 16 Show data context
  Oil Miller, Oil Cake - Maker, Dealer 6 Show data context -
  Oil and Colourman - 1 Show data context
  India Rubber, Gutta Percha - Worker, Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Waterproof Goods - Maker, Dealer 5 Show data context -
  Willow, Cane, Rush Worker, Dealer, Basketmaker 34 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Hay, Straw (not plait), Chaff, Cutter, Dealer 11 Show data context -
  Timber, Wood - Merchant, Dealer 21 Show data context -
  Sawyer 60 Show data context -
  Lath, Wooden Fence, Hurdle Maker 6 Show data context -
  Wood Turner, Box Maker 8 Show data context -
  Cooper, Hoop Maker, Bender 31 Show data context -
  Cork, Bark - Cutter, Worker, Dealer 4 Show data context -
  Paper Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Stationer, Law Stationer 11 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Ticket, Label Writer 1 Show data context -
  Others 6 Show data context 1 Show data context
21. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS MINERAL SUBSTANCES. 1,666 Show data context 53 Show data context
  Coal Miner 58 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Copper Miner 9 Show data context -
  Tin Miner 1 Show data context -
  Lead Miner 1 Show data context -
  Miner, in other or undefined Minerals 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Mine Service 24 Show data context -
  [Haulier] [not in Census Report but in codebook] 149 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Coal Merchant 102 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Coalheaver 62 Show data context -
  Gas Works Service 26 Show data context -
  Stone Quarrier 8 Show data context -
  Stone Cutter, Dresser, Dealer 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Slate Quarrier 14 Show data context -
  Slate Worker, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Limeburner 1 Show data context -
  Clay, Sand, Gravel, Chalk, Labourer, Dealer 5 Show data context -
  Brick, Tile - Maker, Burner, Dealer 13 Show data context -
  Road Contractor, Surveyor, Inspector 1 Show data context -
  Road Labourer 10 Show data context -
  Railway Contractor 2 Show data context -
  Platelayer 31 Show data context -
  Railway Labourer, Navvy 43 Show data context -
  Others 1 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Porcelain, Manufacture 19 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Glass Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Glass Dealer 12 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Waterworks Service 2 Show data context -
  Others 1 Show data context -
  Goldsmith, Silversmith, Jeweller 21 Show data context -
  Others 27 Show data context -
  [Iron Manufacture] 86 Show data context 2 Show data context
  [Steel Manufacture] 94 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Blacksmith 207 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Whitesmith 1 Show data context -
  Nail Manufacture 7 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Anchor, Chain Manufacture 3 Show data context -
  Ironmonger. Hardware Dealer, Merchant 55 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Other Iron and Steel Manufacture - 2 Show data context
  Copper, Copper Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 272 Show data context 2 Show data context
  [Coppersmith] 13 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Tin, Tin Plate, Tin Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 191 Show data context 26 Show data context
  Zinc, Zinc Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 33 Show data context -
  Lead, Leaden Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 5 Show data context -
  Metal Refiner, Worker, Turner, Dealer 34 Show data context -
  Brass, Bronze Manufacture. Brazier 5 Show data context -
  White Metal, Plated Ware, Manufacture. Pewterer 6 Show data context -
  Wire Maker, Worker, Weaver, Drawer 1 Show data context -
  Others 1 Show data context -
22. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN GENERAL OR UNSPECIFIED COMMODITIES. 2,006 Show data context 124 Show data context
  General Shopkeeper, Dealer 61 Show data context 38 Show data context
  Pawnbroker 33 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Costermonger, Huckster, Street Seller 36 Show data context 42 Show data context
  Manufacturer, Manager, Superintendant (undefined) 95 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Contractor (undefined) 9 Show data context -
  General Labourer 1,539 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Engine Driver, Stoker, Fireman (not railway, marine or agricultural) 149 Show data context -
  Artizan, Mechanic (undefined) 53 Show data context 16 Show data context
  Apprentice (undefined) 5 Show data context -
  Factory Labourer (undefined) 25 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Machinist, Machine Worker (undefined) 1 Show data context 7 Show data context
23. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN REFUSE MATTERS. 16 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Town Drainage Service 2 Show data context -
  Chimney Sweep, Soot Merchant 9 Show data context -
  Scavenger, Crossing Sweeper 2 Show data context -
  Rag Gatherer, Dealer 3 Show data context 3 Show data context
24. PERSONS WITHOUT SPECIFIED OCCUPATIONS. 289 Show data context 2,730 Show data context
  Persons returned by Property, Rank &c. and not special occupation 289 Show data context 2,730 Show data context
[UNKNOWN OCCUPATION] 144 Show data context 5,305 Show data context
  [Occupation recorded but of unknown meaning] 17 Show data context 6 Show data context
  [Blank field, or illegible] 127 Show data context 5,299 Show data context

Notes:

The following notes to the table appeared in the original report.

1 This table is a very special case: The original Table 10 as published by Division in the 1881 census reports was limited to data for Registration Divisions, their component Registration Counties, and just those Urban Sanitary Districts with populations of over 50,000. Data presented here for counties and higher-level units are taken from the published reports, as usual, but we also include in A Vision of Britain through Time data for Registration Districts, sub-Districts and Civil Parishes which never appeared in the original reports. These were specially created for us by the History Data Service at the University of Essex and derive from the complete transcription of the individual-level Enumerators Book data coordinated by the Genealogical Society of Utah.
2 In creating these data, each occupation listed in the enumerators books has been assigned as far as possible to the relevant category used in the published reports, but some additional categories with labels in square brackets unavoidably appear. Unlike the published statistics for higher-level units, these specially-calculated data for districts and parishes include persons under 15 or over 65. For these and other reasons, no attempt has been made to ensure that county totals for the districts or parishes match the published county totals. The remaining notes are those that appeared below the original published table.
3 NOTE.--Persons returned as engaged in more than one occupation have been referred to the one that appeared to be of most importance; or if there was no difference in this respect, to the one first given by the person in his or her return. In some cases special rules have been followed: e.g. "Clergyman and Schoolmaster" in combination has always been referred to "Schoolmaster"; a Member of Parliament or Peer engaged in any branch of commerce or industry has always been referred to this latter, not to "Peer, M.P.".
4 The numbers returned under any heading include Labourers, Apprentices, and Assistants, as well as Masters, but not Clerks, Messengers, Errand boys, Porters, or Watchmen, for which occupations there are special headings. Civil, Military, and Naval Clerks, Law, Bank, Insurance, and Railway Clerks, and Government and Railway Porters, are, however, exceptions to this rule. Many young persons, being Apprentices or Assistants, have therefore been referred to occupations usually followed by adults. Women also, chiefly widows or orphans carrying on the business of their deceased husbands or fathers, will sometimes be found under occupations commonly followed by men only.
5 Persons returned as retired from any business have not been referred to that business. Inmates of workhouses have been referred to their trades, unless their age or infirmities showed that they were past work. But persons who might be supposed to be only temporarily separated from their usual employment, such as Prisoners, and Patients in General Hospitals, have been classed under their usual occupations.
6 In some cases, for convenience of space, the male designation, e.g. "Schoolmaster", alone is given, instead of "Schoolmaster, Schoolmistress".

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This website does not try to provide an exact replica of the original printed census tables, which often had thousands of rows and far more columns than will fit on our web pages. Instead, we let you drill down from national totals to the most detailed data available. The column headings are those that appeared in the original printed report. The numbers presented here, which are the same ones we use to create statistical maps and graphs, come from the census table and have usually been carefully checked.

The system can only hold statistics for units listed in our administrative gazetteer, so some rows from the original table may be missing. Sometimes big low-level units, like urban parishes, were divided between more than one higher-level units, like Registration sub-Districts. This is why some pages will give a higher figure for a lower-level unit: it covers the whole of the lower-level unit, not just the part within the current higher-level unit.


Acknowledgments:

We are grateful to the following contributors. If you make use of the data in your own work, please follow any instructions given here on acknowledgment and re-use.

(1) Kevin Schurer (Department of Geography, University of Cambridge). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)

(2) Matthew Woollard (UK Data Service, University of Essex). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)