1881 Census of England and Wales, Tables: Ages, Condition as to Marriage, Occupations and Birthplaces of people, Table 10 : " Occupations of Males and Females in the Division and its Registration Counties".

List Tynemouth PLU/RegD Longbenton CP/AP  
OCCUPATIONS. Males.
[1]
Females.
[2]
1. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE GENERAL OR LOCAL GOVERNMENT OF THE COUNTRY. 24 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Civil Service (officers and clerks) 5 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Civil Service (messengers, &c.) 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Police 13 Show data context -
  Municipal, Parish, Union, District, Officer 3 Show data context -
2. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE DEFENCE OF THE COUNTRY. 7 Show data context -
  Soldier and Non-commissioned officer 2 Show data context -
  Militia, Yeomanry, Volunteers 3 Show data context -
  Army Pensioner 1 Show data context -
  Seaman, R.N. 1 Show data context -
3. PERSONS ENGAGED IN PROFESSIONAL OCCUPATIONS (WITH THEIR IMMEDIATE SUBORDINATES). 91 Show data context 65 Show data context
  Clergymen (Established Church) 5 Show data context -
  Roman Catholic Priest 2 Show data context -
  Minister, Priest of other religious bodies 4 Show data context -
  Missionary, Scripture Reader, Itinerant preacher 1 Show data context -
  Barrister, Solicitor 3 Show data context -
  Law Clerk, and others connected with the law 7 Show data context -
  Physician, Surgeon, General Practitioner 5 Show data context -
  Medical Student, Assistant 5 Show data context -
  Subordinate Medical Service 1 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Schoolmaster 26 Show data context 56 Show data context
  Teacher, Professor, Lecturer 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  School Service, and others connected with teaching 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Reporter, Short-hand Writer 1 Show data context -
  Persons engaged in Scientific Pursuits 1 Show data context -
  Literary, Scientific, Institution, Service, &c. - 1 Show data context
  Civil Engineer 6 Show data context -
  Mining Engineer 5 Show data context -
  Land, House, Ship, Surveyor 1 Show data context -
  Painter (artist) 4 Show data context -
  Architect 3 Show data context -
  Musician, Music Master 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Actor - 1 Show data context
  Performer, Showman, Exhibition, Service 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Billiard, Cricket & other Games, Service 1 Show data context -
4. PERSONS ENGAGED IN DOMESTIC OFFICES OR SERVICES. 49 Show data context 610 Show data context
  Domestic Coachman, Groom 14 Show data context -
  Domestic Gardener 17 Show data context -
  Domestic Indoor Servant 10 Show data context 555 Show data context
  Lodge, Gate, Park Keeper (not Government) 2 Show data context -
  Inn, Hotel Servant 5 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Office Keeper (not Government) - 1 Show data context
  Charwoman - 9 Show data context
  Washing and Bathing Service 1 Show data context 36 Show data context
  Hospital and Institution Service - 2 Show data context
5. PERSONS ENGAGED IN COMMERCIAL OCCUPATIONS. 83 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Merchant 3 Show data context -
  Broker, Agent, Factor 9 Show data context -
  Auctioneer, Appraiser, Valuer, House Agent 3 Show data context -
  Accountant 5 Show data context -
  Commercial Traveller 4 Show data context -
  Commercial Clerk 52 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Banker 1 Show data context -
  Bank Service 1 Show data context -
  Life, House, Ship &c., Insurance Service 5 Show data context -
6. PERSONS ENGAGED IN CONVEYANCE OF MEN, GOODS, AND MESSAGES. 184 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Railway Engine Driver, Stoker 9 Show data context -
  Pointsman, Level Crossing Man 1 Show data context -
  Other Railway Officials and Servants 44 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Toll Collector, Turnpike Gate Keeper 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Carman, Carrier, Carter, Haulier 41 Show data context -
  Inland Navigation Service 2 Show data context -
  Bargeman, Lighterman, Waterman 26 Show data context -
  Seaman (Merchant Service) 46 Show data context -
  Ship Steward, Cook 1 Show data context -
  Harbour, Dock, Wharf, Lighthouse Service 3 Show data context -
  Warehouseman (not Manchester) 1 Show data context -
  Messenger, Porter, Watchman (not Railway or Government) 9 Show data context -
7. PERSONS ENGAGED IN AGRICULTURE. 207 Show data context 42 Show data context
  Farmer, Grazier 29 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Farmer's, Grazier's - Son, Grandson, Brother, Nephew 18 Show data context -
  Farm Bailiff 4 Show data context -
  Agricultural Labourer, Farm Servant, Cottager 121 Show data context 38 Show data context
  Shepherd 1 Show data context -
  Agricultural Machine - Proprietor, Attendant 1 Show data context -
  Woodman 5 Show data context -
  Gardener (not domestic) 28 Show data context -
8. PERSONS ENGAGED ABOUT ANIMALS. 14 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Groom, Horse-keeper, Horse-breaker 11 Show data context -
  Veterinary Surgeon, Farrier 1 Show data context -
  Gamekeeper 1 Show data context -
  Dog, Bird, Animal - Keeper, Dealer - 1 Show data context
  Vermin Destroyer 1 Show data context -
9. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN BOOKS, PRINTS, AND MAPS. 13 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Publisher, Bookseller, Librarian 1 Show data context -
  Bookbinder - 1 Show data context
  Printer 7 Show data context -
  Newspaper Agent, News Room Keeper 4 Show data context -
  Lithographer, Lithographic Printer 1 Show data context -
10. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN MACHINES AND IMPLEMENTS. 277 Show data context -
  Engine, Machine Maker 26 Show data context -
  Fitter, Turner (Engine and Machine) 116 Show data context -
  Boiler Maker 129 Show data context -
  Watch Maker, Clock Maker 5 Show data context -
  Philosophical Instrument Maker 1 Show data context -
11. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN HOUSES, FURNITURE, AND DECORATIONS. 342 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Builder 2 Show data context -
  Carpenter, Joiner 172 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Bricklayer 28 Show data context -
  Mason 75 Show data context -
  Slater, Tiler 2 Show data context -
  Plumber 14 Show data context -
  Painter, Glazier 37 Show data context -
  Cabinet Maker 8 Show data context 1 Show data context
  French Polisher 2 Show data context -
  Gas Fitter 1 Show data context -
  Wood Carver 1 Show data context -
12. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CARRIAGES AND HARNESS. 5 Show data context -
  Coachmaker 1 Show data context -
  Others 3 Show data context -
  Saddler, Harness, Whip Maker 1 Show data context -
13. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN SHIPS AND BOATS. 1,136 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Ship, Boat, Barge Builder 966 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Shipwright, Ship Carpenter (ashore) 158 Show data context -
  Mast, Yard, Oar, Block Maker 3 Show data context -
  Ship Rigger, Chandler, Fitter 9 Show data context -
14. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CHEMICALS AND COMPOUNDS. 20 Show data context -
  Chemist, Druggist 7 Show data context -
  Manufacturing Chemist 11 Show data context -
  Alkali Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Drysalter 1 Show data context -
16. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN FOOD AND LODGING. 174 Show data context 35 Show data context
  Innkeeper, Hotel Keeper, Publican 34 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Lodging, Boarding House Keeper 1 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Brewer 2 Show data context -
  Beerseller, Ale, Porter, Cider Dealer 6 Show data context -
  Cellarman 1 Show data context -
  Milkseller, Dairyman 8 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Butcher, Meat Salesman 47 Show data context -
  Provision Curer, Dealer 5 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Corn, Flour, Seed Merchant, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Confectioner, Pastrycook 1 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Greengrocer, Fruiterer 7 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Grocer. Tea, Coffee, Chocolate Maker, Dealer 61 Show data context 14 Show data context
17. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TEXTILE FABRICS. 6 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Cotton, Cotton Goods Manufacture - 1 Show data context
  Draper, Linen Draper, Mercer 6 Show data context 2 Show data context
18. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN DRESS. 68 Show data context 169 Show data context
  Tailor 24 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Milliner, Dressmaker, Staymaker - 156 Show data context
  Shirt Maker, Seamstress - 8 Show data context
  Shoe, Boot - Maker, Dealer 39 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Wig Maker, Hair Dresser 5 Show data context -
19. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS ANIMAL SUBSTANCES. 3 Show data context -
  Tallow Chandler, Candle, Grease Manufacture 3 Show data context -
20. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS VEGETABLE SUBSTANCES. 42 Show data context -
  Oil Miller, Oil Cake - Maker, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Waterproof Goods - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Timber, Wood - Merchant, Dealer 4 Show data context -
  Sawyer 15 Show data context -
  Wood Turner, Box Maker 1 Show data context -
  Cooper, Hoop Maker, Bender 16 Show data context -
  Paper Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Stationer, Law Stationer 2 Show data context -
21. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS MINERAL SUBSTANCES. 2,111 Show data context 12 Show data context
  Coal Miner 1,623 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Ironstone Miner 7 Show data context -
  Lead Miner 1 Show data context -
  Miner, in other or undefined Minerals 2 Show data context -
  Mine Service 4 Show data context -
  Coal Merchant 2 Show data context -
  Coalheaver 9 Show data context -
  Coke, Charcoal, Peat - Cutter, Burner, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Gas Works Service 5 Show data context -
  Stone Quarrier 39 Show data context -
  Limeburner 1 Show data context -
  Plaster, Cement Manufacture 2 Show data context -
  Brick, Tile - Maker, Burner, Dealer 9 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Road Contractor, Surveyor, Inspector 1 Show data context -
  Road Labourer 7 Show data context -
  Platelayer 32 Show data context -
  Railway Labourer, Navvy 5 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Porcelain, Manufacture - 2 Show data context
  Goldsmith, Silversmith, Jeweller 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Others 1 Show data context -
  [Iron Manufacture] 143 Show data context -
  [Steel Manufacture] 1 Show data context -
  Blacksmith 145 Show data context -
  Anchor, Chain Manufacture 11 Show data context -
  Ironmonger. Hardware Dealer, Merchant 1 Show data context -
  Copper, Copper Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 33 Show data context -
  [Coppersmith] 2 Show data context -
  Tin, Tin Plate, Tin Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 4 Show data context -
  Lead, Leaden Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 13 Show data context -
  Metal Refiner, Worker, Turner, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Brass, Bronze Manufacture. Brazier 1 Show data context -
  Bolt, Nut, Rivet, Screw, Staple Maker 3 Show data context -
22. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN GENERAL OR UNSPECIFIED COMMODITIES. 699 Show data context 18 Show data context
  General Shopkeeper, Dealer 12 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Pawnbroker 1 Show data context -
  Costermonger, Huckster, Street Seller 10 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Manufacturer, Manager, Superintendant (undefined) 10 Show data context -
  Contractor (undefined) 3 Show data context -
  General Labourer 443 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Engine Driver, Stoker, Fireman (not railway, marine or agricultural) 98 Show data context -
  Artizan, Mechanic (undefined) 109 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Factory Labourer (undefined) 13 Show data context -
23. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN REFUSE MATTERS. 3 Show data context -
  Scavenger, Crossing Sweeper 2 Show data context -
  Rag Gatherer, Dealer 1 Show data context -
24. PERSONS WITHOUT SPECIFIED OCCUPATIONS. 66 Show data context 462 Show data context
  Persons returned by Property, Rank &c. and not special occupation 66 Show data context 462 Show data context
[UNKNOWN OCCUPATION] 30 Show data context 3,291 Show data context
  [Occupation recorded but of unknown meaning] 1 Show data context -
  [Blank field, or illegible] 29 Show data context 3,291 Show data context

Notes:

The following notes to the table appeared in the original report.

1 This table is a very special case: The original Table 10 as published by Division in the 1881 census reports was limited to data for Registration Divisions, their component Registration Counties, and just those Urban Sanitary Districts with populations of over 50,000. Data presented here for counties and higher-level units are taken from the published reports, as usual, but we also include in A Vision of Britain through Time data for Registration Districts, sub-Districts and Civil Parishes which never appeared in the original reports. These were specially created for us by the History Data Service at the University of Essex and derive from the complete transcription of the individual-level Enumerators Book data coordinated by the Genealogical Society of Utah.
2 In creating these data, each occupation listed in the enumerators books has been assigned as far as possible to the relevant category used in the published reports, but some additional categories with labels in square brackets unavoidably appear. Unlike the published statistics for higher-level units, these specially-calculated data for districts and parishes include persons under 15 or over 65. For these and other reasons, no attempt has been made to ensure that county totals for the districts or parishes match the published county totals. The remaining notes are those that appeared below the original published table.
3 NOTE.--Persons returned as engaged in more than one occupation have been referred to the one that appeared to be of most importance; or if there was no difference in this respect, to the one first given by the person in his or her return. In some cases special rules have been followed: e.g. "Clergyman and Schoolmaster" in combination has always been referred to "Schoolmaster"; a Member of Parliament or Peer engaged in any branch of commerce or industry has always been referred to this latter, not to "Peer, M.P.".
4 The numbers returned under any heading include Labourers, Apprentices, and Assistants, as well as Masters, but not Clerks, Messengers, Errand boys, Porters, or Watchmen, for which occupations there are special headings. Civil, Military, and Naval Clerks, Law, Bank, Insurance, and Railway Clerks, and Government and Railway Porters, are, however, exceptions to this rule. Many young persons, being Apprentices or Assistants, have therefore been referred to occupations usually followed by adults. Women also, chiefly widows or orphans carrying on the business of their deceased husbands or fathers, will sometimes be found under occupations commonly followed by men only.
5 Persons returned as retired from any business have not been referred to that business. Inmates of workhouses have been referred to their trades, unless their age or infirmities showed that they were past work. But persons who might be supposed to be only temporarily separated from their usual employment, such as Prisoners, and Patients in General Hospitals, have been classed under their usual occupations.
6 In some cases, for convenience of space, the male designation, e.g. "Schoolmaster", alone is given, instead of "Schoolmaster, Schoolmistress".

Click on the triangles for all about a particular number.

This website does not try to provide an exact replica of the original printed census tables, which often had thousands of rows and far more columns than will fit on our web pages. Instead, we let you drill down from national totals to the most detailed data available. The column headings are those that appeared in the original printed report. The numbers presented here, which are the same ones we use to create statistical maps and graphs, come from the census table and have usually been carefully checked.

The system can only hold statistics for units listed in our administrative gazetteer, so some rows from the original table may be missing. Sometimes big low-level units, like urban parishes, were divided between more than one higher-level units, like Registration sub-Districts. This is why some pages will give a higher figure for a lower-level unit: it covers the whole of the lower-level unit, not just the part within the current higher-level unit.


Acknowledgments:

We are grateful to the following contributors. If you make use of the data in your own work, please follow any instructions given here on acknowledgment and re-use.

(1) Kevin Schurer (Department of Geography, University of Cambridge). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)

(2) Matthew Woollard (UK Data Service, University of Essex). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)