1881 Census of England and Wales, Tables: Ages, Condition as to Marriage, Occupations and Birthplaces of people, Table 10 : " Occupations of Males and Females in the Division and its Registration Counties".

List Steyning PLU/RegD Hove CP/AP  
OCCUPATIONS. Males.
[1]
Females.
[2]
1. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE GENERAL OR LOCAL GOVERNMENT OF THE COUNTRY. 78 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Peer, M.P., Privy Councillor (not otherwise described) 4 Show data context -
  Civil Service (officers and clerks) 14 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Civil Service (messengers, &c.) 5 Show data context -
  Police 29 Show data context -
  Municipal, Parish, Union, District, Officer 5 Show data context -
  Other Local or County Official 15 Show data context -
  East Indian and Colonial Service 6 Show data context 3 Show data context
2. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE DEFENCE OF THE COUNTRY. 111 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Army Officer (effective/retired) 68 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Soldier and Non-commissioned officer 4 Show data context -
  Militia, Yeomanry, Volunteers 7 Show data context -
  Army Pensioner 11 Show data context -
  Navy Officer (effective/retired) 6 Show data context -
  Seaman, R.N. 10 Show data context -
  Navy Pensioner 5 Show data context -
3. PERSONS ENGAGED IN PROFESSIONAL OCCUPATIONS (WITH THEIR IMMEDIATE SUBORDINATES). 293 Show data context 364 Show data context
  Clergymen (Established Church) 30 Show data context -
  Roman Catholic Priest 1 Show data context -
  Minister, Priest of other religious bodies 4 Show data context -
  Missionary, Scripture Reader, Itinerant preacher 1 Show data context -
  Theological Student 1 Show data context -
  Church, chapel, cemetery - officer, servant 2 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Barrister, Solicitor 34 Show data context -
  Law Student 5 Show data context -
  Law Clerk, and others connected with the law 18 Show data context -
  Physician, Surgeon, General Practitioner 37 Show data context -
  Dentist 6 Show data context -
  Medical Student, Assistant 2 Show data context -
  Midwife - 2 Show data context
  Subordinate Medical Service 1 Show data context 32 Show data context
  Schoolmaster 32 Show data context 173 Show data context
  Teacher, Professor, Lecturer 26 Show data context 113 Show data context
  School Service, and others connected with teaching 4 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Author, Editor, Journalist 4 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Reporter, Short-hand Writer 1 Show data context -
  Civil Engineer 21 Show data context -
  Mining Engineer 1 Show data context -
  Land, House, Ship, Surveyor 6 Show data context -
  Painter (artist) 11 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Sculptor 2 Show data context -
  Architect 16 Show data context -
  Musician, Music Master 11 Show data context 21 Show data context
  Art Student 4 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Photographer 8 Show data context -
  Actor - 2 Show data context
  Performer, Showman, Exhibition, Service 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Billiard, Cricket & other Games, Service 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
4. PERSONS ENGAGED IN DOMESTIC OFFICES OR SERVICES. 606 Show data context 3,545 Show data context
  Domestic Coachman, Groom 175 Show data context -
  Domestic Gardener 58 Show data context -
  Domestic Indoor Servant 309 Show data context 3,252 Show data context
  Inn, Hotel Servant 41 Show data context 15 Show data context
  College, Club Service 2 Show data context -
  Office Keeper (not Government) 2 Show data context -
  Cook (not domestic) 8 Show data context -
  Charwoman 1 Show data context 42 Show data context
  Washing and Bathing Service 10 Show data context 233 Show data context
  Hospital and Institution Service - 3 Show data context
5. PERSONS ENGAGED IN COMMERCIAL OCCUPATIONS. 178 Show data context 21 Show data context
  Merchant 25 Show data context -
  Broker, Agent, Factor 27 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Auctioneer, Appraiser, Valuer, House Agent 11 Show data context -
  Accountant 10 Show data context -
  Salesman, Buyer (not otherwise specified) 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Commercial Traveller 10 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Commercial Clerk 70 Show data context 17 Show data context
  Banker 5 Show data context -
  Bank Service 13 Show data context -
  Bill Discounter, Bill Broker, Finance Agent 1 Show data context -
  Life, House, Ship &c., Insurance Service 5 Show data context 1 Show data context
6. PERSONS ENGAGED IN CONVEYANCE OF MEN, GOODS, AND MESSAGES. 347 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Railway Engine Driver, Stoker 1 Show data context -
  Pointsman, Level Crossing Man 2 Show data context -
  Other Railway Officials and Servants 21 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Omnibus, Coach, Cab, Owner - Livery Stable Keeper 31 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Cabman, Flyman, Coachman (not domestic) 107 Show data context -
  Carman, Carrier, Carter, Haulier 83 Show data context -
  Wheel Chair Proprietor, Attendant &c. 16 Show data context -
  Inland Navigation Service 1 Show data context -
  Bargeman, Lighterman, Waterman 1 Show data context -
  Navigation Service (on shore) 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Seaman (Merchant Service) 22 Show data context -
  Ship Steward, Cook 1 Show data context -
  Boatman on Seas 5 Show data context -
  Harbour, Dock, Wharf, Lighthouse Service 1 Show data context -
  Warehouseman (not Manchester) 2 Show data context -
  Messenger, Porter, Watchman (not Railway or Government) 48 Show data context -
  Telegraph, Telephone Service 4 Show data context -
7. PERSONS ENGAGED IN AGRICULTURE. 118 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Farmer, Grazier 9 Show data context -
  Farm Bailiff 2 Show data context -
  Agricultural Labourer, Farm Servant, Cottager 41 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Agricultural Student 1 Show data context -
  Others engaged in, or connected with agriculture 1 Show data context -
  Woodman 3 Show data context -
  Nurseryman, Seedsman, Florist 10 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Gardener (not domestic) 51 Show data context -
8. PERSONS ENGAGED ABOUT ANIMALS. 72 Show data context -
  Horse Proprietor, Breeder, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Groom, Horse-keeper, Horse-breaker 59 Show data context -
  Veterinary Surgeon, Farrier 8 Show data context -
  Cattle, Sheep, Pig - Dealer, Salesman 1 Show data context -
  Fisherman 2 Show data context -
9. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN BOOKS, PRINTS, AND MAPS. 18 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Publisher, Bookseller, Librarian 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Music-Publisher, Seller, Printer 1 Show data context -
  Bookbinder 2 Show data context -
  Printer 11 Show data context -
  Newspaper Agent, News Room Keeper 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
10. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN MACHINES AND IMPLEMENTS. 41 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Engine, Machine Maker 5 Show data context -
  Fitter, Turner (Engine and Machine) 4 Show data context -
  Boiler Maker 3 Show data context -
  Cutler, Scissors Maker 2 Show data context -
  Watch Maker, Clock Maker 15 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Weighing and Measuring Apparatus Maker 1 Show data context -
  Musical Instrument Maker, Dealer 10 Show data context -
  Toy Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context 2 Show data context
11. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN HOUSES, FURNITURE, AND DECORATIONS. 979 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Builder 64 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Carpenter, Joiner 332 Show data context -
  Bricklayer 213 Show data context -
  Mason 37 Show data context -
  Slater, Tiler 5 Show data context -
  Plasterer, Whitewasher 125 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Paperhanger 7 Show data context -
  Plumber 24 Show data context -
  Painter, Glazier 106 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Cabinet Maker 23 Show data context 2 Show data context
  French Polisher 4 Show data context -
  Furniture Broker, Dealer 7 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Locksmith, Bellhanger 1 Show data context -
  Gas Fitter 17 Show data context -
  House and Shop Fittings - Maker, Dealer 6 Show data context -
  Wood Carver 1 Show data context -
  Carver, Gilder 2 Show data context -
  Dealer in Works of Art 3 Show data context -
  Figure, Image - Maker, Dealer 2 Show data context -
12. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CARRIAGES AND HARNESS. 29 Show data context -
  Coachmaker 7 Show data context -
  Wheelwright 7 Show data context -
  Saddler, Harness, Whip Maker 15 Show data context -
13. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN SHIPS AND BOATS. 5 Show data context -
  Ship, Boat, Barge Builder 1 Show data context -
  Shipwright, Ship Carpenter (ashore) 2 Show data context -
  Sail Maker 2 Show data context -
14. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CHEMICALS AND COMPOUNDS. 27 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Dye, Paint Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Chemist, Druggist 26 Show data context -
  Manufacturing Chemist - 1 Show data context
15. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TOBACCO AND PIPES. 7 Show data context -
  Tobacco Manufacture, Tobacconist 7 Show data context -
16. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN FOOD AND LODGING. 418 Show data context 198 Show data context
  Innkeeper, Hotel Keeper, Publican 24 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Lodging, Boarding House Keeper 53 Show data context 154 Show data context
  Coffee, Eating House, Keeper 6 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Maltster 1 Show data context -
  Brewer 18 Show data context -
  Beerseller, Ale, Porter, Cider Dealer 7 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Cellarman 8 Show data context -
  Wine, Spirit - Merchant, Agent 26 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Milkseller, Dairyman 41 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Cheesemonger, Butterman 4 Show data context -
  Butcher, Meat Salesman 41 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Provision Curer, Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Poulterer, Game Dealer 4 Show data context -
  Fishmonger 8 Show data context -
  Corn, Flour, Seed Merchant, Dealer 5 Show data context -
  Corn Miller 1 Show data context -
  Baker 53 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Confectioner, Pastrycook 12 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Greengrocer, Fruiterer 36 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Sugar Refiner 2 Show data context -
  Grocer. Tea, Coffee, Chocolate Maker, Dealer 63 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Ginger Beer, Mineral Water Manufacturer, Dealer 2 Show data context -
17. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TEXTILE FABRICS. 38 Show data context 23 Show data context
  Cloth, Worsted, Stuff, Flannel, Blanket Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Cotton, Cotton Goods Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Cotton, Calico - Printer, Dyer, Bleacher 1 Show data context -
  Flax, Linen - Manufacturer, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Lace Manufacturer, Dealer - 2 Show data context
  Dyer, Printer, Scourer, Bleacher, Calenderer (undefined) - 2 Show data context
  Draper, Linen Draper, Mercer 33 Show data context 18 Show data context
  Fancy Goods (Textile) Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
18. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN DRESS. 97 Show data context 304 Show data context
  Hatter, Hat Manufacture 3 Show data context -
  Tailor 25 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Milliner, Dressmaker, Staymaker 2 Show data context 263 Show data context
  Shirt Maker, Seamstress 3 Show data context 31 Show data context
  Hosier, Haberdasher 2 Show data context -
  Shoe, Boot - Maker, Dealer 47 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Wig Maker, Hair Dresser 13 Show data context -
  Umbrella, Parasol, Stick - Maker, Dealer 2 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Old Clothes Dealer, and others - 1 Show data context
19. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS ANIMAL SUBSTANCES. 4 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Furrier, Skinner 1 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Hair, Bristle - Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Brush, Broom, Maker 2 Show data context -
  Quill, Feather - Dresser, Dealer - 1 Show data context
20. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS VEGETABLE SUBSTANCES. 56 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Oil and Colourman 6 Show data context -
  Waterproof Goods - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Hay, Straw (not plait), Chaff, Cutter, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Timber, Wood - Merchant, Dealer 11 Show data context -
  Sawyer 17 Show data context -
  Wood Turner, Box Maker 1 Show data context -
  Cooper, Hoop Maker, Bender 1 Show data context -
  Paper Manufacture 2 Show data context -
  Stationer, Law Stationer 12 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Card, Pattern Card Maker 2 Show data context -
  Ticket, Label Writer 1 Show data context -
21. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS MINERAL SUBSTANCES. 133 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Coal Miner 2 Show data context -
  Mine Service 1 Show data context -
  Coal Merchant 10 Show data context -
  Coalheaver 4 Show data context -
  Gas Works Service 8 Show data context -
  Stone Cutter, Dresser, Dealer 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Slate Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Brick, Tile - Maker, Burner, Dealer 28 Show data context -
  Paviour 2 Show data context -
  Railway Contractor - 1 Show data context
  Platelayer 5 Show data context -
  Railway Labourer, Navvy 12 Show data context -
  Glass Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Glass Dealer 4 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Waterworks Service 1 Show data context -
  Goldsmith, Silversmith, Jeweller 4 Show data context -
  [Iron Manufacture] 1 Show data context -
  Blacksmith 21 Show data context -
  Whitesmith 8 Show data context -
  Ironmonger. Hardware Dealer, Merchant 16 Show data context -
  Tin, Tin Plate, Tin Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Zinc, Zinc Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
22. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN GENERAL OR UNSPECIFIED COMMODITIES. 571 Show data context 35 Show data context
  General Shopkeeper, Dealer 22 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Costermonger, Huckster, Street Seller 2 Show data context -
  Manufacturer, Manager, Superintendant (undefined) 7 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Contractor (undefined) 3 Show data context -
  General Labourer 509 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Engine Driver, Stoker, Fireman (not railway, marine or agricultural) 8 Show data context -
  Artizan, Mechanic (undefined) 5 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Apprentice (undefined) 14 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Factory Labourer (undefined) - 1 Show data context
  Machinist, Machine Worker (undefined) 1 Show data context 3 Show data context
23. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN REFUSE MATTERS. 11 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Chimney Sweep, Soot Merchant 10 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Scavenger, Crossing Sweeper 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
24. PERSONS WITHOUT SPECIFIED OCCUPATIONS. 260 Show data context 1,308 Show data context
  Persons returned by Property, Rank &c. and not special occupation 260 Show data context 1,308 Show data context
[UNKNOWN OCCUPATION] 165 Show data context 2,839 Show data context
  [Occupation recorded but of unknown meaning] 5 Show data context 2 Show data context
  [Blank field, or illegible] 160 Show data context 2,837 Show data context

Notes:

The following notes to the table appeared in the original report.

1 This table is a very special case: The original Table 10 as published by Division in the 1881 census reports was limited to data for Registration Divisions, their component Registration Counties, and just those Urban Sanitary Districts with populations of over 50,000. Data presented here for counties and higher-level units are taken from the published reports, as usual, but we also include in A Vision of Britain through Time data for Registration Districts, sub-Districts and Civil Parishes which never appeared in the original reports. These were specially created for us by the History Data Service at the University of Essex and derive from the complete transcription of the individual-level Enumerators Book data coordinated by the Genealogical Society of Utah.
2 In creating these data, each occupation listed in the enumerators books has been assigned as far as possible to the relevant category used in the published reports, but some additional categories with labels in square brackets unavoidably appear. Unlike the published statistics for higher-level units, these specially-calculated data for districts and parishes include persons under 15 or over 65. For these and other reasons, no attempt has been made to ensure that county totals for the districts or parishes match the published county totals. The remaining notes are those that appeared below the original published table.
3 NOTE.--Persons returned as engaged in more than one occupation have been referred to the one that appeared to be of most importance; or if there was no difference in this respect, to the one first given by the person in his or her return. In some cases special rules have been followed: e.g. "Clergyman and Schoolmaster" in combination has always been referred to "Schoolmaster"; a Member of Parliament or Peer engaged in any branch of commerce or industry has always been referred to this latter, not to "Peer, M.P.".
4 The numbers returned under any heading include Labourers, Apprentices, and Assistants, as well as Masters, but not Clerks, Messengers, Errand boys, Porters, or Watchmen, for which occupations there are special headings. Civil, Military, and Naval Clerks, Law, Bank, Insurance, and Railway Clerks, and Government and Railway Porters, are, however, exceptions to this rule. Many young persons, being Apprentices or Assistants, have therefore been referred to occupations usually followed by adults. Women also, chiefly widows or orphans carrying on the business of their deceased husbands or fathers, will sometimes be found under occupations commonly followed by men only.
5 Persons returned as retired from any business have not been referred to that business. Inmates of workhouses have been referred to their trades, unless their age or infirmities showed that they were past work. But persons who might be supposed to be only temporarily separated from their usual employment, such as Prisoners, and Patients in General Hospitals, have been classed under their usual occupations.
6 In some cases, for convenience of space, the male designation, e.g. "Schoolmaster", alone is given, instead of "Schoolmaster, Schoolmistress".

Click on the triangles for all about a particular number.

This website does not try to provide an exact replica of the original printed census tables, which often had thousands of rows and far more columns than will fit on our web pages. Instead, we let you drill down from national totals to the most detailed data available. The column headings are those that appeared in the original printed report. The numbers presented here, which are the same ones we use to create statistical maps and graphs, come from the census table and have usually been carefully checked.

The system can only hold statistics for units listed in our administrative gazetteer, so some rows from the original table may be missing. Sometimes big low-level units, like urban parishes, were divided between more than one higher-level units, like Registration sub-Districts. This is why some pages will give a higher figure for a lower-level unit: it covers the whole of the lower-level unit, not just the part within the current higher-level unit.


Acknowledgments:

We are grateful to the following contributors. If you make use of the data in your own work, please follow any instructions given here on acknowledgment and re-use.

(1) Kevin Schurer (Department of Geography, University of Cambridge). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)

(2) Matthew Woollard (UK Data Service, University of Essex). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)