1881 Census of England and Wales, Tables: Ages, Condition as to Marriage, Occupations and Birthplaces of people, Table 10 : " Occupations of Males and Females in the Division and its Registration Counties".

List Romford PLU/RegD Barking CP/AP  
OCCUPATIONS. Males.
[1]
Females.
[2]
1. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE GENERAL OR LOCAL GOVERNMENT OF THE COUNTRY. 103 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Civil Service (officers and clerks) 15 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Civil Service (messengers, &c.) 7 Show data context -
  Prison Service, &c. 1 Show data context -
  Police 78 Show data context -
  Municipal, Parish, Union, District, Officer 2 Show data context -
2. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE DEFENCE OF THE COUNTRY. 6 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Army Officer (effective/retired) - 1 Show data context
  Soldier and Non-commissioned officer 1 Show data context -
  Militia, Yeomanry, Volunteers 2 Show data context -
  Navy Officer (effective/retired) 1 Show data context -
  Navy Pensioner 2 Show data context -
3. PERSONS ENGAGED IN PROFESSIONAL OCCUPATIONS (WITH THEIR IMMEDIATE SUBORDINATES). 83 Show data context 95 Show data context
  Clergymen (Established Church) 8 Show data context -
  Roman Catholic Priest 1 Show data context -
  Minister, Priest of other religious bodies 4 Show data context -
  Missionary, Scripture Reader, Itinerant preacher 2 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Church, chapel, cemetery - officer, servant 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Barrister, Solicitor 6 Show data context -
  Law Clerk, and others connected with the law 13 Show data context -
  Physician, Surgeon, General Practitioner 5 Show data context -
  Medical Student, Assistant 3 Show data context -
  Subordinate Medical Service - 17 Show data context
  Schoolmaster 16 Show data context 53 Show data context
  Teacher, Professor, Lecturer 1 Show data context 13 Show data context
  School Service, and others connected with teaching 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Author, Editor, Journalist 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Land, House, Ship, Surveyor 5 Show data context -
  Painter (artist) 1 Show data context -
  Architect 4 Show data context -
  Musician, Music Master 3 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Photographer 3 Show data context -
  Billiard, Cricket & other Games, Service 2 Show data context -
4. PERSONS ENGAGED IN DOMESTIC OFFICES OR SERVICES. 76 Show data context 572 Show data context
  Domestic Coachman, Groom 16 Show data context -
  Domestic Gardener 11 Show data context -
  Domestic Indoor Servant 21 Show data context 430 Show data context
  Lodge, Gate, Park Keeper (not Government) 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Inn, Hotel Servant 23 Show data context 17 Show data context
  Charwoman - 18 Show data context
  Washing and Bathing Service 3 Show data context 76 Show data context
  Hospital and Institution Service 1 Show data context 30 Show data context
5. PERSONS ENGAGED IN COMMERCIAL OCCUPATIONS. 137 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Merchant 5 Show data context -
  Broker, Agent, Factor 11 Show data context -
  Auctioneer, Appraiser, Valuer, House Agent 9 Show data context -
  Accountant 4 Show data context -
  Salesman, Buyer (not otherwise specified) 5 Show data context -
  Commercial Traveller 15 Show data context -
  Commercial Clerk 76 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Bank Service 10 Show data context -
  Life, House, Ship &c., Insurance Service 2 Show data context -
6. PERSONS ENGAGED IN CONVEYANCE OF MEN, GOODS, AND MESSAGES. 279 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Pointsman, Level Crossing Man 2 Show data context -
  Other Railway Officials and Servants 53 Show data context -
  Omnibus, Coach, Cab, Owner - Livery Stable Keeper 2 Show data context -
  Cabman, Flyman, Coachman (not domestic) 17 Show data context -
  Carman, Carrier, Carter, Haulier 61 Show data context -
  Inland Navigation Service 2 Show data context -
  Bargeman, Lighterman, Waterman 27 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Seaman (Merchant Service) 70 Show data context -
  Pilot 1 Show data context -
  Ship Steward, Cook 4 Show data context -
  Harbour, Dock, Wharf, Lighthouse Service 11 Show data context -
  Warehouseman (not Manchester) 11 Show data context -
  Meter, Weigher 2 Show data context -
  Messenger, Porter, Watchman (not Railway or Government) 14 Show data context -
  Telegraph, Telephone Service 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
7. PERSONS ENGAGED IN AGRICULTURE. 928 Show data context 84 Show data context
  Farmer, Grazier 37 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Farmer's, Grazier's - Son, Grandson, Brother, Nephew 16 Show data context -
  Farm Bailiff 16 Show data context -
  Agricultural Labourer, Farm Servant, Cottager 780 Show data context 81 Show data context
  Land Drainage Service (not in towns) 5 Show data context -
  Agricultural Machine - Proprietor, Attendant 3 Show data context -
  Woodman 1 Show data context -
  Nurseryman, Seedsman, Florist 8 Show data context -
  Gardener (not domestic) 62 Show data context -
8. PERSONS ENGAGED ABOUT ANIMALS. 41 Show data context -
  Groom, Horse-keeper, Horse-breaker 17 Show data context -
  Veterinary Surgeon, Farrier 7 Show data context -
  Drover 2 Show data context -
  Gamekeeper 1 Show data context -
  Dog, Bird, Animal - Keeper, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Fisherman 12 Show data context -
  Knacker, Catsmeat Dealer &c &c. 1 Show data context -
9. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN BOOKS, PRINTS, AND MAPS. 12 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Publisher, Bookseller, Librarian 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Music-Publisher, Seller, Printer 1 Show data context -
  Printer 5 Show data context -
  Newspaper Agent, News Room Keeper 1 Show data context -
  Lithographer, Lithographic Printer 1 Show data context -
10. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN MACHINES AND IMPLEMENTS. 61 Show data context -
  Engine, Machine Maker 17 Show data context -
  Millwright 1 Show data context -
  Fitter, Turner (Engine and Machine) 22 Show data context -
  Boiler Maker 3 Show data context -
  Spinning and Weaving Machine Maker 2 Show data context -
  Agricultural Machine and Implement Maker 2 Show data context -
  Watch Maker, Clock Maker 5 Show data context -
  Philosophical Instrument Maker 2 Show data context -
  Electrical Apparatus Maker 1 Show data context -
  Gunsmith, Gun Manufacturer 1 Show data context -
  Musical Instrument Maker, Dealer 5 Show data context -
11. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN HOUSES, FURNITURE, AND DECORATIONS. 281 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Builder 20 Show data context -
  Carpenter, Joiner 101 Show data context -
  Bricklayer 85 Show data context -
  Mason 3 Show data context -
  Slater, Tiler 1 Show data context -
  Plasterer, Whitewasher 11 Show data context -
  Paperhanger 1 Show data context -
  Plumber 18 Show data context -
  Painter, Glazier 29 Show data context -
  Cabinet Maker 3 Show data context -
  Furniture Broker, Dealer 4 Show data context -
  Gas Fitter 4 Show data context -
  Artificial Flower Maker 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
12. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CARRIAGES AND HARNESS. 27 Show data context -
  Coachmaker 7 Show data context -
  Railway Carriage, Railway Wagon, Maker 1 Show data context -
  Wheelwright 13 Show data context -
  Saddler, Harness, Whip Maker 6 Show data context -
13. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN SHIPS AND BOATS. 16 Show data context -
  Ship, Boat, Barge Builder 4 Show data context -
  Shipwright, Ship Carpenter (ashore) 10 Show data context -
  Sail Maker 2 Show data context -
14. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CHEMICALS AND COMPOUNDS. 29 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Dye, Paint Manufacture 2 Show data context -
  Ink, Blacking, Colour Substance Manufacture - 1 Show data context
  Gunpowder, Guncotton, Explosive Substance Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Fusee, Fireworks, Explosive Article Manufacture 2 Show data context -
  Chemist, Druggist 8 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Manufacturing Chemist 14 Show data context -
  Alkali Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Drysalter 1 Show data context -
15. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TOBACCO AND PIPES. 3 Show data context -
  Tobacco Manufacture, Tobacconist 3 Show data context -
16. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN FOOD AND LODGING. 270 Show data context 17 Show data context
  Innkeeper, Hotel Keeper, Publican 20 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Coffee, Eating House, Keeper 5 Show data context -
  Maltster 6 Show data context -
  Brewer 8 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Beerseller, Ale, Porter, Cider Dealer 26 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Wine, Spirit - Merchant, Agent 2 Show data context -
  Milkseller, Dairyman 10 Show data context -
  Butcher, Meat Salesman 44 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Fishmonger 7 Show data context -
  Corn, Flour, Seed Merchant, Dealer 9 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Corn Miller 7 Show data context -
  Baker 52 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Confectioner, Pastrycook - 1 Show data context
  Greengrocer, Fruiterer 23 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Sugar Refiner 1 Show data context -
  Grocer. Tea, Coffee, Chocolate Maker, Dealer 49 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Ginger Beer, Mineral Water Manufacturer, Dealer 1 Show data context -
17. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TEXTILE FABRICS. 146 Show data context 532 Show data context
  Silk, Silk Goods, Manufacture - 1 Show data context
  Cotton, Cotton Goods Manufacture 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Hemp, Jute, Cocoa Fibre Manufacture 90 Show data context 401 Show data context
  Rope, Twine, Cord - Maker, Dealer 24 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Mat Maker, Seller 2 Show data context -
  Sacking, Sack, Bag - Maker, Dealer 3 Show data context 90 Show data context
  Weaver (undefined) 2 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Dyer, Printer, Scourer, Bleacher, Calenderer (undefined) - 1 Show data context
  Factory Hand (textile, undefined) 8 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Manchester Warehouseman 1 Show data context -
  Draper, Linen Draper, Mercer 14 Show data context 14 Show data context
  Fancy Goods (Textile) Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer - 2 Show data context
  Trimming Maker, Dealer - 2 Show data context
18. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN DRESS. 57 Show data context 167 Show data context
  Hatter, Hat Manufacture 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Tailor 9 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Milliner, Dressmaker, Staymaker 1 Show data context 145 Show data context
  Shirt Maker, Seamstress - 16 Show data context
  Hosier, Haberdasher 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Shoe, Boot - Maker, Dealer 38 Show data context -
  Wig Maker, Hair Dresser 6 Show data context -
19. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS ANIMAL SUBSTANCES. 12 Show data context -
  Tallow Chandler, Candle, Grease Manufacture 2 Show data context -
  Soap Boiler, Maker 1 Show data context -
  Glue, Size, Gelatine, Isinglass - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Manure Manufacture 3 Show data context -
  Tanner, Fellmonger 1 Show data context -
  Hair, Bristle - Worker, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Brush, Broom, Maker 1 Show data context -
  Quill, Feather - Dresser, Dealer 1 Show data context -
20. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS VEGETABLE SUBSTANCES. 55 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Oil and Colourman 5 Show data context -
  Willow, Cane, Rush Worker, Dealer, Basketmaker 13 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Hay, Straw (not plait), Chaff, Cutter, Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Timber, Wood - Merchant, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Sawyer 5 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Wood Turner, Box Maker 2 Show data context -
  Cooper, Hoop Maker, Bender 3 Show data context -
  Paper Manufacture 13 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Stationer, Law Stationer 7 Show data context -
  Paper Box, Paper Bag Maker 2 Show data context 2 Show data context
21. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS MINERAL SUBSTANCES. 280 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Coal Merchant 1 Show data context -
  Coalheaver 20 Show data context -
  Gas Works Service 101 Show data context -
  Stone Cutter, Dresser, Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Limeburner 2 Show data context -
  Plaster, Cement Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Brick, Tile - Maker, Burner, Dealer 44 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Road Labourer 1 Show data context -
  Railway Contractor 1 Show data context -
  Platelayer 18 Show data context -
  Railway Labourer, Navvy 9 Show data context -
  Glass Manufacture 2 Show data context -
  Others 1 Show data context -
  Goldsmith, Silversmith, Jeweller 4 Show data context -
  [Iron Manufacture] 11 Show data context -
  Blacksmith 44 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Whitesmith 5 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Ironmonger. Hardware Dealer, Merchant 7 Show data context 1 Show data context
  [Coppersmith] 1 Show data context -
  Tin, Tin Plate, Tin Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Brass, Bronze Manufacture. Brazier 2 Show data context -
22. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN GENERAL OR UNSPECIFIED COMMODITIES. 1,236 Show data context 60 Show data context
  General Shopkeeper, Dealer 25 Show data context 16 Show data context
  Pawnbroker 9 Show data context -
  Costermonger, Huckster, Street Seller 7 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Manufacturer, Manager, Superintendant (undefined) 14 Show data context -
  Contractor (undefined) 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  General Labourer 1,057 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Engine Driver, Stoker, Fireman (not railway, marine or agricultural) 50 Show data context -
  Artizan, Mechanic (undefined) 40 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Apprentice (undefined) 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Factory Labourer (undefined) 27 Show data context 17 Show data context
  Machinist, Machine Worker (undefined) 2 Show data context 9 Show data context
23. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN REFUSE MATTERS. 5 Show data context -
  Chimney Sweep, Soot Merchant 5 Show data context -
24. PERSONS WITHOUT SPECIFIED OCCUPATIONS. 110 Show data context 357 Show data context
  Persons returned by Property, Rank &c. and not special occupation 110 Show data context 357 Show data context
[UNKNOWN OCCUPATION] 80 Show data context 2,580 Show data context
  [Occupation recorded but of unknown meaning] 5 Show data context 5 Show data context
  [Blank field, or illegible] 75 Show data context 2,575 Show data context

Notes:

The following notes to the table appeared in the original report.

1 This table is a very special case: The original Table 10 as published by Division in the 1881 census reports was limited to data for Registration Divisions, their component Registration Counties, and just those Urban Sanitary Districts with populations of over 50,000. Data presented here for counties and higher-level units are taken from the published reports, as usual, but we also include in A Vision of Britain through Time data for Registration Districts, sub-Districts and Civil Parishes which never appeared in the original reports. These were specially created for us by the History Data Service at the University of Essex and derive from the complete transcription of the individual-level Enumerators Book data coordinated by the Genealogical Society of Utah.
2 In creating these data, each occupation listed in the enumerators books has been assigned as far as possible to the relevant category used in the published reports, but some additional categories with labels in square brackets unavoidably appear. Unlike the published statistics for higher-level units, these specially-calculated data for districts and parishes include persons under 15 or over 65. For these and other reasons, no attempt has been made to ensure that county totals for the districts or parishes match the published county totals. The remaining notes are those that appeared below the original published table.
3 NOTE.--Persons returned as engaged in more than one occupation have been referred to the one that appeared to be of most importance; or if there was no difference in this respect, to the one first given by the person in his or her return. In some cases special rules have been followed: e.g. "Clergyman and Schoolmaster" in combination has always been referred to "Schoolmaster"; a Member of Parliament or Peer engaged in any branch of commerce or industry has always been referred to this latter, not to "Peer, M.P.".
4 The numbers returned under any heading include Labourers, Apprentices, and Assistants, as well as Masters, but not Clerks, Messengers, Errand boys, Porters, or Watchmen, for which occupations there are special headings. Civil, Military, and Naval Clerks, Law, Bank, Insurance, and Railway Clerks, and Government and Railway Porters, are, however, exceptions to this rule. Many young persons, being Apprentices or Assistants, have therefore been referred to occupations usually followed by adults. Women also, chiefly widows or orphans carrying on the business of their deceased husbands or fathers, will sometimes be found under occupations commonly followed by men only.
5 Persons returned as retired from any business have not been referred to that business. Inmates of workhouses have been referred to their trades, unless their age or infirmities showed that they were past work. But persons who might be supposed to be only temporarily separated from their usual employment, such as Prisoners, and Patients in General Hospitals, have been classed under their usual occupations.
6 In some cases, for convenience of space, the male designation, e.g. "Schoolmaster", alone is given, instead of "Schoolmaster, Schoolmistress".

Click on the triangles for all about a particular number.

This website does not try to provide an exact replica of the original printed census tables, which often had thousands of rows and far more columns than will fit on our web pages. Instead, we let you drill down from national totals to the most detailed data available. The column headings are those that appeared in the original printed report. The numbers presented here, which are the same ones we use to create statistical maps and graphs, come from the census table and have usually been carefully checked.

The system can only hold statistics for units listed in our administrative gazetteer, so some rows from the original table may be missing. Sometimes big low-level units, like urban parishes, were divided between more than one higher-level units, like Registration sub-Districts. This is why some pages will give a higher figure for a lower-level unit: it covers the whole of the lower-level unit, not just the part within the current higher-level unit.


Acknowledgments:

We are grateful to the following contributors. If you make use of the data in your own work, please follow any instructions given here on acknowledgment and re-use.

(1) Kevin Schurer (Department of Geography, University of Cambridge). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)

(2) Matthew Woollard (UK Data Service, University of Essex). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)