1881 Census of England and Wales, Tables: Ages, Condition as to Marriage, Occupations and Birthplaces of people, Table 10 : " Occupations of Males and Females in the Division and its Registration Counties".

List Lancashire RegC Ulverston PLU/RegD
OCCUPATIONS. Males.
[1]
Females.
[2]
1. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE GENERAL OR LOCAL GOVERNMENT OF THE COUNTRY. 87 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Civil Service (officers and clerks) 15 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Civil Service (messengers, &c.) 16 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Police 36 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Municipal, Parish, Union, District, Officer 13 Show data context -
  Other Local or County Official 6 Show data context -
  East Indian and Colonial Service 1 Show data context -
2. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE DEFENCE OF THE COUNTRY. 14 Show data context -
  Army Officer (effective/retired) 9 Show data context -
  Militia, Yeomanry, Volunteers 3 Show data context -
  Army Pensioner 1 Show data context -
  Navy Pensioner 1 Show data context -
3. PERSONS ENGAGED IN PROFESSIONAL OCCUPATIONS (WITH THEIR IMMEDIATE SUBORDINATES). 337 Show data context 228 Show data context
  Clergymen (Established Church) 41 Show data context -
  Roman Catholic Priest 2 Show data context -
  Minister, Priest of other religious bodies 7 Show data context -
  Missionary, Scripture Reader, Itinerant preacher 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Theological Student 3 Show data context -
  Church, chapel, cemetery - officer, servant 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Barrister, Solicitor 23 Show data context -
  Law Student 1 Show data context -
  Law Clerk, and others connected with the law 37 Show data context -
  Physician, Surgeon, General Practitioner 20 Show data context -
  Dentist 2 Show data context -
  Medical Student, Assistant 7 Show data context -
  Midwife - 1 Show data context
  Subordinate Medical Service 2 Show data context 53 Show data context
  Schoolmaster 85 Show data context 128 Show data context
  Teacher, Professor, Lecturer 3 Show data context 26 Show data context
  School Service, and others connected with teaching 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Author, Editor, Journalist 6 Show data context -
  Reporter, Short-hand Writer 1 Show data context -
  Persons engaged in Scientific Pursuits 2 Show data context -
  Civil Engineer 11 Show data context -
  Mining Engineer 17 Show data context -
  Land, House, Ship, Surveyor 7 Show data context -
  Painter (artist) 5 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Sculptor 1 Show data context -
  Architect 7 Show data context -
  Musician, Music Master 23 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Art Student 3 Show data context -
  Photographer 5 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Actor 3 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Art, Music, Theatre Service 1 Show data context -
  Billiard, Cricket & other Games, Service 2 Show data context -
4. PERSONS ENGAGED IN DOMESTIC OFFICES OR SERVICES. 299 Show data context 2,566 Show data context
  Domestic Coachman, Groom 75 Show data context -
  Domestic Gardener 103 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Domestic Indoor Servant 90 Show data context 2,342 Show data context
  Inn, Hotel Servant 27 Show data context 46 Show data context
  College, Club Service 1 Show data context -
  Cook (not domestic) - 2 Show data context
  Charwoman - 93 Show data context
  Washing and Bathing Service 2 Show data context 79 Show data context
  Hospital and Institution Service - 2 Show data context
  Others engaged in Service 1 Show data context -
5. PERSONS ENGAGED IN COMMERCIAL OCCUPATIONS. 201 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Merchant 6 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Broker, Agent, Factor 15 Show data context -
  Auctioneer, Appraiser, Valuer, House Agent 8 Show data context -
  Accountant 10 Show data context -
  Salesman, Buyer (not otherwise specified) - 4 Show data context
  Commercial Traveller 28 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Commercial Clerk 102 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Banker 1 Show data context -
  Bank Service 18 Show data context -
  Life, House, Ship &c., Insurance Service 13 Show data context -
6. PERSONS ENGAGED IN CONVEYANCE OF MEN, GOODS, AND MESSAGES. 425 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Railway Engine Driver, Stoker 18 Show data context -
  Railway Guard 3 Show data context -
  Pointsman, Level Crossing Man 7 Show data context -
  Other Railway Officials and Servants 171 Show data context -
  Cabman, Flyman, Coachman (not domestic) 30 Show data context -
  Carman, Carrier, Carter, Haulier 101 Show data context -
  Tramway Companies' Service 2 Show data context -
  Inland Navigation Service 1 Show data context -
  Bargeman, Lighterman, Waterman 2 Show data context -
  Navigation Service (on shore) 1 Show data context -
  Seaman (Merchant Service) 41 Show data context -
  Pilot 1 Show data context -
  Harbour, Dock, Wharf, Lighthouse Service 8 Show data context -
  Warehouseman (not Manchester) 4 Show data context -
  Messenger, Porter, Watchman (not Railway or Government) 34 Show data context -
  Telegraph, Telephone Service 1 Show data context 3 Show data context
7. PERSONS ENGAGED IN AGRICULTURE. 2,158 Show data context 90 Show data context
  Farmer, Grazier 559 Show data context 31 Show data context
  Farmer's, Grazier's - Son, Grandson, Brother, Nephew 325 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Farm Bailiff 42 Show data context -
  Agricultural Labourer, Farm Servant, Cottager 1,045 Show data context 55 Show data context
  Shepherd 7 Show data context -
  Land Drainage Service (not in towns) 1 Show data context -
  Agricultural Student 2 Show data context -
  Woodman 92 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Nurseryman, Seedsman, Florist 5 Show data context -
  Gardener (not domestic) 80 Show data context 1 Show data context
8. PERSONS ENGAGED ABOUT ANIMALS. 175 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Horse Proprietor, Breeder, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Groom, Horse-keeper, Horse-breaker 37 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Veterinary Surgeon, Farrier 6 Show data context -
  Cattle, Sheep, Pig - Dealer, Salesman 4 Show data context -
  Gamekeeper 25 Show data context -
  Dog, Bird, Animal - Keeper, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Vermin Destroyer 1 Show data context -
  Fisherman 100 Show data context 7 Show data context
9. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN BOOKS, PRINTS, AND MAPS. 57 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Publisher, Bookseller, Librarian 11 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Music-Publisher, Seller, Printer 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Bookbinder 6 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Printer 38 Show data context -
  Newspaper Agent, News Room Keeper 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
10. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN MACHINES AND IMPLEMENTS. 130 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Engine, Machine Maker 23 Show data context -
  Millwright 4 Show data context -
  Fitter, Turner (Engine and Machine) 65 Show data context -
  Boiler Maker 3 Show data context -
  Agricultural Machine and Implement Maker 14 Show data context -
  Domestic Machinery - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Watch Maker, Clock Maker 17 Show data context -
  Gunsmith, Gun Manufacturer 2 Show data context -
  Toy Maker, Dealer - 1 Show data context
  Apparatus for other games, Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
11. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN HOUSES, FURNITURE, AND DECORATIONS. 910 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Builder 29 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Carpenter, Joiner 361 Show data context -
  Bricklayer 31 Show data context -
  Mason 276 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Slater, Tiler 2 Show data context -
  Plasterer, Whitewasher 31 Show data context -
  Plumber 35 Show data context -
  Painter, Glazier 93 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Cabinet Maker 32 Show data context 2 Show data context
  French Polisher 1 Show data context -
  Furniture Broker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Locksmith, Bellhanger 1 Show data context -
  Gas Fitter 12 Show data context -
  House and Shop Fittings - Maker, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Carver, Gilder 3 Show data context -
12. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CARRIAGES AND HARNESS. 42 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Coachmaker 14 Show data context -
  Wheelwright 7 Show data context -
  Others 1 Show data context -
  Saddler, Harness, Whip Maker 20 Show data context 2 Show data context
13. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN SHIPS AND BOATS. 10 Show data context -
  Ship, Boat, Barge Builder 4 Show data context -
  Shipwright, Ship Carpenter (ashore) 5 Show data context -
  Mast, Yard, Oar, Block Maker 1 Show data context -
14. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CHEMICALS AND COMPOUNDS. 91 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Dye, Paint Manufacture 2 Show data context -
  Gunpowder, Guncotton, Explosive Substance Manufacture 49 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Fusee, Fireworks, Explosive Article Manufacture - 1 Show data context
  Chemist, Druggist 23 Show data context -
  Manufacturing Chemist 16 Show data context -
  Drysalter 1 Show data context -
15. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TOBACCO AND PIPES. 7 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Tobacco Manufacture, Tobacconist 7 Show data context 1 Show data context
16. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN FOOD AND LODGING. 459 Show data context 206 Show data context
  Innkeeper, Hotel Keeper, Publican 81 Show data context 26 Show data context
  Lodging, Boarding House Keeper 6 Show data context 40 Show data context
  Coffee, Eating House, Keeper - 5 Show data context
  Maltster 10 Show data context -
  Brewer 21 Show data context -
  Beerseller, Ale, Porter, Cider Dealer 13 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Cellarman 2 Show data context -
  Wine, Spirit - Merchant, Agent 7 Show data context -
  Milkseller, Dairyman 5 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Butcher, Meat Salesman 90 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Fishmonger 12 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Corn, Flour, Seed Merchant, Dealer 4 Show data context -
  Corn Miller 21 Show data context -
  Baker 21 Show data context 14 Show data context
  Confectioner, Pastrycook 4 Show data context 36 Show data context
  Greengrocer, Fruiterer 10 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Mustard, Vinegar, Spice, Pickle Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Grocer. Tea, Coffee, Chocolate Maker, Dealer 147 Show data context 62 Show data context
  Ginger Beer, Mineral Water Manufacturer, Dealer 4 Show data context -
17. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TEXTILE FABRICS. 87 Show data context 37 Show data context
  Woolstapler 2 Show data context -
  Woollen Cloth Manufacture 3 Show data context -
  Cloth, Worsted, Stuff, Flannel, Blanket Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Silk Merchant, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Cotton, Cotton Goods Manufacture 1 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Flax, Linen - Manufacturer, Dealer - 1 Show data context
  Rope, Twine, Cord - Maker, Dealer 4 Show data context -
  Mat Maker, Seller 1 Show data context -
  Weaver (undefined) - 1 Show data context
  Dyer, Printer, Scourer, Bleacher, Calenderer (undefined) 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Factory Hand (textile, undefined) - 2 Show data context
  Carpet, Rug Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Draper, Linen Draper, Mercer 71 Show data context 18 Show data context
  Fancy Goods (Textile) Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer - 10 Show data context
18. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN DRESS. 360 Show data context 602 Show data context
  Hatter, Hat Manufacture 5 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Straw - Hat, Bonnet, Plait Manufacture - 1 Show data context
  Tailor 145 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Milliner, Dressmaker, Staymaker 1 Show data context 555 Show data context
  Shirt Maker, Seamstress - 24 Show data context
  Hosier, Haberdasher 2 Show data context -
  Shoe, Boot - Maker, Dealer 167 Show data context 14 Show data context
  Patten, Clog Maker 29 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Wig Maker, Hair Dresser 7 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Umbrella, Parasol, Stick - Maker, Dealer 4 Show data context -
19. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS ANIMAL SUBSTANCES. 61 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Tallow Chandler, Candle, Grease Manufacture 2 Show data context -
  Soap Boiler, Maker 2 Show data context -
  Manure Manufacture 3 Show data context -
  Tanner, Fellmonger 21 Show data context -
  Currier 11 Show data context -
  Brush, Broom, Maker 22 Show data context 4 Show data context
20. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS VEGETABLE SUBSTANCES. 332 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Oil Miller, Oil Cake - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Willow, Cane, Rush Worker, Dealer, Basketmaker 71 Show data context -
  Timber, Wood - Merchant, Dealer 11 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Sawyer 33 Show data context -
  Wood Turner, Box Maker 89 Show data context -
  Cooper, Hoop Maker, Bender 122 Show data context -
  Paper Manufacture 2 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Stationer, Law Stationer 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Paper Box, Paper Bag Maker - 4 Show data context
  Others 1 Show data context -
21. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS MINERAL SUBSTANCES. 4,453 Show data context 14 Show data context
  Coal Miner 1 Show data context -
  Ironstone Miner 3,067 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Copper Miner 48 Show data context -
  Tin Miner 1 Show data context -
  Lead Miner 2 Show data context -
  Miner, in other or undefined Minerals 30 Show data context -
  Mine Service 21 Show data context -
  Coal Merchant 30 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Coalheaver 4 Show data context -
  Coke, Charcoal, Peat - Cutter, Burner, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Gas Works Service 10 Show data context -
  Stone Quarrier 134 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Stone Cutter, Dresser, Dealer 10 Show data context -
  Slate Quarrier 310 Show data context -
  Slate Worker, Dealer 27 Show data context -
  Limeburner 2 Show data context -
  Brick, Tile - Maker, Burner, Dealer 10 Show data context -
  Road Contractor, Surveyor, Inspector 3 Show data context -
  Road Labourer 13 Show data context -
  Railway Contractor 1 Show data context -
  Platelayer 67 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Railway Labourer, Navvy 57 Show data context -
  Others 1 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Porcelain, Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Glass Dealer 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Waterworks Service 4 Show data context -
  Goldsmith, Silversmith, Jeweller 1 Show data context -
  [Iron Manufacture] 347 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Blacksmith 185 Show data context -
  Whitesmith 1 Show data context -
  Nail Manufacture 7 Show data context -
  Ironmonger. Hardware Dealer, Merchant 28 Show data context -
  Tin, Tin Plate, Tin Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 25 Show data context -
  Brass, Bronze Manufacture. Brazier 1 Show data context -
22. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN GENERAL OR UNSPECIFIED COMMODITIES. 937 Show data context 65 Show data context
  General Shopkeeper, Dealer 13 Show data context 22 Show data context
  Pawnbroker 1 Show data context -
  Costermonger, Huckster, Street Seller 41 Show data context 23 Show data context
  Manufacturer, Manager, Superintendant (undefined) 5 Show data context -
  Contractor (undefined) 1 Show data context -
  General Labourer 582 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Engine Driver, Stoker, Fireman (not railway, marine or agricultural) 250 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Artizan, Mechanic (undefined) 34 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Apprentice (undefined) 1 Show data context -
  Factory Labourer (undefined) 9 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Machinist, Machine Worker (undefined) - 11 Show data context
23. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN REFUSE MATTERS. 7 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Chimney Sweep, Soot Merchant 3 Show data context -
  Scavenger, Crossing Sweeper 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Rag Gatherer, Dealer 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
24. PERSONS WITHOUT SPECIFIED OCCUPATIONS. 173 Show data context 1,589 Show data context
  Persons returned by Property, Rank &c. and not special occupation 173 Show data context 1,589 Show data context
[UNKNOWN OCCUPATION] 100 Show data context 5,782 Show data context
  [Occupation recorded but of unknown meaning] 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  [Blank field, or illegible] 97 Show data context 5,781 Show data context

Notes:

The following notes to the table appeared in the original report.

1 This table is a very special case: The original Table 10 as published by Division in the 1881 census reports was limited to data for Registration Divisions, their component Registration Counties, and just those Urban Sanitary Districts with populations of over 50,000. Data presented here for counties and higher-level units are taken from the published reports, as usual, but we also include in A Vision of Britain through Time data for Registration Districts, sub-Districts and Civil Parishes which never appeared in the original reports. These were specially created for us by the History Data Service at the University of Essex and derive from the complete transcription of the individual-level Enumerators Book data coordinated by the Genealogical Society of Utah.
2 In creating these data, each occupation listed in the enumerators books has been assigned as far as possible to the relevant category used in the published reports, but some additional categories with labels in square brackets unavoidably appear. Unlike the published statistics for higher-level units, these specially-calculated data for districts and parishes include persons under 15 or over 65. For these and other reasons, no attempt has been made to ensure that county totals for the districts or parishes match the published county totals. The remaining notes are those that appeared below the original published table.
3 NOTE.--Persons returned as engaged in more than one occupation have been referred to the one that appeared to be of most importance; or if there was no difference in this respect, to the one first given by the person in his or her return. In some cases special rules have been followed: e.g. "Clergyman and Schoolmaster" in combination has always been referred to "Schoolmaster"; a Member of Parliament or Peer engaged in any branch of commerce or industry has always been referred to this latter, not to "Peer, M.P.".
4 The numbers returned under any heading include Labourers, Apprentices, and Assistants, as well as Masters, but not Clerks, Messengers, Errand boys, Porters, or Watchmen, for which occupations there are special headings. Civil, Military, and Naval Clerks, Law, Bank, Insurance, and Railway Clerks, and Government and Railway Porters, are, however, exceptions to this rule. Many young persons, being Apprentices or Assistants, have therefore been referred to occupations usually followed by adults. Women also, chiefly widows or orphans carrying on the business of their deceased husbands or fathers, will sometimes be found under occupations commonly followed by men only.
5 Persons returned as retired from any business have not been referred to that business. Inmates of workhouses have been referred to their trades, unless their age or infirmities showed that they were past work. But persons who might be supposed to be only temporarily separated from their usual employment, such as Prisoners, and Patients in General Hospitals, have been classed under their usual occupations.
6 In some cases, for convenience of space, the male designation, e.g. "Schoolmaster", alone is given, instead of "Schoolmaster, Schoolmistress".

Click on the triangles for all about a particular number.

This website does not try to provide an exact replica of the original printed census tables, which often had thousands of rows and far more columns than will fit on our web pages. Instead, we let you drill down from national totals to the most detailed data available. The column headings are those that appeared in the original printed report. The numbers presented here, which are the same ones we use to create statistical maps and graphs, come from the census table and have usually been carefully checked.

The system can only hold statistics for units listed in our administrative gazetteer, so some rows from the original table may be missing. Sometimes big low-level units, like urban parishes, were divided between more than one higher-level units, like Registration sub-Districts. This is why some pages will give a higher figure for a lower-level unit: it covers the whole of the lower-level unit, not just the part within the current higher-level unit.


Acknowledgments:

We are grateful to the following contributors. If you make use of the data in your own work, please follow any instructions given here on acknowledgment and re-use.

(1) Kevin Schurer (Department of Geography, University of Cambridge). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)

(2) Matthew Woollard (UK Data Service, University of Essex). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)