1881 Census of England and Wales, Tables: Ages, Condition as to Marriage, Occupations and Birthplaces of people, Table 10 : " Occupations of Males and Females in the Division and its Registration Counties".

List West Riding RegC Doncaster PLU/RegD
OCCUPATIONS. Males.
[1]
Females.
[2]
1. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE GENERAL OR LOCAL GOVERNMENT OF THE COUNTRY. 148 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Peer, M.P., Privy Councillor (not otherwise described) 2 Show data context -
  Civil Service (officers and clerks) 35 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Civil Service (messengers, &c.) 25 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Prison Service, &c. 1 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Police 58 Show data context -
  Municipal, Parish, Union, District, Officer 17 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Other Local or County Official 10 Show data context -
2. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE DEFENCE OF THE COUNTRY. 18 Show data context -
  Army Officer (effective/retired) 1 Show data context -
  Soldier and Non-commissioned officer 7 Show data context -
  Militia, Yeomanry, Volunteers 3 Show data context -
  Army Pensioner 3 Show data context -
  Navy Officer (effective/retired) 1 Show data context -
  Navy Pensioner 3 Show data context -
3. PERSONS ENGAGED IN PROFESSIONAL OCCUPATIONS (WITH THEIR IMMEDIATE SUBORDINATES). 317 Show data context 303 Show data context
  Clergymen (Established Church) 36 Show data context -
  Roman Catholic Priest 1 Show data context -
  Minister, Priest of other religious bodies 12 Show data context -
  Missionary, Scripture Reader, Itinerant preacher 3 Show data context -
  Church, chapel, cemetery - officer, servant 7 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Barrister, Solicitor 18 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Law Clerk, and others connected with the law 39 Show data context -
  Physician, Surgeon, General Practitioner 18 Show data context -
  Dentist 7 Show data context -
  Medical Student, Assistant 4 Show data context -
  Midwife - 1 Show data context
  Subordinate Medical Service 3 Show data context 52 Show data context
  Schoolmaster 91 Show data context 169 Show data context
  Teacher, Professor, Lecturer 2 Show data context 43 Show data context
  School Service, and others connected with teaching 4 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Author, Editor, Journalist 5 Show data context -
  Reporter, Short-hand Writer 5 Show data context -
  Literary, Scientific, Institution, Service, &c. 1 Show data context -
  Civil Engineer 14 Show data context -
  Mining Engineer 5 Show data context -
  Land, House, Ship, Surveyor 5 Show data context -
  Painter (artist) 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Engraver (artist) 1 Show data context -
  Architect 5 Show data context -
  Musician, Music Master 14 Show data context 30 Show data context
  Art Student 3 Show data context -
  Photographer 7 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Actor - 1 Show data context
  Performer, Showman, Exhibition, Service 1 Show data context -
  Billiard, Cricket & other Games, Service 3 Show data context -
4. PERSONS ENGAGED IN DOMESTIC OFFICES OR SERVICES. 312 Show data context 2,818 Show data context
  Domestic Coachman, Groom 107 Show data context -
  Domestic Gardener 42 Show data context -
  Domestic Indoor Servant 125 Show data context 2,442 Show data context
  Inn, Hotel Servant 30 Show data context 36 Show data context
  College, Club Service 1 Show data context -
  Office Keeper (not Government) 1 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Cook (not domestic) - 1 Show data context
  Charwoman - 162 Show data context
  Washing and Bathing Service 4 Show data context 152 Show data context
  Hospital and Institution Service 1 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Others engaged in Service 1 Show data context 12 Show data context
5. PERSONS ENGAGED IN COMMERCIAL OCCUPATIONS. 280 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Merchant 5 Show data context -
  Broker, Agent, Factor 20 Show data context -
  Auctioneer, Appraiser, Valuer, House Agent 23 Show data context -
  Accountant 11 Show data context -
  Salesman, Buyer (not otherwise specified) 2 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Commercial Traveller 47 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Commercial Clerk 130 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Banker 1 Show data context -
  Bank Service 19 Show data context -
  Bill Discounter, Bill Broker, Finance Agent 1 Show data context -
  Life, House, Ship &c., Insurance Service 21 Show data context -
6. PERSONS ENGAGED IN CONVEYANCE OF MEN, GOODS, AND MESSAGES. 1,287 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Railway Engine Driver, Stoker 215 Show data context -
  Railway Guard 99 Show data context -
  Pointsman, Level Crossing Man 61 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Other Railway Officials and Servants 496 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Omnibus, Coach, Cab, Owner - Livery Stable Keeper 12 Show data context -
  Cabman, Flyman, Coachman (not domestic) 46 Show data context -
  Carman, Carrier, Carter, Haulier 108 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Inland Navigation Service 14 Show data context -
  Bargeman, Lighterman, Waterman 103 Show data context -
  Navigation Service (on shore) 1 Show data context -
  Seaman (Merchant Service) 46 Show data context -
  Harbour, Dock, Wharf, Lighthouse Service 2 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Warehouseman (not Manchester) 6 Show data context -
  Meter, Weigher 2 Show data context -
  Messenger, Porter, Watchman (not Railway or Government) 69 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Telegraph, Telephone Service 7 Show data context -
7. PERSONS ENGAGED IN AGRICULTURE. 3,024 Show data context 78 Show data context
  Farmer, Grazier 498 Show data context 25 Show data context
  Farmer's, Grazier's - Son, Grandson, Brother, Nephew 176 Show data context -
  Farm Bailiff 66 Show data context -
  Agricultural Labourer, Farm Servant, Cottager 1,984 Show data context 51 Show data context
  Shepherd 47 Show data context -
  Land Drainage Service (not in towns) 3 Show data context -
  Agricultural Machine - Proprietor, Attendant 12 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Woodman 36 Show data context -
  Nurseryman, Seedsman, Florist 8 Show data context -
  Gardener (not domestic) 194 Show data context 1 Show data context
8. PERSONS ENGAGED ABOUT ANIMALS. 246 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Horse Proprietor, Breeder, Dealer 10 Show data context -
  Groom, Horse-keeper, Horse-breaker 136 Show data context -
  Veterinary Surgeon, Farrier 14 Show data context -
  Cattle, Sheep, Pig - Dealer, Salesman 26 Show data context -
  Drover 5 Show data context -
  Gamekeeper 47 Show data context -
  Dog, Bird, Animal - Keeper, Dealer 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Vermin Destroyer 2 Show data context -
  Fisherman 2 Show data context -
9. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN BOOKS, PRINTS, AND MAPS. 81 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Publisher, Bookseller, Librarian 16 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Music-Publisher, Seller, Printer 3 Show data context -
  Bookbinder 9 Show data context -
  Printer 50 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Newspaper Agent, News Room Keeper 3 Show data context -
10. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN MACHINES AND IMPLEMENTS. 599 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Engine, Machine Maker 85 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Millwright 11 Show data context -
  Fitter, Turner (Engine and Machine) 325 Show data context -
  Boiler Maker 106 Show data context -
  Agricultural Machine and Implement Maker 20 Show data context -
  Domestic Machinery - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Tool Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Cutler, Scissors Maker 6 Show data context 1 Show data context
  File Maker 1 Show data context -
  Saw Maker 1 Show data context -
  Watch Maker, Clock Maker 30 Show data context -
  Electrical Apparatus Maker 4 Show data context -
  Gunsmith, Gun Manufacturer 2 Show data context -
  Musical Instrument Maker, Dealer 4 Show data context -
  Toy Maker, Dealer 2 Show data context 3 Show data context
11. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN HOUSES, FURNITURE, AND DECORATIONS. 1,409 Show data context 13 Show data context
  Builder 55 Show data context -
  Carpenter, Joiner 467 Show data context -
  Bricklayer 266 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Mason 176 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Slater, Tiler 22 Show data context -
  Plasterer, Whitewasher 37 Show data context -
  Paperhanger 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Plumber 60 Show data context -
  Painter, Glazier 189 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Cabinet Maker 86 Show data context 5 Show data context
  French Polisher 5 Show data context -
  Furniture Broker, Dealer 12 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Gas Fitter 23 Show data context -
  Wood Carver 4 Show data context -
  Carver, Gilder 2 Show data context -
  Figure, Image - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Animal, Bird &c. Preserver, Naturalist 1 Show data context -
12. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CARRIAGES AND HARNESS. 569 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Coachmaker 181 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Railway Carriage, Railway Wagon, Maker 195 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Wheelwright 108 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Others 45 Show data context -
  Saddler, Harness, Whip Maker 40 Show data context 1 Show data context
13. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN SHIPS AND BOATS. 32 Show data context -
  Ship, Boat, Barge Builder 18 Show data context -
  Shipwright, Ship Carpenter (ashore) 13 Show data context -
  Sail Maker 1 Show data context -
14. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CHEMICALS AND COMPOUNDS. 37 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Dye, Paint Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Chemist, Druggist 32 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Manufacturing Chemist 3 Show data context -
  Alkali Manufacture - 4 Show data context
  Drysalter 1 Show data context -
15. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TOBACCO AND PIPES. 14 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Tobacco Manufacture, Tobacconist 12 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Tobacco Pipe, Snuff Box &c. Maker 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
16. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN FOOD AND LODGING. 933 Show data context 148 Show data context
  Innkeeper, Hotel Keeper, Publican 120 Show data context 22 Show data context
  Lodging, Boarding House Keeper 3 Show data context 34 Show data context
  Coffee, Eating House, Keeper 8 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Maltster 32 Show data context -
  Brewer 50 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Beerseller, Ale, Porter, Cider Dealer 15 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Cellarman 5 Show data context -
  Wine, Spirit - Merchant, Agent 11 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Milkseller, Dairyman 28 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Cheesemonger, Butterman 3 Show data context -
  Butcher, Meat Salesman 212 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Provision Curer, Dealer 21 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Poulterer, Game Dealer 4 Show data context -
  Fishmonger 41 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Corn, Flour, Seed Merchant, Dealer 13 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Corn Miller 38 Show data context -
  Baker 29 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Confectioner, Pastrycook 27 Show data context 21 Show data context
  Greengrocer, Fruiterer 35 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Mustard, Vinegar, Spice, Pickle Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Sugar Refiner 3 Show data context -
  Grocer. Tea, Coffee, Chocolate Maker, Dealer 222 Show data context 34 Show data context
  Ginger Beer, Mineral Water Manufacturer, Dealer 12 Show data context 3 Show data context
17. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TEXTILE FABRICS. 128 Show data context 39 Show data context
  Woolstapler 1 Show data context -
  Woollen Cloth Manufacture 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Worsted, Stuff, Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Cloth, Worsted, Stuff, Flannel, Blanket Dealer 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Ribbon Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Silk Merchant, Dealer 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Cotton, Cotton Goods Manufacture 1 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Lace Manufacturer, Dealer 1 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Hemp, Jute, Cocoa Fibre Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Rope, Twine, Cord - Maker, Dealer 14 Show data context -
  Sacking, Sack, Bag - Maker, Dealer 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Weaver (undefined) 4 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Dyer, Printer, Scourer, Bleacher, Calenderer (undefined) 6 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Factory Hand (textile, undefined) 1 Show data context -
  Carpet, Rug Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Draper, Linen Draper, Mercer 87 Show data context 20 Show data context
  Fancy Goods (Textile) Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer - 4 Show data context
  Trimming Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
18. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN DRESS. 413 Show data context 706 Show data context
  Hatter, Hat Manufacture 6 Show data context -
  Straw - Hat, Bonnet, Plait Manufacture - 6 Show data context
  Tailor 190 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Milliner, Dressmaker, Staymaker 3 Show data context 630 Show data context
  Shirt Maker, Seamstress - 40 Show data context
  Hosiery Manufacture 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Hosier, Haberdasher 6 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Shoe, Boot - Maker, Dealer 174 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Patten, Clog Maker 4 Show data context -
  Wig Maker, Hair Dresser 27 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Umbrella, Parasol, Stick - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Old Clothes Dealer, and others - 3 Show data context
19. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS ANIMAL SUBSTANCES. 96 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Tallow Chandler, Candle, Grease Manufacture 5 Show data context -
  Soap Boiler, Maker 1 Show data context -
  Glue, Size, Gelatine, Isinglass - Maker, Dealer 2 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Manure Manufacture 6 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Furrier, Skinner 2 Show data context -
  Tanner, Fellmonger 27 Show data context -
  Currier 44 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Leather Goods, Portmanteau, Bag, Strap &c., Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Brush, Broom, Maker 8 Show data context -
20. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS VEGETABLE SUBSTANCES. 152 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Oil Miller, Oil Cake - Maker, Dealer 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Willow, Cane, Rush Worker, Dealer, Basketmaker 12 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Hay, Straw (not plait), Chaff, Cutter, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Timber, Wood - Merchant, Dealer 23 Show data context -
  Sawyer 64 Show data context -
  Wood Turner, Box Maker 18 Show data context -
  Cooper, Hoop Maker, Bender 12 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Cork, Bark - Cutter, Worker, Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Others 3 Show data context -
  Stationer, Law Stationer 5 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Paper Box, Paper Bag Maker 2 Show data context -
  Ticket, Label Writer 1 Show data context -
  Others 5 Show data context -
21. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS MINERAL SUBSTANCES. 2,909 Show data context 62 Show data context
  Coal Miner 1,034 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Miner, in other or undefined Minerals 8 Show data context -
  Mine Service 14 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Coal Merchant 40 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Coalheaver 12 Show data context -
  Coke, Charcoal, Peat - Cutter, Burner, Dealer 4 Show data context -
  Gas Works Service 29 Show data context -
  Stone Quarrier 34 Show data context -
  Stone Cutter, Dresser, Dealer 6 Show data context -
  Slate Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Limeburner 17 Show data context -
  Clay, Sand, Gravel, Chalk, Labourer, Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Well Sinker, Borer 4 Show data context -
  Brick, Tile - Maker, Burner, Dealer 87 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Paviour 1 Show data context -
  Road Contractor, Surveyor, Inspector 2 Show data context -
  Road Labourer 31 Show data context -
  Railway Contractor 10 Show data context -
  Platelayer 133 Show data context -
  Railway Labourer, Navvy 220 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Porcelain, Manufacture 67 Show data context 22 Show data context
  Glass Manufacture 339 Show data context 21 Show data context
  Earthenware, China, Glass Dealer 7 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Waterworks Service 1 Show data context -
  Goldsmith, Silversmith, Jeweller 10 Show data context 1 Show data context
  [Iron Manufacture] 259 Show data context 2 Show data context
  [Steel Manufacture] 3 Show data context -
  Blacksmith 353 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Whitesmith 26 Show data context -
  Nail Manufacture 3 Show data context -
  Ironmonger. Hardware Dealer, Merchant 23 Show data context -
  Other Iron and Steel Manufacture 8 Show data context -
  [Coppersmith] 11 Show data context -
  Tin, Tin Plate, Tin Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 28 Show data context -
  Zinc, Zinc Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Metal Refiner, Worker, Turner, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Brass, Bronze Manufacture. Brazier 76 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Wire Maker, Worker, Weaver, Drawer 1 Show data context -
  Bolt, Nut, Rivet, Screw, Staple Maker 1 Show data context -
22. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN GENERAL OR UNSPECIFIED COMMODITIES. 1,591 Show data context 111 Show data context
  General Shopkeeper, Dealer 29 Show data context 30 Show data context
  Pawnbroker 8 Show data context -
  Costermonger, Huckster, Street Seller 58 Show data context 27 Show data context
  Manufacturer, Manager, Superintendant (undefined) 22 Show data context -
  Contractor (undefined) 3 Show data context -
  General Labourer 1,101 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Engine Driver, Stoker, Fireman (not railway, marine or agricultural) 165 Show data context -
  Artizan, Mechanic (undefined) 100 Show data context 21 Show data context
  Apprentice (undefined) 18 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Factory Labourer (undefined) 63 Show data context 12 Show data context
  Machinist, Machine Worker (undefined) 24 Show data context 13 Show data context
23. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN REFUSE MATTERS. 29 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Town Drainage Service 2 Show data context -
  Chimney Sweep, Soot Merchant 21 Show data context -
  Scavenger, Crossing Sweeper 3 Show data context -
  Rag Gatherer, Dealer 3 Show data context 2 Show data context
24. PERSONS WITHOUT SPECIFIED OCCUPATIONS. 222 Show data context 2,153 Show data context
  Persons returned by Property, Rank &c. and not special occupation 222 Show data context 2,153 Show data context
[UNKNOWN OCCUPATION] 272 Show data context 8,125 Show data context
  [Occupation recorded but of unknown meaning] 8 Show data context 1 Show data context
  [Blank field, or illegible] 264 Show data context 8,124 Show data context

Notes:

The following notes to the table appeared in the original report.

1 This table is a very special case: The original Table 10 as published by Division in the 1881 census reports was limited to data for Registration Divisions, their component Registration Counties, and just those Urban Sanitary Districts with populations of over 50,000. Data presented here for counties and higher-level units are taken from the published reports, as usual, but we also include in A Vision of Britain through Time data for Registration Districts, sub-Districts and Civil Parishes which never appeared in the original reports. These were specially created for us by the History Data Service at the University of Essex and derive from the complete transcription of the individual-level Enumerators Book data coordinated by the Genealogical Society of Utah.
2 In creating these data, each occupation listed in the enumerators books has been assigned as far as possible to the relevant category used in the published reports, but some additional categories with labels in square brackets unavoidably appear. Unlike the published statistics for higher-level units, these specially-calculated data for districts and parishes include persons under 15 or over 65. For these and other reasons, no attempt has been made to ensure that county totals for the districts or parishes match the published county totals. The remaining notes are those that appeared below the original published table.
3 NOTE.--Persons returned as engaged in more than one occupation have been referred to the one that appeared to be of most importance; or if there was no difference in this respect, to the one first given by the person in his or her return. In some cases special rules have been followed: e.g. "Clergyman and Schoolmaster" in combination has always been referred to "Schoolmaster"; a Member of Parliament or Peer engaged in any branch of commerce or industry has always been referred to this latter, not to "Peer, M.P.".
4 The numbers returned under any heading include Labourers, Apprentices, and Assistants, as well as Masters, but not Clerks, Messengers, Errand boys, Porters, or Watchmen, for which occupations there are special headings. Civil, Military, and Naval Clerks, Law, Bank, Insurance, and Railway Clerks, and Government and Railway Porters, are, however, exceptions to this rule. Many young persons, being Apprentices or Assistants, have therefore been referred to occupations usually followed by adults. Women also, chiefly widows or orphans carrying on the business of their deceased husbands or fathers, will sometimes be found under occupations commonly followed by men only.
5 Persons returned as retired from any business have not been referred to that business. Inmates of workhouses have been referred to their trades, unless their age or infirmities showed that they were past work. But persons who might be supposed to be only temporarily separated from their usual employment, such as Prisoners, and Patients in General Hospitals, have been classed under their usual occupations.
6 In some cases, for convenience of space, the male designation, e.g. "Schoolmaster", alone is given, instead of "Schoolmaster, Schoolmistress".

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This website does not try to provide an exact replica of the original printed census tables, which often had thousands of rows and far more columns than will fit on our web pages. Instead, we let you drill down from national totals to the most detailed data available. The column headings are those that appeared in the original printed report. The numbers presented here, which are the same ones we use to create statistical maps and graphs, come from the census table and have usually been carefully checked.

The system can only hold statistics for units listed in our administrative gazetteer, so some rows from the original table may be missing. Sometimes big low-level units, like urban parishes, were divided between more than one higher-level units, like Registration sub-Districts. This is why some pages will give a higher figure for a lower-level unit: it covers the whole of the lower-level unit, not just the part within the current higher-level unit.


Acknowledgments:

We are grateful to the following contributors. If you make use of the data in your own work, please follow any instructions given here on acknowledgment and re-use.

(1) Kevin Schurer (Department of Geography, University of Cambridge). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)

(2) Matthew Woollard (UK Data Service, University of Essex). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)