1881 Census of England and Wales, Tables: Ages, Condition as to Marriage, Occupations and Birthplaces of people, Table 10 : " Occupations of Males and Females in the Division and its Registration Counties".

List Buckinghamshire RegC Wycombe PLU/RegD
OCCUPATIONS. Males.
[1]
Females.
[2]
1. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE GENERAL OR LOCAL GOVERNMENT OF THE COUNTRY. 83 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Peer, M.P., Privy Councillor (not otherwise described) 1 Show data context -
  Civil Service (officers and clerks) 8 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Civil Service (messengers, &c.) 25 Show data context -
  Police 30 Show data context -
  Municipal, Parish, Union, District, Officer 13 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Other Local or County Official 5 Show data context -
  East Indian and Colonial Service 1 Show data context -
2. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE DEFENCE OF THE COUNTRY. 49 Show data context -
  Army Officer (effective/retired) 5 Show data context -
  Soldier and Non-commissioned officer 5 Show data context -
  Militia, Yeomanry, Volunteers 29 Show data context -
  Army Pensioner 7 Show data context -
  Navy Officer (effective/retired) 1 Show data context -
  Navy Pensioner 2 Show data context -
3. PERSONS ENGAGED IN PROFESSIONAL OCCUPATIONS (WITH THEIR IMMEDIATE SUBORDINATES). 198 Show data context 234 Show data context
  Clergymen (Established Church) 37 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Minister, Priest of other religious bodies 19 Show data context -
  Theological Student 2 Show data context -
  Church, chapel, cemetery - officer, servant 5 Show data context -
  Barrister, Solicitor 15 Show data context -
  Law Clerk, and others connected with the law 13 Show data context -
  Physician, Surgeon, General Practitioner 13 Show data context -
  Dentist 3 Show data context -
  Medical Student, Assistant 3 Show data context -
  Midwife - 2 Show data context
  Subordinate Medical Service 1 Show data context 49 Show data context
  Schoolmaster 51 Show data context 131 Show data context
  Teacher, Professor, Lecturer 1 Show data context 36 Show data context
  School Service, and others connected with teaching - 1 Show data context
  Author, Editor, Journalist 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Reporter, Short-hand Writer 1 Show data context -
  Civil Engineer 1 Show data context -
  Land, House, Ship, Surveyor 7 Show data context -
  Painter (artist) 4 Show data context -
  Architect 6 Show data context -
  Musician, Music Master 8 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Art Student 1 Show data context -
  Photographer 3 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Billiard, Cricket & other Games, Service 2 Show data context -
4. PERSONS ENGAGED IN DOMESTIC OFFICES OR SERVICES. 230 Show data context 1,680 Show data context
  Domestic Coachman, Groom 65 Show data context -
  Domestic Gardener 45 Show data context -
  Domestic Indoor Servant 100 Show data context 1,376 Show data context
  Lodge, Gate, Park Keeper (not Government) - 1 Show data context
  Inn, Hotel Servant 16 Show data context 19 Show data context
  Cook (not domestic) 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Charwoman - 57 Show data context
  Washing and Bathing Service 3 Show data context 225 Show data context
  Hospital and Institution Service - 1 Show data context
5. PERSONS ENGAGED IN COMMERCIAL OCCUPATIONS. 119 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Merchant 7 Show data context -
  Broker, Agent, Factor 10 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Auctioneer, Appraiser, Valuer, House Agent 7 Show data context -
  Accountant 2 Show data context -
  Salesman, Buyer (not otherwise specified) 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Commercial Traveller 13 Show data context -
  Commercial Clerk 60 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Banker 3 Show data context -
  Bank Service 7 Show data context -
  Life, House, Ship &c., Insurance Service 8 Show data context -
6. PERSONS ENGAGED IN CONVEYANCE OF MEN, GOODS, AND MESSAGES. 253 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Railway Engine Driver, Stoker 5 Show data context -
  Railway Guard 2 Show data context -
  Pointsman, Level Crossing Man 2 Show data context -
  Other Railway Officials and Servants 51 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Toll Collector, Turnpike Gate Keeper - 2 Show data context
  Omnibus, Coach, Cab, Owner - Livery Stable Keeper 4 Show data context -
  Cabman, Flyman, Coachman (not domestic) 24 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Carman, Carrier, Carter, Haulier 100 Show data context -
  Inland Navigation Service 3 Show data context -
  Bargeman, Lighterman, Waterman 10 Show data context -
  Seaman (Merchant Service) 3 Show data context -
  Harbour, Dock, Wharf, Lighthouse Service 1 Show data context -
  Warehouseman (not Manchester) 5 Show data context -
  Messenger, Porter, Watchman (not Railway or Government) 43 Show data context -
  Telegraph, Telephone Service - 1 Show data context
7. PERSONS ENGAGED IN AGRICULTURE. 2,592 Show data context 69 Show data context
  Farmer, Grazier 252 Show data context 18 Show data context
  Farmer's, Grazier's - Son, Grandson, Brother, Nephew 135 Show data context -
  Farm Bailiff 44 Show data context -
  Agricultural Labourer, Farm Servant, Cottager 1,837 Show data context 48 Show data context
  Shepherd 88 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Land Drainage Service (not in towns) 1 Show data context -
  Agricultural Machine - Proprietor, Attendant 8 Show data context -
  Others engaged in, or connected with agriculture 8 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Woodman 28 Show data context -
  Nurseryman, Seedsman, Florist 2 Show data context -
  Gardener (not domestic) 189 Show data context -
8. PERSONS ENGAGED ABOUT ANIMALS. 125 Show data context -
  Horse Proprietor, Breeder, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Groom, Horse-keeper, Horse-breaker 58 Show data context -
  Veterinary Surgeon, Farrier 12 Show data context -
  Cattle, Sheep, Pig - Dealer, Salesman 6 Show data context -
  Drover 5 Show data context -
  Gamekeeper 31 Show data context -
  Dog, Bird, Animal - Keeper, Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Fisherman 9 Show data context -
9. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN BOOKS, PRINTS, AND MAPS. 27 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Publisher, Bookseller, Librarian 7 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Bookbinder - 1 Show data context
  Printer 19 Show data context -
  Newspaper Agent, News Room Keeper 1 Show data context -
10. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN MACHINES AND IMPLEMENTS. 77 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Engine, Machine Maker 12 Show data context -
  Millwright 26 Show data context -
  Fitter, Turner (Engine and Machine) 13 Show data context -
  Agricultural Machine and Implement Maker 2 Show data context -
  Tool Maker, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Saw Maker 2 Show data context -
  Domestic Implement Maker 3 Show data context -
  Watch Maker, Clock Maker 11 Show data context -
  Philosophical Instrument Maker 1 Show data context -
  Electrical Apparatus Maker 1 Show data context -
  Weighing and Measuring Apparatus Maker 1 Show data context -
  Musical Instrument Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Toy Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Apparatus for other games, Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
11. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN HOUSES, FURNITURE, AND DECORATIONS. 2,482 Show data context 33 Show data context
  Builder 39 Show data context -
  Carpenter, Joiner 224 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Bricklayer 237 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Mason 54 Show data context -
  Slater, Tiler 1 Show data context -
  Plasterer, Whitewasher 3 Show data context -
  Plumber 27 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Painter, Glazier 77 Show data context -
  Cabinet Maker 1,694 Show data context 26 Show data context
  French Polisher 103 Show data context -
  Furniture Broker, Dealer 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Locksmith, Bellhanger 2 Show data context -
  Gas Fitter 14 Show data context -
  Wood Carver 2 Show data context -
  Animal, Bird &c. Preserver, Naturalist 1 Show data context -
12. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CARRIAGES AND HARNESS. 126 Show data context -
  Coachmaker 26 Show data context -
  Wheelwright 68 Show data context -
  Bicycle, Tricycle - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Saddler, Harness, Whip Maker 31 Show data context -
13. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN SHIPS AND BOATS. 5 Show data context -
  Ship, Boat, Barge Builder 5 Show data context -
14. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CHEMICALS AND COMPOUNDS. 19 Show data context -
  Dye, Paint Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Chemist, Druggist 17 Show data context -
  Alkali Manufacture 1 Show data context -
15. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TOBACCO AND PIPES. 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Tobacco Manufacture, Tobacconist 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
16. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN FOOD AND LODGING. 786 Show data context 94 Show data context
  Innkeeper, Hotel Keeper, Publican 163 Show data context 25 Show data context
  Lodging, Boarding House Keeper 1 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Coffee, Eating House, Keeper 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Maltster 10 Show data context -
  Brewer 73 Show data context -
  Beerseller, Ale, Porter, Cider Dealer 8 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Cellarman 3 Show data context -
  Wine, Spirit - Merchant, Agent 4 Show data context -
  Milkseller, Dairyman 19 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Butcher, Meat Salesman 100 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Provision Curer, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Poulterer, Game Dealer 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Fishmonger 6 Show data context -
  Corn, Flour, Seed Merchant, Dealer 26 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Corn Miller 41 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Baker 152 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Confectioner, Pastrycook 6 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Greengrocer, Fruiterer 18 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Grocer. Tea, Coffee, Chocolate Maker, Dealer 140 Show data context 32 Show data context
  Ginger Beer, Mineral Water Manufacturer, Dealer 7 Show data context -
17. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TEXTILE FABRICS. 103 Show data context 962 Show data context
  Woollen Cloth Manufacture - 3 Show data context
  Cotton, Cotton Goods Manufacture - 1 Show data context
  Lace Manufacturer, Dealer 5 Show data context 842 Show data context
  Rope, Twine, Cord - Maker, Dealer 15 Show data context -
  Mat Maker, Seller 2 Show data context -
  Net Maker - 18 Show data context
  Sacking, Sack, Bag - Maker, Dealer - 1 Show data context
  Others working and Dealing in Hemp 2 Show data context -
  Dyer, Printer, Scourer, Bleacher, Calenderer (undefined) 1 Show data context -
  Factory Hand (textile, undefined) - 4 Show data context
  Carpet, Rug Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Draper, Linen Draper, Mercer 76 Show data context 40 Show data context
  Fancy Goods (Textile) Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer - 9 Show data context
  Trimming Maker, Dealer - 15 Show data context
  Embroiderer 1 Show data context 29 Show data context
18. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN DRESS. 272 Show data context 799 Show data context
  Hatter, Hat Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Straw - Hat, Bonnet, Plait Manufacture - 185 Show data context
  Tailor 56 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Milliner, Dressmaker, Staymaker 1 Show data context 430 Show data context
  Shirt Maker, Seamstress - 154 Show data context
  Hosier, Haberdasher 1 Show data context -
  Button Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Shoe, Boot - Maker, Dealer 201 Show data context 22 Show data context
  Wig Maker, Hair Dresser 9 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Umbrella, Parasol, Stick - Maker, Dealer 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
19. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS ANIMAL SUBSTANCES. 31 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Others 1 Show data context -
  Furrier, Skinner 19 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Tanner, Fellmonger 4 Show data context -
  Currier 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Parchment, Vellum - Maker, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Brush, Broom, Maker 1 Show data context -
20. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS VEGETABLE SUBSTANCES. 736 Show data context 723 Show data context
  Waterproof Goods - Maker, Dealer - 1 Show data context
  Others 5 Show data context -
  Willow, Cane, Rush Worker, Dealer, Basketmaker 137 Show data context 530 Show data context
  Hay, Straw (not plait), Chaff, Cutter, Dealer 11 Show data context -
  Thatcher 2 Show data context -
  Timber, Wood - Merchant, Dealer 14 Show data context -
  Sawyer 166 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Lath, Wooden Fence, Hurdle Maker 3 Show data context -
  Wood Turner, Box Maker 119 Show data context -
  Cooper, Hoop Maker, Bender 8 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Paper Manufacture 268 Show data context 187 Show data context
  Stationer, Law Stationer 3 Show data context 2 Show data context
21. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS MINERAL SUBSTANCES. 355 Show data context 13 Show data context
  Miner, in other or undefined Minerals 1 Show data context -
  [Haulier] [not in Census Report but in codebook] 2 Show data context -
  Coal Merchant 26 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Coalheaver 8 Show data context -
  Coke, Charcoal, Peat - Cutter, Burner, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Gas Works Service 13 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Stone Quarrier 1 Show data context -
  Stone Cutter, Dresser, Dealer 20 Show data context -
  Well Sinker, Borer 2 Show data context -
  Brick, Tile - Maker, Burner, Dealer 37 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Paviour 1 Show data context -
  Road Labourer 8 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Railway Contractor 1 Show data context -
  Platelayer 33 Show data context -
  Railway Labourer, Navvy 16 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Porcelain, Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Glass Dealer 3 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Waterworks Service 1 Show data context -
  Others 1 Show data context -
  Goldsmith, Silversmith, Jeweller 2 Show data context -
  [Iron Manufacture] 9 Show data context -
  Blacksmith 133 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Whitesmith 5 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Ironmonger. Hardware Dealer, Merchant 18 Show data context -
  [Coppersmith] 1 Show data context -
  Tin, Tin Plate, Tin Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 7 Show data context -
  Metal Refiner, Worker, Turner, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Brass, Bronze Manufacture. Brazier 1 Show data context -
  Wire Maker, Worker, Weaver, Drawer 1 Show data context -
22. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN GENERAL OR UNSPECIFIED COMMODITIES. 1,180 Show data context 111 Show data context
  General Shopkeeper, Dealer 45 Show data context 17 Show data context
  Pawnbroker 2 Show data context -
  Costermonger, Huckster, Street Seller 28 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Manufacturer, Manager, Superintendant (undefined) 5 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Contractor (undefined) 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  General Labourer 920 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Engine Driver, Stoker, Fireman (not railway, marine or agricultural) 50 Show data context -
  Artizan, Mechanic (undefined) 80 Show data context 13 Show data context
  Apprentice (undefined) 5 Show data context -
  Factory Labourer (undefined) 41 Show data context 65 Show data context
  Machinist, Machine Worker (undefined) 2 Show data context 2 Show data context
23. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN REFUSE MATTERS. 13 Show data context -
  Chimney Sweep, Soot Merchant 10 Show data context -
  Scavenger, Crossing Sweeper 1 Show data context -
  Rag Gatherer, Dealer 2 Show data context -
24. PERSONS WITHOUT SPECIFIED OCCUPATIONS. 138 Show data context 1,154 Show data context
  Persons returned by Property, Rank &c. and not special occupation 138 Show data context 1,154 Show data context
[UNKNOWN OCCUPATION] 175 Show data context 4,836 Show data context
  [Occupation recorded but of unknown meaning] 9 Show data context 4 Show data context
  [Blank field, or illegible] 166 Show data context 4,832 Show data context

Notes:

The following notes to the table appeared in the original report.

1 This table is a very special case: The original Table 10 as published by Division in the 1881 census reports was limited to data for Registration Divisions, their component Registration Counties, and just those Urban Sanitary Districts with populations of over 50,000. Data presented here for counties and higher-level units are taken from the published reports, as usual, but we also include in A Vision of Britain through Time data for Registration Districts, sub-Districts and Civil Parishes which never appeared in the original reports. These were specially created for us by the History Data Service at the University of Essex and derive from the complete transcription of the individual-level Enumerators Book data coordinated by the Genealogical Society of Utah.
2 In creating these data, each occupation listed in the enumerators books has been assigned as far as possible to the relevant category used in the published reports, but some additional categories with labels in square brackets unavoidably appear. Unlike the published statistics for higher-level units, these specially-calculated data for districts and parishes include persons under 15 or over 65. For these and other reasons, no attempt has been made to ensure that county totals for the districts or parishes match the published county totals. The remaining notes are those that appeared below the original published table.
3 NOTE.--Persons returned as engaged in more than one occupation have been referred to the one that appeared to be of most importance; or if there was no difference in this respect, to the one first given by the person in his or her return. In some cases special rules have been followed: e.g. "Clergyman and Schoolmaster" in combination has always been referred to "Schoolmaster"; a Member of Parliament or Peer engaged in any branch of commerce or industry has always been referred to this latter, not to "Peer, M.P.".
4 The numbers returned under any heading include Labourers, Apprentices, and Assistants, as well as Masters, but not Clerks, Messengers, Errand boys, Porters, or Watchmen, for which occupations there are special headings. Civil, Military, and Naval Clerks, Law, Bank, Insurance, and Railway Clerks, and Government and Railway Porters, are, however, exceptions to this rule. Many young persons, being Apprentices or Assistants, have therefore been referred to occupations usually followed by adults. Women also, chiefly widows or orphans carrying on the business of their deceased husbands or fathers, will sometimes be found under occupations commonly followed by men only.
5 Persons returned as retired from any business have not been referred to that business. Inmates of workhouses have been referred to their trades, unless their age or infirmities showed that they were past work. But persons who might be supposed to be only temporarily separated from their usual employment, such as Prisoners, and Patients in General Hospitals, have been classed under their usual occupations.
6 In some cases, for convenience of space, the male designation, e.g. "Schoolmaster", alone is given, instead of "Schoolmaster, Schoolmistress".

Click on the triangles for all about a particular number.

This website does not try to provide an exact replica of the original printed census tables, which often had thousands of rows and far more columns than will fit on our web pages. Instead, we let you drill down from national totals to the most detailed data available. The column headings are those that appeared in the original printed report. The numbers presented here, which are the same ones we use to create statistical maps and graphs, come from the census table and have usually been carefully checked.

The system can only hold statistics for units listed in our administrative gazetteer, so some rows from the original table may be missing. Sometimes big low-level units, like urban parishes, were divided between more than one higher-level units, like Registration sub-Districts. This is why some pages will give a higher figure for a lower-level unit: it covers the whole of the lower-level unit, not just the part within the current higher-level unit.


Acknowledgments:

We are grateful to the following contributors. If you make use of the data in your own work, please follow any instructions given here on acknowledgment and re-use.

(1) Kevin Schurer (Department of Geography, University of Cambridge). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)

(2) Matthew Woollard (UK Data Service, University of Essex). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)