1881 Census of England and Wales, Tables: Ages, Condition as to Marriage, Occupations and Birthplaces of people, Table 10 : " Occupations of Males and Females in the Division and its Registration Counties".

List Derbyshire RegC Belper PLU/RegD
OCCUPATIONS. Males.
[1]
Females.
[2]
1. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE GENERAL OR LOCAL GOVERNMENT OF THE COUNTRY. 121 Show data context 25 Show data context
  Peer, M.P., Privy Councillor (not otherwise described) 1 Show data context -
  Civil Service (officers and clerks) 30 Show data context 13 Show data context
  Civil Service (messengers, &c.) 12 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Police 42 Show data context -
  Municipal, Parish, Union, District, Officer 13 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Other Local or County Official 23 Show data context -
2. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE DEFENCE OF THE COUNTRY. 16 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Army Officer (effective/retired) 5 Show data context -
  Soldier and Non-commissioned officer 2 Show data context -
  Militia, Yeomanry, Volunteers 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Army Pensioner 6 Show data context -
  Navy Officer (effective/retired) 1 Show data context -
3. PERSONS ENGAGED IN PROFESSIONAL OCCUPATIONS (WITH THEIR IMMEDIATE SUBORDINATES). 302 Show data context 305 Show data context
  Clergymen (Established Church) 35 Show data context -
  Minister, Priest of other religious bodies 21 Show data context -
  Missionary, Scripture Reader, Itinerant preacher 1 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Nun, Sister of Charity - 8 Show data context
  Theological Student 3 Show data context -
  Church, chapel, cemetery - officer, servant 9 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Barrister, Solicitor 13 Show data context -
  Law Student 1 Show data context -
  Law Clerk, and others connected with the law 23 Show data context -
  Physician, Surgeon, General Practitioner 25 Show data context -
  Dentist 2 Show data context -
  Medical Student, Assistant 11 Show data context -
  Midwife - 2 Show data context
  Subordinate Medical Service 1 Show data context 30 Show data context
  Schoolmaster 93 Show data context 209 Show data context
  Teacher, Professor, Lecturer - 32 Show data context
  School Service, and others connected with teaching 3 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Author, Editor, Journalist 3 Show data context -
  Persons engaged in Scientific Pursuits 1 Show data context -
  Literary, Scientific, Institution, Service, &c. 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Civil Engineer 4 Show data context -
  Mining Engineer 6 Show data context -
  Land, House, Ship, Surveyor 9 Show data context -
  Engraver (artist) 1 Show data context -
  Sculptor 1 Show data context -
  Architect 6 Show data context -
  Musician, Music Master 15 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Art Student 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Photographer 6 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Actor 4 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Art, Music, Theatre Service 1 Show data context -
  Billiard, Cricket & other Games, Service 1 Show data context -
4. PERSONS ENGAGED IN DOMESTIC OFFICES OR SERVICES. 311 Show data context 2,055 Show data context
  Domestic Coachman, Groom 78 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Domestic Gardener 88 Show data context -
  Domestic Indoor Servant 118 Show data context 1,749 Show data context
  Lodge, Gate, Park Keeper (not Government) 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Inn, Hotel Servant 21 Show data context 21 Show data context
  Office Keeper (not Government) 1 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Cook (not domestic) - 3 Show data context
  Charwoman - 119 Show data context
  Washing and Bathing Service 1 Show data context 156 Show data context
  Hospital and Institution Service - 2 Show data context
  Others engaged in Service 1 Show data context -
5. PERSONS ENGAGED IN COMMERCIAL OCCUPATIONS. 322 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Merchant 3 Show data context -
  Broker, Agent, Factor 17 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Auctioneer, Appraiser, Valuer, House Agent 15 Show data context -
  Accountant 8 Show data context -
  Salesman, Buyer (not otherwise specified) 1 Show data context -
  Commercial Traveller 25 Show data context -
  Commercial Clerk 209 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Bank Service 26 Show data context -
  Life, House, Ship &c., Insurance Service 18 Show data context -
6. PERSONS ENGAGED IN CONVEYANCE OF MEN, GOODS, AND MESSAGES. 540 Show data context 18 Show data context
  Railway Engine Driver, Stoker 19 Show data context -
  Railway Guard 15 Show data context -
  Pointsman, Level Crossing Man 16 Show data context -
  Other Railway Officials and Servants 252 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Toll Collector, Turnpike Gate Keeper 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Omnibus, Coach, Cab, Owner - Livery Stable Keeper 3 Show data context -
  Cabman, Flyman, Coachman (not domestic) 28 Show data context -
  Carman, Carrier, Carter, Haulier 105 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Inland Navigation Service 1 Show data context -
  Bargeman, Lighterman, Waterman 20 Show data context -
  Seaman (Merchant Service) 9 Show data context -
  Warehouseman (not Manchester) 11 Show data context 13 Show data context
  Meter, Weigher 8 Show data context -
  Messenger, Porter, Watchman (not Railway or Government) 47 Show data context -
  Telegraph, Telephone Service 5 Show data context 2 Show data context
7. PERSONS ENGAGED IN AGRICULTURE. 1,976 Show data context 96 Show data context
  Farmer, Grazier 526 Show data context 48 Show data context
  Farmer's, Grazier's - Son, Grandson, Brother, Nephew 165 Show data context -
  Farm Bailiff 28 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Agricultural Labourer, Farm Servant, Cottager 1,134 Show data context 42 Show data context
  Shepherd 10 Show data context -
  Land Drainage Service (not in towns) 1 Show data context -
  Agricultural Machine - Proprietor, Attendant 2 Show data context -
  Agricultural Student 1 Show data context -
  Woodman 12 Show data context -
  Nurseryman, Seedsman, Florist 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Gardener (not domestic) 93 Show data context 1 Show data context
8. PERSONS ENGAGED ABOUT ANIMALS. 88 Show data context -
  Horse Proprietor, Breeder, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Groom, Horse-keeper, Horse-breaker 46 Show data context -
  Veterinary Surgeon, Farrier 8 Show data context -
  Cattle, Sheep, Pig - Dealer, Salesman 11 Show data context -
  Gamekeeper 20 Show data context -
  Vermin Destroyer 2 Show data context -
9. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN BOOKS, PRINTS, AND MAPS. 52 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Publisher, Bookseller, Librarian 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Music-Publisher, Seller, Printer 1 Show data context -
  Bookbinder 1 Show data context -
  Printer 39 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Newspaper Agent, News Room Keeper 5 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Lithographer, Lithographic Printer 2 Show data context -
10. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN MACHINES AND IMPLEMENTS. 406 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Engine, Machine Maker 68 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Millwright 11 Show data context -
  Fitter, Turner (Engine and Machine) 171 Show data context -
  Boiler Maker 83 Show data context -
  Spinning and Weaving Machine Maker 20 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Agricultural Machine and Implement Maker 2 Show data context -
  Tool Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Cutler, Scissors Maker 4 Show data context -
  File Maker 13 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Pin Maker 1 Show data context -
  Watch Maker, Clock Maker 23 Show data context -
  Surgical Instrument Maker 8 Show data context -
  Die, Seal, Coin, Medal Maker 1 Show data context -
  Toy Maker, Dealer - 1 Show data context
11. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN HOUSES, FURNITURE, AND DECORATIONS. 999 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Builder 36 Show data context -
  Carpenter, Joiner 302 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Bricklayer 202 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Mason 217 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Slater, Tiler 13 Show data context -
  Plasterer, Whitewasher 27 Show data context -
  Paperhanger 1 Show data context -
  Plumber 58 Show data context -
  Painter, Glazier 96 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Cabinet Maker 27 Show data context -
  Furniture Broker, Dealer 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Locksmith, Bellhanger 1 Show data context -
  Gas Fitter 6 Show data context -
  Dealer in Works of Art 1 Show data context -
  Figure, Image - Maker, Dealer 9 Show data context -
  Animal, Bird &c. Preserver, Naturalist 1 Show data context -
12. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CARRIAGES AND HARNESS. 143 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Coachmaker 11 Show data context -
  Railway Carriage, Railway Wagon, Maker 13 Show data context -
  Wheelwright 81 Show data context -
  Others 6 Show data context -
  Saddler, Harness, Whip Maker 32 Show data context 1 Show data context
13. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN SHIPS AND BOATS. 3 Show data context -
  Ship, Boat, Barge Builder 1 Show data context -
  Sail Maker 2 Show data context -
14. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CHEMICALS AND COMPOUNDS. 55 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Dye, Paint Manufacture 7 Show data context -
  Chemist, Druggist 43 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Manufacturing Chemist 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Alkali Manufacture 1 Show data context -
15. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TOBACCO AND PIPES. 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Tobacco Manufacture, Tobacconist 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
16. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN FOOD AND LODGING. 669 Show data context 119 Show data context
  Innkeeper, Hotel Keeper, Publican 112 Show data context 18 Show data context
  Lodging, Boarding House Keeper 1 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Coffee, Eating House, Keeper - 1 Show data context
  Maltster 7 Show data context -
  Brewer 10 Show data context -
  Beerseller, Ale, Porter, Cider Dealer 26 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Cellarman 3 Show data context -
  Wine, Spirit - Merchant, Agent 6 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Milkseller, Dairyman 4 Show data context -
  Cheesemonger, Butterman - 1 Show data context
  Butcher, Meat Salesman 155 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Provision Curer, Dealer 10 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Poulterer, Game Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Fishmonger 13 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Corn, Flour, Seed Merchant, Dealer 10 Show data context -
  Corn Miller 18 Show data context -
  Baker 54 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Confectioner, Pastrycook 10 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Greengrocer, Fruiterer 29 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Sugar Refiner 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Grocer. Tea, Coffee, Chocolate Maker, Dealer 191 Show data context 57 Show data context
  Ginger Beer, Mineral Water Manufacturer, Dealer 4 Show data context -
17. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TEXTILE FABRICS. 359 Show data context 973 Show data context
  Woolstapler 2 Show data context -
  Woollen Cloth Manufacture 14 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Wool, Woollen goods - Dyer, Printer 2 Show data context -
  Others - 2 Show data context
  Silk, Silk Goods, Manufacture 21 Show data context 33 Show data context
  Silk Dyer, Printer 1 Show data context -
  Cotton, Cotton Goods Manufacture 155 Show data context 531 Show data context
  Cotton, Calico - Printer, Dyer, Bleacher 25 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Cotton, Calico - Warehouseman, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Lace Manufacturer, Dealer 1 Show data context 65 Show data context
  Tape Manufacturer, Dealer 42 Show data context 65 Show data context
  Thread Manufacturer, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Rope, Twine, Cord - Maker, Dealer 4 Show data context -
  Net Maker - 6 Show data context
  Weaver (undefined) 1 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Dyer, Printer, Scourer, Bleacher, Calenderer (undefined) 13 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Factory Hand (textile, undefined) 10 Show data context 129 Show data context
  Draper, Linen Draper, Mercer 62 Show data context 14 Show data context
  Fancy Goods (Textile) Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 2 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Trimming Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Embroiderer - 103 Show data context
18. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN DRESS. 878 Show data context 1,463 Show data context
  Hatter, Hat Manufacture - 1 Show data context
  Straw - Hat, Bonnet, Plait Manufacture - 7 Show data context
  Tailor 123 Show data context 14 Show data context
  Milliner, Dressmaker, Staymaker - 572 Show data context
  Shirt Maker, Seamstress 3 Show data context 248 Show data context
  Hosiery Manufacture 509 Show data context 605 Show data context
  Hosier, Haberdasher 43 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Shoe, Boot - Maker, Dealer 182 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Wig Maker, Hair Dresser 17 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Umbrella, Parasol, Stick - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
19. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS ANIMAL SUBSTANCES. 23 Show data context -
  Tallow Chandler, Candle, Grease Manufacture 3 Show data context -
  Furrier, Skinner 1 Show data context -
  Tanner, Fellmonger 9 Show data context -
  Currier 10 Show data context -
20. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS VEGETABLE SUBSTANCES. 126 Show data context 31 Show data context
  Oil Miller, Oil Cake - Maker, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  India Rubber, Gutta Percha - Worker, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Others - 1 Show data context
  Willow, Cane, Rush Worker, Dealer, Basketmaker 8 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Hay, Straw (not plait), Chaff, Cutter, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Timber, Wood - Merchant, Dealer 15 Show data context -
  Sawyer 36 Show data context -
  Wood Turner, Box Maker 28 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Cooper, Hoop Maker, Bender 5 Show data context -
  Cork, Bark - Cutter, Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Others 3 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Paper Manufacture 19 Show data context 13 Show data context
  Stationer, Law Stationer 3 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Paper Box, Paper Bag Maker 1 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Ticket, Label Writer - 1 Show data context
  Others 2 Show data context -
21. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS MINERAL SUBSTANCES. 6,191 Show data context 43 Show data context
  Coal Miner 3,382 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Ironstone Miner 19 Show data context -
  Lead Miner 90 Show data context -
  Miner, in other or undefined Minerals 91 Show data context -
  Mine Service 23 Show data context -
  [Haulier] [not in Census Report but in codebook] 1 Show data context -
  Coal Merchant 38 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Coalheaver 16 Show data context -
  Coke, Charcoal, Peat - Cutter, Burner, Dealer 6 Show data context -
  Gas Works Service 24 Show data context -
  Stone Quarrier 218 Show data context -
  Stone Cutter, Dresser, Dealer 60 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Slate Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Limeburner 25 Show data context -
  Clay, Sand, Gravel, Chalk, Labourer, Dealer 6 Show data context -
  Well Sinker, Borer 8 Show data context -
  Plaster, Cement Manufacture 3 Show data context -
  Brick, Tile - Maker, Burner, Dealer 96 Show data context -
  Paviour 1 Show data context -
  Road Contractor, Surveyor, Inspector 1 Show data context -
  Road Labourer 13 Show data context -
  Railway Contractor 7 Show data context -
  Platelayer 60 Show data context -
  Railway Labourer, Navvy 81 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Porcelain, Manufacture 106 Show data context 22 Show data context
  Glass Manufacture 11 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Glass Dealer 6 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Waterworks Service 4 Show data context -
  Goldsmith, Silversmith, Jeweller 1 Show data context -
  Lapidary 1 Show data context -
  Others - 1 Show data context
  [Iron Manufacture] 987 Show data context -
  [Steel Manufacture] 5 Show data context -
  Blacksmith 237 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Whitesmith 4 Show data context -
  Nail Manufacture 349 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Ironmonger. Hardware Dealer, Merchant 13 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Other Iron and Steel Manufacture 11 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Tin, Tin Plate, Tin Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 21 Show data context -
  Lead, Leaden Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 27 Show data context -
  Metal Refiner, Worker, Turner, Dealer 6 Show data context -
  Brass, Bronze Manufacture. Brazier 6 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Wire Maker, Worker, Weaver, Drawer 124 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Bolt, Nut, Rivet, Screw, Staple Maker 1 Show data context -
  Others 1 Show data context -
22. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN GENERAL OR UNSPECIFIED COMMODITIES. 1,500 Show data context 146 Show data context
  General Shopkeeper, Dealer 33 Show data context 38 Show data context
  Pawnbroker 3 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Costermonger, Huckster, Street Seller 80 Show data context 17 Show data context
  Manufacturer, Manager, Superintendant (undefined) 5 Show data context -
  Contractor (undefined) 5 Show data context -
  General Labourer 957 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Engine Driver, Stoker, Fireman (not railway, marine or agricultural) 230 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Artizan, Mechanic (undefined) 114 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Apprentice (undefined) 15 Show data context -
  Factory Labourer (undefined) 50 Show data context 66 Show data context
  Machinist, Machine Worker (undefined) 8 Show data context 12 Show data context
23. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN REFUSE MATTERS. 23 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Town Drainage Service 1 Show data context -
  Chimney Sweep, Soot Merchant 21 Show data context -
  Scavenger, Crossing Sweeper 1 Show data context -
  Rag Gatherer, Dealer - 1 Show data context
24. PERSONS WITHOUT SPECIFIED OCCUPATIONS. 176 Show data context 1,868 Show data context
  Persons returned by Property, Rank &c. and not special occupation 176 Show data context 1,868 Show data context
[UNKNOWN OCCUPATION] 197 Show data context 8,077 Show data context
  [Occupation recorded but of unknown meaning] 45 Show data context 19 Show data context
  [Blank field, or illegible] 152 Show data context 8,058 Show data context

Notes:

The following notes to the table appeared in the original report.

1 This table is a very special case: The original Table 10 as published by Division in the 1881 census reports was limited to data for Registration Divisions, their component Registration Counties, and just those Urban Sanitary Districts with populations of over 50,000. Data presented here for counties and higher-level units are taken from the published reports, as usual, but we also include in A Vision of Britain through Time data for Registration Districts, sub-Districts and Civil Parishes which never appeared in the original reports. These were specially created for us by the History Data Service at the University of Essex and derive from the complete transcription of the individual-level Enumerators Book data coordinated by the Genealogical Society of Utah.
2 In creating these data, each occupation listed in the enumerators books has been assigned as far as possible to the relevant category used in the published reports, but some additional categories with labels in square brackets unavoidably appear. Unlike the published statistics for higher-level units, these specially-calculated data for districts and parishes include persons under 15 or over 65. For these and other reasons, no attempt has been made to ensure that county totals for the districts or parishes match the published county totals. The remaining notes are those that appeared below the original published table.
3 NOTE.--Persons returned as engaged in more than one occupation have been referred to the one that appeared to be of most importance; or if there was no difference in this respect, to the one first given by the person in his or her return. In some cases special rules have been followed: e.g. "Clergyman and Schoolmaster" in combination has always been referred to "Schoolmaster"; a Member of Parliament or Peer engaged in any branch of commerce or industry has always been referred to this latter, not to "Peer, M.P.".
4 The numbers returned under any heading include Labourers, Apprentices, and Assistants, as well as Masters, but not Clerks, Messengers, Errand boys, Porters, or Watchmen, for which occupations there are special headings. Civil, Military, and Naval Clerks, Law, Bank, Insurance, and Railway Clerks, and Government and Railway Porters, are, however, exceptions to this rule. Many young persons, being Apprentices or Assistants, have therefore been referred to occupations usually followed by adults. Women also, chiefly widows or orphans carrying on the business of their deceased husbands or fathers, will sometimes be found under occupations commonly followed by men only.
5 Persons returned as retired from any business have not been referred to that business. Inmates of workhouses have been referred to their trades, unless their age or infirmities showed that they were past work. But persons who might be supposed to be only temporarily separated from their usual employment, such as Prisoners, and Patients in General Hospitals, have been classed under their usual occupations.
6 In some cases, for convenience of space, the male designation, e.g. "Schoolmaster", alone is given, instead of "Schoolmaster, Schoolmistress".

Click on the triangles for all about a particular number.

This website does not try to provide an exact replica of the original printed census tables, which often had thousands of rows and far more columns than will fit on our web pages. Instead, we let you drill down from national totals to the most detailed data available. The column headings are those that appeared in the original printed report. The numbers presented here, which are the same ones we use to create statistical maps and graphs, come from the census table and have usually been carefully checked.

The system can only hold statistics for units listed in our administrative gazetteer, so some rows from the original table may be missing. Sometimes big low-level units, like urban parishes, were divided between more than one higher-level units, like Registration sub-Districts. This is why some pages will give a higher figure for a lower-level unit: it covers the whole of the lower-level unit, not just the part within the current higher-level unit.


Acknowledgments:

We are grateful to the following contributors. If you make use of the data in your own work, please follow any instructions given here on acknowledgment and re-use.

(1) Kevin Schurer (Department of Geography, University of Cambridge). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)

(2) Matthew Woollard (UK Data Service, University of Essex). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)