1881 Census of England and Wales, Tables: Ages, Condition as to Marriage, Occupations and Birthplaces of people, Table 10 : " Occupations of Males and Females in the Division and its Registration Counties".

List Plymouth Inc/RegD Plymouth St Andrew AP/CP
OCCUPATIONS. Males.
[1]
Females.
[2]
1. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE GENERAL OR LOCAL GOVERNMENT OF THE COUNTRY. 205 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Civil Service (officers and clerks) 94 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Civil Service (messengers, &c.) 30 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Prison Service, &c. 1 Show data context -
  Police 56 Show data context -
  Municipal, Parish, Union, District, Officer 14 Show data context -
  Other Local or County Official 10 Show data context -
  East Indian and Colonial Service - 4 Show data context
2. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE DEFENCE OF THE COUNTRY. 1,478 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Army Officer (effective/retired) 55 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Soldier and Non-commissioned officer 591 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Militia, Yeomanry, Volunteers 9 Show data context -
  Army Pensioner 39 Show data context -
  Navy Officer (effective/retired) 80 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Seaman, R.N. 356 Show data context -
  Royal Marines (officers/men) 42 Show data context -
  Navy Pensioner 306 Show data context 3 Show data context
3. PERSONS ENGAGED IN PROFESSIONAL OCCUPATIONS (WITH THEIR IMMEDIATE SUBORDINATES). 401 Show data context 401 Show data context
  Clergymen (Established Church) 20 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Roman Catholic Priest 4 Show data context -
  Minister, Priest of other religious bodies 10 Show data context -
  Missionary, Scripture Reader, Itinerant preacher 11 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Nun, Sister of Charity - 5 Show data context
  Theological Student 7 Show data context -
  Church, chapel, cemetery - officer, servant 4 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Barrister, Solicitor 28 Show data context -
  Law Student 4 Show data context -
  Law Clerk, and others connected with the law 37 Show data context -
  Physician, Surgeon, General Practitioner 28 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Dentist 10 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Medical Student, Assistant 5 Show data context -
  Midwife - 3 Show data context
  Subordinate Medical Service 4 Show data context 73 Show data context
  Schoolmaster 66 Show data context 202 Show data context
  Teacher, Professor, Lecturer 9 Show data context 45 Show data context
  School Service, and others connected with teaching 4 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Author, Editor, Journalist 10 Show data context -
  Reporter, Short-hand Writer 1 Show data context -
  Persons engaged in Scientific Pursuits 1 Show data context -
  Literary, Scientific, Institution, Service, &c. - 1 Show data context
  Civil Engineer 9 Show data context -
  Mining Engineer 1 Show data context -
  Land, House, Ship, Surveyor 1 Show data context -
  Painter (artist) 11 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Engraver (artist) 3 Show data context -
  Sculptor 2 Show data context -
  Architect 6 Show data context -
  Musician, Music Master 53 Show data context 35 Show data context
  Art Student 3 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Photographer 23 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Actor 8 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Art, Music, Theatre Service 3 Show data context -
  Performer, Showman, Exhibition, Service 5 Show data context -
  Billiard, Cricket & other Games, Service 10 Show data context -
4. PERSONS ENGAGED IN DOMESTIC OFFICES OR SERVICES. 185 Show data context 3,169 Show data context
  Domestic Coachman, Groom 16 Show data context -
  Domestic Gardener 2 Show data context -
  Domestic Indoor Servant 93 Show data context 2,405 Show data context
  Lodge, Gate, Park Keeper (not Government) 3 Show data context -
  Inn, Hotel Servant 49 Show data context 54 Show data context
  College, Club Service 2 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Office Keeper (not Government) 1 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Cook (not domestic) 7 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Charwoman - 317 Show data context
  Washing and Bathing Service 4 Show data context 360 Show data context
  Hospital and Institution Service 6 Show data context 23 Show data context
  Others engaged in Service 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
5. PERSONS ENGAGED IN COMMERCIAL OCCUPATIONS. 500 Show data context 28 Show data context
  Merchant 13 Show data context -
  Broker, Agent, Factor 43 Show data context -
  Auctioneer, Appraiser, Valuer, House Agent 8 Show data context -
  Accountant 48 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Salesman, Buyer (not otherwise specified) 3 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Commercial Traveller 122 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Commercial Clerk 209 Show data context 21 Show data context
  Officer of Commercial Company, Guild, Society &c. 3 Show data context -
  Banker 1 Show data context -
  Bank Service 24 Show data context -
  Bill Discounter, Bill Broker, Finance Agent 2 Show data context -
  Life, House, Ship &c., Insurance Service 24 Show data context -
6. PERSONS ENGAGED IN CONVEYANCE OF MEN, GOODS, AND MESSAGES. 2,030 Show data context 21 Show data context
  Railway Engine Driver, Stoker 65 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Railway Guard 31 Show data context -
  Pointsman, Level Crossing Man 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Other Railway Officials and Servants 169 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Toll Collector, Turnpike Gate Keeper 1 Show data context -
  Omnibus, Coach, Cab, Owner - Livery Stable Keeper 21 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Cabman, Flyman, Coachman (not domestic) 98 Show data context -
  Carman, Carrier, Carter, Haulier 148 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Tramway Companies' Service 18 Show data context -
  Wheel Chair Proprietor, Attendant &c. 1 Show data context -
  Inland Navigation Service 1 Show data context -
  Bargeman, Lighterman, Waterman 81 Show data context -
  Navigation Service (on shore) 6 Show data context -
  Seaman (Merchant Service) 905 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Pilot 18 Show data context -
  Ship Steward, Cook 32 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Boatman on Seas 2 Show data context -
  Harbour, Dock, Wharf, Lighthouse Service 130 Show data context -
  Warehouseman (not Manchester) 41 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Meter, Weigher 1 Show data context -
  Messenger, Porter, Watchman (not Railway or Government) 249 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Telegraph, Telephone Service 9 Show data context 2 Show data context
7. PERSONS ENGAGED IN AGRICULTURE. 120 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Farmer, Grazier 9 Show data context -
  Farmer's, Grazier's - Son, Grandson, Brother, Nephew 1 Show data context -
  Farm Bailiff 21 Show data context -
  Agricultural Labourer, Farm Servant, Cottager 48 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Others engaged in, or connected with agriculture 1 Show data context -
  Nurseryman, Seedsman, Florist 5 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Gardener (not domestic) 35 Show data context -
8. PERSONS ENGAGED ABOUT ANIMALS. 449 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Horse Proprietor, Breeder, Dealer 5 Show data context -
  Groom, Horse-keeper, Horse-breaker 69 Show data context -
  Veterinary Surgeon, Farrier 9 Show data context -
  Cattle, Sheep, Pig - Dealer, Salesman 3 Show data context -
  Drover 15 Show data context -
  Dog, Bird, Animal - Keeper, Dealer 1 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Fisherman 347 Show data context 1 Show data context
9. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN BOOKS, PRINTS, AND MAPS. 251 Show data context 33 Show data context
  Publisher, Bookseller, Librarian 19 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Music-Publisher, Seller, Printer 2 Show data context -
  Bookbinder 30 Show data context 25 Show data context
  Printer 172 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Newspaper Agent, News Room Keeper 11 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Lithographer, Lithographic Printer 17 Show data context -
10. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN MACHINES AND IMPLEMENTS. 261 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Engine, Machine Maker 43 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Millwright 6 Show data context -
  Fitter, Turner (Engine and Machine) 76 Show data context -
  Boiler Maker 25 Show data context -
  Cutler, Scissors Maker 7 Show data context 1 Show data context
  File Maker 1 Show data context -
  Saw Maker 3 Show data context -
  Watch Maker, Clock Maker 53 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Philosophical Instrument Maker 10 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Electrical Apparatus Maker 2 Show data context -
  Weighing and Measuring Apparatus Maker 2 Show data context -
  Surgical Instrument Maker 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Gunsmith, Gun Manufacturer 8 Show data context -
  Musical Instrument Maker, Dealer 23 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Apparatus for other games, Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
11. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN HOUSES, FURNITURE, AND DECORATIONS. 1,633 Show data context 51 Show data context
  Builder 50 Show data context -
  Carpenter, Joiner 493 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Bricklayer 12 Show data context -
  Mason 438 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Plasterer, Whitewasher 115 Show data context -
  Paperhanger 1 Show data context -
  Plumber 125 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Painter, Glazier 228 Show data context -
  Cabinet Maker 89 Show data context 35 Show data context
  French Polisher 26 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Furniture Broker, Dealer 8 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Locksmith, Bellhanger 4 Show data context -
  Gas Fitter 9 Show data context -
  Funeral Furniture Maker, Undertaker 1 Show data context -
  Wood Carver 15 Show data context -
  Carver, Gilder 15 Show data context -
  Dealer in Works of Art 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Figure, Image - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Animal, Bird &c. Preserver, Naturalist 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
12. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CARRIAGES AND HARNESS. 102 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Coachmaker 47 Show data context -
  Railway Carriage, Railway Wagon, Maker 1 Show data context -
  Wheelwright 31 Show data context -
  Bicycle, Tricycle - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Saddler, Harness, Whip Maker 22 Show data context 1 Show data context
13. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN SHIPS AND BOATS. 405 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Ship, Boat, Barge Builder 119 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Shipwright, Ship Carpenter (ashore) 218 Show data context -
  Mast, Yard, Oar, Block Maker 13 Show data context -
  Ship Rigger, Chandler, Fitter 22 Show data context -
  Sail Maker 33 Show data context -
14. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CHEMICALS AND COMPOUNDS. 47 Show data context 17 Show data context
  Ink, Blacking, Colour Substance Manufacture - 15 Show data context
  Fusee, Fireworks, Explosive Article Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Chemist, Druggist 43 Show data context -
  Manufacturing Chemist 3 Show data context 2 Show data context
15. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TOBACCO AND PIPES. 10 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Tobacco Manufacture, Tobacconist 10 Show data context 6 Show data context
16. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN FOOD AND LODGING. 970 Show data context 311 Show data context
  Innkeeper, Hotel Keeper, Publican 111 Show data context 22 Show data context
  Lodging, Boarding House Keeper 18 Show data context 106 Show data context
  Coffee, Eating House, Keeper 14 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Maltster 5 Show data context -
  Brewer 30 Show data context -
  Beerseller, Ale, Porter, Cider Dealer 37 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Cellarman 20 Show data context -
  Wine, Spirit - Merchant, Agent 24 Show data context -
  Milkseller, Dairyman 40 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Cheesemonger, Butterman 1 Show data context -
  Butcher, Meat Salesman 110 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Provision Curer, Dealer 19 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Poulterer, Game Dealer 3 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Fishmonger 52 Show data context 36 Show data context
  Corn, Flour, Seed Merchant, Dealer 19 Show data context -
  Corn Miller 26 Show data context -
  Baker 182 Show data context 18 Show data context
  Confectioner, Pastrycook 29 Show data context 14 Show data context
  Greengrocer, Fruiterer 31 Show data context 42 Show data context
  Mustard, Vinegar, Spice, Pickle Maker, Dealer - 2 Show data context
  Sugar Refiner 9 Show data context -
  Grocer. Tea, Coffee, Chocolate Maker, Dealer 176 Show data context 35 Show data context
  Ginger Beer, Mineral Water Manufacturer, Dealer 14 Show data context -
17. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TEXTILE FABRICS. 197 Show data context 263 Show data context
  Woolstapler - 1 Show data context
  Woollen Cloth Manufacture 2 Show data context -
  Worsted, Stuff, Manufacture - 1 Show data context
  Cloth, Worsted, Stuff, Flannel, Blanket Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Silk Merchant, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Flax, Linen - Manufacturer, Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Lace Manufacturer, Dealer - 13 Show data context
  Rope, Twine, Cord - Maker, Dealer 22 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Mat Maker, Seller 2 Show data context -
  Net Maker - 1 Show data context
  Canvas, Sailcloth Manufacture 5 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Sacking, Sack, Bag - Maker, Dealer 2 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Others working and Dealing in Hemp - 1 Show data context
  Weaver (undefined) - 3 Show data context
  Dyer, Printer, Scourer, Bleacher, Calenderer (undefined) 11 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Factory Hand (textile, undefined) - 1 Show data context
  Carpet, Rug Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Draper, Linen Draper, Mercer 144 Show data context 211 Show data context
  Fancy Goods (Textile) Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 2 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Embroiderer - 1 Show data context
18. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN DRESS. 499 Show data context 1,670 Show data context
  Hatter, Hat Manufacture 13 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Straw - Hat, Bonnet, Plait Manufacture - 4 Show data context
  Tailor 176 Show data context 309 Show data context
  Milliner, Dressmaker, Staymaker 3 Show data context 1,106 Show data context
  Shirt Maker, Seamstress 2 Show data context 184 Show data context
  Hosiery Manufacture - 1 Show data context
  Hosier, Haberdasher 8 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Shoe, Boot - Maker, Dealer 249 Show data context 42 Show data context
  Wig Maker, Hair Dresser 42 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Umbrella, Parasol, Stick - Maker, Dealer 2 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Old Clothes Dealer, and others 4 Show data context 3 Show data context
19. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS ANIMAL SUBSTANCES. 85 Show data context 23 Show data context
  Tallow Chandler, Candle, Grease Manufacture 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Soap Boiler, Maker 26 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Manure Manufacture 7 Show data context -
  Furrier, Skinner 2 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Tanner, Fellmonger 11 Show data context -
  Currier 7 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Leather Goods, Portmanteau, Bag, Strap &c., Maker, Dealer 4 Show data context -
  Brush, Broom, Maker 26 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Quill, Feather - Dresser, Dealer - 5 Show data context
20. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS VEGETABLE SUBSTANCES. 197 Show data context 53 Show data context
  Oil and Colourman 2 Show data context -
  India Rubber, Gutta Percha - Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Waterproof Goods - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Willow, Cane, Rush Worker, Dealer, Basketmaker 31 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Hay, Straw (not plait), Chaff, Cutter, Dealer 6 Show data context -
  Timber, Wood - Merchant, Dealer 17 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Sawyer 64 Show data context -
  Lath, Wooden Fence, Hurdle Maker 10 Show data context -
  Wood Turner, Box Maker 9 Show data context -
  Cooper, Hoop Maker, Bender 21 Show data context -
  Cork, Bark - Cutter, Worker, Dealer 7 Show data context -
  Others 1 Show data context -
  Paper Manufacture 1 Show data context 24 Show data context
  Stationer, Law Stationer 16 Show data context 14 Show data context
  Paper Stainer 1 Show data context -
  Paper Box, Paper Bag Maker 1 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Ticket, Label Writer 1 Show data context -
  Others 7 Show data context -
21. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS MINERAL SUBSTANCES. 510 Show data context 19 Show data context
  Coal Miner 3 Show data context -
  Ironstone Miner 1 Show data context -
  Copper Miner 2 Show data context -
  Tin Miner 6 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Lead Miner 1 Show data context -
  Miner, in other or undefined Minerals 4 Show data context -
  Mine Service 1 Show data context -
  [Haulier] [not in Census Report but in codebook] 1 Show data context -
  Coal Merchant 25 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Coalheaver 51 Show data context -
  Coke, Charcoal, Peat - Cutter, Burner, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Gas Works Service 17 Show data context -
  Stone Quarrier 14 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Stone Cutter, Dresser, Dealer 19 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Slate Worker, Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Limeburner 1 Show data context -
  Clay, Sand, Gravel, Chalk, Labourer, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Plaster, Cement Manufacture 2 Show data context -
  Paviour 9 Show data context -
  Road Labourer 4 Show data context -
  Platelayer 8 Show data context -
  Railway Labourer, Navvy 22 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Porcelain, Manufacture 3 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Glass Dealer 11 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Waterworks Service 1 Show data context -
  Others 2 Show data context -
  Goldsmith, Silversmith, Jeweller 19 Show data context 3 Show data context
  [Iron Manufacture] 34 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Blacksmith 144 Show data context -
  Whitesmith 8 Show data context -
  Ironmonger. Hardware Dealer, Merchant 43 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Copper, Copper Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer - 1 Show data context
  Tin, Tin Plate, Tin Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 13 Show data context -
  Lead, Leaden Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Brass, Bronze Manufacture. Brazier 29 Show data context -
  Metal Burnisher, Lacquerer 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  White Metal, Plated Ware, Manufacture. Pewterer 1 Show data context -
  Wire Maker, Worker, Weaver, Drawer 2 Show data context -
  Lamp, Lantern, Candlestick Maker 1 Show data context -
22. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN GENERAL OR UNSPECIFIED COMMODITIES. 1,621 Show data context 388 Show data context
  General Shopkeeper, Dealer 84 Show data context 163 Show data context
  Pawnbroker 23 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Costermonger, Huckster, Street Seller 96 Show data context 90 Show data context
  Manufacturer, Manager, Superintendant (undefined) 110 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Contractor (undefined) 9 Show data context 1 Show data context
  General Labourer 1,036 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Engine Driver, Stoker, Fireman (not railway, marine or agricultural) 147 Show data context -
  Artizan, Mechanic (undefined) 69 Show data context 33 Show data context
  Apprentice (undefined) 21 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Factory Labourer (undefined) 23 Show data context 24 Show data context
  Machinist, Machine Worker (undefined) 3 Show data context 53 Show data context
23. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN REFUSE MATTERS. 19 Show data context -
  Chimney Sweep, Soot Merchant 14 Show data context -
  Scavenger, Crossing Sweeper 2 Show data context -
  Rag Gatherer, Dealer 3 Show data context -
24. PERSONS WITHOUT SPECIFIED OCCUPATIONS. 325 Show data context 1,569 Show data context
  Persons returned by Property, Rank &c. and not special occupation 325 Show data context 1,569 Show data context
[UNKNOWN OCCUPATION] 208 Show data context 6,901 Show data context
  [Occupation recorded but of unknown meaning] 20 Show data context 12 Show data context
  [Blank field, or illegible] 188 Show data context 6,889 Show data context

Notes:

The following notes to the table appeared in the original report.

1 This table is a very special case: The original Table 10 as published by Division in the 1881 census reports was limited to data for Registration Divisions, their component Registration Counties, and just those Urban Sanitary Districts with populations of over 50,000. Data presented here for counties and higher-level units are taken from the published reports, as usual, but we also include in A Vision of Britain through Time data for Registration Districts, sub-Districts and Civil Parishes which never appeared in the original reports. These were specially created for us by the History Data Service at the University of Essex and derive from the complete transcription of the individual-level Enumerators Book data coordinated by the Genealogical Society of Utah.
2 In creating these data, each occupation listed in the enumerators books has been assigned as far as possible to the relevant category used in the published reports, but some additional categories with labels in square brackets unavoidably appear. Unlike the published statistics for higher-level units, these specially-calculated data for districts and parishes include persons under 15 or over 65. For these and other reasons, no attempt has been made to ensure that county totals for the districts or parishes match the published county totals. The remaining notes are those that appeared below the original published table.
3 NOTE.--Persons returned as engaged in more than one occupation have been referred to the one that appeared to be of most importance; or if there was no difference in this respect, to the one first given by the person in his or her return. In some cases special rules have been followed: e.g. "Clergyman and Schoolmaster" in combination has always been referred to "Schoolmaster"; a Member of Parliament or Peer engaged in any branch of commerce or industry has always been referred to this latter, not to "Peer, M.P.".
4 The numbers returned under any heading include Labourers, Apprentices, and Assistants, as well as Masters, but not Clerks, Messengers, Errand boys, Porters, or Watchmen, for which occupations there are special headings. Civil, Military, and Naval Clerks, Law, Bank, Insurance, and Railway Clerks, and Government and Railway Porters, are, however, exceptions to this rule. Many young persons, being Apprentices or Assistants, have therefore been referred to occupations usually followed by adults. Women also, chiefly widows or orphans carrying on the business of their deceased husbands or fathers, will sometimes be found under occupations commonly followed by men only.
5 Persons returned as retired from any business have not been referred to that business. Inmates of workhouses have been referred to their trades, unless their age or infirmities showed that they were past work. But persons who might be supposed to be only temporarily separated from their usual employment, such as Prisoners, and Patients in General Hospitals, have been classed under their usual occupations.
6 In some cases, for convenience of space, the male designation, e.g. "Schoolmaster", alone is given, instead of "Schoolmaster, Schoolmistress".

Click on the triangles for all about a particular number.

This website does not try to provide an exact replica of the original printed census tables, which often had thousands of rows and far more columns than will fit on our web pages. Instead, we let you drill down from national totals to the most detailed data available. The column headings are those that appeared in the original printed report. The numbers presented here, which are the same ones we use to create statistical maps and graphs, come from the census table and have usually been carefully checked.

The system can only hold statistics for units listed in our administrative gazetteer, so some rows from the original table may be missing. Sometimes big low-level units, like urban parishes, were divided between more than one higher-level units, like Registration sub-Districts. This is why some pages will give a higher figure for a lower-level unit: it covers the whole of the lower-level unit, not just the part within the current higher-level unit.


Acknowledgments:

We are grateful to the following contributors. If you make use of the data in your own work, please follow any instructions given here on acknowledgment and re-use.

(1) Kevin Schurer (Department of Geography, University of Cambridge). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)

(2) Matthew Woollard (UK Data Service, University of Essex). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)