1881 Census of England and Wales, Tables: Ages, Condition as to Marriage, Occupations and Birthplaces of people, Table 10 : " Occupations of Males and Females in the Division and its Registration Counties".

List West Riding RegC Wharfedale PLU/RegD
OCCUPATIONS. Males.
[1]
Females.
[2]
1. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE GENERAL OR LOCAL GOVERNMENT OF THE COUNTRY. 93 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Civil Service (officers and clerks) 10 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Civil Service (messengers, &c.) 19 Show data context -
  Prison Service, &c. 1 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Police 31 Show data context -
  Municipal, Parish, Union, District, Officer 21 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Other Local or County Official 10 Show data context -
  East Indian and Colonial Service 1 Show data context -
2. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE DEFENCE OF THE COUNTRY. 18 Show data context -
  Army Officer (effective/retired) 8 Show data context -
  Soldier and Non-commissioned officer 1 Show data context -
  Militia, Yeomanry, Volunteers 2 Show data context -
  Army Pensioner 5 Show data context -
  Seaman, R.N. 2 Show data context -
3. PERSONS ENGAGED IN PROFESSIONAL OCCUPATIONS (WITH THEIR IMMEDIATE SUBORDINATES). 379 Show data context 299 Show data context
  Clergymen (Established Church) 24 Show data context -
  Roman Catholic Priest 3 Show data context -
  Minister, Priest of other religious bodies 22 Show data context -
  Missionary, Scripture Reader, Itinerant preacher 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Theological Student 13 Show data context -
  Church, chapel, cemetery - officer, servant 12 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Barrister, Solicitor 35 Show data context -
  Law Student 1 Show data context -
  Law Clerk, and others connected with the law 25 Show data context -
  Physician, Surgeon, General Practitioner 20 Show data context -
  Dentist 5 Show data context -
  Medical Student, Assistant 9 Show data context -
  Midwife - 1 Show data context
  Subordinate Medical Service 2 Show data context 46 Show data context
  Schoolmaster 93 Show data context 180 Show data context
  Teacher, Professor, Lecturer 5 Show data context 37 Show data context
  School Service, and others connected with teaching 7 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Author, Editor, Journalist 5 Show data context -
  Reporter, Short-hand Writer 2 Show data context -
  Persons engaged in Scientific Pursuits 1 Show data context -
  Civil Engineer 8 Show data context -
  Mining Engineer 2 Show data context -
  Land, House, Ship, Surveyor 5 Show data context -
  Painter (artist) 8 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Sculptor 2 Show data context -
  Architect 25 Show data context -
  Musician, Music Master 15 Show data context 16 Show data context
  Art Student 4 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Photographer 11 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Actor 9 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Art, Music, Theatre Service 1 Show data context -
  Billiard, Cricket & other Games, Service 4 Show data context -
4. PERSONS ENGAGED IN DOMESTIC OFFICES OR SERVICES. 369 Show data context 2,201 Show data context
  Domestic Coachman, Groom 141 Show data context -
  Domestic Gardener 109 Show data context -
  Domestic Indoor Servant 75 Show data context 2,011 Show data context
  Lodge, Gate, Park Keeper (not Government) 3 Show data context -
  Inn, Hotel Servant 26 Show data context 11 Show data context
  College, Club Service 1 Show data context -
  Office Keeper (not Government) 1 Show data context -
  Charwoman - 71 Show data context
  Washing and Bathing Service 11 Show data context 100 Show data context
  Hospital and Institution Service 1 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Others engaged in Service 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
5. PERSONS ENGAGED IN COMMERCIAL OCCUPATIONS. 390 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Merchant 11 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Broker, Agent, Factor 41 Show data context -
  Auctioneer, Appraiser, Valuer, House Agent 16 Show data context -
  Accountant 18 Show data context -
  Salesman, Buyer (not otherwise specified) 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Commercial Traveller 53 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Commercial Clerk 188 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Banker 1 Show data context -
  Bank Service 33 Show data context -
  Bill Discounter, Bill Broker, Finance Agent 2 Show data context -
  Life, House, Ship &c., Insurance Service 23 Show data context -
6. PERSONS ENGAGED IN CONVEYANCE OF MEN, GOODS, AND MESSAGES. 312 Show data context -
  Railway Engine Driver, Stoker 10 Show data context -
  Railway Guard 6 Show data context -
  Pointsman, Level Crossing Man 6 Show data context -
  Other Railway Officials and Servants 123 Show data context -
  Toll Collector, Turnpike Gate Keeper 2 Show data context -
  Omnibus, Coach, Cab, Owner - Livery Stable Keeper 11 Show data context -
  Cabman, Flyman, Coachman (not domestic) 29 Show data context -
  Carman, Carrier, Carter, Haulier 64 Show data context -
  Inland Navigation Service 1 Show data context -
  Navigation Service (on shore) 1 Show data context -
  Seaman (Merchant Service) 2 Show data context -
  Warehouseman (not Manchester) 11 Show data context -
  Meter, Weigher 1 Show data context -
  Messenger, Porter, Watchman (not Railway or Government) 41 Show data context -
  Telegraph, Telephone Service 4 Show data context -
7. PERSONS ENGAGED IN AGRICULTURE. 1,772 Show data context 44 Show data context
  Farmer, Grazier 527 Show data context 30 Show data context
  Farmer's, Grazier's - Son, Grandson, Brother, Nephew 221 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Farm Bailiff 20 Show data context -
  Agricultural Labourer, Farm Servant, Cottager 764 Show data context 12 Show data context
  Shepherd 2 Show data context -
  Agricultural Student 1 Show data context -
  Woodman 9 Show data context -
  Nurseryman, Seedsman, Florist 4 Show data context -
  Gardener (not domestic) 224 Show data context 1 Show data context
8. PERSONS ENGAGED ABOUT ANIMALS. 87 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Horse Proprietor, Breeder, Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Groom, Horse-keeper, Horse-breaker 32 Show data context -
  Veterinary Surgeon, Farrier 3 Show data context -
  Cattle, Sheep, Pig - Dealer, Salesman 17 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Drover 1 Show data context -
  Gamekeeper 31 Show data context -
9. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN BOOKS, PRINTS, AND MAPS. 124 Show data context 28 Show data context
  Publisher, Bookseller, Librarian 10 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Bookbinder 17 Show data context 22 Show data context
  Printer 87 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Newspaper Agent, News Room Keeper 5 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Lithographer, Lithographic Printer 5 Show data context -
10. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN MACHINES AND IMPLEMENTS. 524 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Engine, Machine Maker 146 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Millwright 10 Show data context -
  Fitter, Turner (Engine and Machine) 209 Show data context -
  Boiler Maker 2 Show data context -
  Spinning and Weaving Machine Maker 106 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Agricultural Machine and Implement Maker 3 Show data context -
  Tool Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Cutler, Scissors Maker 1 Show data context -
  Saw Maker 1 Show data context -
  Pin Maker 9 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Watch Maker, Clock Maker 17 Show data context -
  Weighing and Measuring Apparatus Maker 4 Show data context -
  Gunsmith, Gun Manufacturer 1 Show data context -
  Musical Instrument Maker, Dealer 13 Show data context -
  Toy Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
11. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN HOUSES, FURNITURE, AND DECORATIONS. 1,242 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Builder 23 Show data context -
  Carpenter, Joiner 385 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Bricklayer 21 Show data context -
  Mason 505 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Slater, Tiler 14 Show data context -
  Plasterer, Whitewasher 57 Show data context -
  Paperhanger 3 Show data context -
  Plumber 76 Show data context -
  Painter, Glazier 103 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Cabinet Maker 41 Show data context -
  French Polisher 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Furniture Broker, Dealer 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Gas Fitter 3 Show data context -
  Carver, Gilder 2 Show data context -
  Dealer in Works of Art 1 Show data context -
  Figure, Image - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
12. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CARRIAGES AND HARNESS. 75 Show data context -
  Coachmaker 10 Show data context -
  Railway Carriage, Railway Wagon, Maker 1 Show data context -
  Wheelwright 42 Show data context -
  Others 3 Show data context -
  Saddler, Harness, Whip Maker 19 Show data context -
13. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN SHIPS AND BOATS. 3 Show data context -
  Ship, Boat, Barge Builder 2 Show data context -
  Shipwright, Ship Carpenter (ashore) 1 Show data context -
14. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CHEMICALS AND COMPOUNDS. 38 Show data context -
  Dye, Paint Manufacture 2 Show data context -
  Chemist, Druggist 22 Show data context -
  Manufacturing Chemist 11 Show data context -
  Drysalter 3 Show data context -
15. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TOBACCO AND PIPES. 8 Show data context -
  Tobacco Manufacture, Tobacconist 8 Show data context -
16. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN FOOD AND LODGING. 677 Show data context 147 Show data context
  Innkeeper, Hotel Keeper, Publican 77 Show data context 17 Show data context
  Lodging, Boarding House Keeper 7 Show data context 30 Show data context
  Coffee, Eating House, Keeper 6 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Hop - Merchant, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Maltster 13 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Brewer 29 Show data context -
  Beerseller, Ale, Porter, Cider Dealer 15 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Wine, Spirit - Merchant, Agent 9 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Milkseller, Dairyman 29 Show data context -
  Cheesemonger, Butterman 3 Show data context -
  Butcher, Meat Salesman 145 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Provision Curer, Dealer 9 Show data context -
  Poulterer, Game Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Fishmonger 4 Show data context -
  Corn, Flour, Seed Merchant, Dealer 7 Show data context -
  Corn Miller 52 Show data context -
  Baker 14 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Confectioner, Pastrycook 5 Show data context 29 Show data context
  Greengrocer, Fruiterer 41 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Mustard, Vinegar, Spice, Pickle Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Grocer. Tea, Coffee, Chocolate Maker, Dealer 205 Show data context 50 Show data context
  Ginger Beer, Mineral Water Manufacturer, Dealer 3 Show data context -
17. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TEXTILE FABRICS. 3,346 Show data context 2,757 Show data context
  Woolstapler 31 Show data context -
  Woollen Cloth Manufacture 1,703 Show data context 1,375 Show data context
  Wool, Woollen goods - Dyer, Printer 13 Show data context -
  Worsted, Stuff, Manufacture 851 Show data context 1,125 Show data context
  Blanket Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Fuller 42 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Cloth, Worsted, Stuff, Flannel, Blanket Dealer 119 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Silk, Silk Goods, Manufacture 23 Show data context 51 Show data context
  Cotton, Cotton Goods Manufacture 183 Show data context 31 Show data context
  Cotton, Calico - Printer, Dyer, Bleacher 5 Show data context -
  Cotton, Calico - Warehouseman, Dealer 5 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Flax, Linen - Manufacturer, Dealer 24 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Rope, Twine, Cord - Maker, Dealer 45 Show data context 12 Show data context
  Sacking, Sack, Bag - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Weaver (undefined) 55 Show data context 85 Show data context
  Dyer, Printer, Scourer, Bleacher, Calenderer (undefined) 125 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Factory Hand (textile, undefined) 55 Show data context 40 Show data context
  Felt Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Carpet, Rug Manufacture 3 Show data context -
  Manchester Warehouseman 2 Show data context -
  Draper, Linen Draper, Mercer 57 Show data context 22 Show data context
  Fancy Goods (Textile) Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Others 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
18. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN DRESS. 405 Show data context 577 Show data context
  Hatter, Hat Manufacture 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Straw - Hat, Bonnet, Plait Manufacture - 2 Show data context
  Tailor 170 Show data context 12 Show data context
  Milliner, Dressmaker, Staymaker 4 Show data context 527 Show data context
  Shawl Manufacture 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Shirt Maker, Seamstress 1 Show data context 25 Show data context
  Hosier, Haberdasher 5 Show data context -
  Shoe, Boot - Maker, Dealer 174 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Patten, Clog Maker 24 Show data context -
  Wig Maker, Hair Dresser 20 Show data context -
  Umbrella, Parasol, Stick - Maker, Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Old Clothes Dealer, and others 1 Show data context 2 Show data context
19. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS ANIMAL SUBSTANCES. 273 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Tallow Chandler, Candle, Grease Manufacture 8 Show data context -
  Soap Boiler, Maker 6 Show data context -
  Glue, Size, Gelatine, Isinglass - Maker, Dealer 8 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Bone, Horn, Ivory, Tortoise-shell - Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Furrier, Skinner 15 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Tanner, Fellmonger 70 Show data context -
  Currier 160 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Leather Goods, Portmanteau, Bag, Strap &c., Maker, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Brush, Broom, Maker 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
20. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS VEGETABLE SUBSTANCES. 82 Show data context 20 Show data context
  Oil Miller, Oil Cake - Maker, Dealer 5 Show data context -
  Oil and Colourman 1 Show data context -
  India Rubber, Gutta Percha - Worker, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Willow, Cane, Rush Worker, Dealer, Basketmaker 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Hay, Straw (not plait), Chaff, Cutter, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Timber, Wood - Merchant, Dealer 7 Show data context -
  Sawyer 4 Show data context -
  Wood Turner, Box Maker 13 Show data context -
  Cooper, Hoop Maker, Bender 2 Show data context -
  Paper Manufacture 26 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Stationer, Law Stationer 16 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Others 1 Show data context 4 Show data context
21. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS MINERAL SUBSTANCES. 1,203 Show data context 12 Show data context
  Coal Miner 26 Show data context -
  Ironstone Miner 1 Show data context -
  Miner, in other or undefined Minerals 2 Show data context -
  Mine Service 1 Show data context -
  Coal Merchant 52 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Coalheaver 9 Show data context -
  Gas Works Service 23 Show data context -
  Stone Quarrier 245 Show data context -
  Stone Cutter, Dresser, Dealer 24 Show data context -
  Slate Worker, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Clay, Sand, Gravel, Chalk, Labourer, Dealer 5 Show data context -
  Plaster, Cement Manufacture 3 Show data context -
  Brick, Tile - Maker, Burner, Dealer 19 Show data context -
  Paviour 1 Show data context -
  Road Contractor, Surveyor, Inspector 2 Show data context -
  Road Labourer 25 Show data context -
  Platelayer 47 Show data context -
  Railway Labourer, Navvy 210 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Porcelain, Manufacture 2 Show data context -
  Glass Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Glass Dealer 6 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Salt Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Waterworks Service 3 Show data context -
  Goldsmith, Silversmith, Jeweller 9 Show data context 3 Show data context
  [Iron Manufacture] 188 Show data context -
  [Steel Manufacture] 10 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Blacksmith 191 Show data context -
  Whitesmith 23 Show data context -
  Nail Manufacture 1 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Ironmonger. Hardware Dealer, Merchant 26 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Copper, Copper Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  [Coppersmith] 2 Show data context -
  Tin, Tin Plate, Tin Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 28 Show data context -
  Lead, Leaden Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Metal Refiner, Worker, Turner, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Brass, Bronze Manufacture. Brazier 3 Show data context -
  Wire Maker, Worker, Weaver, Drawer 8 Show data context -
  Bolt, Nut, Rivet, Screw, Staple Maker 1 Show data context -
  Lamp, Lantern, Candlestick Maker - 1 Show data context
22. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN GENERAL OR UNSPECIFIED COMMODITIES. 645 Show data context 86 Show data context
  General Shopkeeper, Dealer 19 Show data context 17 Show data context
  Pawnbroker 4 Show data context -
  Costermonger, Huckster, Street Seller 41 Show data context 12 Show data context
  Manufacturer, Manager, Superintendant (undefined) 16 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Contractor (undefined) 6 Show data context -
  General Labourer 388 Show data context -
  Engine Driver, Stoker, Fireman (not railway, marine or agricultural) 94 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Artizan, Mechanic (undefined) 42 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Apprentice (undefined) 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Factory Labourer (undefined) 30 Show data context 41 Show data context
  Machinist, Machine Worker (undefined) 2 Show data context 3 Show data context
23. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN REFUSE MATTERS. 14 Show data context -
  Town Drainage Service 1 Show data context -
  Chimney Sweep, Soot Merchant 9 Show data context -
  Rag Gatherer, Dealer 4 Show data context -
24. PERSONS WITHOUT SPECIFIED OCCUPATIONS. 225 Show data context 1,601 Show data context
  Persons returned by Property, Rank &c. and not special occupation 225 Show data context 1,601 Show data context
[UNKNOWN OCCUPATION] 186 Show data context 6,267 Show data context
  [Occupation recorded but of unknown meaning] - 3 Show data context
  [Blank field, or illegible] 186 Show data context 6,264 Show data context

Notes:

The following notes to the table appeared in the original report.

1 This table is a very special case: The original Table 10 as published by Division in the 1881 census reports was limited to data for Registration Divisions, their component Registration Counties, and just those Urban Sanitary Districts with populations of over 50,000. Data presented here for counties and higher-level units are taken from the published reports, as usual, but we also include in A Vision of Britain through Time data for Registration Districts, sub-Districts and Civil Parishes which never appeared in the original reports. These were specially created for us by the History Data Service at the University of Essex and derive from the complete transcription of the individual-level Enumerators Book data coordinated by the Genealogical Society of Utah.
2 In creating these data, each occupation listed in the enumerators books has been assigned as far as possible to the relevant category used in the published reports, but some additional categories with labels in square brackets unavoidably appear. Unlike the published statistics for higher-level units, these specially-calculated data for districts and parishes include persons under 15 or over 65. For these and other reasons, no attempt has been made to ensure that county totals for the districts or parishes match the published county totals. The remaining notes are those that appeared below the original published table.
3 NOTE.--Persons returned as engaged in more than one occupation have been referred to the one that appeared to be of most importance; or if there was no difference in this respect, to the one first given by the person in his or her return. In some cases special rules have been followed: e.g. "Clergyman and Schoolmaster" in combination has always been referred to "Schoolmaster"; a Member of Parliament or Peer engaged in any branch of commerce or industry has always been referred to this latter, not to "Peer, M.P.".
4 The numbers returned under any heading include Labourers, Apprentices, and Assistants, as well as Masters, but not Clerks, Messengers, Errand boys, Porters, or Watchmen, for which occupations there are special headings. Civil, Military, and Naval Clerks, Law, Bank, Insurance, and Railway Clerks, and Government and Railway Porters, are, however, exceptions to this rule. Many young persons, being Apprentices or Assistants, have therefore been referred to occupations usually followed by adults. Women also, chiefly widows or orphans carrying on the business of their deceased husbands or fathers, will sometimes be found under occupations commonly followed by men only.
5 Persons returned as retired from any business have not been referred to that business. Inmates of workhouses have been referred to their trades, unless their age or infirmities showed that they were past work. But persons who might be supposed to be only temporarily separated from their usual employment, such as Prisoners, and Patients in General Hospitals, have been classed under their usual occupations.
6 In some cases, for convenience of space, the male designation, e.g. "Schoolmaster", alone is given, instead of "Schoolmaster, Schoolmistress".

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This website does not try to provide an exact replica of the original printed census tables, which often had thousands of rows and far more columns than will fit on our web pages. Instead, we let you drill down from national totals to the most detailed data available. The column headings are those that appeared in the original printed report. The numbers presented here, which are the same ones we use to create statistical maps and graphs, come from the census table and have usually been carefully checked.

The system can only hold statistics for units listed in our administrative gazetteer, so some rows from the original table may be missing. Sometimes big low-level units, like urban parishes, were divided between more than one higher-level units, like Registration sub-Districts. This is why some pages will give a higher figure for a lower-level unit: it covers the whole of the lower-level unit, not just the part within the current higher-level unit.


Acknowledgments:

We are grateful to the following contributors. If you make use of the data in your own work, please follow any instructions given here on acknowledgment and re-use.

(1) Kevin Schurer (Department of Geography, University of Cambridge). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)

(2) Matthew Woollard (UK Data Service, University of Essex). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)