1881 Census of England and Wales, Tables: Ages, Condition as to Marriage, Occupations and Birthplaces of people, Table 10 : " Occupations of Males and Females in the Division and its Registration Counties".

List Staffordshire RegC Tamworth PLU/RegD
OCCUPATIONS. Males.
[1]
Females.
[2]
1. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE GENERAL OR LOCAL GOVERNMENT OF THE COUNTRY. 41 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Peer, M.P., Privy Councillor (not otherwise described) 1 Show data context -
  Civil Service (officers and clerks) 4 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Civil Service (messengers, &c.) 13 Show data context -
  Police 14 Show data context -
  Municipal, Parish, Union, District, Officer 5 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Other Local or County Official 4 Show data context -
2. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE DEFENCE OF THE COUNTRY. 8 Show data context -
  Army Officer (effective/retired) 1 Show data context -
  Soldier and Non-commissioned officer 3 Show data context -
  Militia, Yeomanry, Volunteers 3 Show data context -
  Army Pensioner 1 Show data context -
3. PERSONS ENGAGED IN PROFESSIONAL OCCUPATIONS (WITH THEIR IMMEDIATE SUBORDINATES). 111 Show data context 95 Show data context
  Clergymen (Established Church) 25 Show data context -
  Roman Catholic Priest 2 Show data context -
  Minister, Priest of other religious bodies 4 Show data context -
  Missionary, Scripture Reader, Itinerant preacher 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Theological Student 1 Show data context -
  Church, chapel, cemetery - officer, servant 3 Show data context -
  Barrister, Solicitor 5 Show data context -
  Law Student 2 Show data context -
  Law Clerk, and others connected with the law 11 Show data context -
  Physician, Surgeon, General Practitioner 6 Show data context -
  Medical Student, Assistant 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Midwife - 1 Show data context
  Subordinate Medical Service 2 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Schoolmaster 32 Show data context 56 Show data context
  Teacher, Professor, Lecturer - 25 Show data context
  School Service, and others connected with teaching 2 Show data context -
  Author, Editor, Journalist 2 Show data context -
  Civil Engineer 2 Show data context -
  Mining Engineer 7 Show data context -
  Musician, Music Master 1 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Photographer 1 Show data context -
4. PERSONS ENGAGED IN DOMESTIC OFFICES OR SERVICES. 264 Show data context 895 Show data context
  Domestic Coachman, Groom 79 Show data context -
  Domestic Gardener 138 Show data context -
  Domestic Indoor Servant 40 Show data context 794 Show data context
  Inn, Hotel Servant 6 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Charwoman - 21 Show data context
  Washing and Bathing Service 1 Show data context 63 Show data context
  Hospital and Institution Service - 6 Show data context
5. PERSONS ENGAGED IN COMMERCIAL OCCUPATIONS. 106 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Merchant 1 Show data context -
  Broker, Agent, Factor 3 Show data context -
  Auctioneer, Appraiser, Valuer, House Agent 6 Show data context -
  Accountant 3 Show data context -
  Salesman, Buyer (not otherwise specified) 1 Show data context -
  Commercial Traveller 14 Show data context -
  Commercial Clerk 65 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Banker 1 Show data context -
  Bank Service 8 Show data context -
  Life, House, Ship &c., Insurance Service 4 Show data context -
6. PERSONS ENGAGED IN CONVEYANCE OF MEN, GOODS, AND MESSAGES. 195 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Railway Engine Driver, Stoker 2 Show data context -
  Pointsman, Level Crossing Man 10 Show data context -
  Other Railway Officials and Servants 77 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Toll Collector, Turnpike Gate Keeper 1 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Omnibus, Coach, Cab, Owner - Livery Stable Keeper 1 Show data context -
  Cabman, Flyman, Coachman (not domestic) 8 Show data context -
  Carman, Carrier, Carter, Haulier 41 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Inland Navigation Service 5 Show data context -
  Bargeman, Lighterman, Waterman 8 Show data context -
  Harbour, Dock, Wharf, Lighthouse Service 1 Show data context -
  Warehouseman (not Manchester) 11 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Messenger, Porter, Watchman (not Railway or Government) 27 Show data context -
  Telegraph, Telephone Service 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
7. PERSONS ENGAGED IN AGRICULTURE. 1,148 Show data context 49 Show data context
  Farmer, Grazier 155 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Farmer's, Grazier's - Son, Grandson, Brother, Nephew 71 Show data context -
  Farm Bailiff 22 Show data context -
  Agricultural Labourer, Farm Servant, Cottager 780 Show data context 33 Show data context
  Shepherd 33 Show data context -
  Land Drainage Service (not in towns) 3 Show data context -
  Agricultural Machine - Proprietor, Attendant 5 Show data context -
  Agricultural Student 1 Show data context -
  Woodman 16 Show data context -
  Nurseryman, Seedsman, Florist 6 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Gardener (not domestic) 56 Show data context 7 Show data context
8. PERSONS ENGAGED ABOUT ANIMALS. 37 Show data context -
  Horse Proprietor, Breeder, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Groom, Horse-keeper, Horse-breaker 17 Show data context -
  Veterinary Surgeon, Farrier 2 Show data context -
  Cattle, Sheep, Pig - Dealer, Salesman 1 Show data context -
  Gamekeeper 15 Show data context -
9. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN BOOKS, PRINTS, AND MAPS. 18 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Publisher, Bookseller, Librarian 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Printer 15 Show data context -
  Newspaper Agent, News Room Keeper 1 Show data context -
  Copper Plate and Steel Plate Printer 1 Show data context -
10. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN MACHINES AND IMPLEMENTS. 46 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Engine, Machine Maker 12 Show data context -
  Millwright 4 Show data context -
  Fitter, Turner (Engine and Machine) 17 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Boiler Maker 6 Show data context -
  Spinning and Weaving Machine Maker 1 Show data context -
  Steel Pen Maker - 1 Show data context
  Watch Maker, Clock Maker 4 Show data context -
  Electrical Apparatus Maker 1 Show data context -
  Gunsmith, Gun Manufacturer 1 Show data context -
11. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN HOUSES, FURNITURE, AND DECORATIONS. 356 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Builder 9 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Carpenter, Joiner 140 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Bricklayer 101 Show data context -
  Mason 19 Show data context -
  Slater, Tiler 1 Show data context -
  Plasterer, Whitewasher 6 Show data context -
  Plumber 19 Show data context -
  Painter, Glazier 53 Show data context -
  Cabinet Maker 1 Show data context -
  Furniture Broker, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Gas Fitter 5 Show data context -
12. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CARRIAGES AND HARNESS. 53 Show data context -
  Coachmaker 1 Show data context -
  Wheelwright 37 Show data context -
  Saddler, Harness, Whip Maker 15 Show data context -
13. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN SHIPS AND BOATS. 1 Show data context -
  Ship, Boat, Barge Builder 1 Show data context -
14. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CHEMICALS AND COMPOUNDS. 19 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Chemist, Druggist 14 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Manufacturing Chemist 4 Show data context -
  Alkali Manufacture 1 Show data context -
15. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TOBACCO AND PIPES. 1 Show data context -
  Tobacco Manufacture, Tobacconist 1 Show data context -
16. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN FOOD AND LODGING. 272 Show data context 45 Show data context
  Innkeeper, Hotel Keeper, Publican 35 Show data context 12 Show data context
  Lodging, Boarding House Keeper - 1 Show data context
  Coffee, Eating House, Keeper 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Maltster 6 Show data context -
  Brewer 12 Show data context -
  Beerseller, Ale, Porter, Cider Dealer 2 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Wine, Spirit - Merchant, Agent 7 Show data context -
  Milkseller, Dairyman 1 Show data context -
  Butcher, Meat Salesman 45 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Provision Curer, Dealer 10 Show data context -
  Fishmonger 5 Show data context -
  Corn, Flour, Seed Merchant, Dealer 6 Show data context -
  Corn Miller 26 Show data context -
  Baker 38 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Confectioner, Pastrycook 2 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Greengrocer, Fruiterer 1 Show data context -
  Grocer. Tea, Coffee, Chocolate Maker, Dealer 75 Show data context 18 Show data context
17. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TEXTILE FABRICS. 163 Show data context 349 Show data context
  Woolstapler 1 Show data context -
  Woollen Cloth Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Worsted, Stuff, Manufacture - 1 Show data context
  Silk, Silk Goods, Manufacture 14 Show data context 48 Show data context
  Ribbon Manufacture - 1 Show data context
  Cotton, Cotton Goods Manufacture 41 Show data context 99 Show data context
  Cotton, Calico - Printer, Dyer, Bleacher 10 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Cotton, Calico - Warehouseman, Dealer - 1 Show data context
  Lace Manufacturer, Dealer - 1 Show data context
  Tape Manufacturer, Dealer 42 Show data context 165 Show data context
  Rope, Twine, Cord - Maker, Dealer 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Net Maker 1 Show data context -
  Weaver (undefined) 2 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Dyer, Printer, Scourer, Bleacher, Calenderer (undefined) 16 Show data context -
  Factory Hand (textile, undefined) - 4 Show data context
  Draper, Linen Draper, Mercer 33 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Others - 5 Show data context
18. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN DRESS. 150 Show data context 450 Show data context
  Hatter, Hat Manufacture 2 Show data context -
  Straw - Hat, Bonnet, Plait Manufacture - 6 Show data context
  Tailor 79 Show data context 241 Show data context
  Milliner, Dressmaker, Staymaker - 172 Show data context
  Shirt Maker, Seamstress 1 Show data context 25 Show data context
  Hosier, Haberdasher 3 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Shoe, Boot - Maker, Dealer 60 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Wig Maker, Hair Dresser 4 Show data context -
  Old Clothes Dealer, and others 1 Show data context -
19. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS ANIMAL SUBSTANCES. 12 Show data context -
  Tallow Chandler, Candle, Grease Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Furrier, Skinner 7 Show data context -
  Tanner, Fellmonger 4 Show data context -
20. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS VEGETABLE SUBSTANCES. 98 Show data context 55 Show data context
  Oil Miller, Oil Cake - Maker, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  India Rubber, Gutta Percha - Worker, Dealer 6 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Willow, Cane, Rush Worker, Dealer, Basketmaker 9 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Timber, Wood - Merchant, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Sawyer 21 Show data context -
  Wood Turner, Box Maker 1 Show data context -
  Cooper, Hoop Maker, Bender 3 Show data context -
  Cork, Bark - Cutter, Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Paper Manufacture 52 Show data context 43 Show data context
  Stationer, Law Stationer 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Card, Pattern Card Maker - 1 Show data context
  Paper Box, Paper Bag Maker - 1 Show data context
21. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS MINERAL SUBSTANCES. 1,320 Show data context 35 Show data context
  Coal Miner 736 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Ironstone Miner 66 Show data context -
  Miner, in other or undefined Minerals 4 Show data context -
  Mine Service 14 Show data context -
  [Haulier] [not in Census Report but in codebook] 2 Show data context -
  Coal Merchant 15 Show data context -
  Coalheaver 2 Show data context -
  Coke, Charcoal, Peat - Cutter, Burner, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Gas Works Service 9 Show data context -
  Stone Quarrier 13 Show data context -
  Limeburner 1 Show data context -
  Clay, Sand, Gravel, Chalk, Labourer, Dealer 14 Show data context -
  Well Sinker, Borer 1 Show data context -
  Brick, Tile - Maker, Burner, Dealer 144 Show data context -
  Paviour 1 Show data context -
  Road Labourer 2 Show data context -
  Platelayer 33 Show data context -
  Railway Labourer, Navvy 16 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Porcelain, Manufacture 124 Show data context 30 Show data context
  Earthenware, China, Glass Dealer 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Goldsmith, Silversmith, Jeweller 3 Show data context -
  [Iron Manufacture] 20 Show data context -
  Blacksmith 81 Show data context -
  Whitesmith 2 Show data context -
  Anchor, Chain Manufacture 2 Show data context -
  Ironmonger. Hardware Dealer, Merchant 9 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Tin, Tin Plate, Tin Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Brass, Bronze Manufacture. Brazier 1 Show data context -
22. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN GENERAL OR UNSPECIFIED COMMODITIES. 541 Show data context 52 Show data context
  General Shopkeeper, Dealer 9 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Costermonger, Huckster, Street Seller 21 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Manufacturer, Manager, Superintendant (undefined) 2 Show data context -
  General Labourer 416 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Engine Driver, Stoker, Fireman (not railway, marine or agricultural) 69 Show data context -
  Artizan, Mechanic (undefined) 16 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Apprentice (undefined) 2 Show data context -
  Factory Labourer (undefined) 3 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Machinist, Machine Worker (undefined) 3 Show data context 20 Show data context
23. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN REFUSE MATTERS. 8 Show data context -
  Town Drainage Service 1 Show data context -
  Chimney Sweep, Soot Merchant 7 Show data context -
24. PERSONS WITHOUT SPECIFIED OCCUPATIONS. 59 Show data context 712 Show data context
  Persons returned by Property, Rank &c. and not special occupation 59 Show data context 712 Show data context
[UNKNOWN OCCUPATION] 66 Show data context 2,377 Show data context
  [Occupation recorded but of unknown meaning] 2 Show data context 4 Show data context
  [Blank field, or illegible] 64 Show data context 2,373 Show data context

Notes:

The following notes to the table appeared in the original report.

1 This table is a very special case: The original Table 10 as published by Division in the 1881 census reports was limited to data for Registration Divisions, their component Registration Counties, and just those Urban Sanitary Districts with populations of over 50,000. Data presented here for counties and higher-level units are taken from the published reports, as usual, but we also include in A Vision of Britain through Time data for Registration Districts, sub-Districts and Civil Parishes which never appeared in the original reports. These were specially created for us by the History Data Service at the University of Essex and derive from the complete transcription of the individual-level Enumerators Book data coordinated by the Genealogical Society of Utah.
2 In creating these data, each occupation listed in the enumerators books has been assigned as far as possible to the relevant category used in the published reports, but some additional categories with labels in square brackets unavoidably appear. Unlike the published statistics for higher-level units, these specially-calculated data for districts and parishes include persons under 15 or over 65. For these and other reasons, no attempt has been made to ensure that county totals for the districts or parishes match the published county totals. The remaining notes are those that appeared below the original published table.
3 NOTE.--Persons returned as engaged in more than one occupation have been referred to the one that appeared to be of most importance; or if there was no difference in this respect, to the one first given by the person in his or her return. In some cases special rules have been followed: e.g. "Clergyman and Schoolmaster" in combination has always been referred to "Schoolmaster"; a Member of Parliament or Peer engaged in any branch of commerce or industry has always been referred to this latter, not to "Peer, M.P.".
4 The numbers returned under any heading include Labourers, Apprentices, and Assistants, as well as Masters, but not Clerks, Messengers, Errand boys, Porters, or Watchmen, for which occupations there are special headings. Civil, Military, and Naval Clerks, Law, Bank, Insurance, and Railway Clerks, and Government and Railway Porters, are, however, exceptions to this rule. Many young persons, being Apprentices or Assistants, have therefore been referred to occupations usually followed by adults. Women also, chiefly widows or orphans carrying on the business of their deceased husbands or fathers, will sometimes be found under occupations commonly followed by men only.
5 Persons returned as retired from any business have not been referred to that business. Inmates of workhouses have been referred to their trades, unless their age or infirmities showed that they were past work. But persons who might be supposed to be only temporarily separated from their usual employment, such as Prisoners, and Patients in General Hospitals, have been classed under their usual occupations.
6 In some cases, for convenience of space, the male designation, e.g. "Schoolmaster", alone is given, instead of "Schoolmaster, Schoolmistress".

Click on the triangles for all about a particular number.

This website does not try to provide an exact replica of the original printed census tables, which often had thousands of rows and far more columns than will fit on our web pages. Instead, we let you drill down from national totals to the most detailed data available. The column headings are those that appeared in the original printed report. The numbers presented here, which are the same ones we use to create statistical maps and graphs, come from the census table and have usually been carefully checked.

The system can only hold statistics for units listed in our administrative gazetteer, so some rows from the original table may be missing. Sometimes big low-level units, like urban parishes, were divided between more than one higher-level units, like Registration sub-Districts. This is why some pages will give a higher figure for a lower-level unit: it covers the whole of the lower-level unit, not just the part within the current higher-level unit.


Acknowledgments:

We are grateful to the following contributors. If you make use of the data in your own work, please follow any instructions given here on acknowledgment and re-use.

(1) Kevin Schurer (Department of Geography, University of Cambridge). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)

(2) Matthew Woollard (UK Data Service, University of Essex). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)