1881 Census of England and Wales, Tables: Ages, Condition as to Marriage, Occupations and Birthplaces of people, Table 10 : " Occupations of Males and Females in the Division and its Registration Counties".

List Cheltenham PLU/RegD Cheltenham CP/AP
OCCUPATIONS. Males.
[1]
Females.
[2]
1. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE GENERAL OR LOCAL GOVERNMENT OF THE COUNTRY. 199 Show data context 17 Show data context
  Civil Service (officers and clerks) 60 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Civil Service (messengers, &c.) 47 Show data context -
  Police 53 Show data context -
  Municipal, Parish, Union, District, Officer 16 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Other Local or County Official 17 Show data context 1 Show data context
  East Indian and Colonial Service 6 Show data context 5 Show data context
2. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE DEFENCE OF THE COUNTRY. 159 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Army Officer (effective/retired) 101 Show data context -
  Soldier and Non-commissioned officer 7 Show data context -
  Militia, Yeomanry, Volunteers 20 Show data context -
  Army Pensioner 15 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Navy Officer (effective/retired) 7 Show data context -
  Seaman, R.N. 2 Show data context -
  Royal Marines (officers/men) 1 Show data context -
  Navy Pensioner 6 Show data context -
3. PERSONS ENGAGED IN PROFESSIONAL OCCUPATIONS (WITH THEIR IMMEDIATE SUBORDINATES). 594 Show data context 629 Show data context
  Clergymen (Established Church) 47 Show data context -
  Roman Catholic Priest 2 Show data context -
  Minister, Priest of other religious bodies 17 Show data context -
  Missionary, Scripture Reader, Itinerant preacher 5 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Church, chapel, cemetery - officer, servant 7 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Barrister, Solicitor 45 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Law Student 3 Show data context -
  Law Clerk, and others connected with the law 47 Show data context -
  Physician, Surgeon, General Practitioner 26 Show data context -
  Dentist 30 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Medical Student, Assistant 11 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Midwife - 6 Show data context
  Subordinate Medical Service 5 Show data context 82 Show data context
  Schoolmaster 115 Show data context 275 Show data context
  Teacher, Professor, Lecturer 27 Show data context 146 Show data context
  School Service, and others connected with teaching 6 Show data context 15 Show data context
  Author, Editor, Journalist 2 Show data context -
  Reporter, Short-hand Writer 4 Show data context -
  Civil Engineer 14 Show data context -
  Mining Engineer 1 Show data context -
  Land, House, Ship, Surveyor 8 Show data context -
  Painter (artist) 20 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Engraver (artist) 1 Show data context -
  Sculptor 6 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Architect 12 Show data context -
  Musician, Music Master 59 Show data context 54 Show data context
  Art Student 7 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Photographer 29 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Actor 17 Show data context 24 Show data context
  Art, Music, Theatre Service 4 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Performer, Showman, Exhibition, Service 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Billiard, Cricket & other Games, Service 15 Show data context 1 Show data context
4. PERSONS ENGAGED IN DOMESTIC OFFICES OR SERVICES. 604 Show data context 5,793 Show data context
  Domestic Coachman, Groom 252 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Domestic Gardener 43 Show data context -
  Domestic Indoor Servant 219 Show data context 4,754 Show data context
  Lodge, Gate, Park Keeper (not Government) 1 Show data context -
  Inn, Hotel Servant 75 Show data context 109 Show data context
  College, Club Service 2 Show data context -
  Office Keeper (not Government) 3 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Cook (not domestic) 2 Show data context 14 Show data context
  Charwoman - 263 Show data context
  Washing and Bathing Service 5 Show data context 626 Show data context
  Hospital and Institution Service 1 Show data context 22 Show data context
  Others engaged in Service 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
5. PERSONS ENGAGED IN COMMERCIAL OCCUPATIONS. 321 Show data context 25 Show data context
  Merchant 10 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Broker, Agent, Factor 23 Show data context -
  Auctioneer, Appraiser, Valuer, House Agent 20 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Accountant 20 Show data context -
  Salesman, Buyer (not otherwise specified) 1 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Commercial Traveller 53 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Commercial Clerk 151 Show data context 15 Show data context
  Officer of Commercial Company, Guild, Society &c. 2 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Banker 2 Show data context -
  Bank Service 21 Show data context -
  Bill Discounter, Bill Broker, Finance Agent 1 Show data context -
  Life, House, Ship &c., Insurance Service 17 Show data context -
6. PERSONS ENGAGED IN CONVEYANCE OF MEN, GOODS, AND MESSAGES. 571 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Railway Engine Driver, Stoker 12 Show data context -
  Railway Guard 4 Show data context -
  Pointsman, Level Crossing Man 5 Show data context -
  Other Railway Officials and Servants 90 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Omnibus, Coach, Cab, Owner - Livery Stable Keeper 23 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Cabman, Flyman, Coachman (not domestic) 68 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Carman, Carrier, Carter, Haulier 46 Show data context -
  Wheel Chair Proprietor, Attendant &c. 17 Show data context -
  Seaman (Merchant Service) 15 Show data context -
  Ship Steward, Cook 3 Show data context -
  Warehouseman (not Manchester) 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Meter, Weigher 1 Show data context -
  Messenger, Porter, Watchman (not Railway or Government) 282 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Telegraph, Telephone Service 3 Show data context 3 Show data context
7. PERSONS ENGAGED IN AGRICULTURE. 637 Show data context 31 Show data context
  Farmer, Grazier 27 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Farmer's, Grazier's - Son, Grandson, Brother, Nephew 4 Show data context -
  Farm Bailiff 2 Show data context -
  Agricultural Labourer, Farm Servant, Cottager 161 Show data context 15 Show data context
  Shepherd 1 Show data context -
  Agricultural Machine - Proprietor, Attendant 1 Show data context -
  Nurseryman, Seedsman, Florist 23 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Gardener (not domestic) 418 Show data context 12 Show data context
8. PERSONS ENGAGED ABOUT ANIMALS. 199 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Horse Proprietor, Breeder, Dealer 15 Show data context -
  Groom, Horse-keeper, Horse-breaker 147 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Veterinary Surgeon, Farrier 21 Show data context -
  Cattle, Sheep, Pig - Dealer, Salesman 5 Show data context -
  Drover 5 Show data context -
  Gamekeeper 3 Show data context -
  Dog, Bird, Animal - Keeper, Dealer 3 Show data context 2 Show data context
9. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN BOOKS, PRINTS, AND MAPS. 147 Show data context 21 Show data context
  Publisher, Bookseller, Librarian 32 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Music-Publisher, Seller, Printer 12 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Bookbinder 11 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Printer 79 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Newspaper Agent, News Room Keeper 8 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Lithographer, Lithographic Printer 4 Show data context -
  Copper Plate and Steel Plate Printer 1 Show data context -
10. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN MACHINES AND IMPLEMENTS. 149 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Engine, Machine Maker 14 Show data context -
  Millwright 1 Show data context -
  Fitter, Turner (Engine and Machine) 27 Show data context -
  Boiler Maker 10 Show data context -
  Agricultural Machine and Implement Maker 1 Show data context -
  Domestic Machinery - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Cutler, Scissors Maker 2 Show data context -
  Watch Maker, Clock Maker 48 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Philosophical Instrument Maker 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Electrical Apparatus Maker 1 Show data context -
  Weighing and Measuring Apparatus Maker 2 Show data context -
  Gunsmith, Gun Manufacturer 6 Show data context -
  Musical Instrument Maker, Dealer 26 Show data context -
  Die, Seal, Coin, Medal Maker 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Toy Maker, Dealer 2 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Fishing Rod, Tackle, Maker, Dealer 2 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Apparatus for other games, Maker, Dealer 3 Show data context -
11. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN HOUSES, FURNITURE, AND DECORATIONS. 1,505 Show data context 85 Show data context
  Builder 80 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Carpenter, Joiner 270 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Bricklayer 142 Show data context -
  Mason 107 Show data context -
  Slater, Tiler 3 Show data context -
  Plasterer, Whitewasher 185 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Paperhanger 28 Show data context -
  Plumber 109 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Painter, Glazier 272 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Cabinet Maker 167 Show data context 65 Show data context
  French Polisher 27 Show data context -
  Furniture Broker, Dealer 18 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Locksmith, Bellhanger 4 Show data context -
  Gas Fitter 32 Show data context -
  House and Shop Fittings - Maker, Dealer 10 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Funeral Furniture Maker, Undertaker 1 Show data context -
  Others 1 Show data context -
  Wood Carver 2 Show data context -
  Carver, Gilder 40 Show data context -
  Dealer in Works of Art 4 Show data context -
  Figure, Image - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Animal, Bird &c. Preserver, Naturalist 2 Show data context -
  Artificial Flower Maker - 1 Show data context
12. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CARRIAGES AND HARNESS. 156 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Coachmaker 83 Show data context -
  Railway Carriage, Railway Wagon, Maker 4 Show data context -
  Wheelwright 36 Show data context -
  Bicycle, Tricycle - Maker, Dealer 4 Show data context -
  Others 1 Show data context -
  Saddler, Harness, Whip Maker 28 Show data context 1 Show data context
13. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN SHIPS AND BOATS. 2 Show data context -
  Ship, Boat, Barge Builder 2 Show data context -
14. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CHEMICALS AND COMPOUNDS. 57 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Fusee, Fireworks, Explosive Article Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Chemist, Druggist 55 Show data context -
  Manufacturing Chemist 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
15. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TOBACCO AND PIPES. 13 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Tobacco Manufacture, Tobacconist 13 Show data context 2 Show data context
16. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN FOOD AND LODGING. 969 Show data context 387 Show data context
  Innkeeper, Hotel Keeper, Publican 84 Show data context 37 Show data context
  Lodging, Boarding House Keeper 53 Show data context 213 Show data context
  Coffee, Eating House, Keeper 5 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Maltster 14 Show data context -
  Brewer 47 Show data context -
  Beerseller, Ale, Porter, Cider Dealer 16 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Cellarman 26 Show data context -
  Wine, Spirit - Merchant, Agent 22 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Milkseller, Dairyman 32 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Cheesemonger, Butterman 2 Show data context -
  Butcher, Meat Salesman 141 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Provision Curer, Dealer 5 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Poulterer, Game Dealer 9 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Fishmonger 33 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Corn, Flour, Seed Merchant, Dealer 9 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Corn Miller 12 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Baker 166 Show data context 21 Show data context
  Confectioner, Pastrycook 38 Show data context 24 Show data context
  Greengrocer, Fruiterer 45 Show data context 28 Show data context
  Sugar Refiner 1 Show data context -
  Grocer. Tea, Coffee, Chocolate Maker, Dealer 201 Show data context 27 Show data context
  Ginger Beer, Mineral Water Manufacturer, Dealer 8 Show data context -
17. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TEXTILE FABRICS. 206 Show data context 200 Show data context
  Woolstapler 1 Show data context -
  Woollen Cloth Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Worsted, Stuff, Manufacture - 1 Show data context
  Silk, Silk Goods, Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Silk Merchant, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Lace Manufacturer, Dealer - 11 Show data context
  Rope, Twine, Cord - Maker, Dealer 4 Show data context -
  Mat Maker, Seller 4 Show data context -
  Net Maker 1 Show data context -
  Sacking, Sack, Bag - Maker, Dealer - 2 Show data context
  Weaver (undefined) 1 Show data context -
  Dyer, Printer, Scourer, Bleacher, Calenderer (undefined) 8 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Factory Hand (textile, undefined) - 1 Show data context
  Carpet, Rug Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Draper, Linen Draper, Mercer 180 Show data context 154 Show data context
  Fancy Goods (Textile) Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context 18 Show data context
  Trimming Maker, Dealer - 3 Show data context
  Embroiderer 1 Show data context 6 Show data context
18. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN DRESS. 587 Show data context 1,643 Show data context
  Hatter, Hat Manufacture 7 Show data context -
  Straw - Hat, Bonnet, Plait Manufacture - 5 Show data context
  Tailor 280 Show data context 46 Show data context
  Milliner, Dressmaker, Staymaker 2 Show data context 1,345 Show data context
  Shirt Maker, Seamstress 2 Show data context 174 Show data context
  Hosiery Manufacture 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Hosier, Haberdasher 11 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Glover, Glove Maker - 1 Show data context
  Button Maker, Dealer - 1 Show data context
  Shoe, Boot - Maker, Dealer 237 Show data context 45 Show data context
  Wig Maker, Hair Dresser 40 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Umbrella, Parasol, Stick - Maker, Dealer 7 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Old Clothes Dealer, and others - 10 Show data context
19. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS ANIMAL SUBSTANCES. 48 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Tallow Chandler, Candle, Grease Manufacture 4 Show data context -
  Soap Boiler, Maker 1 Show data context -
  Others 1 Show data context -
  Furrier, Skinner 2 Show data context -
  Tanner, Fellmonger 5 Show data context -
  Currier 8 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Leather Goods, Portmanteau, Bag, Strap &c., Maker, Dealer 8 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Brush, Broom, Maker 19 Show data context 5 Show data context
20. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS VEGETABLE SUBSTANCES. 129 Show data context 16 Show data context
  Oil Miller, Oil Cake - Maker, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Oil and Colourman 1 Show data context -
  India Rubber, Gutta Percha - Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Willow, Cane, Rush Worker, Dealer, Basketmaker 15 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Hay, Straw (not plait), Chaff, Cutter, Dealer 5 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Thatcher 3 Show data context -
  Timber, Wood - Merchant, Dealer 18 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Sawyer 31 Show data context -
  Lath, Wooden Fence, Hurdle Maker 1 Show data context -
  Wood Turner, Box Maker 14 Show data context -
  Cooper, Hoop Maker, Bender 5 Show data context -
  Cork, Bark - Cutter, Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Others 1 Show data context -
  Paper Manufacture 3 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Stationer, Law Stationer 18 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Paper Box, Paper Bag Maker 2 Show data context -
  Ticket, Label Writer 1 Show data context -
  Others 7 Show data context 1 Show data context
21. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS MINERAL SUBSTANCES. 572 Show data context 14 Show data context
  Mine Service 3 Show data context -
  [Haulier] [not in Census Report but in codebook] 18 Show data context -
  Coal Merchant 40 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Coalheaver 30 Show data context -
  Gas Works Service 55 Show data context -
  Stone Cutter, Dresser, Dealer 5 Show data context -
  Slate Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Limeburner 1 Show data context -
  Well Sinker, Borer 2 Show data context -
  Brick, Tile - Maker, Burner, Dealer 34 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Paviour 1 Show data context -
  Road Contractor, Surveyor, Inspector 2 Show data context -
  Road Labourer 10 Show data context -
  Platelayer 13 Show data context -
  Railway Labourer, Navvy 8 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Porcelain, Manufacture 7 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Glass Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Glass Dealer 17 Show data context -
  Salt Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Waterworks Service 4 Show data context -
  Goldsmith, Silversmith, Jeweller 35 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Lapidary - 1 Show data context
  [Iron Manufacture] 81 Show data context 1 Show data context
  [Steel Manufacture] 1 Show data context -
  Blacksmith 102 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Whitesmith 16 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Nail Manufacture 2 Show data context -
  Ironmonger. Hardware Dealer, Merchant 45 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Tin, Tin Plate, Tin Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 17 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Zinc, Zinc Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Metal Refiner, Worker, Turner, Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Brass, Bronze Manufacture. Brazier 10 Show data context -
  Wire Maker, Worker, Weaver, Drawer 4 Show data context -
  Bolt, Nut, Rivet, Screw, Staple Maker 2 Show data context -
22. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN GENERAL OR UNSPECIFIED COMMODITIES. 960 Show data context 115 Show data context
  General Shopkeeper, Dealer 35 Show data context 54 Show data context
  Pawnbroker 14 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Costermonger, Huckster, Street Seller 54 Show data context 35 Show data context
  Manufacturer, Manager, Superintendant (undefined) 2 Show data context 4 Show data context
  General Labourer 799 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Engine Driver, Stoker, Fireman (not railway, marine or agricultural) 21 Show data context -
  Artizan, Mechanic (undefined) 14 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Apprentice (undefined) 8 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Factory Labourer (undefined) 8 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Machinist, Machine Worker (undefined) 5 Show data context 7 Show data context
23. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN REFUSE MATTERS. 29 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Chimney Sweep, Soot Merchant 21 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Scavenger, Crossing Sweeper 2 Show data context -
  Rag Gatherer, Dealer 6 Show data context 2 Show data context
24. PERSONS WITHOUT SPECIFIED OCCUPATIONS. 780 Show data context 2,629 Show data context
  Persons returned by Property, Rank &c. and not special occupation 780 Show data context 2,629 Show data context
[UNKNOWN OCCUPATION] 135 Show data context 4,501 Show data context
  [Occupation recorded but of unknown meaning] 7 Show data context 4 Show data context
  [Blank field, or illegible] 128 Show data context 4,497 Show data context

Notes:

The following notes to the table appeared in the original report.

1 This table is a very special case: The original Table 10 as published by Division in the 1881 census reports was limited to data for Registration Divisions, their component Registration Counties, and just those Urban Sanitary Districts with populations of over 50,000. Data presented here for counties and higher-level units are taken from the published reports, as usual, but we also include in A Vision of Britain through Time data for Registration Districts, sub-Districts and Civil Parishes which never appeared in the original reports. These were specially created for us by the History Data Service at the University of Essex and derive from the complete transcription of the individual-level Enumerators Book data coordinated by the Genealogical Society of Utah.
2 In creating these data, each occupation listed in the enumerators books has been assigned as far as possible to the relevant category used in the published reports, but some additional categories with labels in square brackets unavoidably appear. Unlike the published statistics for higher-level units, these specially-calculated data for districts and parishes include persons under 15 or over 65. For these and other reasons, no attempt has been made to ensure that county totals for the districts or parishes match the published county totals. The remaining notes are those that appeared below the original published table.
3 NOTE.--Persons returned as engaged in more than one occupation have been referred to the one that appeared to be of most importance; or if there was no difference in this respect, to the one first given by the person in his or her return. In some cases special rules have been followed: e.g. "Clergyman and Schoolmaster" in combination has always been referred to "Schoolmaster"; a Member of Parliament or Peer engaged in any branch of commerce or industry has always been referred to this latter, not to "Peer, M.P.".
4 The numbers returned under any heading include Labourers, Apprentices, and Assistants, as well as Masters, but not Clerks, Messengers, Errand boys, Porters, or Watchmen, for which occupations there are special headings. Civil, Military, and Naval Clerks, Law, Bank, Insurance, and Railway Clerks, and Government and Railway Porters, are, however, exceptions to this rule. Many young persons, being Apprentices or Assistants, have therefore been referred to occupations usually followed by adults. Women also, chiefly widows or orphans carrying on the business of their deceased husbands or fathers, will sometimes be found under occupations commonly followed by men only.
5 Persons returned as retired from any business have not been referred to that business. Inmates of workhouses have been referred to their trades, unless their age or infirmities showed that they were past work. But persons who might be supposed to be only temporarily separated from their usual employment, such as Prisoners, and Patients in General Hospitals, have been classed under their usual occupations.
6 In some cases, for convenience of space, the male designation, e.g. "Schoolmaster", alone is given, instead of "Schoolmaster, Schoolmistress".

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This website does not try to provide an exact replica of the original printed census tables, which often had thousands of rows and far more columns than will fit on our web pages. Instead, we let you drill down from national totals to the most detailed data available. The column headings are those that appeared in the original printed report. The numbers presented here, which are the same ones we use to create statistical maps and graphs, come from the census table and have usually been carefully checked.

The system can only hold statistics for units listed in our administrative gazetteer, so some rows from the original table may be missing. Sometimes big low-level units, like urban parishes, were divided between more than one higher-level units, like Registration sub-Districts. This is why some pages will give a higher figure for a lower-level unit: it covers the whole of the lower-level unit, not just the part within the current higher-level unit.


Acknowledgments:

We are grateful to the following contributors. If you make use of the data in your own work, please follow any instructions given here on acknowledgment and re-use.

(1) Kevin Schurer (Department of Geography, University of Cambridge). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)

(2) Matthew Woollard (UK Data Service, University of Essex). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)