1861 Census of England and Wales, Ages (Sample Report Title: Population Tables. Ages, Civil Condition, Occupations and Birth-places of the People: with the Ages and Occupations of the Blind, of the Deaf-and-dumb, and of the inmates of certain public institutions Part II), Table 17 : " Occupations of Males aged 20 Years and upwards in Districts".

List Wales Dep Cardiganshire RegC
OCCUPATIONS [Males]
[1]
Total of Males 22,699 Show data context
1. Persons engaged in the General or Local Government of the Country 165 Show data context
(1) Officers of National Government 64 Show data context
      Civ. Serv. not in Rev. Dep. 5 Show data context
      Post Office 31 Show data context
      Inland Revenue 19 Show data context
      Customs 6 Show data context
      Government Messengers, Workmen 0 Show data context
      Dockyard Artificers 3 Show data context
      Other Govt. 0 Show data context
(2) Officers of Local Government 100 Show data context
      Magistrate 11 Show data context
      Police 40 Show data context
      Prison Officer 4 Show data context
      Union and Parish Officer 40 Show data context
      Officer of Local Board 1 Show data context
      Other Local Officers 4 Show data context
(3) Officers of East India and Colonial Government 1 Show data context
      E. India and Col. Service 1 Show data context
2. Persons engaged in the Defence of the Country 103 Show data context
(1) Army 48 Show data context
      Army Officer 5 Show data context
      Army Half-pay Officer 10 Show data context
      Soldier 1 Show data context
      Chelsea Pensioner 24 Show data context
      Militia 8 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
(2) Navy 55 Show data context
      Navy Officer 4 Show data context
      Navy Half-pay Officer 3 Show data context
      Seaman, R.N. 17 Show data context
      Royal Marine 0 Show data context
      Greenwich Pensioner 4 Show data context
      Others 27 Show data context
3. Persons engaged in the Learned Professions or engaged in Literature, Art, and Science (with their immediate Subordinates) 543 Show data context
(1) Clergymen, Ministers, and Church Officers 225 Show data context
      Clergyman 97 Show data context
      Protestant Minister 115 Show data context
      Roman Catholic Priest 0 Show data context
      Other Relig. Teachers 2 Show data context
      Parish Clerk 6 Show data context
      Other Church Officers 5 Show data context
(2) Lawyers, Law Court Officers, and Law Stationers 71 Show data context
      Barrister 8 Show data context
      Solicitor 27 Show data context
      Law Student 2 Show data context
      Other Lawyers 0 Show data context
      Officers of Law Court 8 Show data context
      Law Clerk 25 Show data context
      Law Stationer 1 Show data context
(3) Physicians, Surgeons, and Druggists 84 Show data context
      Physician 0 Show data context
      Surgeon, Apothecary 39 Show data context
      Medical Student, Assist. 8 Show data context
      Dentist 0 Show data context
      Druggist 37 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
(4) Authors and Literary Persons 7 Show data context
      Author, Editor, Writer 4 Show data context
      Ors. eng. in Literature 3 Show data context
(5) Artists 11 Show data context
      Artist, Painter 1 Show data context
      Sculptor 0 Show data context
      Engraver 4 Show data context
      Photographic Artist 6 Show data context
      Ors. Eng. in the Fine Arts 0 Show data context
(6) Musicians, Teachers of Music 4 Show data context
      Musician 1 Show data context
      Music-master 3 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
(7) Actors, Actresses 0 Show data context
      Actor 0 Show data context
      In Theatres, Exhibitions 0 Show data context
(8) Teachers 139 Show data context
      Schoolmaster 129 Show data context
      Teacher of Languages 1 Show data context
      Profes. of Mathematics 2 Show data context
      Teacher (General) 6 Show data context
      Teacher of Dancing 0 Show data context
      Other Teachers 1 Show data context
(9) Scientific Persons 2 Show data context
      Civil Engineer 2 Show data context
      Other Scientific Persons 0 Show data context
4. Persons engaged in the Domestic Officers or Duties of Wives, Mothers, Mistresses of Families, Children, Relatives (not otherwise returned) 186 Show data context
(3) Children and Relatives at home (not otherwise described) 72 Show data context
      Son, Grandson, Brother, Neph. (not oth. Des.) 72 Show data context
(4) Scholars (so described) 114 Show data context
      Scholar (so described) 114 Show data context
5. Persons engaged in entertaining, and performing Personal Offices for Man 356 Show data context
(1) In Board and Lodging 157 Show data context
      Innkeeper, Hotelkeeper 104 Show data context
      Publican 47 Show data context
      Beerseller 1 Show data context
      Lodg., Boardg.-house K. 4 Show data context
      Coffee-house Keeper 0 Show data context
      Cook (not Domst. Serv.) 1 Show data context
      Others--Boarding, &c. 0 Show data context
(2) Attendance (Domestic Servants, &c.) 199 Show data context
      Domst. Serv. (General) 87 Show data context
      Coachman 41 Show data context
      Groom 39 Show data context
      Gardener 12 Show data context
      Inn Servant 20 Show data context
      Hosp. Attent., Nurse, &c. 0 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
6. Persons who buy or sell, keep, or lend Money, Houses or Goods of various Kinds 219 Show data context
(1) Mercantile Men [Women] 94 Show data context
      Merchant 22 Show data context
      Banker 0 Show data context
      Insur., Ben. Soci. Offr. 1 Show data context
      Stock Broker, &c. 0 Show data context
      Ship Broker, Agent 1 Show data context
      Broker 0 Show data context
      Agent, Factor 11 Show data context
      Coal, Colliery Agent 1 Show data context
      Iron Merchant, Agent 0 Show data context
      Salesman 0 Show data context
      Auctioneer, Apprsr., Val. 13 Show data context
      Accountant 5 Show data context
      Commercial Clerk 25 Show data context
      Commercial Traveller 13 Show data context
      Other Mercantile Men 2 Show data context
(2) Other General Dealers 125 Show data context
      Pawnbroker 0 Show data context
      Marine-store Dealer 8 Show data context
      Ge. Dlr., Costermonger 4 Show data context
      Shopkeeper 78 Show data context
      Hawker, Pedlar 35 Show data context
      Other General Dealers 0 Show data context
7. Persons engaged in the Conveyance of Men, Animals, Goods, and Messages 903 Show data context
(1) Carriers on Railways 2 Show data context
      Rail. Engine Driver, &c. 0 Show data context
      Railway Official 1 Show data context
      Railway Servant 1 Show data context
      Railway Police 0 Show data context
      Ors. eng. in 0 Show data context
(2) Carriers on Roads 195 Show data context
      Toll Collector 9 Show data context
      Coach, Omn., Cab, Ownr. 5 Show data context
      Livery Staple Keeper 0 Show data context
      Coachman (not domstc.) 30 Show data context
      Cabman, Flyman 0 Show data context
      Carm., Carr., Carter, Dray. 151 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
(3) Carriers on Canals and Rivers 5 Show data context
      Canal and River Service 0 Show data context
      Bargeman, Waterman 5 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
(4) Carriers on Seas and Rivers 691 Show data context
      Shipowner 0 Show data context
      Seaman (Mercht. Serv.) 667 Show data context
      Pilot 13 Show data context
      Boatman on Seas 0 Show data context
      Dock Servant, Labourer 7 Show data context
      Wharfinger 0 Show data context
      Others 4 Show data context
(5) Engaged in Storage 2 Show data context
      Warehsmn. (not Manch.) 1 Show data context
      Others in Storage 1 Show data context
(6) Messengers and Porters 8 Show data context
      Messr., Port., Ernd. Boy 8 Show data context
      Telegraph Service 0 Show data context
      Others in Messages 0 Show data context
8. Persons possessing or working the Land, and engaged in growing Grain, Fruits, Grasses, Animals, and other Products 10,888 Show data context
(1) In Fields and Pastures (Agriculturists) 10,755 Show data context
      Land Proprietor 79 Show data context
      Farmer, Grazier 4,672 Show data context
      Farmer's "Son", "Brother", "Grandson" 1,606 Show data context
      Farm Bailiff 71 Show data context
      Agricultural Labourer 3,072 Show data context
      Shepherd (out-door) 66 Show data context
      Farm Servant (in-door) 1,162 Show data context
      Land Surv., Estate Agt. 17 Show data context
      Others in Agriculture 10 Show data context
(2) In Woods (Arboriculturists) 26 Show data context
      Woodman 26 Show data context
      Others in Arboriculture 0 Show data context
(3) In Gardens (Horticulturists) 107 Show data context
      Gardener 100 Show data context
      Nurseryman 7 Show data context
      Others in Horticulture 0 Show data context
9. Persons engaged about Animals 292 Show data context
(1) Persons engaged about Animals 292 Show data context
      Horse Dealer 5 Show data context
      Horsebreaker 2 Show data context
      Horsekpr., Grm., Jockey 65 Show data context
      Farrier, Veterinary Sur. 5 Show data context
      Cattle, Sheep,--Dealer 16 Show data context
      Drover 29 Show data context
      Pig Merchant, Dealer 20 Show data context
      Gamekeeper 37 Show data context
      Vermin Destroyer 27 Show data context
      Fisherman 79 Show data context
      Others about Animals 7 Show data context
10. Persons engaged in Art and Mechanic Productions, in which Matters of various kinds are employed in combination 2,253 Show data context
(1) In Books 48 Show data context
      Bookseller, Publisher 21 Show data context
      Bookbinder 12 Show data context
      Printer 15 Show data context
      Newspaper Agent 0 Show data context
      Others in Publications 0 Show data context
(2) In Musical Instrument 0 Show data context
      Musical Instr. Mak., Dlr. 0 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
(3) In Prints and Pictures 0 Show data context
      Lithographer, Lithographic Printer 0 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
(4) In Carving and Figures 2 Show data context
      Wood-carver 2 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
(5) in Tackle for Sport and Games 1 Show data context
      Toy Maker, Dealer 0 Show data context
      Bow, Bat, Tackle,--Mak. 1 Show data context
(6) In Designs, Medals, and Dies 0 Show data context
      Pattern Designer 0 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
(7) In Watches and Philosophical Instruments 31 Show data context
      Watchmkr., Clockmkr. 31 Show data context
      Optician 0 Show data context
      Weight or Measure Mkr. 0 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
(8) In Surgical Instruments 0 Show data context
      Surgical Instrmt. Maker 0 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
(9) In Arms 1 Show data context
      Gunsmith, Gun Manuf. 1 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
(10) In Machines 18 Show data context
      Eng. and Mach. Maker 13 Show data context
      Spindle-maker 0 Show data context
      Needle manufacture 0 Show data context
      Scissors-maker 0 Show data context
      Tool Maker, Dealer 0 Show data context
      File-maker 0 Show data context
      Saw Smith, Maker 0 Show data context
      Cutler 0 Show data context
      Blade Maker, Forger 0 Show data context
      Knife-maker 0 Show data context
      Razor-maker 0 Show data context
      Others in Tools, Mchns. 5 Show data context
(11) In Carriages 14 Show data context
      Coachmaker 14 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
(12) In Harness 61 Show data context
      Saddler, Harness-maker 61 Show data context
      Whip-maker 0 Show data context
(13) In Ships 231 Show data context
      Shipbldr., Shipwright 203 Show data context
      Block, Oar, Mast,--Mak. 8 Show data context
      Boat, Barge,--Builder 1 Show data context
      Sailmaker 16 Show data context
      Others 3 Show data context
(14) In Houses and Buildings 1,739 Show data context
      House Proprietor 9 Show data context
      House Agent 0 Show data context
      Architect 4 Show data context
      Surveyor 0 Show data context
      Builder 14 Show data context
      Carpenter, Joiner 1,021 Show data context
      Bricklayer 0 Show data context
      Marble Mason 0 Show data context
      Mason, Pavior 597 Show data context
      Slater, Tiler 21 Show data context
      Plasterer 12 Show data context
      Paperhanger 0 Show data context
      Plumber, Painter, Glazr. 61 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
(15) In Furniture 67 Show data context
      Cabinet Maker, Uphol. 66 Show data context
      Undertaker 0 Show data context
      Chair-maker 1 Show data context
      Picture-frame Maker 0 Show data context
      Carver, Gilder 0 Show data context
      Bedstead, Mattress,--Mak. 0 Show data context
      Furniture Broker 0 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
(16) In Implements 40 Show data context
      Wheelwright 20 Show data context
      Millwright 15 Show data context
      Other Implement Mkrs. 5 Show data context
(17) In Chemicals 0 Show data context
      Manuf. Chemist, Laborer 0 Show data context
      Dye, Colour,--manuf. 0 Show data context
      Dyer, Calenderer 0 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
11. Persons working and Dealing in the Textile Fabrics and in Dress 1,966 Show data context
(1) In Wool and Worsted 346 Show data context
      Woolstapler 2 Show data context
      Felt manufacture 0 Show data context
      Woollen Cloth manuf. 311 Show data context
      Clothier 12 Show data context
      Fuller 2 Show data context
      Wool, Woollen,--Dyer 0 Show data context
      Worsted manufacture 3 Show data context
      Stuff manufacture 0 Show data context
      Flannel manufacture 14 Show data context
      Blanket manufacture 0 Show data context
      Carpet, Rug,--manuf. 0 Show data context
      Others 2 Show data context
(2) In Silk 1 Show data context
      Silk manufacture 1 Show data context
      Silk Dyer, Printer 0 Show data context
      Silk Mercer 0 Show data context
      Ribbon manufacture 0 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
(3) In Cotton and Flax 6 Show data context
      Flax, Linen,--manuf. 0 Show data context
      Thread manufacture 0 Show data context
      Lace manufacture 0 Show data context
      Cotton manufacture 6 Show data context
      Fustian manufacture 0 Show data context
      Muslin manufacture 0 Show data context
      Calico, Cotton,--Printer 0 Show data context
      Calico, Cotton,--Dyer 0 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
(4) In Mixed Materials (1, 2, 3.) 191 Show data context
      Packer and Presser 0 Show data context
      Weaver (undefined) 60 Show data context
      Manchester Warehmn. 0 Show data context
      Draper, Mercer 129 Show data context
      Others 2 Show data context
(5) In Dress 1,403 Show data context
      Hairdresser, Wig-maker 10 Show data context
      Hatter, Hat manuf. 40 Show data context
      Straw Plait manuf. 0 Show data context
      Straw Hat, Bonnet Mak. 0 Show data context
      Shawl manufacture 0 Show data context
      Furrier 0 Show data context
      Tailor 562 Show data context
      Clothes Dealer, Outfitr. 9 Show data context
      Button-maker 0 Show data context
      Hose manufacture 1 Show data context
      Hosier, Haberdasher 27 Show data context
      Glover, Leather, &c. 9 Show data context
      Shoemaker, Bootmaker 691 Show data context
      Patten, Clog,--Maker 53 Show data context
      Umbrella, Stick,--Mak. 1 Show data context
      Others providing Dress 0 Show data context
(6) In Hemp and other Fibrous Materials 19 Show data context
      Mat Maker, Seller 1 Show data context
      Rope, Cord,--Maker 17 Show data context
      Canvas Maker, Dealer 0 Show data context
      Sailcloth manufacture 0 Show data context
      Others 1 Show data context
12. Persons working and dealing in Food and Drinks 561 Show data context
(1) In Animal Food 173 Show data context
      Cowkeeper, Milkseller 5 Show data context
      Cheesemonger 12 Show data context
      Butcher, Meat Salesman 138 Show data context
      Provision Curer, Dealer 2 Show data context
      Poulterer, Game Dealer 3 Show data context
      Fishmonger 5 Show data context
      Others 8 Show data context
(2) In Vegetable Food 193 Show data context
      Corn Merchant, Dealer 3 Show data context
      Miller 166 Show data context
      Flour Dealer, Agent 3 Show data context
      Baker 18 Show data context
      Confectioner, Pastry Ck. 2 Show data context
      Greengrocer, Fruiterer 1 Show data context
      Fruit, Flower,--Vendor 0 Show data context
      Potato Merchant 0 Show data context
      Seed Mercht., Seedsman 0 Show data context
      Sugar Refiner 0 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
(3) In Drinks and Stimulants 195 Show data context
      Maltster 27 Show data context
      Brewer, &c. 6 Show data context
      Wine and Spirit Mercht. 7 Show data context
      Distiller, Rectifier 0 Show data context
      Cellarman 1 Show data context
      Ginger Br., Sod. Wat. Ma. 0 Show data context
      Grocer, Tea Dealer 153 Show data context
      Tobo., Cig., Snuff, manuf. 0 Show data context
      Tobacconist 1 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
13. Persons working and dealing in Animal Substances 99 Show data context
(1) In Grease, Gut, Bones, Horn, Ivory, and Whalebone 7 Show data context
      Soap-boiler 0 Show data context
      Tallow-chandler 6 Show data context
      Comb-maker 1 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
(2) In Skins, Feathers, and Quills 87 Show data context
      Fellmonger 0 Show data context
      Skinner 3 Show data context
      Tanner 47 Show data context
      Currier 37 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
(3) In Hair 5 Show data context
      Hair, Bristle,--manuf. 0 Show data context
      Brush, Broom,--Maker 5 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
14. Persons working and dealing in Vegetable Substances 255 Show data context
(1) In Gums and Resins 1 Show data context
      Oil Miller, Refiner 0 Show data context
      Oil and Colourman 0 Show data context
      French-polisher 1 Show data context
      Japanner 0 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
(2) In Wood 222 Show data context
      Timber Merch., Dealer 12 Show data context
      Wood Dealer 0 Show data context
      Sawyer 75 Show data context
      Fence, Hurdle,--Maker 0 Show data context
      Lath-maker 2 Show data context
      Turner 25 Show data context
      Box-maker 0 Show data context
      Cooper 108 Show data context
      Hoop Maker, Bender 0 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
(3) In Bark 0 Show data context
      Cork Cutter, manuf. 0 Show data context
      Others Workers in Bark 0 Show data context
(4) In Cane, Rush, and Straw 17 Show data context
      Basket-maker 12 Show data context
      Hay and Straw Dealer 0 Show data context
      Thatcher 4 Show data context
      Others 1 Show data context
(5) In Paper 15 Show data context
      Rag Gatherer, Dealer 12 Show data context
      Paper manufacture 1 Show data context
      Stationer (not Law) 2 Show data context
      Paper-stainer 0 Show data context
      Others Workers in Paper 0 Show data context
15. Persons working and dealing in Minerals 2,547 Show data context
(1) In Mining 1,733 Show data context
      Coal-miner 9 Show data context
      Copper-miner 2 Show data context
      Tin-miner 0 Show data context
      Lead-miner 1,347 Show data context
      Iron-miner 1 Show data context
      Others 374 Show data context
(2) In Coal 15 Show data context
      Coal Merchant, Dealer 7 Show data context
      Coalheaver, Labourer 2 Show data context
      Coke Burner, Dealer 0 Show data context
      Chimney Sweeper 4 Show data context
      Gas Works Service 2 Show data context
      Other Workers in Coal 0 Show data context
(3) In Stone, Clay 211 Show data context
      Stone Quarrier 18 Show data context
      Stone Cutter, Polisher 33 Show data context
      Slate Quarrier 77 Show data context
      Limestone Quar., Burner 15 Show data context
      Clay Labourer 0 Show data context
      Brick Maker, Dealer 2 Show data context
      Railway Labourer 3 Show data context
      Platelayer 0 Show data context
      Excavator, Navvy 2 Show data context
      Road Contractor, &c. 11 Show data context
      Road Labourer 48 Show data context
      Scavenger 1 Show data context
      Dust Collector 0 Show data context
      Others 1 Show data context
(4) In Earthenware 14 Show data context
      Earthenware manuf. 4 Show data context
      Tobacco-pipe Makers 1 Show data context
      Earthenw., Glass, Dealer 9 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
(5) In Glass 1 Show data context
      Glass manufacture 1 Show data context
      Other Workers in Glass 0 Show data context
(6) In Salt 0 Show data context
      Salt manufacture 0 Show data context
      Other Dealers in Salt 0 Show data context
(7) In Water 1 Show data context
      Waterworks Service 1 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
(8) In Gold, Silver, and Precious Stones 13 Show data context
      Goldsmith, Jeweller 13 Show data context
      Plater, Plated Wareman 0 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
(9) In Copper 0 Show data context
      Copper manufacture 0 Show data context
      Coppersmith 0 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
(10) In Tin and Quicksilver 29 Show data context
      Tin manufacture 0 Show data context
      Tinman, Tinker 18 Show data context
      Tinplate Worker 11 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
(11) In Zinc 0 Show data context
      Zinc manufacture 0 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
(12) In Lead and Antimony 0 Show data context
      Lead manufacture 0 Show data context
      Typefounder 0 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
(13) In Brass and other mixed Metals 0 Show data context
      Brass Founder, manuf. 0 Show data context
      Brazier 0 Show data context
      Locksmith, Bellhanger 0 Show data context
      Gasfitter 0 Show data context
      Wire Maker, Drawer 0 Show data context
      Wire Worker, Weaver 0 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
(14) In Iron and Steel 530 Show data context
      Iron manufacture 29 Show data context
      Whitesmith 1 Show data context
      Blacksmith 480 Show data context
      Nail manufacture 3 Show data context
      Anchor, Chain,--Smith 0 Show data context
      Boiler-maker 1 Show data context
      Ironmonger 15 Show data context
      Hardwareman, Dealer 0 Show data context
      Steel manufacture 0 Show data context
      Grinder (branch undef.) 1 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
16. Labourers and others - Branch of Labour undefined 1,035 Show data context
(1) General Labourers 1,021 Show data context
      Labourer 1,021 Show data context
(2) Other Persons of indefinite Occupations 14 Show data context
      Mechanic 2 Show data context
      Shopman 3 Show data context
      Apprentice 0 Show data context
      Others of indef. occu. 9 Show data context
17. Persons of Rank or Property, not returned under any Office or Occupation 40 Show data context
(1) Persons of Rank or property, not returned under any Office or Occupation 40 Show data context
      Gentleman 25 Show data context
      Annuitant 15 Show data context
18. Persons supported by the Community and of no specified Occupation 80 Show data context
(1) On Income from voluntary Sources and Rates 70 Show data context
      Dependent on Relatives 0 Show data context
      Almserperson, no stat. occ. 7 Show data context
      Pauper, no stated occ. 46 Show data context
      Lunatic, no stated occ. 3 Show data context
      Others 14 Show data context
(2) Prisoners and others of Criminal Class 0 Show data context
      Prisoner, no stated occ. 0 Show data context
(3) Vagrants and Gipsies 10 Show data context
      Vagrant, Beggar 10 Show data context
      Gipsy 0 Show data context
19. Persons of no stated Rank, Profession, or Occupation 208 Show data context
      Visitor, no stated occ. 18 Show data context
      Others of no stated occupation or condition 190 Show data context

Comments:

1 Note that the original table is organised into the Orders and sub-Orders listed here, but provides counts only for the individual occupations.

Click on the triangles for all about a particular number.

This website does not try to provide an exact replica of the original printed census tables, which often had thousands of rows and far more columns than will fit on our web pages. Instead, we let you drill down from national totals to the most detailed data available. The column headings are those that appeared in the original printed report. The numbers presented here, which are the same ones we use to create statistical maps and graphs, come from the census table and have usually been carefully checked.

The system can only hold statistics for units listed in our administrative gazetteer, so some rows from the original table may be missing. Sometimes big low-level units, like urban parishes, were divided between more than one higher-level units, like Registration sub-Districts. This is why some pages will give a higher figure for a lower-level unit: it covers the whole of the lower-level unit, not just the part within the current higher-level unit.


Acknowledgments:

We are grateful to the following contributors. If you make use of the data in your own work, please follow any instructions given here on acknowledgment and re-use.

David Allan Gatley (School of Social Sciences, University of Staffordshire). Role: transcriber. Restrictions on use: the contributor must be acknowledged but the data may be freely used for non-commercial purposes.