1861 Census of England and Wales, Ages (Sample Report Title: Population Tables. Ages, Civil Condition, Occupations and Birth-places of the People: with the Ages and Occupations of the Blind, of the Deaf-and-dumb, and of the inmates of certain public institutions Part II), Table 17 : " Occupations of Males aged 20 Years and upwards in Districts".

List England Dep Gloucestershire RegC
OCCUPATIONS [Males]
[1]
Total of Males 110,953 Show data context
1. Persons engaged in the General or Local Government of the Country 1,543 Show data context
(1) Officers of National Government 611 Show data context
      Civ. Serv. not in Rev. Dep. 53 Show data context
      Post Office 276 Show data context
      Inland Revenue 109 Show data context
      Customs 165 Show data context
      Government Messengers, Workmen 3 Show data context
      Dockyard Artificers 0 Show data context
      Other Govt. 5 Show data context
(2) Officers of Local Government 863 Show data context
      Magistrate 100 Show data context
      Police 518 Show data context
      Prison Officer 32 Show data context
      Union and Parish Officer 158 Show data context
      Officer of Local Board 12 Show data context
      Other Local Officers 43 Show data context
(3) Officers of East India and Colonial Government 69 Show data context
      E. India and Col. Service 69 Show data context
2. Persons engaged in the Defence of the Country 1,263 Show data context
(1) Army 1,078 Show data context
      Army Officer 143 Show data context
      Army Half-pay Officer 196 Show data context
      Soldier 363 Show data context
      Chelsea Pensioner 284 Show data context
      Militia 84 Show data context
      Others 8 Show data context
(2) Navy 185 Show data context
      Navy Officer 35 Show data context
      Navy Half-pay Officer 49 Show data context
      Seaman, R.N. 21 Show data context
      Royal Marine 4 Show data context
      Greenwich Pensioner 74 Show data context
      Others 2 Show data context
3. Persons engaged in the Learned Professions or engaged in Literature, Art, and Science (with their immediate Subordinates) 3,888 Show data context
(1) Clergymen, Ministers, and Church Officers 1,077 Show data context
      Clergyman 652 Show data context
      Protestant Minister 176 Show data context
      Roman Catholic Priest 31 Show data context
      Other Relig. Teachers 103 Show data context
      Parish Clerk 69 Show data context
      Other Church Officers 46 Show data context
(2) Lawyers, Law Court Officers, and Law Stationers 732 Show data context
      Barrister 92 Show data context
      Solicitor 352 Show data context
      Law Student 6 Show data context
      Other Lawyers 3 Show data context
      Officers of Law Court 38 Show data context
      Law Clerk 220 Show data context
      Law Stationer 21 Show data context
(3) Physicians, Surgeons, and Druggists 850 Show data context
      Physician 90 Show data context
      Surgeon, Apothecary 342 Show data context
      Medical Student, Assist. 30 Show data context
      Dentist 46 Show data context
      Druggist 334 Show data context
      Others 8 Show data context
(4) Authors and Literary Persons 86 Show data context
      Author, Editor, Writer 25 Show data context
      Ors. eng. in Literature 61 Show data context
(5) Artists 243 Show data context
      Artist, Painter 92 Show data context
      Sculptor 27 Show data context
      Engraver 53 Show data context
      Photographic Artist 69 Show data context
      Ors. Eng. in the Fine Arts 2 Show data context
(6) Musicians, Teachers of Music 191 Show data context
      Musician 108 Show data context
      Music-master 83 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
(7) Actors, Actresses 49 Show data context
      Actor 24 Show data context
      In Theatres, Exhibitions 25 Show data context
(8) Teachers 604 Show data context
      Schoolmaster 418 Show data context
      Teacher of Languages 39 Show data context
      Profes. of Mathematics 26 Show data context
      Teacher (General) 69 Show data context
      Teacher of Dancing 12 Show data context
      Other Teachers 40 Show data context
(9) Scientific Persons 56 Show data context
      Civil Engineer 41 Show data context
      Other Scientific Persons 15 Show data context
4. Persons engaged in the Domestic Officers or Duties of Wives, Mothers, Mistresses of Families, Children, Relatives (not otherwise returned) 332 Show data context
(3) Children and Relatives at home (not otherwise described) 200 Show data context
      Son, Grandson, Brother, Neph. (not oth. Des.) 200 Show data context
(4) Scholars (so described) 132 Show data context
      Scholar (so described) 132 Show data context
5. Persons engaged in entertaining, and performing Personal Offices for Man 4,268 Show data context
(1) In Board and Lodging 1,819 Show data context
      Innkeeper, Hotelkeeper 618 Show data context
      Publican 603 Show data context
      Beerseller 352 Show data context
      Lodg., Boardg.-house K. 160 Show data context
      Coffee-house Keeper 28 Show data context
      Cook (not Domst. Serv.) 16 Show data context
      Others--Boarding, &c. 42 Show data context
(2) Attendance (Domestic Servants, &c.) 2,449 Show data context
      Domst. Serv. (General) 1,206 Show data context
      Coachman 310 Show data context
      Groom 305 Show data context
      Gardener 316 Show data context
      Inn Servant 254 Show data context
      Hosp. Attent., Nurse, &c. 42 Show data context
      Others 16 Show data context
6. Persons who buy or sell, keep, or lend Money, Houses or Goods of various Kinds 2,828 Show data context
(1) Mercantile Men [Women] 2,103 Show data context
      Merchant 213 Show data context
      Banker 32 Show data context
      Insur., Ben. Soci. Offr. 25 Show data context
      Stock Broker, &c. 19 Show data context
      Ship Broker, Agent 42 Show data context
      Broker 40 Show data context
      Agent, Factor 128 Show data context
      Coal, Colliery Agent 19 Show data context
      Iron Merchant, Agent 44 Show data context
      Salesman 6 Show data context
      Auctioneer, Apprsr., Val. 89 Show data context
      Accountant 419 Show data context
      Commercial Clerk 661 Show data context
      Commercial Traveller 307 Show data context
      Other Mercantile Men 59 Show data context
(2) Other General Dealers 725 Show data context
      Pawnbroker 69 Show data context
      Marine-store Dealer 103 Show data context
      Ge. Dlr., Costermonger 188 Show data context
      Shopkeeper 130 Show data context
      Hawker, Pedlar 229 Show data context
      Other General Dealers 6 Show data context
7. Persons engaged in the Conveyance of Men, Animals, Goods, and Messages 7,083 Show data context
(1) Carriers on Railways 989 Show data context
      Rail. Engine Driver, &c. 301 Show data context
      Railway Official 181 Show data context
      Railway Servant 429 Show data context
      Railway Police 76 Show data context
      Ors. eng. in 2 Show data context
(2) Carriers on Roads 1,780 Show data context
      Toll Collector 119 Show data context
      Coach, Omn., Cab, Ownr. 64 Show data context
      Livery Staple Keeper 30 Show data context
      Coachman (not domstc.) 497 Show data context
      Cabman, Flyman 204 Show data context
      Carm., Carr., Carter, Dray. 786 Show data context
      Others 80 Show data context
(3) Carriers on Canals and Rivers 784 Show data context
      Canal and River Service 56 Show data context
      Bargeman, Waterman 721 Show data context
      Others 7 Show data context
(4) Carriers on Seas and Rivers 2,416 Show data context
      Shipowner 27 Show data context
      Seaman (Mercht. Serv.) 1,856 Show data context
      Pilot 40 Show data context
      Boatman on Seas 19 Show data context
      Dock Servant, Labourer 247 Show data context
      Wharfinger 18 Show data context
      Others 209 Show data context
(5) Engaged in Storage 271 Show data context
      Warehsmn. (not Manch.) 248 Show data context
      Others in Storage 23 Show data context
(6) Messengers and Porters 843 Show data context
      Messr., Port., Ernd. Boy 823 Show data context
      Telegraph Service 20 Show data context
      Others in Messages 0 Show data context
8. Persons possessing or working the Land, and engaged in growing Grain, Fruits, Grasses, Animals, and other Products 28,379 Show data context
(1) In Fields and Pastures (Agriculturists) 25,666 Show data context
      Land Proprietor 547 Show data context
      Farmer, Grazier 3,904 Show data context
      Farmer's "Son", "Brother", "Grandson" 989 Show data context
      Farm Bailiff 347 Show data context
      Agricultural Labourer 18,525 Show data context
      Shepherd (out-door) 732 Show data context
      Farm Servant (in-door) 421 Show data context
      Land Surv., Estate Agt. 74 Show data context
      Others in Agriculture 127 Show data context
(2) In Woods (Arboriculturists) 180 Show data context
      Woodman 179 Show data context
      Others in Arboriculture 1 Show data context
(3) In Gardens (Horticulturists) 2,533 Show data context
      Gardener 2,442 Show data context
      Nurseryman 91 Show data context
      Others in Horticulture 0 Show data context
9. Persons engaged about Animals 1,593 Show data context
(1) Persons engaged about Animals 1,593 Show data context
      Horse Dealer 42 Show data context
      Horsebreaker 32 Show data context
      Horsekpr., Grm., Jockey 782 Show data context
      Farrier, Veterinary Sur. 161 Show data context
      Cattle, Sheep,--Dealer 118 Show data context
      Drover 63 Show data context
      Pig Merchant, Dealer 64 Show data context
      Gamekeeper 201 Show data context
      Vermin Destroyer 12 Show data context
      Fisherman 73 Show data context
      Others about Animals 45 Show data context
10. Persons engaged in Art and Mechanic Productions, in which Matters of various kinds are employed in combination 16,142 Show data context
(1) In Books 646 Show data context
      Bookseller, Publisher 145 Show data context
      Bookbinder 86 Show data context
      Printer 364 Show data context
      Newspaper Agent 42 Show data context
      Others in Publications 9 Show data context
(2) In Musical Instrument 64 Show data context
      Musical Instr. Mak., Dlr. 37 Show data context
      Others 27 Show data context
(3) In Prints and Pictures 78 Show data context
      Lithographer, Lithographic Printer 41 Show data context
      Others 37 Show data context
(4) In Carving and Figures 46 Show data context
      Wood-carver 14 Show data context
      Others 32 Show data context
(5) in Tackle for Sport and Games 23 Show data context
      Toy Maker, Dealer 17 Show data context
      Bow, Bat, Tackle,--Mak. 6 Show data context
(6) In Designs, Medals, and Dies 22 Show data context
      Pattern Designer 10 Show data context
      Others 12 Show data context
(7) In Watches and Philosophical Instruments 275 Show data context
      Watchmkr., Clockmkr. 234 Show data context
      Optician 17 Show data context
      Weight or Measure Mkr. 18 Show data context
      Others 6 Show data context
(8) In Surgical Instruments 15 Show data context
      Surgical Instrmt. Maker 10 Show data context
      Others 5 Show data context
(9) In Arms 40 Show data context
      Gunsmith, Gun Manuf. 38 Show data context
      Others 2 Show data context
(10) In Machines 1,004 Show data context
      Eng. and Mach. Maker 815 Show data context
      Spindle-maker 0 Show data context
      Needle manufacture 3 Show data context
      Scissors-maker 0 Show data context
      Tool Maker, Dealer 45 Show data context
      File-maker 12 Show data context
      Saw Smith, Maker 9 Show data context
      Cutler 56 Show data context
      Blade Maker, Forger 0 Show data context
      Knife-maker 0 Show data context
      Razor-maker 3 Show data context
      Others in Tools, Mchns. 61 Show data context
(11) In Carriages 419 Show data context
      Coachmaker 409 Show data context
      Others 10 Show data context
(12) In Harness 305 Show data context
      Saddler, Harness-maker 295 Show data context
      Whip-maker 10 Show data context
(13) In Ships 615 Show data context
      Shipbldr., Shipwright 450 Show data context
      Block, Oar, Mast,--Mak. 18 Show data context
      Boat, Barge,--Builder 28 Show data context
      Sailmaker 83 Show data context
      Others 36 Show data context
(14) In Houses and Buildings 10,511 Show data context
      House Proprietor 319 Show data context
      House Agent 30 Show data context
      Architect 70 Show data context
      Surveyor 26 Show data context
      Builder 344 Show data context
      Carpenter, Joiner 3,680 Show data context
      Bricklayer 443 Show data context
      Marble Mason 59 Show data context
      Mason, Pavior 2,926 Show data context
      Slater, Tiler 215 Show data context
      Plasterer 810 Show data context
      Paperhanger 56 Show data context
      Plumber, Painter, Glazr. 1,508 Show data context
      Others 25 Show data context
(15) In Furniture 1,209 Show data context
      Cabinet Maker, Uphol. 801 Show data context
      Undertaker 20 Show data context
      Chair-maker 115 Show data context
      Picture-frame Maker 18 Show data context
      Carver, Gilder 123 Show data context
      Bedstead, Mattress,--Mak. 37 Show data context
      Furniture Broker 85 Show data context
      Others 10 Show data context
(16) In Implements 649 Show data context
      Wheelwright 448 Show data context
      Millwright 161 Show data context
      Other Implement Mkrs. 40 Show data context
(17) In Chemicals 221 Show data context
      Manuf. Chemist, Laborer 92 Show data context
      Dye, Colour,--manuf. 15 Show data context
      Dyer, Calenderer 77 Show data context
      Others 37 Show data context
11. Persons working and Dealing in the Textile Fabrics and in Dress 11,265 Show data context
(1) In Wool and Worsted 2,201 Show data context
      Woolstapler 40 Show data context
      Felt manufacture 36 Show data context
      Woollen Cloth manuf. 1,989 Show data context
      Clothier 29 Show data context
      Fuller 1 Show data context
      Wool, Woollen,--Dyer 65 Show data context
      Worsted manufacture 9 Show data context
      Stuff manufacture 0 Show data context
      Flannel manufacture 1 Show data context
      Blanket manufacture 1 Show data context
      Carpet, Rug,--manuf. 9 Show data context
      Others 21 Show data context
(2) In Silk 116 Show data context
      Silk manufacture 64 Show data context
      Silk Dyer, Printer 15 Show data context
      Silk Mercer 34 Show data context
      Ribbon manufacture 0 Show data context
      Others 3 Show data context
(3) In Cotton and Flax 218 Show data context
      Flax, Linen,--manuf. 48 Show data context
      Thread manufacture 0 Show data context
      Lace manufacture 6 Show data context
      Cotton manufacture 143 Show data context
      Fustian manufacture 0 Show data context
      Muslin manufacture 0 Show data context
      Calico, Cotton,--Printer 5 Show data context
      Calico, Cotton,--Dyer 1 Show data context
      Others 15 Show data context
(4) In Mixed Materials (1, 2, 3.) 893 Show data context
      Packer and Presser 18 Show data context
      Weaver (undefined) 34 Show data context
      Manchester Warehmn. 9 Show data context
      Draper, Mercer 820 Show data context
      Others 12 Show data context
(5) In Dress 7,571 Show data context
      Hairdresser, Wig-maker 197 Show data context
      Hatter, Hat manuf. 455 Show data context
      Straw Plait manuf. 0 Show data context
      Straw Hat, Bonnet Mak. 4 Show data context
      Shawl manufacture 8 Show data context
      Furrier 22 Show data context
      Tailor 2,129 Show data context
      Clothes Dealer, Outfitr. 80 Show data context
      Button-maker 15 Show data context
      Hose manufacture 160 Show data context
      Hosier, Haberdasher 57 Show data context
      Glover, Leather, &c. 12 Show data context
      Shoemaker, Bootmaker 4,270 Show data context
      Patten, Clog,--Maker 28 Show data context
      Umbrella, Stick,--Mak. 72 Show data context
      Others providing Dress 62 Show data context
(6) In Hemp and other Fibrous Materials 266 Show data context
      Mat Maker, Seller 26 Show data context
      Rope, Cord,--Maker 167 Show data context
      Canvas Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context
      Sailcloth manufacture 4 Show data context
      Others 68 Show data context
12. Persons working and dealing in Food and Drinks 7,501 Show data context
(1) In Animal Food 1,861 Show data context
      Cowkeeper, Milkseller 259 Show data context
      Cheesemonger 71 Show data context
      Butcher, Meat Salesman 1,272 Show data context
      Provision Curer, Dealer 93 Show data context
      Poulterer, Game Dealer 43 Show data context
      Fishmonger 114 Show data context
      Others 9 Show data context
(2) In Vegetable Food 2,805 Show data context
      Corn Merchant, Dealer 312 Show data context
      Miller 521 Show data context
      Flour Dealer, Agent 55 Show data context
      Baker 1,234 Show data context
      Confectioner, Pastry Ck. 186 Show data context
      Greengrocer, Fruiterer 184 Show data context
      Fruit, Flower,--Vendor 4 Show data context
      Potato Merchant 36 Show data context
      Seed Mercht., Seedsman 25 Show data context
      Sugar Refiner 242 Show data context
      Others 6 Show data context
(3) In Drinks and Stimulants 2,835 Show data context
      Maltster 335 Show data context
      Brewer, &c. 454 Show data context
      Wine and Spirit Mercht. 212 Show data context
      Distiller, Rectifier 24 Show data context
      Cellarman 81 Show data context
      Ginger Br., Sod. Wat. Ma. 33 Show data context
      Grocer, Tea Dealer 1,488 Show data context
      Tobo., Cig., Snuff, manuf. 49 Show data context
      Tobacconist 84 Show data context
      Others 75 Show data context
13. Persons working and dealing in Animal Substances 1,083 Show data context
(1) In Grease, Gut, Bones, Horn, Ivory, and Whalebone 291 Show data context
      Soap-boiler 86 Show data context
      Tallow-chandler 95 Show data context
      Comb-maker 56 Show data context
      Others 54 Show data context
(2) In Skins, Feathers, and Quills 521 Show data context
      Fellmonger 38 Show data context
      Skinner 20 Show data context
      Tanner 125 Show data context
      Currier 260 Show data context
      Others 78 Show data context
(3) In Hair 271 Show data context
      Hair, Bristle,--manuf. 21 Show data context
      Brush, Broom,--Maker 249 Show data context
      Others 1 Show data context
14. Persons working and dealing in Vegetable Substances 2,909 Show data context
(1) In Gums and Resins 212 Show data context
      Oil Miller, Refiner 12 Show data context
      Oil and Colourman 57 Show data context
      French-polisher 115 Show data context
      Japanner 14 Show data context
      Others 14 Show data context
(2) In Wood 2,024 Show data context
      Timber Merch., Dealer 185 Show data context
      Wood Dealer 61 Show data context
      Sawyer 911 Show data context
      Fence, Hurdle,--Maker 58 Show data context
      Lath-maker 42 Show data context
      Turner 187 Show data context
      Box-maker 8 Show data context
      Cooper 479 Show data context
      Hoop Maker, Bender 46 Show data context
      Others 47 Show data context
(3) In Bark 62 Show data context
      Cork Cutter, manuf. 60 Show data context
      Others Workers in Bark 2 Show data context
(4) In Cane, Rush, and Straw 409 Show data context
      Basket-maker 236 Show data context
      Hay and Straw Dealer 67 Show data context
      Thatcher 90 Show data context
      Others 16 Show data context
(5) In Paper 202 Show data context
      Rag Gatherer, Dealer 22 Show data context
      Paper manufacture 47 Show data context
      Stationer (not Law) 99 Show data context
      Paper-stainer 11 Show data context
      Others Workers in Paper 23 Show data context
15. Persons working and dealing in Minerals 9,236 Show data context
(1) In Mining 2,253 Show data context
      Coal-miner 1,822 Show data context
      Copper-miner 4 Show data context
      Tin-miner 0 Show data context
      Lead-miner 0 Show data context
      Iron-miner 249 Show data context
      Others 178 Show data context
(2) In Coal 712 Show data context
      Coal Merchant, Dealer 249 Show data context
      Coalheaver, Labourer 102 Show data context
      Coke Burner, Dealer 19 Show data context
      Chimney Sweeper 122 Show data context
      Gas Works Service 213 Show data context
      Other Workers in Coal 7 Show data context
(3) In Stone, Clay 1,867 Show data context
      Stone Quarrier 388 Show data context
      Stone Cutter, Polisher 104 Show data context
      Slate Quarrier 5 Show data context
      Limestone Quar., Burner 74 Show data context
      Clay Labourer 2 Show data context
      Brick Maker, Dealer 387 Show data context
      Railway Labourer 384 Show data context
      Platelayer 30 Show data context
      Excavator, Navvy 109 Show data context
      Road Contractor, &c. 46 Show data context
      Road Labourer 238 Show data context
      Scavenger 38 Show data context
      Dust Collector 2 Show data context
      Others 60 Show data context
(4) In Earthenware 376 Show data context
      Earthenware manuf. 229 Show data context
      Tobacco-pipe Makers 70 Show data context
      Earthenw., Glass, Dealer 77 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
(5) In Glass 132 Show data context
      Glass manufacture 128 Show data context
      Other Workers in Glass 4 Show data context
(6) In Salt 13 Show data context
      Salt manufacture 2 Show data context
      Other Dealers in Salt 11 Show data context
(7) In Water 24 Show data context
      Waterworks Service 11 Show data context
      Others 13 Show data context
(8) In Gold, Silver, and Precious Stones 157 Show data context
      Goldsmith, Jeweller 142 Show data context
      Plater, Plated Wareman 4 Show data context
      Others 11 Show data context
(9) In Copper 28 Show data context
      Copper manufacture 1 Show data context
      Coppersmith 27 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
(10) In Tin and Quicksilver 198 Show data context
      Tin manufacture 2 Show data context
      Tinman, Tinker 109 Show data context
      Tinplate Worker 87 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
(11) In Zinc 3 Show data context
      Zinc manufacture 3 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
(12) In Lead and Antimony 76 Show data context
      Lead manufacture 68 Show data context
      Typefounder 2 Show data context
      Others 6 Show data context
(13) In Brass and other mixed Metals 399 Show data context
      Brass Founder, manuf. 148 Show data context
      Brazier 33 Show data context
      Locksmith, Bellhanger 42 Show data context
      Gasfitter 65 Show data context
      Wire Maker, Drawer 17 Show data context
      Wire Worker, Weaver 37 Show data context
      Others 57 Show data context
(14) In Iron and Steel 2,998 Show data context
      Iron manufacture 471 Show data context
      Whitesmith 133 Show data context
      Blacksmith 1,709 Show data context
      Nail manufacture 226 Show data context
      Anchor, Chain,--Smith 31 Show data context
      Boiler-maker 140 Show data context
      Ironmonger 238 Show data context
      Hardwareman, Dealer 15 Show data context
      Steel manufacture 3 Show data context
      Grinder (branch undef.) 5 Show data context
      Others 27 Show data context
16. Labourers and others - Branch of Labour undefined 9,298 Show data context
(1) General Labourers 8,514 Show data context
      Labourer 8,514 Show data context
(2) Other Persons of indefinite Occupations 784 Show data context
      Mechanic 62 Show data context
      Shopman 32 Show data context
      Apprentice 4 Show data context
      Others of indef. occu. 686 Show data context
17. Persons of Rank or Property, not returned under any Office or Occupation 664 Show data context
(1) Persons of Rank or property, not returned under any Office or Occupation 664 Show data context
      Gentleman 341 Show data context
      Annuitant 323 Show data context
18. Persons supported by the Community and of no specified Occupation 450 Show data context
(1) On Income from voluntary Sources and Rates 403 Show data context
      Dependent on Relatives 7 Show data context
      Almserperson, no stat. occ. 18 Show data context
      Pauper, no stated occ. 211 Show data context
      Lunatic, no stated occ. 75 Show data context
      Others 92 Show data context
(2) Prisoners and others of Criminal Class 1 Show data context
      Prisoner, no stated occ. 1 Show data context
(3) Vagrants and Gipsies 46 Show data context
      Vagrant, Beggar 44 Show data context
      Gipsy 2 Show data context
19. Persons of no stated Rank, Profession, or Occupation 1,228 Show data context
      Visitor, no stated occ. 80 Show data context
      Others of no stated occupation or condition 1,148 Show data context

Comments:

1 Note that the original table is organised into the Orders and sub-Orders listed here, but provides counts only for the individual occupations.

Click on the triangles for all about a particular number.

This website does not try to provide an exact replica of the original printed census tables, which often had thousands of rows and far more columns than will fit on our web pages. Instead, we let you drill down from national totals to the most detailed data available. The column headings are those that appeared in the original printed report. The numbers presented here, which are the same ones we use to create statistical maps and graphs, come from the census table and have usually been carefully checked.

The system can only hold statistics for units listed in our administrative gazetteer, so some rows from the original table may be missing. Sometimes big low-level units, like urban parishes, were divided between more than one higher-level units, like Registration sub-Districts. This is why some pages will give a higher figure for a lower-level unit: it covers the whole of the lower-level unit, not just the part within the current higher-level unit.


Acknowledgments:

We are grateful to the following contributors. If you make use of the data in your own work, please follow any instructions given here on acknowledgment and re-use.

David Allan Gatley (School of Social Sciences, University of Staffordshire). Role: transcriber. Restrictions on use: the contributor must be acknowledged but the data may be freely used for non-commercial purposes.