Density of Population

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B. —DENSITY OF POPULATION.

The density of population in Scotland, and in the counties, burghs, and. parishes, is given in Tables V., VII, and X. —the density in the case of Scotland and that of the counties being expressed as persons per square mile, and number of acres to each person, in the case of the burghs as persons per acre, and in the case of the parishes as persons to each hundred acres.

Scotland. —The area of Scotland comprises 19,070,466 acres, and as the total population amounts to 4,760,904, the average number of persons to each hundred acres is 25. The area included in the burghs amounts to 154,338 acres, and as the burghal population is 3,140,419, the density in the burghs taken collectively is 2,035 persons per 100 acres, or approximately 20 persons per acre. The total acreage in the extra-burghal portions of Scotland is 18,916,128, and as the extraburghal population is 1,620,485, the density in these portions of the country is 86 per 1,000 acres, or approximately 9 per 100 acres.

Density may also be expressed conversely as the number of acres to each person; and that of Scotland is found to be 4 acres to each person, of the burghs one-twentieth of an acre to each person, and of the extraburghal portions of Scotland, 11 acres to each person.

Counties. —In the counties—including the burghs situated within them—the density of population varies from 257 persons to the 100 acres in Lanark, 217 in Midlothian, 205 in Renfrew, 104 in Linlithgow, 89 in Clackmannan, and 89 in Dumbarton, to 2 persons to the 100 acres in Sutherland, 3 in Inverness, 4 in Ross and Cromarty, 4 in Argyll, 7 in Peebles, and 7 in Kirkcudbright. In 10 counties this proportion is less than 10 to 100 acres; in 11 counties, more than 10 but less than 20; in 2, more than 20 but less than 30; in 1, more than 30 but less than 40; in 2, more than 50 but less than 60; in 3, more than 80 but less than 90; and in 4, more than 100. (Table A5.)

Extraburghal Districts, —In the extraburghal portions of the counties, this ratio varies from 63 in Linlithgow, 56 in Lanark, 56 in Renfrew, 36 in Dumbarton, and 34 in Edinburgh and Fife, to 1.5 in Sutherland, 2.3 in Inverness, 2.4 in Argyll, 2.5 in Selkirk, 3.2 in Peebles, and 3.3 in Ross and Cromarty. In 10 counties this figure is less than 5; in 14, more than 5 but less than 10; in 1, more than 10 but less than 15; in 1, more than 15 but less than 20; in 1, more than 25 but less than 30 ; in 3, more than 30 but less than 35; in 1, more than 35 but less than 40 ; and in 3, more than 40.

Parishes. —The density of population in the parishes varies from 5,417 persons to 100 acres in Govan; 5,306 in Leith, 4,731 in Stranraer, 3,876 in Glasgow, 3,539 in Anstruther-Easter, and 3,066 in Dundee, to 0.5 in Laggan, Lochlee, and Kintail, and 0.6 in Contin, Glenshiel, Tweedsmuir, Ardgour, and Jura. In 112 parishes there are less than 3 persons to 100 acres; in 89, more than 3 but less than 5; in 203, more than 5 but less than 10; in 191, more than 10 but less than 20; in 135, more than 20 but less than 50; in 57, more than 50 but less than 100; in 54, more than 100 but less than 300; in 15, more than 300 but less than 500; in 3, more than 500 but less than 1,000; and in 15, more than 1,000. Of the parishes in which there are less than 3 persons to 100 acres, 22 are in Argyll, 16 in Inverness, 11 in Sutherland, and 10 in Ross and Cromarty, while there are no such parishes in Bute, Edinburgh, Fife, Haddington, Linlithgow, Orkney, Renfrew, and Shetland. Of the parishes with more than 1,000 persons to 100 acres, 4 are in Lanark, 2 in Edinburgh, and 2 in Renfrew. (Tables B1 and B2.)

Burghs. —The average density of population in all burghs is found to be 20 persons to the acre. The maximum density is found in Pollokshaws, 77.9; Partick, 69.9; Govan, 68.8; Glasgow, 61.9; Leith, 53.1; and Prestonpans, 46.9; and the minimum density in Culross, 0.3; Dornoch, 0.6; Wigtown, 0.6; Gatehouse, 1.0; Cove and Kilcreggan, 1.9; and Fortrose, 1.9. In 5 burghs there are more than 50 persons to the acre; in 1, more than 45 but less than 50; in 1, more than 40 but less than 45; in 3, more than 35 but less than 40; in 6, more than 30 but less than 35; in 11, more than 25 but less than 30; in 19, more than 20 but less than 25; in 18, more than 15 but less than 20; in 37, more than 10 but less than 15; in 70, more than 5 but less than 10; and in 34, less than 5. Of the 34 burghs in which there are less than 5 persons to the acre, 27 are small and have populations of less than 2,000, while 7 have populations of more than this amount. These seven, and the number of persons to the acre in them, are— Prestwick, 4.7; Melrose, 4.4; Kelso, 4.1; Bridge of Allan, 4.0; Auchterarder, 3.9 Rothesay, 3.8; and Castle Douglas, 3.2.

The eighteen most populous of the burghs those with populations of 30,000 and over, arranged in order of density of population are—Partick, 69.9; Govan, 68.8 Glasgow, 61.9; Leith, 63.1; Dundee, 34.2; Motherwell, 30.5; Edinburgh, 29.4; Hamilton, 29.0; Clydebank, 28.2; Greenock, 27.3; Kilmarnock, 27.2; Aberdeen, 25.9 Paisley, 24.2; Coatbridge, 23.5; Kirkcaldy, 22.7; Falkirk, 20.1; Ayr, 16.5; and Perth, 11.6.

TABLE B1.—NUMBER OF PARISHES OF DIFFERENT ACREAGE.

TABLE B2.—CIVIL PARISHES . DENSITY PER 100 ACRES.

TABLE B3.—NUMBER OF BURGHS OF DIFFERENT ACREAGE.

TABLE B4.—NUMBER IF BURGHS OF VARIOUS DENSITIES OF POPULATION.


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