In 1870-72, John Marius Wilson's Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales described Sandbach like this:
SANDBACH, a town, a township, a parish, and a sub-district, in Cheshire. The town stands near the river Wheelock, the Grand Trunk canal, and the North-western railway, 4¾ miles N E of Crewe; is a seat of petty-sessions, and a polling-place; consists partly of old narrow streets, partly of good new ones; presents a well-built, neat, and clean appearance; and has a head post-office, ‡a r. station, a banking office, two chief inns, a market-place, with two ancient obelisks, a plain town hall, a public hall built in 1857, a county police station alsobuilt in 1857, a savings' bank in the Tudor style built in 1854, a fire-engine station, public baths, a church, four dissenting chapels, a grammar school, large national schools, and charities £520. ...
The church is later English; comprises nave, aisles, chancel, two chapels, and aporch; and has a handsome pinnacled tower, rebuilt in 1847-49. The Independent chapel was built in 1865. The grammar school is in the Tudor style, with a frontage of 210 feet; was erected at a cost of £5,000; and hasan endowed income of £200. A weekly market is held on Thursday; and fairs on Easter-Tuesday, the Thursday after 12 Sept., and 28 Dec. The town was formerly famous for malt liquor, and for worsted-yarn and stuffs; and it now carries on silk-throwsting in several extensive factories, the making of boots and shoes for the Manchester and Liverpool markets, and a considerable trade in connexion with salt-works and corn mills. Pop. in 1861, 3, 252. Houses, 713. The township includes all the town, and extends beyond it. Acres, 2, 584. Real property, £15, 708; of which £210 are in gas-works. Pop.in 1851, 4, 659; in 1861, 4, 989. Houses, 1,082 The manor belongs to Lord Crewe. S. Old Hall was built in 1656, forms a fine specimen of old timber-framed houses, and is now an inn. The parish contains also the townships of Arclid, Bradwall, Wheelock, Betchton, Hassall, Blackden, Twemlow, Cranage, Leese, Cotton, Church-Hulme, and Goostrey-with-Barnshaw; the last in Northwich district, all the others in Congleton district. Acres, 16, 310. Pop. in 1851, 8, 552; in 1861, 9,046. Houses, 1,841. The living is a vicarage in the diocese of Chester. Value, £1,000.* Patron, the Rev. J. R. Armitstead. The p. curacies of Sandbach-Heath, Elworth, Wheelock, Church-Hulme, and Goostrey are separate benefices.The sub-district contains six townships of S. parish, six of other parishes, and all Church-Lawton parish. Acres, 21, 632. Pop. in 1851, 11, 307; in 1861, 12, 690. Houses, 2, 555.
A Vision of Britain through Time includes a large library of local statistics for administrative units. For the best overall sense of how the area containing Sandbach has changed, please see our redistricted information for the modern district of Congleton. More detailed statistical data are available under Units and statistics, which includes both administrative units covering Sandbach and units named after it.
GB Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth, History of Sandbach, in Congleton and Cheshire | Map and description, A Vision of Britain through Time.
Date accessed: 25th May 2013
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