In 1887, John Bartholomew's Gazetteer of the British Isles described Marlborough like this:
Marlborough, mun. bor. and market town, on river Kennet, 11 miles S. of Swindon and 76 W. of London by rail, 186 ac., pop. 3343; P.O., T.O., 2 Banks, 1 news-paper. Market-day, Saturday. The town is coterminous with the 2 pars, of St Mary, and St Peter and St Paul. Marlborough is supposed to take its name - formerly Marlebridge or Marleberg - from the marl or chalk hills in the vicinity. It was a royal demesne at the time of Domesday survey. The principal trades are cordage and sack mfrs., brewing, malting, and tanning. Marlborough College (1845) is an extensive and successful public school, intended chiefly for the education of sons of the clergy; it occupies the site of the Castle, built in the time of Henry I., and a royal residence in the time of Henry III. Marlborough returned 2 members to Parliament from Edward I. until 1867, and 1 member from 1867 until 1885.
A Vision of Britain through Time includes a large library of local statistics for administrative units. For the best overall sense of how the area containing Marlborough has changed, please see our redistricted information for the modern district of Kennet. More detailed statistical data are available under Units and statistics, which includes both administrative units covering Marlborough and units named after it.
GB Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth, History of Marlborough, in Kennet and Wiltshire | Map and description, A Vision of Britain through Time.
Date accessed: 24th April 2014
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