In 1870-72, John Marius Wilson's Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales described Thrapston like this:
THRAPSTON, a small town, a parish, a sub-district, and a district, in Northamptonshire. The town stands on the river Nen, and on the Northampton and Peterborough railway, at the intersection of the line from Kettering to Huntingdon, 20 miles NE by N of Northampton; had a ruined hermitage in the time of Henry VIII.; comprises four streets, in the form of a cross; is a seat of petty sessions and county courts; and has a head post-office,‡ a r. station with telegraph, three banking offices, a hotel, a court-house, a corn exchange, a bridge, an ancient church partly rebuilt in 1841, a Baptist chapel, national schools, a girls' educational endowment of £21 a year, a workhouse, a weekly market on Saturday, and three annual fairs. ...
The parish comprises 990 acres. Real property, £5,013. Pop., 1,257. Houses, 247. The living is a rectory in the diocese of Peterborough. Value, £430.* Patron, the Lord Chancellor.The sub-district contains 14 parishes. Acres, 27,387. Pop., 7,459. Houses, 1,624.The district includes Raunds sub-district, and comprises 51,188 acres. Poor rates in 1863, £7,011. Pop. in 1851, 12,841; in 1861, 14,065. Houses, 3,064. Marriages in 1863, 116; births, 517,-of which 40 were illegitimate; deaths, 368,-of which 170 were at ages under 5 years, and 7 at ages above 85. Marriages in the ten years 1851-60, 1,071; births, 4,721; deaths, 2,658. The places of worship, in 1851, were 25 of the Church of England, with 6,069 sittings; 1 of Independents, with 450 s.; 10 of Baptists, with 2,353 s.; 8 of Wesleyans, with 1,376 s.; 1 of Primitive Methodists, with 168 s.; 1 undefined, with 12 s.; and 1 of Latter Day Saints, with 60 s. The schools were 21 public day-schools, with 1,220 scholars; 20 private day-schools, with 385 s.; 34 Sunday schools, with 2,479 s.; and 1 evening school for adults, with 12 s.
A Vision of Britain through Time includes a large library of local statistics for administrative units. For the best overall sense of how the area containing Thrapston has changed, please see our redistricted information for the modern district of East Northamptonshire. More detailed statistical data are available under Units and statistics, which includes both administrative units covering Thrapston and units named after it.
GB Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth, History of Thrapston in East Northamptonshire | Map and description, A Vision of Britain through Time.
Date accessed: 19th May 2013
Click here for more detailed advice on finding places within A Vision of Britain through Time, and maybe some references to other places called "Thrapston".