In 1887, John Bartholomew's Gazetteer of the British Isles described Southwell like this:
Southwell, market town and par. with ry. sta., Notts, 6 miles W. of Newark and 17 miles NE. of Nottingham, 3805 ac., pop. 2866; P.O., T.O., 2 Banks. Market-day, Saturday. Southwell grew up around a 7th century church; had a palace of the archbishops of York, frequently occupied by Wolsey; was the place where Charles I. surrendered to the Scottish commissioners; contains a house where the poet Byron spent many of his early days; and gives the title of viscount to the Southwells of Hinlip. The first bishop of the new diocese of Southwell (Notts and Derbyshire) was appointed in 1884. The parish church, now the cathedral, has 3 Norman towers and nave (1110), Early English choir (1233), and Decorated chapter- house (1294). Many of the inhabitants find employment in a neighbouring silk mill.
A Vision of Britain through Time includes a large library of local statistics for administrative units. For the best overall sense of how the area containing Southwell has changed, please see our redistricted information for the modern district of Newark and Sherwood. More detailed statistical data are available under Units and statistics, which includes both administrative units covering Southwell and units named after it.
GB Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth, History of Southwell, in Newark and Sherwood and Nottinghamshire | Map and description, A Vision of Britain through Time.
Date accessed: 26th May 2013
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