In 1870-72, John Marius Wilson's Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales described Dedham like this:
DEDHAM, a village, a parish, and a sub-district, in Lexden district, Essex. The village stands on the river Stour, in a fine valley, at the boundary with Suffolk, 2¾ miles N of Ardleigh r. station, and 3½ W by N of Manningtree; consists chiefly of one street; and has a post office‡ under Colchester, and a fair on Easter Tuesday. ...
It was mentioned at Domesday; had a great clothing trade in the time of Richard II.; and was long a market-town. The parish comprises 2, 551 acres. Real property, £8, 349. Pop., 1, 734. Houses, 402. The property is much subdivided. The living is a vicarage in the diocese of Rochester. Value, £170.* Patron, the Duchy of Lancaster. The church is later English, with a fine tower; and was restored in 1862. A lectureship rectory, endowed by Burkitt, the commentator, is a separate benefice. Value, £430.* Patron, the Governor of t he grammar-school. There is an Independent chapel. The grammar school was founded in 1571, and rebuilt in 1868; and it has £254 from endowment for ordinary uses, and £55 for exhibitions at St. John's college, Cambridge. Another school has £18. Dunton's alms-houses have £91; and other charities have £108. -The sub-district contains five parishes. Acres, 12, 642. Pop., 4, 553. Houses, 1, 032.
GB Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth, History of Dedham, in Colchester and Essex | Map and description, A Vision of Britain through Time.
Date accessed: 29th April 2017
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