In 1870-72, John Marius Wilson's Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales described Elland like this:
ELLAND, a small town, a chapelry, a township, and a sub-district in Halifax Parish and district, W. R. Yorkshire. The town stands on the river Calder, adjacent to the Leeds and Manchester railway, 3 miles SSE of Halifax; has a station with telegraph on the railway, and a post office‡ under Normanton; was anciently a market town; and is now, with its neighbourhood, a seat of manufacture of coarse woollen goods. Pop. 3, 643. Houses, 760. The chapelry has not defined limits, but seems practically to be co-extensive with the town. ...
The property is not much divided. Here, on the Calder, stood the mansion of the knightly family of Elland or Ealand, memorable for feuds in the time of Edward III., celebrated in an old ballad. The living is a rectory in the diocese of Ripon. Value, £300.* Patron, the Vicar of Halifax. The church is ancient, in tolerable condition; and has a tower. There are five dissenting chapels, two endowed schools for boys and girls, and a national school. The township is joined to Greetland, bears the name of Elland-with-Greetland, and includes the chapelry of Greetland. Acres, 3, 360. Real property, £25, 044; of which £298 are in mines, £10 in quarries, and £400 in gas-works. Pop. in 1851, 7, 225; in 1861, 8, 716. Houses, 1, 749. The increase of population arose from the erection of several large factories. There are brick-works, coarse pottery-works, and a spa. The sub-district includes also the township of Stainland. Acres, 5, 090. Pop. 13, 373. Houses, 2, 670.
A Vision of Britain through Time includes a large library of local statistics for administrative units. For the best overall sense of how the area containing Elland has changed, please see our redistricted information for the modern district of Calderdale. More detailed statistical data are available under Units and statistics, which includes both administrative units covering Elland and units named after it.
GB Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth, History of Elland, in Calderdale and West Riding | Map and description, A Vision of Britain through Time.
Date accessed: 11th December 2013
Click here for more detailed advice on finding places within A Vision of Britain through Time, and maybe some references to other places called "Elland".