In 1870-72, John Marius Wilson's Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales described Wivenhoe like this:
WIVENHOE, a small town, a parish, and a sub-district, in Lexden district, Essex. The town stands on the river Colne and on the Tendring Hundred railway, 4 miles SE of Colchester; forms, with Brightlingsea and Rowhedge, a member of the cinque port of S and wich; serves as the Colchester out-port, where the larger kind of vessels receive and discharge their cargoes; carries on ship and yacht building, and fishing; occupies a gentle declivity, with a good view of the river; and has a post-office‡ under Colchester, a r. ...
station with telegraph, two inns, a good quay, a custom-house , a decorated English church, an Independent chapel of 1846, a public cemetery of 1858, nationa1 and British schools, charities £11, and a fair on 4 Sept. The parish comprises 1,572 acres of land, and 25 of water. Real property, £5,858. Pop. in 1851, 1,672; in 1861, 1,843. Houses, 419. The manor belonged, at Domesday, to R. Gernon; passed, through the De Batailes, the Suttons, and other s, to the De Veres, Earls of Oxford; and was sold, in 1657, to N. Corsellis, ancestor of the present owner. W. Hall is the residence of SirW.De Crespigny, Bart.; and W. Park, of J. G. Rebow, Esq. The living is a rectory in the diocese of Rochester. Value, £440.* Patron, N.Corsellis, Esq.The sub-district includes Brightlingsea parish.
A Vision of Britain through Time includes a large library of local statistics for administrative units. For the best overall sense of how the area containing Wivenhoe has changed, please see our redistricted information for the modern district of Colchester. More detailed statistical data are available under Units and statistics, which includes both administrative units covering Wivenhoe and units named after it.
GB Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth, History of Wivenhoe, in Colchester and Essex | Map and description, A Vision of Britain through Time.
Date accessed: 20th June 2013
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