In 1870-72, John Marius Wilson's Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales described Westhoughton like this:
HOUGHTON (WEST), a village, a township, a chapelry, and a sub-district in Deane parish, Bolton district, Lancashire. The village stands near the Bolton and Wigan railway, 5 miles SW by W of Bolton; and has a station with telegraph on the railway, a post office under Bolton, a police station, and fairs on 27 Feb. and 12 Oct.-The township comprises 4, 460 acres. Real property, £16, 679; of which £2, 790 are in mines. Pop. in 1851, 4, 547; in 1861, 5, 156. Houses, 1, 064. The land belongs chiefly to five. ...
There are collieries, two silk factories, cotton mills, and a nail manufactory.The chapelry is less extensive than the township, and was constituted in 1860. Pop., 3, 879. Houses, 806. The living is a vicarage in the diocese of Manchester. Value, £170. * Patron, the Vicar of Deane. The church was rebuilt in 1731; and re-rebuilt, at a cost of £5, 500, in 1869-70. There are chapels for Independents, Quakers, and Methodists, and a national school.The sub-district is conterminate with the township.
A Vision of Britain through Time includes a large library of local statistics for administrative units. For the best overall sense of how the area containing Westhoughton has changed, please see our redistricted information for the modern district of Bolton. More detailed statistical data are available under Units and statistics, which includes both administrative units covering Westhoughton and units named after it.
GB Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth, History of Westhoughton, in Bolton and Lancashire | Map and description, A Vision of Britain through Time.
Date accessed: 11th December 2013
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