In 1870-72, John Marius Wilson's Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales described Bacup like this:
BACOP, or Bacup, a town and three chapelries in Whalley and Rochdale parishes, Lancashire. The town stands on the river Irwell, at the terminus of a branch of the Lancashire and Yorkshire railway, 7 miles NNW of Rochdale; is a seat of petty sessions and county courts; and carries on industry in cotton factories, woollen print works, Turkey-red dye-works, iron foundries, corn mills, and coal mining; has been much improved, by a local board, since 1864; and has a post office‡ under Manchester, a r. ...
station with telegraph, a banking office, a police station, waterworks, a market-hall of 1867 built at a cost of £6,000, a plain church of 1788, two churches of 1854 and 1865 in the early English style, two recent handsome Wesleyan chapels, seven other dissenting chapels, a Roman Catholic chapel, a mechanics institution, with public hall and reading rooms, several public schools, a weekly market on Saturday, and two annual pleasure fairs. Pop. in 1851, 6,981; in 1861, 10,935. Houses, 2,085. The chapelries are St. John, Christchurch, and St. Saviour. Pop., 6,981,5,730, and 2,350. The livings of St. J. andare vicarages, and that of St. S. is a p. curacy, in the dio. of Manchester. Value of St. J. and C., each £300; of St. S., £159.* Patrons of St. J., Hulme's Trustees; of C., Five Trustees; of St. S., J. M. Holt, Esq.
A Vision of Britain through Time includes a large library of local statistics for administrative units. For the best overall sense of how the area containing Bacup has changed, please see our redistricted information for the modern district of Rossendale. More detailed statistical data are available under Units and statistics, which includes both administrative units covering Bacup and units named after it.
GB Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth, History of Bacup, in Rossendale and Lancashire | Map and description, A Vision of Britain through Time.
Date accessed: 26th January 2015
Click here for more detailed advice on finding places within A Vision of Britain through Time, and maybe some references to other places called "Bacup".