In 1870-72, John Marius Wilson's Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales described Rothwell like this:
ROTHWELL, a village, a township, and a sub-district, in Hunslet district, and a parish partly also in Wakefield district, W. R. Yorkshire. The village stands1¾ mile W S W of Woodlesford r. station, and 4 S E of Leeds; and has a post-office under Leeds. The township contains also the hamlets of Rothwell-Haign, Thwaitegate, and Rhodes-Green; and comprises 3, 186acres. Real property, £17, 373; of which £6, 840 are in mines, and £50 in gas-works. Pop. in 1851, 3,052; in 1861, 3, 220. ...
Houses, 665. The manor of R. belonged formerly to the Lacys, and belongs now to J. Calverley, Esq. R.-Haigh and Rhodes-Green are separate manors. Remains exist of a castle of the Lacys. R.-Haigh, Haigh Park, and Stourton Villa are chief residences. The debtors' jail for the liberty of Pontefract was here, and previously was a poor-house. There are a nursery-ground, a malt-house, a seed-mill, a corn mill, glue-works, rope and twine-works, and extensive collieries.The sub-district contains also the township of Middleton, and comprises 4, 983 acres. Pop. in 1851, 4,029; in 1861, 4, 122. Houses, 872. The parish contains likewise the townships of Thorpe, Oulton-with-Woodlesford, and Lofthouse-with-Carlton; and comprises 8, 715 acres. Pop.in 1851, 7, 541; in 1861, 8,072. Houses, 1, 740. The, property is much subdivided. The living is a vicarage in the diocese of Ripon. Value, £850.* Patron,J. Brandling, Esq. The church is very ancient, and was recently restored. The p. curacies of Middleton, Loft-house, and Oulton-with-Woodlesford are separate benefices. There are several Wesleyan chapels, two Primitive Methodist chapels, several public schools, and charities £14.
A Vision of Britain through Time includes a large library of local statistics for administrative units. For the best overall sense of how the area containing Rothwell has changed, please see our redistricted information for the modern district of Leeds. More detailed statistical data are available under Units and statistics, which includes both administrative units covering Rothwell and units named after it.
GB Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth, History of Rothwell, in Leeds and West Riding | Map and description, A Vision of Britain through Time.
Date accessed: 10th December 2013
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