In 1870-72, John Marius Wilson's Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales described Burnham like this:
BURNHAM, a village, a parish, a subdistrict, and a hundred, in Bucks. The village stands adjacent to the Great Western railway, near the river Thames, 2½ miles E by N of Maidenhead; and has a post office‡ under Maidenhead. It was formerly a market town; and still has fairs on 25 Feb., 1 May, and 2 Oct. The parish includes also the liberties of Boveney, Boveney-Upper-Side, Britwell, East Burnham, Chippenham, and Wood. Acres, 6,730. Real property, £13,908. Pop., 2,233. Houses, 463. ...
The property is divided among a few. Burnham Grove is the seat of Sir W. Johnson, Bart. An Augustinian Abbey was founded about a mile from the village, in 1265, by Richard, king of the Romans; and given, at the dissolution, to William Tyldesley; and some small remains of it still exist. A fragment of an ancient forest bears the name of Burnham Beeches; consists of venerable beech trees, all pollarded; and has been sketched by many artists. The living is a vicarage, united with the p. curacy of Boveney, in the diocese of Oxford. Value, £505.* Patron, Eton College. The church is early and decorated English. The p. curacy of Dropmore is a separate benefice. There are an Independent chapel, three schools, and charities £132. Bishop Aldrich, who died in 1556, was a native; and the learned Jacob Bryant was a resident.-The subdistrict contains five parishes, and the greater part of two others; and is in the district of Eton. Acres, 16,580. Pop., 6,134. Houses, 1,196.-The hundred contains thirteen parishes. Acres, 58,371. Pop., 20,534. Houses, 4,247.
A Vision of Britain through Time includes a large library of local statistics for administrative units. For the best overall sense of how the area containing Burnham has changed, please see our redistricted information for the modern district of South Bucks. More detailed statistical data are available under Units and statistics, which includes both administrative units covering Burnham and units named after it.
GB Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth, History of Burnham, in South Bucks and Buckinghamshire | Map and description, A Vision of Britain through Time.
Date accessed: 21st December 2014
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