In 1887, John Bartholomew's Gazetteer of the British Isles described Chelmsford like this:
Chelmsford, co. town of Essex, market town, and par., 3 miles NE. of London by rail -- par. and town, 2858 ac. (21 water), pop. 9885; P.O., T.O., 2 Banks, 5 newspapers. Market-day, Friday; is situated in the valley of the Chelmer, near its junction with the Cann, and has communication by the river with Maldon and the sea 11 m. E. C. has considerable trade in agricultural produce; also corn-mills, tanneries, and a brewery. It possesses a grammar-school founded by Edward VI.
A Vision of Britain through Time includes a large library of local statistics for administrative units. For the best overall sense of how the area containing Chelmsford has changed, please see our redistricted information for the modern district of Chelmsford. More detailed statistical data are available under Units and statistics, which includes both administrative units covering Chelmsford and units named after it.
GB Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth, History of Chelmsford in Essex | Map and description, A Vision of Britain through Time.
Date accessed: 24th November 2014
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