In 1887, John Bartholomew's Gazetteer of the British Isles described Hereford like this:
Hereford, parl. and mun. bor., city, and co. town of Herefordshire, on N. bank of river Wye, 144 miles NW. of London by rail, 4969 ac., pop. 19,821; 4 Banks, 4 newspapers. Market-days, Wednesday and Saturday. During the Heptarchy Hereford was the capital of Mercia. Much of its early history is connected with its position as a border garrison town, which was frequently subjected to the attacks of the ancient and turbulent inhabitants of Wales. The see of Hereford was erected in the 7th century, and in 1189 the town received its first charter from Richard I. ...
Hereford Cathedral, a very beautiful building, with a tower 160 ft. high, was built about 1115, on the site of an older edifice; it was restored from designs by Sir Gilbert Scott in 1863. The city was about the last place that surrendered to the Parliamentarians. It was the birthplace of David Garrick (1716-1769) and of Nell Gwynne. The mfrs, are gloves, leather, nails, hats, &c. Important cattle and cheese fairs are held. The bor. returns 1 member to Parliament (2 members until 1885).
A Vision of Britain through Time includes a large library of local statistics for administrative units. For the best overall sense of how the area containing Hereford has changed, please see our redistricted information for the modern district of Herefordshire. More detailed statistical data are available under Units and statistics, which includes both administrative units covering Hereford and units named after it.
GB Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth, History of Hereford in Herefordshire | Map and description, A Vision of Britain through Time.
Date accessed: 18th June 2013
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