In 1870-72, John Marius Wilson's Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales described Lexden like this:
LEXDEN, a district and a hundred in the NE of Essex. The district comprehends the sub-district of Wivenhoe, containing the parishes of Wivenhoe and Brightlingsea; the sub-district of Peldon, containing the parishes of Peldon, Great Wigborough, Little Wigborough, Salcott, Virley, Fingringhoe, East Donyland, Abberton, Langenhoe, East Mersea, and West Mersea; the Sub-district of Stanway, containing the parishes of Stanway, Marks-Tey, Little Tey, Layer-Marney, Layer-Breton, Layer-de-la-Hay, Birch, Easthorpe, and Copford; the sub-district of Fordham, containing the parishes of Fordham, West Bergholt, Great Tey, Aldham, Pontisbright, Wakes-Colne, Mount-Bures, and Wormingford; and the sub-district of Dedham, containing the parishes of Dedham, Langham, Boxted, Little Horksley, and Great Horksley. ...
Acres, 73,831. Poor rates in 1863, £12,594. Pop. in 1851,21,666; in 1861,22,950. Houses, 4,963. Marriages in 1863,149; births, 826,-of which 46 were illegitimate; deaths, 473,-of which 175 were at ages under 5 yearS, and 11 at ages above 85. Marriages in the ten years 1851-60,1,645; births, 7,806; deaths, 4,214. The places of worship, in 1851, were 34 of the Church of England, with 11,010 sittings; 9 of Independents, with 2,683 s.; 4 of Baptists, with 520 s.; 1 of Quakers, with 130 s.; 8 of Wesleyans, with 1,117 s.; 3 of Primitive Methodists, with 470 s.; 1 of Lady Huntingdon's Connexion, with 168 s.; and 2 of the New Church, with 310 s. The schools were 28 public day schools, with 1,665 scholars; 41 private day schools, with 972 s.; 41 Sunday schools, with 2,763 s.; and 1 evening school for adults, with 25 s. The workhouse is in Stanway; and, at the census of 1861, had 238 inmates.-The hundred comprises the divisions of Colchester and Witham; includes Lexden parish, and differs otherwise from the district, yet is mainly identical with it,-of less extent, but of greater population. Acres, 62,139. Pop. in 1851, 23,794; in 1861,24,241. Houses, 5,300.
A Vision of Britain through Time includes a large library of local statistics for administrative units. For the best overall sense of how the area containing Lexden has changed, please see our redistricted information for the modern district of Colchester. More detailed statistical data are available under Units and statistics, which includes both administrative units covering Lexden and units named after it.
GB Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth, History of Lexden, in Colchester and Essex | Map and description, A Vision of Britain through Time.
Date accessed: 13th December 2013
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