In 1870-72, John Marius Wilson's Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales described Vauxhall like this:
VAUXHALL, a metropolitan suburb and a chapelry, in Lambeth parish, Surrey; on the river Thames and on the Southwestern railway, 2½ miles SSW of St. Paul's, London. It has a post-office‡ under London SE, and a r. station with telegraph; and it communicates, by an iron bridge, with Pimlico. The bridge was constructed in 1811-6; has 9 equal arches; is 798 feet long, and 36 feet wide; and belongs to a private company. The manor belonged once to the Riverses, Earls of Devon; was given, by the Black Prince, to the Archbishops of Canterbury; and belonged, in the early part of the 17th century, to the Vauxes. ...
A seat of the Archbishops was here; bore the name of Fauxes or Fox Hall; gave place to another mansion called Copt Hall, the residence of the mechanical amateur Sir S. Morland; and that, in its turn, gave place to a distillery. Famous gardens, long a place of public resort for amusements, were formed in 1615 by the Vauxes; assumed new features, under the new name of Spring Gardens about 1660; figured in the "Spectator" of 20 May 1712, as the scene of a visit of Sir Roger de Coverley; were revived in 1732 by Jonathan Tyers; became eclipsed by Cremorne gardens; and were finally closed in Aug. 1859. The chapelry bears the name of St. Peter. Pop. in 1868, about 8,000. The living is a p. curacy in the diocese of Winchester. Value, £300.* Patrons, Trustees. The church stands on the site of the quondam gardens; was built in 1 864, at a cost of £7,800; and is in the French first-pointed style.
A Vision of Britain through Time includes a large library of local statistics for administrative units. For the best overall sense of how the area containing Vauxhall has changed, please see our redistricted information for the modern district of Lambeth. More detailed statistical data are available under Units and statistics, which includes both administrative units covering Vauxhall and units named after it.
GB Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth, History of Vauxhall, in Lambeth and Surrey | Map and description, A Vision of Britain through Time.
Date accessed: 25th May 2013
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