In 1870-72, John Marius Wilson's Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales described Chesham like this:
CHESHAM, a town, a parish, and a sub-district, in Amersham district, Bucks. The town stands on the river Chess, near its head, 2½ miles N by E of Amersham, and 5¼ SSW of Berkhampstead r. station. It consists chiefly of three streets; and has a post office‡ under Amersham, a banking office, two chief inns, a town-hall, a temperance-hall, a parish church, five dissenting chapels, a mechanics' institute, almshouses, and an endowed school. The church is ancient and cruciform; and has a tomb by Bacon. ...
Total endowed charities, £100. A weekly market is held on Wednesday; fairs are held on 21 April, 22 July, 28 Sept., and the 2d Wednesday of Nov.; and manufactures are carried on it shoes, strawplait, silk, paper, malt liquors, and flour. Real property, £5, 483. Pop., 2, 208. Houses, 477.The parish includes also the hamlets of Asheridge, Ashley-Green, Bellingdon, Botley, Charteridge, Hundridge. Latimer, and Waterside. Acres, 12, 657. Real property, £24, 473. Pop., 5, 985. Houses, 1, 260. The property is not much divided. Chesham Hall, Blackwell Hall, and Latimer House are chief residences. A mineral spring, of some medicinal repute, is at a short distance from the town. Remains of a Danish fort, with walls and moat in tolerable preservation, are at Grove-farm. The living is a vicarage in the diocese of Oxford. Value, £453.* Patron, the Duke of Bedford. Another vicarage, called Christchurch, was constituted in 1867; and the patrons of it are Lord Chesham and others. Baptist chapels are in three of the hamlets. -The sub-district contains also Chesham-Bois. Pop., 6, 203.
A Vision of Britain through Time includes a large library of local statistics for administrative units. For the best overall sense of how the area containing Chesham has changed, please see our redistricted information for the modern district of Chiltern. More detailed statistical data are available under Units and statistics, which includes both administrative units covering Chesham and units named after it.
GB Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth, History of Chesham, in Chiltern and Buckinghamshire | Map and description, A Vision of Britain through Time.
Date accessed: 23rd September 2014
Click here for more detailed advice on finding places within A Vision of Britain through Time, and maybe some references to other places called "Chesham".