In 1887, John Bartholomew's Gazetteer of the British Isles described Roxburghshire like this:
Roxburghshire, inland co., in S. of Scotland, bounded N. by Berwickshire, NE. and SE. by Northumberland and Cumberland, SW. by Dumfriesshire, and NW. by Selkirkshire and Edinburghshire; greatest length, N. and S., 42 miles; greatest breadth, E. and W., 30 miles; area, 425,657 ac., pop. 53,442. The main body of the co., or three-fourths of the whole area, belongs to the basin of the Teviot; hence the general name of Teviotdale is sometimes used for Roxburghshire. The upper portions of Teviotdale and its tributary vales, rising by gently sloping and well rounded ridges from the banks of the streams to the watershed of the Cheviots, are chiefly bare and pastoral, but the lower portions consist of rich and well wooded valleys. ...
The district in the N., lying between Gala Water and Leader Water, is partly upland, but is nearly all cultivated; the tract immediately N. of the Tweed is almost level, and belongs to the Merse; while the district in the extreme SW., known as Liddesdale, is chiefly pastoral, and is bounded by lofty hill ridges. Every vale abounds in rich and lovely scenery, and there is scarcely a spot without some interesting historical association. The principal streams which flow to the Teviot are the Borthwick, Ale, Slitrig, Rule, Jed, Oxnam, and Kale. The Liddel joins the Esk before it enters the Solway Firth. Farming is the great industry, and is in a highly advanced state. (For agricultural statistics, see Appendix.) The woollen mfi. is extensively carried on at Hawick. The co. comprises 29 pars, with parts of 6 others, the parl. and police burgh of Hawick (part of the Hawick Burghs - 1 member), and the police burghs of Jedburgh and Kelso. It returns 1 member to Parliament.
Vision of Britain presents long-run change by redistricting historical statistics to modern units. However, none of our modern units covers an area close to that of Roxburghshire. If you want trends covering a particular location within the county, find it on our historical maps and then select "Tell me more".
GB Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth, History of Roxburghshire | Map and description for the county, A Vision of Britain through Time.
Date accessed: 13th December 2013
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