In 1887, John Bartholomew's Gazetteer of the British Isles described Cardiganshire like this:
Cardiganshire, a maritime co. of S. Wales, bounded on the W. by Cardigan Bay, and landward from N. to S. by the cos. of Merioneth, Montgomery, Radnor, Brecknock, Carmarthen, and Pembroke. Its seaboard is in the form of a crescent; coast line, 48 miles; extreme breadth, 22 miles; area, 443,387 ac.; pop. 70,270. Rugged mountains and deep valleys occur in the N. and E. of the co. The summit of Plinlimmon, on the border of Montgomeryshire, has an alt. of 2469 ft. In the SW. the surface is less elevated. ...
The largest streams are the Teifi, Aeron, and Ystwith. The prevailing rocks of the mountains are clay-slate and shale. The soil is either peaty or a sandy loam. The principal crops are oats and barley. Cattle and sheep are reared in great numbers. (For agricultural statistics, see Appendix.) Lead ore is worked. The co. comprises 5 hundreds, 97 pars., the mun. bor. of Aberystwith, and the greater part of the mun. bor. of Cardigan. It is entirely in the diocese of St David's. It returns 1 member to Parliament.
For an overview of how the county has changed, please see our redistricted information for the modern of Cardiganshire -- but you should check this covers the area you are interested in.
GB Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth, History of Cardiganshire | Map and description for the county, A Vision of Britain through Time.
Date accessed: 23rd May 2013
Click here for more detailed advice on finding places within A Vision of Britain through Time, and maybe some references to other places called "Cardiganshire".