In 1887, John Bartholomew's Gazetteer of the British Isles described Linlithgow like this:
Linlithgow, parl. and royal burgh, par., and co. town of Linlithgowshire, on S. side of Linlithgow Loch, 3 miles S. of Firth of Forth, 17½ W. of Edinburgh, and 396 NW. of London by rail - par., 11,450 ac., pop. 5619; royal burgh, pop. 3729; parl. burgh, police burgh, and town, pop. 3913; P.O., T.O., 2 Banks. ...
Marketday, Friday. Linlithgow was a royal burgh, with a royal castle and an endowed church, in the reign of David I. Its chief antiquity is Linlithgow Palace, the birthplace of James V. and of Mary Queen of Scots, and the finest ruin of its kind in Scotland. A little S. of the palace is St Michael's Church, a Gothic building mainly of the 15th century. In 1570 the Regent Murray was assassinated in the High Street by Hamilton of Bothwellhaugh. The staple industries are tanning and shoemaking, with some papermaking; ½ mile SW. of town is Linlithgow Distillery; at NW. corner of Linlithgow Loch is a trout hatchery. Linlithgow is one of the Falkirk District of Parliamentary Burghs, which returns 1 member.
GB Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth, History of Linlithgow in West Lothian | Map and description, A Vision of Britain through Time.
Date accessed: 30th March 2017
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