In 1887, John Bartholomew's Gazetteer of the British Isles described Falkland like this:
Falkland, ancient royal burgh, small town, and par. (ry. sta. Falkland Road, 2½ miles SE.), Fifeshire, at N. foot of East Lomond Hill, 22 miles NW. of Edinburgh --par., 8265 ac., pop. 2698; royal burgh, pop. 972; town, pop. 1068; P.O., T.O., 1 Bank; has some weaving and flax-spinning. Falkland was constituted a royal burgh by James II., 1458. In Falkland Castle, originally a stronghold of the earls of Fife, David, Duke of Rothesay, eldest son of Robert III., was imprisoned and starved to death, 1402. ...
Falkland Palace is supposed to have been begun by James II.; it was completed by James V., who died there, 1542. It had a fine park with abundance of deer, and was a frequent residence of James VI.; the oaks of the park were cut down by Cromwell to build a fort at Perth. In 1715 Falkland Palace was garrisoned by Rob Roy. What remains of it has been renovated, and it is now occupied as a dwelling-house. A little W. of the town is Falkland House, seat; 1 m. E. is Newton of Falkland, vil.
A Vision of Britain through Time includes a large library of local statistics for administrative units. For the best overall sense of how the area containing Falkland has changed, please see our redistricted information for the modern district of Fife. More detailed statistical data are available under Units and statistics, which includes both administrative units covering Falkland and units named after it.
GB Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth, History of Falkland in Fife | Map and description, A Vision of Britain through Time.
Date accessed: 20th April 2014
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