In 1887, John Bartholomew's Gazetteer of the British Isles described Buxton like this:
Buxton.-- watering-place, market town, and township, Bakewell par., N. Derbyshire, 36 miles NW. of Derby and 163 miles NW. of London by rail -- township, 1823 ac., pop. 4110; town, pop. 6025; 2 Banks, 5 newspapers. Market-day, Saturday. The town is finely situated in a valley, 1000 ft. above sea-level, and is remarkable for its dry, bracing climate. It has long been famous for its mineral waters, which were known to the Romans. The springs supply hot and cold water, though only a short distance apart. The average temperature of the hot springs is 82 Fahr.; they discharge about 60 gals. per minute. There are excellent hotels and the various establishments that are to be found in a favourite watering -place. In the vicinity is Diamond Hill, so named from its abundance of quartz crystals; also, Poole's Hole, a remarkable stalactite caver.
A Vision of Britain through Time includes a large library of local statistics for administrative units. For the best overall sense of how the area containing Buxton has changed, please see our redistricted information for the modern district of High Peak. More detailed statistical data are available under Units and statistics, which includes both administrative units covering Buxton and units named after it.
GB Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth, History of Buxton, in High Peak and Derbyshire | Map and description, A Vision of Britain through Time.
Date accessed: 18th June 2013
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